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Windows Yazyk Sledit Pravit Tekushaya versiya stranicy poka ne proveryalas opytnymi uchastnikami i mozhet znachitelno otlichatsya ot versii proverennoj 5 marta 2021 proverki trebuyut 17 pravok U etogo termina sushestvuyut i drugie znacheniya sm Windows znacheniya Zapros WIN perenapravlyaetsya syuda sm takzhe drugie znacheniya Windows s angl Okna semejstvo kommercheskih operacionnyh sistem OC korporacii Microsoft orientirovannyh na upravlenie s pomoshyu graficheskogo interfejsa Iznachalno Windows byla vsego lish graficheskoj programmoj nadstrojkoj dlya rasprostranyonnoj v 1980 h i 1990 h godah operacionnoj sistemy MS DOS Soglasno dannym resursa Net Applications po sostoyaniyu na avgust 2014 goda pod upravleniem operacionnyh sistem semejstva Windows rabotaet okolo 88 personalnyh kompyuterov Windows rabotaet na platformah x86 x86 64 i ARM Sushestvovali takzhe versii dlya DEC Alpha MIPS IA 64 PowerPC i SPARC Poslednej na dannyj moment operacionnoj sistemoj Microsoft yavlyaetsya Windows 10 predstavlennaya v iyule 2015 goda WindowsRazrabotchik MajkrosoftIshodnyj kod Zakrytyj ishodnyj kod Shared sourcePervyj vypusk Windows 1 0x 20 noyabrya 1985 Poslednyaya versiya 10 0 19042 9 marta 2021 Poslednyaya testovaya versiya 10 0 20215 1000 16 sentyabrya 2020 1 Metod obnovleniya Centr obnovleniya WindowsMenedzhery paketov Ustanovshik Windows i Microsoft StorePodderzhivaemye yazyki Mnogoyazychnaya v tom chisle russkijPodderzhivaemye platformy ARM IA 64 Itanium MIPS DEC Alpha PowerPC i x86Tip yadra Gibridnoe yadroInterfejs Windows Runtime Windows API NET Framework Universalnaya platforma Windows NET Compact Framework NET Windows Forms i Windows Presentation FoundationLicenziya proprietarnaya licenziya d Sostoyanie AktualnoePredydushaya MS DOSVeb sajt microsoft com en angl Mediafajly na Vikisklade Soderzhanie 1 Versii 2 Graficheskie interfejsy i rasshireniya dlya DOS 3 Semejstvo Windows 9x 4 Semejstvo Windows NT 5 Semejstvo OS dlya smartfonov 6 Semejstvo vstraivaemyh OS Windows Embedded 7 Hronologiya 8 Integrirovannye programmnye produkty 9 Rasprostranyonnost 10 Sm takzhe 11 Primechaniya 12 Literatura 13 SsylkiVersii PravitVersii Microsoft Windows Data vyhoda Nazvanie Poslednyaya versiya Data prekrasheniya podderzhki 2 Poslednyaya versiya vstroennogo brauzera Semejstvo20 noyabrya 1985 Windows 1 0x 1 04 aprel 1987 31 dekabrya 2001 Net brauzerov Obolochka dlya MS DOS1 noyabrya 1987 Windows 2 0 Windows 2 1x 2 11 13 marta 1989 31 dekabrya 200122 maya 1990 Windows 3 0 3 00a 31 oktyabrya 1990 31 dekabrya 2001 3 18 marta 1992 Windows 3 1 3 11 31 dekabrya 2001 Internet Explorer 51 oktyabrya 1992 Windows dlya rabochih grupp 3 1 3 11 31 dekabrya 1993 31 dekabrya 200127 iyulya 1993 Windows NT 3 1 3 10 528 SP3 10 noyabrya 1994 31 dekabrya 2001 Windows NT21 sentyabrya 1994 Windows NT 3 5 3 50 807 SP3 21 iyunya 1995 31 dekabrya 200130 maya 1995 Windows NT 3 51 3 51 1057 SP5 19 sentyabrya 1996 31 dekabrya 200124 avgusta 1995 Windows 95 4 00 950C 4 03 1214 26 noyabrya 1997 31 dekabrya 2000 osn Retail 31 dekabrya 2001 SBL ext Internet Explorer 5 5 Windows 9x29 iyulya 1996 Windows NT 4 0 4 00 1381 SP6a SRP 26 iyulya 2001 20 iyunya 2002 osn 30 iyunya 2003 SBL 31 dekabrya 2004 ext Internet Explorer 6 Windows NT25 iyunya 1998 Windows 98 4 