NiNa.Az
. Hodzhalinskaya reznya Yazyk Sledit Pravit Hodzhali nskaya reznya 5 6 7 8 massovoe ubijstvo zhitelej azerbajdzhanskogo goroda Hodzhaly armyanskimi vooruzhyonnymi formirovaniyami 9 10 11 neavtoritetnyj istochnik 12 kotoroe v ryade istochnikov harakterizuetsya kak samoe krupnoe i zhestokoe krovoprolitie za vremya Karabahskoj vojny 13 14 v azerbajdzhanskih istochnikah eti sobytiya imenuyutsya Hodzhalinskoj tragediej azerb Xocali faciesi 15 Hodzhalinskaya reznyaPamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni v BakuTip Massovoe ubijstvo mirnyh zhitelejPrichina Shturm goroda Hodzhaly armyanskimi vooruzhyonnymi formirovaniyamiStrana Nagorno Karabahskaya Respublika 1 Azerbajdzhan 1 Mesto HodzhalyData 26 fevralya 1992 godaVremya V noch s 25 na 26 fevralyaPogibshih ne menee 161 2 HRW 485 3 po dannym rassledovaniya parlamenta Azerbajdzhana vklyuchaya umershih ot pereohlazhdeniya 613 4 ofic versiya vlastej Azerbajdzhana Postradavshih 487 4 ofic versiya vlastej Azerbajdzhana Hodzhaly Mediafajly na Vikisklade V noch s 25 na 26 fevralya 1992 goda armyanskie vooruzhyonnye formirovaniya pri uchastii nekotoryh voennosluzhashih 366 go gvardejskogo motostrelkovogo polka Obedinyonnyh sil SNG dislocirovannogo v Stepanakerte kak predpolagaetsya dejstvovavshih bez prikaza komandovaniya 16 17 18 19 posle neodnokratnyh preduprezhdenij o gotovyashemsya nastuplenii nachali shturm i zanyali gorod Hodzhaly iz kotorogo azerbajdzhanskimi silami vyolsya obstrel Stepanakerta 20 Vo vremya shturma i posle nego byli raneny pogibli i propali bez vesti sotni mirnyh zhitelej Soderzhanie 1 Predystoriya 2 Shturm Hodzhaly 2 1 Izvestie o shturme 2 2 Operaciya 3 Rassledovanie 3 1 Dannye o chisle zhertv 3 2 Dannye o chisle zalozhnikov 4 Uchastie voennosluzhashih 366 go motostrelkovogo polka v boevyh dejstviyah 5 Reakciya na proizoshedshee 5 1 Reakciya Ayaza Mutalibova 5 2 Delo Ejnully Fatullaeva 5 3 Reakciya armyanskoj storony 5 4 Utverzhdeniya Dany Mazalovoj 6 Mezhdunarodno pravovaya ocenka i reakciya 6 1 Priznanie v kachestve genocida 6 2 Priznanie kak prestupleniya protiv chelovechnosti 7 Posledstviya 8 Pamyat 8 1 Pamyatnik v Mehiko 8 2 V kinematografe 8 2 1 Dokumentalnye filmy 8 2 2 Hudozhestvennye filmy 8 3 V muzyke 8 4 V literature 9 Sm takzhe 10 Primechaniya 11 Ssylki 11 1 Nezavisimye istochniki 11 2 Tochka zreniya azerbajdzhanskoj storony 11 3 Tochka zreniya armyanskoj storonyPredystoriya PravitNastuplenie armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh formirovanij na naselyonnyj azerbajdzhancami gorod Hodzhaly bylo predopredeleno strategicheskim raspolozheniem goroda Naselyonnyj punkt nahoditsya v 10 km k severo vostoku ot Stepanakerta v rajone Karabahskogo hrebta Cherez Hodzhaly prohodyat dorogi Agdam Shusha Askeran Stepanakert 21 i zdes zhe raspolozhen aeroport edinstvennyj v Nagornom Karabahe sposobnyj prinimat krupnye samolyoty Iz Hodzhaly vplot do ego shturma v techenie neskolkih mesyacev proizvodilsya intensivnyj minometnyj obstrel Stepanakerta 22 Nachinaya s 1988 goda Hodzhaly neodnokratno stanovilsya centrom konfliktov mezhdu mestnymi i respublikanskimi vlastyami Armyanskaya storona vystupala protiv togo chtoby