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sayt sayit sayıt saytda sayitda sayıtda saytdan sayitdan sayıtdan sayti saytı sayiti sayıtı saytında saytinda sayitinda sayıtında saytından saytindan sayitindan sayıtından sayta sayıta sayita. macOS Yazyk Sledit Pravit Tekushaya versiya stranicy poka ne proveryalas opytnymi uchastnikami i mozhet znachitelno otlichatsya ot versii proverennoj 31 marta 2021 proverki trebuet 1 pravka Ne sleduet putat s Mac OS Zapros OS X perenapravlyaetsya syuda Na etu temu nuzhno sozdat otdelnuyu statyu macOS ˌmak ˌoʊ ˌɛs iznachalno byla predstavlena kak Mac OS X v 2012 pereimenovana v OS X 1 v 2016 pereimenovana v macOS 2 proprietarnaya operacionnaya sistema proizvodstva Apple Yavlyaetsya preemnicej Mac OS 9 macOSRazrabotchik Apple Inc Semejstvo OS UnixOsnovana na Darwin i FreeBSDIshodnyj kod zakrytyj so svobodnymi komponentami Pervyj vypusk 24 marta 2001Poslednyaya versiya 11 2 3 20D91 8 marta 2021 Podderzhivaemye yazyki mnogoyazychnaya 34 yazyka Podderzhivaemye platformy PowerPC 10 0 10 5 IA 32 10 4 10 6 x86 64 10 4 11 0 ARM 11 0Tip yadra XNUInterfejs AquaLicenziya proprietarnayaSostoyanie aktivnoePredydushaya Mac OSVeb sajt apple com ru macos Mediafajly na Vikisklade Semejstvo operacionnyh sistem macOS yavlyaetsya vtorym po rasprostranyonnosti dlya desktopa posle Windows Rynochnaya dolya macOS uchityvayutsya vse versii po sostoyaniyu na yanvar 2021 sostavlyaet okolo 16 96 po ocenkam StatCounter 3 Samoj populyarnoj versiej macOS yavlyaetsya Catalina 69 56 sredi vseh versij macOS sledom idut Mojave 11 18 High Sierra 9 11 Sierra 3 6 El Capitan 3 Yosemite 2 34 4 V macOS ispolzuetsya yadro XNU osnovannoe na mikroyadre Mach i soderzhashee programmnyj kod razrabotannyj kompaniej Apple a takzhe kod iz OS NeXTSTEP i FreeBSD Do versii 10 3 OS rabotala tolko na kompyuterah s processorami PowerPC Vypuski 10 4 i 10 5 podderzhivali kak PowerPC tak i Intel processory Nachinaya s 10 6 macOS rabotaet tolko s processorami Intel 5 i Apple Silicon V poslednie gody otmechaetsya vzaimnaya integraciya macOS i iOS operacionnoj sistemy dlya mobilnyh ustrojstv Apple iPhone iPad i iPod touch Sama kompaniya rassmatrivaet dve OS kak edinuyu platformu 6 Na prezentacii Back to the Mac v 2010 godu Stiv Dzhobs anonsiruya OS X Lion upomyanul o vazhnosti obmena narabotkami mezhdu Mac OS X i iOS tak v Lion poyavilas podderzhka multitach zhestov na trekpade analogichnyh zhestam na iPad 7 V posleduyushih vypuskah macOS takzhe nablyudalas tendenciya k zaimstvovaniyu funkcij iz iOS i naoborot Naprimer v OS X Yosemite i iOS 8 byla dobavlena tehnologiya Handoff pozvolyayushaya perehvatyvat s odnogo ustrojstva prilozheniya zapushennye na drugom nachat nabirat pismo na Mac a zakonchit na iPad otkryt veb stranicu na iPhone i prodolzhit chtenie na Mac i t d 8 Na WWDC 2016 bylo obyavleno chto OS X budet pereimenovana v macOS chtoby sootvetstvovat obshej stilistike imenovaniya drugih platform Apple tvOS watchOS i iOS macOS Sierra stala pervoj versiej ispolzuyushej novoe nazvanie 9 Soderzhanie 1 Opisanie 2 Sovmestimost 2 1 Programmnoe obespechenie 2 2 Apparatnoe obespechenie 2 3 Hakintosh 3 Osobennosti 4 Cena 5 Razrabotka dlya macOS 6 Publichnoe beta testirovanie 7 Hronologiya versij 7 1 Servernaya versiya 8 Primechaniya 9 Literatura 10 SsylkiOpisanie PravitmacOS znachitelno otlichaetsya ot predydushih klassicheskih versij Mac OS Osnova sistemy POSIX sovmestimaya operacionnaya sistema Darwin yavlyayushayasya svobodnym programmnym obespecheniem Eyo yadrom yavlyaetsya XNU v kotorom ispolzuetsya