10 2222A SE 5 maya 1999 30 iyunya 2002 osn 31 marta 2004 SBL 11 iyulya 2006 ext Windows 9x20 aprelya 2000 Windows 2000 5 0 2195 5 0 SP4 Rollup 1 v2 13 sentyabrya 2005 31 marta 2004 retail 31 marta 2005 SBL 30 iyunya 2005 osn 13 iyulya 2010 ext Windows NT14 sentyabrya 2000 Windows ME 4 90 3000 14 sentyabrya 2000 31 dekabrya 2003 osn 30 iyunya 2004 SBL Retail 11 iyulya 2006 ext Windows 9x24 avgusta 2001 RTM 25 oktyabrya 2001 prodazhi Windows XP 5 1 2600 5512 SP3 21 aprelya 2008 30 sentyabrya 2004 RTM 10 sentyabrya 2006 SP1 SP1a 30 iyunya 2008 retail 14 aprelya 2009 SP2 SP3 osn 13 iyulya 2010 SP2 22 oktyabrya 2010 SBL 8 aprelya 2014 ext Internet Explorer 8 Windows NT28 marta 2003 Windows XP 64 bit Edition 5 2 3790 25 iyulya 200624 aprelya 2003 Windows Server 2003 5 2 3790 3959 SP2 13 marta 2007 30 iyunya 2009 RTM 13 iyulya 2010 osn 14 iyulya 2015 ext Windows Server25 aprelya 2005 Windows XP Professional x64 Edition 5 2 3790 3959 SP2 13 marta 2007 30 iyunya 2008 retail 31 yanvarya 2009 SBL Windows NT8 noyabrya 2006 RTM 30 yanvarya 2007 prodazhi Windows Vista 6 0 6001 SP2 Build 6002 25 maya 2009 13 aprelya 2010 RTM 22 oktyabrya 2010 retail 12 iyulya 2011 SP1 22 oktyabrya 2011 SBL 10 aprelya 2012 osn 11 aprelya 2017 ext Internet Explorer 916 iyulya 2007 Windows Home Server 5 2 4500 16 iyulya 2007 8 yanvarya 2013 ext Windows Server27 fevralya 2008 Windows Server 2008 6 0 6002 SP2 build 6002 25 maya 2009 12 iyulya 2011 SP1 13 yanvarya 2015 osn 14 yanvarya 2020 ext 13 iyulya 2009 RTM 22 oktyabrya 2009 prodazhi Windows 7 6 1 7601 SP1 Build 7601 22 fevralya 2011 9 aprelya 2013 RTM 13 yanvarya 2015 osn 14 yanvarya 2020 ext 10 yanvarya 2023 Internet Explorer 11 Windows NT13 iyulya 2009 RTM 22 oktyabrya 2009 prodazhi Windows Server 2008 R2 ili Windows Server 7 6 1 7601 SP1 Build 7601 22 fevralya 2011 13 yanvarya 2015 osn 14 yanvarya 2020 ext Windows Server6 aprelya 2011 Windows Home Server 2011 6 1 8400 12 aprelya 2016 ext 1 avgusta 2012 RTM 4 sentyabrya 2012 prodazhi Windows Server 2012 6 2 9200 26 oktyabrya 2012 9 oktyabrya 2018 osn 10 oktyabrya 2023 ext 1 avgusta 2012 RTM 26 oktyabrya 2012 prodazhi Windows 8 6 2 9200 26 oktyabrya 2012 12 yanvarya 2016 ext Windows NT21 avgusta 2013 RTM 17 oktyabrya 2013 prodazhi Windows Server 2012 R2 6 3 9600 17 oktyabrya 2013 9 yanvarya 2018 osn 10 yanvarya 2023 ext Windows Server21 avgusta 2013 RTM 17 oktyabrya 2013 prodazhi Windows 8 1 6 3 9600 17 oktyabrya 2013 9 yanvarya 2018 osn 10 yanvarya 2023 ext Windows NT15 iyulya 2015 RTM 29 iyulya 2015 prodazhi Windows 10 2009 20H2 1 oktyabrya 2020 Podderzhka neogranichennaya Microsoft Edge Internet Explorer 11 ostavlen dlya sovmestimosti 29 sentyabrya 2016 RTM 12 oktyabrya 2016 prodazhi Windows Server 2016 1607 10 0 14393 26 sentyabrya 2016 11 yanvarya 2022 osn 11 yanvarya 2027 ext Internet Explorer 11 Windows Server14 avgusta 2018 RTM 2 oktyabrya 2018 prodazhi Windows Server 2019 1809 10 0 17763 11 noyabrya 2018 neizvestno Uslovnye oboznacheniya osn okonchanie dejstviya licenzii dlya pervogo osnovnogo reliza SBL okonchanie sroka licenzii dlya proizvoditelej 4 retail okonchanie sroka licenzii dlya roznichnyh pokupatelej SPx okonchanie sroka licenzii dlya razlichnyh dopolnenij servis pakov k sisteme ext polnoe okonchanie podderzhki sistemy Graficheskie interfejsy i rasshireniya dlya DOS