vlasti Azerbajdzhana osushestvlyali tam intensivnoe stroitelstvo i razmeshali bezhencev azerbajdzhancev i turok meshetincev schitaya eto celenapravlennymi dejstviyami po izmeneniyu demograficheskoj situacii v regione 23 Naselenie posyolka sostavlyavshee v 1988 godu 2135 chelovek k 1991 godu uvelichilos do 6300 chelovek v tom chisle i za schyot bezhencev azerbajdzhancev iz Stepanakerta i nekotoryh drugih naselyonnyh punktov Nagornogo Karabaha V gorode takzhe byli rasseleny 54 semi turok meshetincev bezhavshih ot pogromov iz Fergany Uzbekskaya SSR Dlya obespecheniya zanyatosti rezko uvelichivshegosya naseleniya v gorode bylo razvyornuto stroitelstvo filialov krupnejshih promyshlennyh predpriyatij Azerbajdzhana zhilyh zdanij i drugih obektov bytovogo naznacheniya 21 neavtoritetnyj istochnik V 1990 godu Hodzhaly poluchil status goroda V Hodzhaly raspolagalos podrazdelenie OMON MVD Azerbajdzhana kotoroe s 1990 goda kontrolirovalo aeroport Imeyutsya mnogochislennye svidetelstva o nasilii i izdevatelstvah so storony sotrudnikov OMON nad passazhirami i lyotchikami armyanskoj nacionalnosti poka aeroport eshyo funkcioniroval 23 S oseni 1991 goda Hodzhaly byl prakticheski blokirovan armyanskimi vooruzhyonnymi formirovaniyami a posle vyvoda vnutrennih vojsk SSSR iz Nagornogo Karabaha ustanovilas polnaya blokada S yanvarya 1992 goda v Hodzhaly ne podavalas elektroenergiya 23 Chast zhitelej pokinula blokirovannyj gorod odnako polnoj evakuacii mirnogo naseleniya nesmotrya na nastojchivye prosby glavy azerbajdzhanskoj ispolnitelnoj vlasti Hodzhaly E Mamedova organizovano ne bylo 23 V Hodzhaly otsutstvovali telefonnaya svyaz elektrichestvo otoplenie vodoprovodnaya voda S oktyabrya 1991 goda edinstvennym sredstvom soobsheniya s vneshnim mirom stali vertolyoty 24 25 K 13 fevralya 1992 goda kogda byl vypolnen poslednij rejs vertolyota v Hodzhaly ottuda v obshej slozhnosti evakuirovali menee 300 zhitelej Rukovoditelem oborony goroda yavlyalsya Alif Gadzhiev Pod ego rukovodstvom Hodzhaly proderzhalsya neskolko mesyacev bez gaza i elektrichestva 26 Rossijskij pravozashitnyj centr Memorial kotoryj provyol sobstvennoe rassledovanie obstoyatelstv tragedii utverzhdaet chto k nachalu shturma v gorode nahodilos ot 2 do 4 tys zhitelej vklyuchaya neskolko sot zashitnikov goroda Hodzhaly zashishali opolchency sotrudniki OMON MVD Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki i soldaty Nacionalnoj armii Azerbajdzhana Po informacii poluchennoj s obeih storon v gorode nahodilis 3 edinicy bronetehniki a takzhe ustanovka Alazan Po utverzhdeniyu armyanskoj storony v Hodzhaly nahodilis takzhe 2 reaktivnye ustanovki zalpovogo ognya Grad 27 V techenie zimnih mesyacev 1991 1992 godov Hodzhaly nahodilsya pod postoyannym artillerijskim obstrelom V osnovnom obstrely proizvodilis nochyu Mezhdunarodnaya pravozashitnaya organizaciya Human Rights Watch sobrala svidetelstva bezhencev pokazyvayushie chto nekotorye obstrely imeli besporyadochnyj harakter ili byli pryamo napravleny na grazhdanskie obekty chto privodilo k zhertvam sredi grazhdanskogo naseleniya 25 Shturm Hodzhaly PravitIzvestie o shturme Pravit Rossijskij korrespondent Vadim Belyh nahodivshijsya