mikroyadro Mach i standartnye sluzhby BSD Vse vozmozhnosti Unix v macOS dostupny cherez konsol Poverh etoj osnovy v Apple razrabotano mnogo proprietarnyh komponentov takih kak Cocoa i Carbon Quartz macOS otlichaetsya vysokoj ustojchivostyu chto delaet eyo nepohozhej na predshestvennicu Mac OS 9 istochnik ne ukazan 1669 dnej V macOS kak i v lyuboj UNIX sisteme ispolzuetsya vytesnyayushaya mnogozadachnost i zashita pamyati pozvolyayushie zapuskat neskolko izolirovannyh drug ot druga processov kazhdyj iz kotoryh ne mozhet prervat ili modificirovat vse ostalnye Na arhitekturu macOS povliyala OpenStep kotoraya byla zadumana kak perenosimaya operacionnaya sistema naprimer NeXTSTEP byla perenesena s originalnoj platformy 68k kompyutera NeXT do priobreteniya NeXTSTEP kompaniej Apple Analogichnym obrazom OpenStep byla perenesena na PowerPC v ramkah proekta Rhapsody Naibolee zametno izmenilsya graficheskij interfejs kotoryj v macOS poluchil nazvanie Aqua Ispolzovanie zakruglyonnyh uglov poluprozrachnyh elementov i svetlyh polosok takzhe povliyalo na vneshnij vid pervyh modelej iMac Posle vyhoda pervoj versii Mac OS X drugie razrabotchiki tozhe stali ispolzovat interfejs Aqua Dlya predotvrasheniya ispolzovaniya svoego dizajna na drugih platformah Apple vospolzovalas uslugami yuristov 10 Osnovami macOS yavlyayutsya Podsistema s otkrytym kodom Darwin yadro Mach i nabor utilit BSD Sreda programmirovaniya Core Foundation Carbon API Cocoa API i Java API Graficheskaya sreda Aqua QuickTime Quartz Extreme i OpenGL Tehnologii Core Image Core Animation CoreAudio i CoreData Sovmestimost PravitProgrammnoe obespechenie Pravit Dlya obespecheniya gladkogo perehoda s Mac OS 9 na Mac OS X byl sozdan Carbon Prilozhenie napisannoe s pomoshyu Carbon mozhet zapuskatsya na obeih OS S drugoj storony macOS nasleduet mnogoe ot OpenStep kotoraya ne yavlyaetsya obratno sovmestimoj s prezhnimi versiyami Mac OS Na dannyj moment Apple rekomenduet API Cocoa v kotorom vesma zametno nasledie OpenStep imena mnogih klassov nachinayutsya s NS NSObject NSArray chto yavlyaetsya abbreviaturoj ot NeXTSTEP 11 Takzhe macOS podderzhivaet Java Eto oznachaet chto Java prilozheniya ispolzuyushie Swing vyglyadyat tak zhe kak i prilozheniya na Cocoa Tradicionno Cocoa prilozheniya razrabatyvayutsya na Objective C de fakto kompiliruemoj alternative Java Odnako 25 iyulya 2007 goda Apple zayavila chto dalnejshie rasshireniya v Cocoa ne budut portirovany na Java V sostave macOS nachinaya s versii 10 5 Leopard postavlyaetsya interpretator Ruby s podderzhkoj Cocoa V otlichie ot predshestvennic macOS yavlyaetsya polnocennoj sertificirovannoj operacionnoj sistemoj UNIX 12 Eto oznachaet chto bolshinstvo programm napisannyh dlya BSD Linux i drugih UNIX podobnyh sistem skompiliruetsya i budet rabotat na macOS bez ili pochti bez izmenenij v kode Dlya udobnoj ustanovki takih programm razrabotany menedzhery paketov takie kak Homebrew Fink ili MacPorts ranee DarwinPorts Oni podobny APT v Debian RPM v Red Hat i rodstvennym emu Linux distributivam ili portam Nachinaya s versii 10 3 Panther macOS po umolchaniyu takzhe vklyuchaet v sebya X11 app adaptirovannuyu versiyu X servera Eto pozvolyaet zapuskat prilozheniya razrabotannye dlya X11 s ispolzovaniem GTK Qt dlya X11 Qt4 podderzhivaet macOS kak v rezhime X11 tak i v obychnom rezhime Aqua i prochih Dlya vyvoda na ekran X11 app ispolzuet Quartz Odnako X11 app imeet ryad nedostatkov takih kak otsutstvie Aqua stilya i nepolnuyu podderzhku Unicode Bolee rannie versii OS mogut zapuskat X server cherez XDarwin angl