Pravit Logotip pervyh Windows Pervye versii Windows ne byli polnocennymi operacionnymi sistemami a yavlyalis nadstrojkami nad operacionnoj sistemoj DOS i byli po suti mnogofunkcionalnym rasshireniem dobavlyayushim podderzhku novyh rezhimov raboty processora podderzhku mnogozadachnosti obespechivali standartizaciyu interfejsov apparatnogo obespecheniya obmen dannymi mezhdu prilozheniyami i edinoobrazie polzovatelskih interfejsov programm Dlya sozdaniya graficheskogo interfejsa ispolzovalis vstroennye sredstva GDI i USER Pervye versii Windows voobshe sostoyali iz tryoh modulej KERNEL GDI i USER Pervyj iz nih obespechival upravlenie pamyatyu zapusk ispolnyaemyh fajlov i zagruzku dinamicheskih bibliotek DLL vtoroj otvechal za grafiku tretij za okna Oni rabotali s processorami nachinaya s Intel 8086 Windows 1 0 5 1985 Windows 2 0 1987 v sisteme poyavilas vozmozhnost zapuska DOS prilozhenij v graficheskih oknah prichyom kazhdomu prilozheniyu predostavlyalis polnye 640 Kbajt pamyati Uluchshena podderzhka processorov 80286 V versii 2 03 2 0 386 poyavilas podderzhka processorov 80386 6 7 8 Windows 2 1 1988 polnaya podderzhka vseh osobennostej processorov 80286 i 80386 Windows 3 0 1990 uluchshena podderzhka processorov 80386 i zashishyonnogo rezhima 9 10 Windows 3 1 1992 seryozno pererabotannaya Windows 3 0 ustraneny UAE fatalnye oshibki prikladnyh programm dobavlen mehanizm OLE pechat v rezhime WYSIWYG chto vidish to i poluchish shrifty TrueType izmenyon dispetcher fajlov dobavleny multimedijnye funkcii Prekrashena podderzhka processora 8086 i realnogo rezhima 11 Windows 3 2 1994 kitajskaya versiya Windows 3 1 Obnovlenie bylo ogranicheno poskolku ono ispravlyalo tolko problemy svyazannye so slozhnoj sistemoj napisaniya v kitajskom yazyke 12 Windows for Workgroups 3 11 1993 Windows dlya rabochih grupp pervaya versiya OS semejstva s podderzhkoj lokalnyh setej V sisteme takzhe ispytyvalis otdelnye usovershenstvovaniya yadra primenyonnye pozdnee v Windows 95 S etoj versii prekratilas podderzhka processora 80286 i standartnogo rezhima Semejstvo Windows 9x PravitOsnovnaya statya Windows 9x Logotip pervoj sistemy semejstva Windows 9x Pervaya sistema dannogo semejstva Windows 95 byla vypushena v 1995 godu 13 14 15 Eyo otlichitelnymi osobennostyami yavlyalis novyj polzovatelskij interfejs podderzhka dlinnyh imyon fajlov avtomaticheskoe opredelenie i konfiguraciya periferijnyh ustrojstv Plug and Play s angl Podklyuchi i igraj sposobnost ispolnyat 32 bitnye prilozheniya i nalichie podderzhki TCP IP pryamo v sisteme Windows 95 ispolzovala vytesnyayushuyu mnogozadachnost i vypolnyala kazhdoe 32 bitnoe prilozhenie v svoyom adresnom prostranstve K dannomu semejstvu otnosyatsya takzhe Windows 98 16 i Windows ME 17 18 Logotip vtoroj sistemy semejstva Windows 9x Operacionnye sistemy etogo semejstva ne yavlyalis takimi bezopasnymi mnogopolzovatelskimi sistemami kak Windows NT poskolku iz soobrazhenij sovmestimosti vsya podsistema polzovatelskogo interfejsa i grafiki ostavalas 16 bitnoj i malo otlichalas ot toj chto byla v Windows 3 x Tak kak etot kod ne byl potokobezopasnym vse vyzovy v podsistemu oborachivalis v myuteks po imeni Win16Lock kotoryj eshyo i nahodilsya vsegda v zahvachennom sostoyanii vo vremya ispolneniya 16 bitnogo prilozheniya Takim obrazom zavisanie 16 bitnogo