vo vremya konflikta na azerbajdzhanskoj storone otmechal chto armyane predupredili o gotovyashemsya shturme Hodzhaly eshyo za mesyac do nachala operacii odnako azerbajdzhanskaya storona nichego ne sdelala dlya togo chtoby vyvesti mirnyh zhitelej iz goroda 28 Za neskolko dnej do shturma posyolka armyanskaya storona po radiosvyazi preduprezhdala o predstoyashej operacii i prosila vyvesti mirnoe naselenie 23 Korrespondent Azerinform S Mirzoev privyol svidetelstvo vyzhivshego zhitelya Hodzhaly Salmana Abbasova kotoryj soobshil chto nesmotrya na to chto za neskolko dnej armyanskaya storona preduprezhdala po radio o shturme i trebovali ostavit gorod naselenie otgovarivali ot popytok vyvesti iz goroda zhenshin detej i starikov 29 Operaciya Pravit Arkadij Ter Tadevosyan utverzhdal chto podgotovka k operacii zanyala tri nedeli V hodzhalinskoj operacii uchastvovali 487 armyanskih bojcov Vpervye armyanskie otryady primenili bronetehniku dve edinicy BRDM a takzhe odnu 100 mm protivotankovuyu pushku Rapira 30 Kak pozdnee rasskazyval glava ispolnitelnoj vlasti Hodzhaly Elman Mamedov 25 fevralya v 20 30 postupilo soobshenie chto tanki i BMP protivnika zanimayut boevye pozicii vokrug goroda 31 Okolo 23 chasov nochi nachalsya obstrel Hodzhaly iz tyazhyolyh artillerijskih orudij 32 33 Vstuplenie armyanskih pehotnyh otryadov v gorod proishodilo ot 1 chasa nochi do 4 chasov utra Poslednij ochag soprotivleniya zashitnikov Hodzhaly byl podavlen k 7 chasam utra 34 Britanskij zhurnalist Tom de Vaal sleduyushim obrazom opisyvaet nachalo shturma Shturm nachalsya v noch s 25 na 26 fevralya Etot den byl veroyatno vybran v pamyat ob armyanskih pogromah v Sumgaite sluchivshihsya chetyrmya godami ranee Boevuyu podderzhku armyanam okazyvala bronetehnika 366 go polka Sovetskoj Armii Oni okruzhili Hodzhaly s tryoh storon posle chego armyanskie soldaty voshli v gorod i podavili soprotivlenie zashitnikov 3 Markar i Seta Melkonyan brat i supruga Monte Melkonyana kotoryj s nachala fevralya 1992 goda byl odnim iz rukovoditelej armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh otryadov v Karabahe Martuninskij rajon v svoej knige My Brother s Road An American s Fateful Journey to Armenia 2005 g takzhe ukazyvayut na to chto nastuplenie na Hodzhaly bylo predprinyato v godovshinu sobytij v Sumgaite i moglo rassmatrivatsya kak svoego roda akt vozmezdiya 35 Pozdnee odin iz britanskih zhurnalistov uznav chto v operacii prinimali uchastie bezhency iz Sumgaita nazval ubijstvo mirnyh zhitelej tragediej mesti 36 Po svidetelstvu vyzhivshih zhitelej Hodzhaly vo vremya shturma oni pytalis ukrytsya v podvalah zhilyh zdanij i nachali pokidat gorod primerno v tri chasa nochi otkliknuvshis na prizyvy so storony sil samooborony 37 V hode shturma Hodzhaly byli ubity 7 armyan eshyo 20 poluchili raneniya 38 Po drugoj informacii armyanskoj storony oni poteryali do 10 12 chelovek ubitymi 34 Chto kasaetsya poter sredi zashitnikov goroda to soglasno armyanskomu informagentstvu Pro Armeniya v boyu u Hodzhaly pogibli ot 30 do 40 azerbajdzhanskih soldat svyshe 100 byli vzyaty v plen 39 V state Analiz boevyh dejstvij v Arcahe Ter Tadevosyan ukazal chto poteri armyanskoj storony