Apparatnoe obespechenie Pravit Rannie versii Mac OS X podderzhivali vse kompyutery Macintosh desktopy noutbuki ili servery na processorah PowerPC G3 G4 i G5 Bolee pozdnie versii perestayut podderzhivat staroe oborudovanie naprimer versiya 10 3 Panther ne podderzhivaet samye starye iz G3 10 4 Tiger ne podderzhivaet sistemy bez FireWire beta versiya 10 5 Leopard predstavlennaya na WWDC ne podderzhivala G3 vovse Odnako sushestvuyut utility takie kak XPostFacto i patchi k ustanovochnomu disku sdelannye storonnimi razrabotchikami pozvolyayushie ustanovit novye versii OS X na oficialno ne podderzhivaemom oborudovanii vklyuchaya nekotorye predshestvuyushie G3 sistemy Isklyuchaya nekotorye vozmozhnosti trebuemye oborudovaniem takie kak graficheskoe uskorenie zapis DVD operacionnaya sistema predlagaet odinakovuyu funkcionalnost na vsyom podderzhivaemom oborudovanii Versiya Mac OS X dlya PowerPC ostayotsya sovmestimoj so starymi Mac OS prilozheniyami cherez emulyaciyu tak nazyvaemoj Classic kotoraya pozvolyaet polzovatelyam zapuskat Mac OS 9 kak process v Mac OS X poetomu mnogie starye prilozheniya rabotayut tak budto oni zapuskayutsya na staroj operacionnoj sisteme Classic ne rabotaet na kompyuterah s processorami Intel V aprele 2002 goda eWeek soobshil chto po sluham u Apple est versiya Mac OS X s kodovym nazvaniem Marklar kotoraya zapuskaetsya na processorah Intel x86 Ideya Marklar byla v perehode OS X na alternativnuyu platformu kotoraya pozvolit Apple preodolet problemy razvitiya platformy PowerPC Sluhi ostavalis nepodtverzhdyonnymi do maya 2005 goda kogda v fajloobmennyh setyah poyavilas beta versiya OS X dlya processorov Intel 6 iyunya 2005 goda Stiv Dzhobs na WWDC podtverdil sluhi o tom chto v techenie dvuh let Apple perejdyot s PowerPC na Intel Do etogo Apple smenila platformu s Motorola 68k na PowerPC togda v novuyu OS byl vklyuchyon emulyator m68k kotoryj pozvolyal zapuskat bolshinstvo 68k prilozhenij Apple podderzhivala emulyator v techenie 11 let Pri perehode na Intel on byl udalyon iz sistemy V novuyu OS byl vklyuchyon emulyator PowerPC Rosetta Takzhe novaya versiya Xcode i sootvetstvuyushie konsolnye utility pozvolyayut razrabatyvat Universal Binaries ispolnyaemye fajly kotorye mogut zapuskatsya kak na PowerPC tak i na Intel Bolshinstvo programm dostupnyh tolko dlya PowerPC podderzhivalos pri pomoshi Rosetta Skorost raboty PowerPC prilozhenij na kompyuterah s Intel zametno nizhe Krome togo nekotoroe PO naprimer rasshireniya yadra i plaginy sistemnyh nastroek ne rabotaet s ispolzovaniem emulyatora Po etim prichinam Apple rekomendovala razrabotchikam sozdavat universalnye programmy dlya obeih platform V OS X Lion i bolee pozdnih versiyah podderzhka Rosetta otsutstvuet Obratnaya sovmestimost x86 prilozhenij otsutstvuet Poslednej versiej Mac OS X podderzhivayushej PowerPC yavlyaetsya 10 5 Leopard macOS byla portirovana na iPhone i iPod touch Nesmotrya na seryoznye izmeneniya naprimer zakrytost platformy i otsutstvie rabochego stola ego zamenyaet SpringBoard v porte sohranilis takie osobennosti kak Darwin i yadro XNU V nekotoryh storonnih programmah sohranilis effekty iz nastolnoj versii naprimer v programme Converter Hakintosh Pravit Osnovnaya statya Hakintosh Nesmotrya na zayavlenie Apple o nevozmozhnosti zapuska macOS na storonnih x86 kompyuterah sushestvuyut modificirovannye versii OS rabotayushie na takih mashinah Eti versii razrabatyvayutsya soobshestvom OSx86 i dostupny posredstvom fajloobmennyh setej Stoit uchest chto licenzionnoe soglashenie s konechnym polzovatelem EULA OS X