prilozheniya nemedlenno blokirovalo vsyu OS No uzhe v 1999 godu vyshlo vtoroe ispravlennoe izdanie Programmnyj interfejs byl podmnozhestvom Win32 API podderzhivaemym Windows NT no imel podderzhku Yunikoda v ochen ogranichennom obyome 19 Takzhe v nyom ne bylo dolzhnogo obespecheniya bezopasnosti spiskov dostupa k obektam i ponyatiya administrator V sostave Windows 95 prisutstvovala MS DOS 7 0 odnako eyo rol svodilas k obespecheniyu zagruzki i ispolneniya 16 bitnyh DOS prilozhenij Issledovateli zametili chto yadro Windows 95 VMM obrashaetsya k DOS pod soboj no takih obrashenij dovolno malo glavnejshaya funkciya yadra DOS fajlovaya sistema FAT ne ispolzovalas V celom zhe interfejs mezhdu VMM i nizhelezhashej DOS nikogda ne publikovalsya i DOS byla zamechena Endryu Shulmanom kniga Nedokumentirovannyj Windows 95 v nalichii nedokumentirovannyh vyzovov tolko dlya podderzhki VMM Semejstvo Windows NT PravitOsnovnaya statya Windows NT Logotip semejstva Windows NT 4 x Operacionnye sistemy etogo semejstva v nastoyashee vremya rabotayut na processorah s arhitekturami x86 x86 64 ARM 20 21 Rannie versii do 4 0 vklyuchitelno takzhe podderzhivali nekotorye RISC processory Alpha MIPS i PowerPC Vse operacionnye sistemy etogo semejstva yavlyayutsya polnostyu 32 ili 64 bitnymi i ne nuzhdayutsya v MS DOS dazhe dlya zagruzki Logotip Windows 8 Logotip Windows 10 Tolko v etom semejstve predstavleny operacionnye sistemy dlya serverov Do versii Windows 2000 vklyuchitelno oni vypuskalis pod tem zhe nazvaniem chto i analogichnaya versiya dlya rabochih stancij no s dobavleniem suffiksa naprimer Windows NT 4 0 Server i Windows 2000 Datacenter Server Nachinaya s Windows Server 2003 servernye operacionnye sistemy nazyvayutsya dobavleniem suffiksa Server i goda vypuska Windows NT 3 1 1993 Windows NT 3 5 1994 Windows NT 3 51 1995 Windows NT 4 0 1996 Windows 2000 Windows NT 5 0 2000 Windows XP 22 23 24 25 Windows NT 5 1 2001 Windows XP 64 bit Edition Windows NT 5 2 2003 Windows Server 2003 Windows NT 5 2 2003 Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Windows NT 5 2 2005 Windows Vista Windows NT 6 0 2006 Windows Home Server Windows NT 5 2 2007 Windows Server 2008 Windows NT 6 0 2008 Windows Small Business Server Windows NT 6 0 2008 Windows 7 26 27 Windows NT 6 1 2009 Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows NT 6 1 2009 Windows Home Server 2011 Windows NT 6 1 2011 Windows 8 28 29 30 31 32 33 Windows NT 6 2 2012 Windows Server 2012 Windows NT 6 2 2012 Windows 8 1 34 Windows NT 6 3 2013 Windows Server 2012 R2 Windows NT 6 3 2013 Windows 10 35 36 37 38 Windows NT 10 0 2015 39 40 41 Windows Server 2016 Windows NT 10 0 2016 Windows Server 2019 Windows NT 10 0 2019 V osnovu semejstva Windows NT polozheno razdelenie adresnyh prostranstv mezhdu processami Kazhdyj process imeet vozmozhnost rabotat s vydelennoj emu pamyatyu Odnako on ne imeet prav dlya zapisi v pamyat drugih processov drajverov i sistemnogo koda Semejstvo Windows NT otnositsya k operacionnym sistemam s vytesnyayushej mnogozadachnostyu Razdelenie processornogo vremeni mezhdu potokami proishodit po principu karuseli Yadro operacionnoj sistemy vydelyaet kvant vremeni v Windows 2000 kvant raven primerno 20 ms kazhdomu iz potokov po ocheredi pri uslovii chto vse potoki imeyut odinakovyj prioritet Potok mozhet otkazatsya