sostavili 8 chelovek a azerbajdzhanskoj 23 30 Chast naseleniya vskore posle nachala shturma stala pokidat Hodzhaly pytayas ujti v storonu Agdama Kak ukazano v otchyote pravozashitnoj organizacii Memorial lyudi uhodili po dvum napravleniyam s vostochnoj okrainy goroda na severo vostok vdol rusla reki ostavlyaya Askeran sleva imenno etot put kak ukazyvali armyanskie oficialnye lica byl ostavlen v kachestve svobodnogo koridora s severnoj okrainy goroda na severo vostok ostavlyaya Askeran sprava po vidimomu po etomu puti ushla menshaya chast bezhencev Po soobsheniyu pravozashitnoj organizacii Memorial v rezultate obstrela goroda neustanovlennoe kolichestvo mirnyh zhitelej pogiblo na territorii Hodzhaly vo vremya shturma Armyanskaya storona prakticheski otkazalas predostavit informaciyu o kolichestve pogibshih takim obrazom lyudej 27 Kak soobshaet Memorial bolshoj potok zhitelej ustremilsya iz goroda vdol rusla reki put 1 V nekotoryh gruppah bezhencev nahodilis vooruzhyonnye lyudi iz garnizona goroda Eti bezhency idushie po svobodnomu koridoru na territorii primykayushej k Agdamskomu rajonu Azerbajdzhana byli obstrelyany v rezultate chego mnogo lyudej pogiblo Ostavshiesya v zhivyh bezhency rasseyalis Begushie natykalis na armyanskie zastavy i podvergalis obstrelam Chast bezhencev vsyo zhe sumela projti v Agdam chast v osnovnom zhenshiny i deti tochnoe kolichestvo ustanovit nevozmozhno zamyorzla vo vremya skitanij po goram chast po pokazaniyam proshedshih v Agdam byla plenena u sel Pirdzhamal i Nahichevanik Est pokazaniya uzhe obmenyannyh zhitelej Hodzhaly chto nekotoroe kolichestvo plenyonnyh bylo rasstrelyano 23 Vneshnie izobrazheniyaFotografii Viktorii Ivlevoj Ubitye vo vremya ataki armyanskih vooruzhennyh formirovanij na ulicah goroda Hodzhaly zhenshiny i deti Po dannym pravozashitnoj organizacii Human Rights Watch kotoraya takzhe provela sobstvennoe rassledovanie tragedii po otstupayushemu azerbajdzhanskomu OMONu i bezhavshim zhitelyam armyanami i voennosluzhashimi 366 go polka po vidimomu dejstvovavshimi bez prikaza svoih komandirov 16 byl otkryt ogon 40 v pole vozle sela Nahichevanik kotoroe togda nahodilos pod kontrolem armyan 41 Kak soobshaet Human Rights Watch tolpa zhitelej soprovozhdaemaya paroj desyatkov otstupayushih zashitnikov bezhala iz goroda posle togo kak on pereshyol k armyanskim vooruzhyonnym silam Kogda oni priblizilis k granice s Azerbajdzhanom oni natolknulis na armyanskij vooruzhyonnyj post i byli zhestoko rasstrelyany 9 Obstrelam podvergalis takzhe i gruppy bezhencev napravivshihsya drugoj dorogoj po otnosheniyu k kotoroj Askeran nahodilsya sprava 23 Po slovam svidetelej bylo uzhe dostatochno svetlo dlya togo chtoby otlichit vooruzhyonnyh lyudej ot mirnyh zhitelej V to zhe vremya nikto iz oproshennyh svidetelej ne znal o sushestvovanii koridora po kotoromu mozhno bylo by pokinut gorod istochnik ne ukazan 1274 dnya Rassledovanie Pravit Deti stavshie zhertvami Hodzhalinskoj rezni 42 Foto I Dzhafarova 28 fevralya gruppa zhurnalistov na dvuh vertolyotah smogla dobratsya do mesta gibeli azerbajdzhancev Nesmotrya na prikrytie vtorogo vertolyota iz za silnogo obstrela oni smogli vyvezti tolko chetyre