zapreshaet ustanovku sistemy na kompyutery ne pomechennye firmennym znakom Apple angl non Apple branded computers 13 Letom 2008 goda byl predstavlen metod ustanovki nemodificirovannoj v tom chisle zakonno priobretyonnoj Mac OS X s pomoshyu modificirovannogo zagruzchika Boot 132 14 Osobennosti PravitVnutrennyaya model graficheskogo sloya Quartz horosho vzaimodejstvuet s Portable Document Format PDF delaya vozmozhnym vyvod PDF na razlichnye ustrojstva Polnocvetnye masshtabiruemye znachki Teni vokrug okon i izolirovannyh tekstovyh elementov dayut oshushenie glubiny i vizualno otdelyayut soderzhimoe odnogo okna ot drugih Dostupnye dlya vseh prilozhenij menyu proverka orfografii palitra specialnyh simvolov vybor cveta vybor shrifta i slovar Sglazhivanie pri otobrazhenii vidzhetov teksta grafiki i okonnyh elementov Novye elementy interfejsa takie kak drovery drawers i dialogovye modalnye okna dlya dokumenta Novaya koncepciya pereklyuchatelya zadach dok Plavayushij fokus Interweaving windows pri pereklyuchenii mezhdu oknami razlichnyh prilozhenij 15 ColorSync ispolzuyushijsya dlya soglasovaniya cvetoperedachi vstroen v biblioteki risovaniya dlya pechati i multimedia OpenGL ispolzuetsya dlya vyvoda okon na ekran chto pozvolyaet ispolzovat apparatnoe uskorenie Dannaya tehnologiya poyavivshayasya v versii 10 2 Jaguar nazyvaetsya Quartz Extreme Spaces podderzhka neskolkih rabochih stolov Dashboard poyavivshijsya v versii 10 4 Tiger podderzhivaet nebolshie prilozheniya nazyvaemye vidzhetami widgets kotorye mogut byt vyzvany i skryty odnim nazhatiem Expose poyavivshijsya v versii 10 3 Panther pokazyvaet miniatyury vseh otkrytyh okon pozvolyaya pereklyuchatsya mezhdu nimi pokazyvaet vse dokumenty prilozheniya kak miniatyury ili skryvaet vse okna dlya dostupa k rabochemu stolu Ispolzovanie Unicode vo vsej operacionnoj sisteme Horosho sproektirovannaya arhitektura dlya lokalizacii pozvolyaet polnostyu otdelit kod prilozheniya ot tekstovoj informacii FileVault poyavivshijsya v versii 10 3 Panther shifruet domashnij katalog polzovatelya nachinaya s OS X Lion vozmozhno polnoe shifrovanie diska po algoritmu AES s dlinoj klyucha 128 bit Spotlight tehnologiya dlya bystrogo poiska dannyh soobshenij elektronnoj pochty fotografij i drugoj informacii osnovyvayas na svojstvah fajlov i ih soderzhimom Automator prilozhenie pozvolyayushee avtomatizirovat dejstviya sovershaemye s raznymi prilozheniyami Svyazka klyuchej sistema upravleniya parolyami sertifikatami i klyuchami polzovatelya Pozvolyaet prilozheniyam hranit podobnye dannye v edinom zashifrovannom hranilishe Prilozheniya s razresheniya polzovatelya mogut obrashatsya k dannym drugih prilozhenij hranyashimsya v Svyazke klyuchej Smart papki pozvolyayut sozdavat dinamicheski obnovlyaemye katalogi osnovannye na opredelyonnyh kriteriyah ili ispolnyayushie komandy Automator Podrobnoe rukovodstvo po postroeniyu interfejsa Human Interface Guidelines kotoromu sleduet bolshinstvo razrabotchikov delaet ih prilozheniya intuitivno ponyatnymi Xgrid pozvolyaet kompyuteram Mac uchastvovat v raspredelyonnyh vychisleniyah Vstroennye v virtualnuyu fajlovuyu sistemu diskovye obrazy dmg podderzhivayut shifrovanie szhatie i opcionalnuyu vozmozhnost chteniya zapisi Vstroennye servisy sinhronizacii pozvolyayut prilozheniyam centralizovano obrashatsya k rasshiryaemoj baze dannyh za razlichnymi dannymi polzovatelya takimi kak kalendar paroli ili kontakty Operacionnaya sistema upravlyaet razresheniem konfliktov i sohrannostyu dannyh Mac App Store magazin programmnogo obespecheniya dlya