ot vydelennogo emu kvanta vremeni V etom sluchae sistema perehvatyvaet u nego upravlenie dazhe esli vydelennyj kvant vremeni ne zakonchen i peredayot upravlenie drugomu potoku Pri peredache upravleniya drugomu potoku sistema sohranyaet sostoyanie vseh registrov processora v osoboj strukture v operativnoj pamyati Eta struktura nazyvaetsya kontekstom potoka Sohraneniya konteksta potoka dostatochno dlya posleduyushego vozobnovleniya ego raboty Semejstvo OS dlya smartfonov PravitOsnovnaya statya Windows Phone Logotip Windows Phone Eto semejstvo operacionnyh sistem realnogo vremeni bylo specialno razrabotano dlya mobilnyh ustrojstv Podderzhivayutsya processory ARM MIPS SuperH i x86 V otlichie ot ostalnyh operacionnyh sistem Windows operacionnye sistemy etogo semejstva prodayutsya tolko v sostave gotovyh ustrojstv takih kak smartfony karmannye kompyutery GPS navigatory MP3 proigryvateli i drugie V nastoyashee vremya pod terminom Windows CE ponimayut tolko yadro operacionnoj sistemy Naprimer Windows Mobile 5 0 vklyuchaet v sebya yadro Windows CE 5 0 V nastoyashee vremya Windows Phone i Windows 10 Mobile neaktualny Windows CE Windows Mobile Windows Phone Windows 10 MobileSemejstvo vstraivaemyh OS Windows Embedded PravitOsnovnaya statya Windows Embedded Logotip Windows Embedded Windows Embedded eto semejstvo operacionnyh sistem realnogo vremeni kotoroe bylo specialno razrabotano dlya primeneniya v razlichnyh vstraivaemyh sistemah Yadro sistemy imeet obshee s semejstvom OS Windows CE i podderzhivaet processory ARM MIPS SuperH i x86 Windows Embedded vklyuchaet dopolnitelnye funkcii po vstraivaniyu sredi kotoryh filtr zashity ot zapisi EWF i FBWF zagruzka s flesh pamyati CD ROM seti ispolzovanie sobstvennoj obolochki sistemy i t p V otlichie ot operacionnyh sistem Windows operacionnye sistemy etogo semejstva prodayutsya tolko v sostave gotovyh ustrojstv takih kak bankomaty medicinskie pribory navigacionnoe oborudovanie tonkie klienty VoIP terminaly mediaproigryvateli cifrovye ramki albomy kassovye terminaly platyozhnye terminaly roboty igrovye avtomaty muzykalnye avtomaty i drugie V nastoyashee vremya vypuskayutsya sleduyushie varianty OS Windows Embedded 42 Windows Embedded CE Windows Embedded Standard Windows Embedded POSReady Windows Embedded Enterprise Windows Embedded NavReady Windows Embedded Server Hronologiya Pravitprosmotr obsuzhdenie pravitIntegrirovannye programmnye produkty PravitPaket Windows vklyuchaet v sebya standartnye prilozheniya 43 takie kak brauzer Internet Explorer i Microsoft Edge pochtovyj klient Outlook Express ili Pochta Windows muzykalnyj i videoproigryvatel Proigryvatel Windows Media S pomoshyu tehnologij COM i OLE ih komponenty mogut byt ispolzovany v prilozheniyah storonnih proizvoditelej Eti produkty besplatny i mogut byt svobodno skachany s oficialnogo sajta Microsoft odnako dlya ustanovki nekotoryh iz nih neobhodimo imet licenzionnuyu versiyu Windows verno tolko dlya rannih versij do Windows nachinaya s Windows 98 yavlyayutsya neotemlemoj chastyu sistemy Zapusk etih programm pod drugimi operacionnymi sistemami vozmozhen tolko s pomoshyu emulyatorov sredy Windows Wine Vokrug fakta vklyucheniya takih standartnyh produktov v OS Windows razgoraetsya mnogo diskussij i yuridicheskih sporov po mneniyu storonnih razrabotchikov eto vedyot