trupa Rossijskij telereportyor Yurij Romanov vmeste s azerbajdzhanskim zhurnalistom Chingizom Mustafaevym pervym pobyvavshij na meste tragedii sleduyushim obrazom vspominal moment pribytiya na mesto gibeli mirnyh zhitelej Ya vyglyadyvayu v krugloe okoshko vertolyota i bukvalno otshatyvayus ot nepravdopodobno strashnoj kartiny Na zhyoltoj trave predgorya gde v teni eshyo dotaivayut serye lepyoshki snega ostatki zimnih sugrobov lezhat myortvye lyudi Vsya eta gromadnaya ploshad do blizkogo gorizonta useyana trupami zhenshin starikov staruh malchikov i devochek vseh vozrastov ot grudnogo mladenca do podrostka Glaz vyryvaet iz mesiva tel dve figurki babushki i malenkoj devochki Babushka s sedoj nepokrytoj golovoj lezhit licom vniz ryadom s kroshechnoj devochkoj v goluboj kurtochke s kapyushonom Nogi u nih pochemu to svyazany kolyuchej provolokoj a u babushki svyazany eshyo i ruki Obe zastreleny v golovu Poslednim zhestom malenkaya let chetyryoh devochka protyagivaet ruki k ubitoj babushke Oshelomlyonnyj ya dazhe ne srazu vspominayu o kamere 43 Mogily tryohletnej Gyulmiry Mehtievoj i pyatiletnej devochki iz Hodzhaly na Allee Shehidov v Baku V tot zhe den Tomas Golc soobshil v svoej korrespondencii v Washington Post iz Agdama chto bolnicy goroda zapolneny bezhencami Po slovam svidetelej oproshennyh zhurnalistom vo vremya shturma Hodzhaly armyanskimi vooruzhyonnymi otryadami pogibli sotni lyudej Iz semi pogibshih kotoryh Golc uvidel v bolnice dvoe byli detmi troe zhenshinami Golc otmetil chto odna iz pogibshih byla rasstrelyana vidimo v upor a u mnogih bezhencev po ego slovam imeyutsya mnozhestvennye nozhevye raneniya 44 Informaciyu o rasstrelah v upor podtverdil takzhe reportyor Bi bi si v utrennih novostyah On takzhe soobshil o bolee chem sta trupah muzhchin zhenshin i detej zarezannyh armyanami Po slovam reportyora videooperator i drugie zapadnye zhurnalisty rasskazali o trupah zhenshin i detej zastrelennyh v golovu 45 2 marta na mesto tragedii smogla vyletet gruppa zarubezhnyh i mestnyh zhurnalistov sredi kotoryh byl i Chingiz Mustafaev kotoryj kak i 28 fevralya snimal uvidennoe na meste sobytij na videokameru 42 Anatol Liven iz londonskoj The Times tak opisal uvidennoe na meste rezni Dve gruppy vidimo dve semi lezhali ryadom ruki zhenshin pytayutsya prikryt detej U nekotoryh iz nih vklyuchaya malenkuyu devochku byli chudovishnye rany na golove fakticheski ostalos tolko lico Vyzhivshie rasskazali chto armyane rasstrelivali ih v upor uzhe lezhashih na zemle 46 Po soobsheniyu The New York Times fotograf agentstva Rejter Frederika Langen okolo Agdama videla dva gruzovika zapolnennyh trupami azerbajdzhancev V odnom iz nih ona naschitala 35 trupov Vo vtorom bylo primerno stolko zhe Po eyo slovam vsyo eto byli muzhchiny prichyom nekotorye s otrublennymi golovami libo sozhzhyonnye Nekotorye iz nih byli v zashitnoj uniforme 47 Korrespondent gazety Izvestiya Vadim Belyh rasskazyval 48 Vremya ot vremeni v Agdam privozyat obmenyannye na zhivyh zalozhnikov tela svoih pogibshih No v nochnom koshmare takogo ne prividitsya vykolotye glaza otrezannye ushi snyatye skalpy otrublennye golovy Izdevatelstvam predela net Mogila 62 letnej Maruzy