macOS Poyavilsya v versii 10 6 6 Cena PravitmacOS i obnovleniya v predelah odnogo vypuska vhodyat v stoimost vseh novyh kompyuterov Mac Obnovlenie do poslednej versii v Mac App Store bylo platnym do versii 10 8 vklyuchitelno Lion stoila 29 99 Mountain Lion 19 99 Melkie obnovleniya sistemy byli dostupny dlya besplatnoj zagruzki s pomoshyu Mac App Store v Lion i bolee rannih versiyah cherez sistemnoe prilozhenie Obnovlenie PO angl Nachinaya s versii 10 9 Mavericks sistema dostupna besplatno 16 Razrabotka dlya macOS PravitRazrabotchiki mogut besplatno zaregistrirovatsya na sajte Apple Developer i zagruzhat dokumentaciyu po proektirovaniyu prilozhenij Xcode IDE dlya macOS dostupen dlya besplatnoj zagruzki iz Mac App Store 17 Dlya ispolzovaniya vseh dostupnyh resursov neobhodimo oformit podpisku stoimostyu 99 v god Posle etogo u razrabotchika poyavlyaetsya vozmozhnost zagruzhat predvaritelnye developer preview versii macOS i Xcode a takzhe publikovat prilozheniya v Mac App Store Publichnoe beta testirovanie PravitV 2014 godu Apple zapustila programmu publichnogo beta testirovaniya versij macOS nahodyashihsya v razrabotke 18 Dlya uchastiya v programme neobhodimo zaregistrirovatsya na eyo sajte i skachat specialnuyu utilitu Posle eyo ustanovki i perezagruzki kompyutera u polzovatelya poyavlyaetsya vozmozhnost zagruzhat eshyo ne vypushennye versii macOS a takzhe otpravlyat otzyvy i soobsheniya ob oshibkah s pomoshyu prilozheniya Feedback Assistant V 2015 godu takaya zhe programma byla zapushena dlya iOS 19 Hronologiya versij PravitNazvanie versii Nomer versii Nomer sborki Data vypuskaPublic Beta Kodiak 1H39 ili 2E14 20 13 sentyabrya 2000Mac OS X 10 0 Cheetah 10 0 4K78 24 marta 200110 0 1 4L13 14 aprelya 200110 0 2 4P12 1 maya 200110 0 3 4P13 9 maya 200110 0 4 4Q12 21 iyunya 2001Mac OS X 10 1 Puma 10 1 5G64 25 sentyabrya 200110 1 1 5M28 12 noyabrya 200110 1 2 5P48 21 dekabrya 200110 1 3 5Q45 19 fevralya 200210 1 4 5Q125 17 aprelya 200210 1 5 5S60 5 iyunya 2002Mac OS X 10 2 Jaguar 10 2 6C115 24 avgusta 200210 2 1 Red 6D52 18 sentyabrya 200210 2 2 Blue 6F21 11 noyabrya 200210 2 3 Green 6G30 19 dekabrya 200210 2 4 Pink 6I32 13 fevralya 200310 2 5 Plaid 6L29 10 aprelya 200310 2 6 Black 6L60 6 maya 200310 2 7 6R65 22 sentyabrya 200310 2 8 6R73 G4 3 oktyabrya 20036S90 G5 Mac OS X 10 3 Panther 10 3 7B85 24 oktyabrya 200310 3 1 7C107 10 noyabrya 200310 3 2 7D24 17 dekabrya 200310 3 3 7F44 15 marta 200410 3 4 7H63 26 maya 200410 3 5 7M34 9 avgusta 200410 3 6 7R28 5 noyabrya 200410 3 7 7S215 15 dekabrya 200410 3 8 7U16 9 fevralya 200510 3 9 7W98 15 aprelya 2005Mac OS X 10 4 Tiger 10 4 8A428 29 aprelya 200510 4 1 8B15 16 maya 200510 4 2 8C46 12 iyulya 200510 4 3 8F46 31 oktyabrya 200510 4 4 8G32 10 yanvarya 200610 4 5 8H14 PowerPC 14 fevralya 20068G1454 Intel 10 4 6 8I1119 PowerPC 3 aprelya 20067U16 Intel 10 4 7 8J135 PowerPC 27 iyunya 20068J2135 Intel 10 4 8 8L127 PowerPC 29 sentyabrya 20068L2127 Intel 10 4 9 8P135 PowerPC 13 marta 20078P2137 Intel 10 4 10 8R218 PowerPC 20 iyunya 20078R2218 Intel 10 4 11 8S165 PowerPC 14 noyabrya 20078S2167 Intel Mac OS X 10 5 Leopard 10 5 9A581 26 oktyabrya 200710 5 1 9B18 15 noyabrya 200710 5 2 9C31 11 fevralya 200810 5 3 9D34 28 maya 200810 5 4 9E17 1 iyulya 200810 5 5 9F33 16 sentyabrya 200810 5 6 9G55 15 dekabrya 200810 5 7 9J61 12 maya 200910 5 8 9L30 5 avgusta 2009Mac OS X 10 6 Snow Leopard 10 6 10A432 28 avgusta 200910 6 1 10B504 10 sentyabrya 200910 6 2 10C540 9 noyabrya 200910 6 3 10D573 29 marta 201010 6 4 10F569 16 iyunya 201010 6 5 10H548 12 noyabrya 201010 