k otsutstviyu konkurencii i sozdayot prepyatstviya dlya rasprostraneniya konkuriruyushih produktov oni zhe chasto stavyat pod somnenie kachestvo brauzera Internet Explorer obyasnyaya ego populyarnost vhozhdeniem v paket Windows i plohoj osvedomlennostyu polzovatelej o nalichii alternativ V 1997 godu kompaniya Sun Microsystems nyne prinadlezhit Oracle podala v sud na kompaniyu za narushenie licenzii na ispolzovanie tehnologij Java V 2001 godu Microsoft vyplatila shtraf i isklyuchila nesovmestimuyu s licenzirovannoj virtualnuyu mashinu Java iz sostava svoih produktov 44 Rasprostranyonnost PravitNa iyun 2019 goda Windows byla ustanovlena ne menee chem na 88 5 personalnyh kompyuterov i rabochih stancij Po dannym kompanii Net Applications na iyun 2019 goda rynochnaya dolya Windows sostavila 88 33 Po drugim dannym rynochnaya dolya Windows menshe Padenie doli svyazano v pervuyu ochered s tendenciej k sokrasheniyu prodazh PK v mire a takzhe s uvelicheniem doli OS konkurentov macOS i Linux Sredi razlichnyh versij Windows po dannym W3Schools s iyulya 2017 goda naibolee populyarna Windows 10 45 okolo 37 Na fevral 2019 goda dolya mobilnyh versij Windows sostavila 0 16 versij dlya PK 74 takim obrazom vsego 74 16 46 47 Rasprostranyonnost versij Windows po dannym razlichnyh istochnikov GoStats ru iyun 2011 48 Net Market Share iyun 2011 49 GoStats ru avgust 2014 50 Net Market Share avgust 2014 51 GoStats ru avgust 2015 52 Net Market Share fevral 2016 53 GoStats ru fevral 2016 54 Net Applications aprel 2016 55 StatCounter aprel 2016 56 Vse versii 94 70 93 32 73 55 91 68 84 76 88 66 90 1 88 77 83 29 Windows 10 2 87 12 82 29 66 15 34 18 88 Windows 8 1 91 12 48 33 67 12 26 20 76 13 04 13 37 Windows 7 25 89 28 68 53 92 51 22 40 63 52 34 32 07 47 82 43 95 Windows XP 55 44 54 04 13 57 23 89 6 55 11 24 7 42 10 63 7 09 Sm takzhe PravitSpisok operacionnyh sistem Windows API Provodnik Windows Windows Script Host MnogozadachnostPrimechaniya Pravit https blogs windows com windows insider 2020 09 16 announcing windows 10 insider preview build 20215 Politika zhiznennogo cikla podderzhki Microsoft Microsoft Support Lifecycle angl Licenzirovanie dlya sborshikov sistem OEM A history of Windows Microsoft Windows Arhivirovano 11 iyunya 2016 goda A legacy of Windows part 1 Windows 1 2 3 TechRepublic The Apple vs Microsoft GUI Lawsuit Low End Mac APPLE COMPUTER INC v MICROSOFT CORP 35 F 3d 1435 9th Cir 1994 neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 28 iyunya 2018 Arhivirovano 14 dekabrya 2007 goda Chronology of Personal Computer Software 1991 Arhivirovano 11 fevralya 2012 goda microsoft s timeline from 1975 1990 Arhivirovano 14 maya 2008 goda Politika zhiznennogo cikla podderzhki Majkrosoft Microsoft Windows Simplified Chinese 3 2 Upgrade Is Available Arhivirovano 8 noyabrya 2006 goda Windows 95 turns 15 Has Microsoft s OS peaked CNN com Microsoft Internet Explorer Web Browser Available on All Major Platforms Offers Broadest International Support Stories Politika zhiznennogo cikla podderzhki Majkrosoft Politika zhiznennogo cikla podderzhki Majkrosoft Improving Cold Boot Time for System Manufacturers Arhivirovano 13 fevralya 2010 goda Windows Millenium Edition All About Me PCWorld Arhivirovano 1 avgusta 2013 goda Unicode support in Windows 95 and Windows 98 Inside Windows NT