6 6 10J567 6 yanvarya 201110 6 7 10J869 21 marta 201110 6 8 10K540 23 iyulya 2011Mac OS X 10 7 Lion 10 7 11A511 20 iyulya 201110 7 1 11B211 16 avgusta 201110 7 2 11C74 12 oktyabrya 201110 7 3 11D50 1 fevralya 201210 7 4 11E53 9 maya 201210 7 5 11G56 19 sentyabrya 2012OS X 10 8 Mountain Lion 10 8 12A269 25 iyulya 201210 8 1 12B19 23 avgusta 201210 8 2 12C54 19 sentyabrya 201212C60 12 oktyabrya 201210 8 3 12D78 14 marta 201310 8 4 12E55 24 maya 201310 8 5 12F37 13 sentyabrya 201312F42 4 oktyabrya 2013OS X 10 9 Mavericks 10 9 13A603 22 oktyabrya 201310 9 1 13B42 16 dekabrya 201310 9 2 13C64 25 fevralya 201410 9 3 13D65 15 maya 201410 9 4 13E28 30 iyunya 201410 9 5 13F34 17 sentyabrya 2014OS X 10 10 Yosemite 10 10 14A389 16 oktyabrya 201410 10 1 14B25 17 noyabrya 201410 10 2 14C109 28 yanvarya 201510 10 3 14D136 8 aprelya 201510 10 4 14E46 30 iyunya 201510 10 5 14F27 13 avgusta 2015OS X 10 11 El Capitan10 11 15A284 30 sentyabrya 201510 11 1 15B42 21 oktyabrya 201510 11 2 15C50 8 dekabrya 201510 11 3 15D21 19 dekabrya 201510 11 4 15E65 21 marta 201610 11 5 15F34 16 maya 201610 11 6 15G31 18 iyulya 2016macOS 10 12 Sierra 10 12 16A323 20 sentyabrya 201610 12 1 16B2555 24 oktyabrya 201610 12 2 16C67 13 dekabrya 201610 12 3 16D32 23 yanvarya 201710 12 4 16E195 28 marta 201710 12 5 16F73 15 maya 201710 12 6 16G29 19 iyulya 2017macOS 10 13 High Sierra 10 13 17A365 25 sentyabrya 2017 21 10 13 1 17B48 31 oktyabrya 2017 22 10 13 2 17C88 6 dekabrya 2017 23 10 13 3 17D47 23 yanvarya 2018 24 10 13 4 17E199 29 marta 2018 25 10 13 5 17F77 1 iyunya 2018 26 10 13 6 17G65 9 iyulya 2018 27 macOS 10 14 Mojave 10 14 18A391 24 sentyabrya 2018 28 10 14 1 18B75 30 oktyabrya 2018 29 10 14 2 18C54 5 dekabrya 2018 30 10 14 3 18D42 22 yanvarya 2019 31 10 14 3 18D109 7 fevralya 2019 32 10 14 4 18E226 25 marta 2019 33 10 14 5 18F132 13 maya 2019 34 10 14 6 18G84 22 iyulya 2019 35 18G95 Supplemental Update 26 avgusta 2019 36 18G103 Supplemental Update 2 26 sentyabrya 2019 37 macOS 10 15 Catalina 10 15 19A583 7 oktyabrya 2019 38 39 19A602 Supplemental Update 16 oktyabrya 2019 40 10 15 1 19B88 29 oktyabrya 2019 41 10 15 2 19C57 10 dekabrya 2019 42 10 15 3 19D76 28 yanvarya 2020 43 10 15 4 19E266 24 marta 2020 44 19E287 Supplemental Update 8 aprelya 2020 45 10 15 5 19F96 26 maya 2020 46 19F101 Supplemental Update 1 iyunya 2020 47 10 15 6 19G73 15 iyulya 2020 48 19G2021 Supplemental Update 12 avgusta 2020 49 10 15 7 19H2 24 sentyabrya 2020 50 19H15 Supplemental Update 5 noyabrya 2020 51 macOS 11 Big Sur 11 0 1 20B29 12 noyabrya 2020 52 11 1 20C69 14 dekabrya 2020 53 11 2 20D64 1 fevralya 2021 54 11 2 1 20D74 9 fevralya 2021 55 11 2 2 20D80 25 fevralya 2021 56 11 2 3 20D91 8 marta 2021 57 Servernaya versiya Pravit Nomer versii Data vypuskaMac OS X Server 1 0 Rhapsody 16 marta 1999Mac OS X Server 10 0 Cheetah Server 21 maya 2000Mac OS X Server 10 1 Puma Server 25 sentyabrya 2001Mac OS X Server 10 2 Jaguar Server 24 avgusta 2002Mac OS X Server 10 3 Panther Server 24 oktyabrya 2003Mac OS X Server 10 4 Tiger Server 29 aprelya 2005Mac OS X Server 10 5 Leopard Server 25 oktyabrya 2007Mac OS X Server 10 6 Snow Leopard Server 28 sentyabrya 2009Mac OS X 10 7 Lion Server 20 iyulya 2011OS X Server 2 0 Mountain Lion 25 iyulya 2012OS X Server 3 0 Mavericks 23 oktyabrya 2013OS X Server 4 0 Yosemite 16 oktyabrya 2014OS X Server 4 1 Yosemite 8 aprelya 2015OS X Server 5 0 Yosemite 10 10 4 i El Capitan 10 11 16 sentyabrya 2015OS X Server 5 1 10 11 4 El Capitan 21 marta 2016macOS Server 5 2 El Capitan 10 11 i Sierra 10 12 20 sentyabrya 