Helen Custer Google Knigi Paul Thurrott s SuperSite for Windows Windows Server 2003 The Road To Gold Part One The Early Years Arhivirovano 1 yanvarya 2005 goda Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition review Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition CNET Arhivirovannaya kopiya neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 28 iyunya 2018 Arhivirovano 10 iyulya 2009 goda Arhivirovannaya kopiya neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 28 iyunya 2018 Arhivirovano 28 iyunya 2018 goda Politika zhiznennogo cikla podderzhki Majkrosoft Windows 7 Unveiled Today at PDC 2008 Windows Experience Blog How Libraries amp HomeGroup Work Together in Windows 7 Windows Experience Blog Test Driving Windows 8 RTM PCWorld Here s Everything You Wanted To Know About Microsoft s Upcoming iPad killers Business Insider Arhivirovano 22 yanvarya 2013 goda Announcing the Windows 8 Editions Arhivirovano 18 aprelya 2012 goda Building Windows for the ARM processor architecture Building Windows 8 Microsoft talks Windows Store features Metro app sandboxing for Windows 8 developers The Verge Build More Details On Building Windows 8 Metro Apps PCMag com neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 28 iyunya 2018 Arhivirovano 17 fevralya 2012 goda Windows 8 1 now available Windows Experience Blog Announcing Windows 10 Windows Experience Blog Windows 10 1511 Build 10586 November Update Is Out Here s How To Update Now Redmond Pie What s New in Windows 10 s First Big November Update Windows switch to Git almost complete 8 500 commits and 1 760 builds each day Ars Technica Microsoft Confirms that Windows 10 will also be Version 10 Internally Windows 10 content from SuperSite for Windows neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 10 maya 2016 Arhivirovano 16 oktyabrya 2017 goda Microsoft Confirms Windows 10 Kernel Version Update to 10 0 Softpedia Microsoft confirms that Windows 10 kernel will be 10 0 Connected Devices Chto takoe Windows Embedded Besplatnye zagruzki dlya Windows Virtualnaya mashina Java Microsoft rus Microsoft Data obrasheniya 19 avgusta 2014 Arhivirovano 31 avgusta 2014 goda OS Statistics OS Statistics neopr www w3schools com Data obrasheniya 13 aprelya 2019 Mobile Devices Statistics neopr www w3schools com Data obrasheniya 13 aprelya 2019 GoStats ru Internet statistika yanvarya 2012 Desktop Operating System Market Share January 2012 GoStats ru Internet statistika Operating system market share GoStats ru Internet statistika Operating system market share GoStats ru Internet statistika Market share for browsers operating systems and search engines News neopr www netmarketshare com Data obrasheniya 31 maya 2016 StatCounter Global Stats Browser OS Search Engine including Mobile Usage Share neopr gs statcounter com Data obrasheniya 31 maya 2016 Literatura PravitDen Tomashevskij Microsoft Windows 8 Rukovodstvo polzovatelya Microsoft Windows 8 Rukovodstvo polzovatelya Vilyams 2013 S 352 ISBN 978 5 8459 1827 7 Pol Mak Fedris Microsoft Windows 7 Polnoe rukovodstvo Microsoft Windows 7 Unleashed M Vilyams 2012 S 800 ISBN 978 5 8459 1614 3 Brajan Livingston Pol Tarrot Sekrety Microsoft Windows Vista Windows Vista Secrets M Dialektika 2007 S 456 ISBN 0 7645 7704 2 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