2016macOS Server 5 3 Sierra 10 12 4 17 marta 2017macOS Server 5 4 High Sierra 10 13 25 sentyabrya 2017Primechaniya Pravit Nilay Patel Apple officially renames Mac OS X to OS X drops the Mac neopr The Verge 16 fevralya 2012 Data obrasheniya 21 fevralya 2012 Arhivirovano 4 avgusta 2012 goda WWDC 2016 OS X pereimenovana v macOS predstavlena iOS 10 neopr 3DNews Daily Digital Digest Data obrasheniya 13 iyunya 2016 Desktop Operating System Market Share Worldwide angl StatCounter Global Stats Data obrasheniya 8 maya 2020 Desktop macOS Version Market Share Worldwide angl StatCounter Global Stats Data obrasheniya 8 maya 2020 Specifikacii OS X neopr Data obrasheniya 23 marta 2013 Arhivirovano 27 marta 2013 goda DeepApple Tim Kuk rassmatrivaet OS X i iOS kak edinuyu operacionnuyu sistemu neopr deepapple com Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Bloggueros Apple Special Event October 2010 neopr 23 iyulya 2012 Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple iOS 8 Nepreryvnost neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Apple Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Arhivirovano 29 iyunya 2015 goda WWDC 2016 OS X pereimenovana v macOS predstavlena iOS 10 neopr 3DNews 13 iyunya 2016 News Apple cracks down on Aqua skins neopr ZDNet Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Arhivirovano 11 iyunya 2001 goda Amit Singh Mac OS X Internals A Systems Approach paperback Addison Wesley Professional 2006 06 19 1677 s ISBN 9780132702263 Amit Singh XNU The Kernel angl Amit Singh Arhivirovano 22 avgusta 2011 goda Apple Inc Apple Inc Software License Agreement for OS X neopr PDF Apple Inc Data obrasheniya 3 sentyabrya 2008 Arhivirovano 22 avgusta 2011 goda New modified BOOT 132 allows you to boot retail DVDs neopr 30 iyunya 2008 Data obrasheniya 8 avgusta 2009 Arhivirovano 22 avgusta 2011 goda OS X annoyances angl asuh com Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 OS dlya makov stala besplatnoj Lenta Ru 22 oktyabrya 2013 Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Xcode rus Mac App Store Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple s letting anyone help test its next OS X update The Verge Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple launches public beta for iOS 8 3 The Verge 12 marta 2015 Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 The US version had a build number of 1H39 and the international version had build number 2E14 Mac OS X Public Beta Wikipedia Apple s macOS High Sierra update is now available The Verge Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS High Sierra 10 13 1 With New Emoji WPA2 Security Fix angl Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS High Sierra 10 13 2 With Compatibility Improvements for Third Party USB Audio Devices angl Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS High Sierra 10 13 3 With Fix for Messages Bug angl Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple releases macOS 10 13 4 update for High Sierra with iMac Pro wallpaper enhanced eGPU support angl 9to5Mac 29 March 2018 Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS High Sierra 10 13 5 With Messages in iCloud Support angl Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple releases macOS High Sierra 10 13 6 iTunes gains AirPlay 2 angl 9to5Mac 9 July 2018 Data obrasheniya 1 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS Mojave With Dark Mode Stacks Dynamic Desktop and More angl MacRumors 24 September 2018 Data obrasheniya 25 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS 10 14 1 With Group FaceTime and New Emoji angl MacRumors 30 October 2018 Data obrasheniya 25 noyabrya 2018 Apple Releases macOS Mojave 10 14 2 Resolves 2018 MacBook Pro Issue With External Displays and Other Bug Fixes MacRumors Apple releases macOS 10 14 3 update Macworld Problemy sistemy bezopasnosti ustranyaemye dopolnitelnym obnovleniem macOS Mojave 10 14 3 neopr apple com 13 fevralya 2019 Apple Releases macOS Mojave 10 14 4 With Safari Automatic Dark Mode and Apple News Support MacRumors Apple Releases macOS Mojave 10 14 5 With AirPlay 2 Support MacRumors Apple Releases macOS Mojave 10 14 6 With Apple News Improvements and Multiple Bug Fixes MacRumors About the security content of macOS Mojave 10 14 6 Supplemental Update Apple Support About the security content of macOS Mojave 10 14 6 Supplemental Update 2 Security Update 2019 005 High Sierra and Security Update 2019 005 Sierra Apple Support macOS Catalina is available today Apple Newsroom Apple s macOS Catalina update is coming today The Verge Apple Releases macOS Catalina Supplemental Update With Fixes for Installation iCloud Login and Game Center Bugs MacRumors Apple releases macOS Catalina 10 15 1 update with new Emoji HomeKit Secure Video support and more 9to5Mac Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 2 Update With Apple News Improvements iPhone Remote Control Support for Music and TV Apps MacRumors Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 3 With Pro Display XDR Optimizations Improvements to Multi Stream Video Editing for 16 Inch MacBook Pro MacRumors Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 4 With Screen Time Communication Limits and Real Time Apple Music Lyrics MacRumors Apple releases macOS 10 15 4 supplemental update with FaceTime and USB C fixes more 9to5Mac macOS 10 15 5 is out now with a new battery health feature The Verge Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 5 Supplemental Update With Security Fix MacRumors Apple releases iOS 13 6 iPadOS 13 6 macOS 10 15 6 tvOS 13 4 8 watchOS 6 2 8 AppleInsider Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 6 Supplemental Update With Virtualization Bug Fix MacRumors Apple Releases macOS Catalina 10 15 7 With Fixes for WiFi Bug 27 Inch iMac Graphics Issues Mac Rumors Apple releases macOS Catalina 10 15 7 supplemental update with security fixes 9to5Mac macOS Big Sur is now available to download The Verge Apple releases macOS Big Sur 11 1 with AirPods Max support and App Store privacy labels 9to5Mac Apple releases macOS Big Sur 11 2 with fixes for Bluetooth external display issues more 9to5Mac Apple Releases macOS Big Sur 11 2 1 With Fix for MacBook Pro Charging Issue Mac Rumors Apple releases macOS 11 2 2 to prevent certain USB C hubs and docks from damaging some MacBook models AppleInsider Apple Releases macOS Big Sur 11 2 3 With WebKit Security Fix Mac RumorsLiteratura PravitGalen Gruman Mac OS X Lion Bibliya polzovatelya Mac OS X Lion Bible M Dialektika 2012 912 s ISBN 978 5 8459 1764 5 Kolisnichenko Denis Nikolaevich Mac OS X Lion Rukovodstvo polzovatelya M Dialektika 2011 416 s ISBN 978 5 8459 1763 8 Amit Singh Mac OS X Internals A Systems Approach Pearson Education Inc 2007 1641 c ISBN 0 321 27854 2 Ssylki PravitV rodstvennyh proektah Knigi v Vikiuchebnike Mediafajly na Vikisklade apple com macos angl oficialnyj sajt MacOS Stranica macOS rus na sajte Apple Stranica Darwin OS na sajte Apple Istoriya OS Mac OS Svobodnoe PO dlya macOS Stranica macOS Server v Mac App 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