Abyshovoj iz Hodzhaly na Allee Shehidov v Baku Svidetelstvo pilota vertolyota majora Leonida Kravca 26 fevralya ya vyvozil iz Stepanakerta ranenyh i vozvrashalsya obratno cherez Askeranskie vorota V glaza brosilis kakie to yarkie pyatna na zemle Snizilsya i tut moj bortmehanik zakrichal Smotrite tam zhenshiny i deti Da ya i sam uzhe videl okolo dvuhsot ubityh razbrosannyh po sklonu Potom my letali chtoby zabrat trupy S nami byl mestnyj kapitan milicii On uvidel tam svoego chetyryohletnego syna s razdroblennym cherepom i tronulsya rassudkom Izuvechennye tela zhenshin detej i starikov ya videl povsyudu 49 Po dannym amerikanskogo zhurnala Newsweek mnogie byli ubity s blizkogo rasstoyaniya pri popytke bezhat u nekotoryh byli obezobrazheny lica 50 51 Po mneniyu obozrevatelya zhurnala Time Dzhill Smolou V prostoe obyasnenie dannoe napadayushimi armyanami kotorye nastaivayut chto bezvinnye lyudi byli ubity ne specialno sovsem ne veritsya 52 Rossijskij teleoperator Yurij Romanov opisyvaet shestiletnyuyu devochku hodzhalinku glaza kotoroj byli vyzhzheny sigaretnymi okurkami 43 Helen Uomak zhurnalist britanskoj gazety The Independent soobshala s mest sobytij Kogda vecherom vo vtornik ya pribyla v Agdam ya videla 75 svezhih mogil na odnom iz kladbish i chetyre izuvechennyh trupa v mecheti V polevom gospitale ustroennom v vagonah na zheleznodorozhnoj stancii ya takzhe videla zhenshin i detej s pulevymi raneniyami 53 Zhurnalist Frensis Klajns nahodyas v Agdame privodil v The New York Times svidetelstvo vyzhivshego malchika Oni prishli v nash dom i skazali nam begite libo sgorite zazhivo rasskazal Ahmed Mamedov 11 letnij bezhenec iz Hodzhaly ranennyj v ruku Oni lomali vsyo vokrug i brosili granatu kotoraya ranila moego starshego brata i mamu Ya videl kak Natavan Usubova pogibla so svoej materyu ot drugoj granaty govoril on imeya v vidu 4 letnyuyu devochku 54 Kak soobshaet v svoem doklade Memorial oficialnye predstaviteli NKR i chleny armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh otryadov obyasnyali gibel mirnyh zhitelej v zone svobodnogo koridora tem chto vmeste s bezhencami uhodili vooruzhyonnye lyudi kotorye strelyali po armyanskim zastavam vyzyvaya otvetnyj ogon a takzhe popytkoj proryva so storony osnovnyh azerbajdzhanskih sil Po slovam chlenov armyanskih vooruzhennyh otryadov azerbajdzhanskimi formirovaniyami so storony Agdama byla predprinyata popytka vooruzhyonnogo proryva po napravleniyu svobodnogo koridora V moment kogda armyanskie zastavy otbivali ataku k nim v tyl podoshli pervye gruppy bezhencev iz Hodzhaly Vooruzhyonnye lyudi nahodyashiesya sredi bezhencev otkryli ogon po armyanskim zastavam Vo vremya boya byl unichtozhen odin post 2 cheloveka ubity 10 chelovek raneny odnako bojcy drugogo posta o sushestvovanii kotorogo ne podozrevali azerbajdzhancy s blizkogo rasstoyaniya otkryli ogon po lyudyam idushim iz Hodzhaly Po pokazaniyam bezhencev iz Hodzhaly v tom chisle i opublikovannym v presse vooruzhyonnye lyudi idushie v potoke bezhencev vstupali v perestrelki s armyanskimi zastavami no kazhdyj raz strelbu nachinala pervoj armyanskaya storona Po utverzhdeniyu oficialnyh lic NKR dlya vyhoda mirnogo naseleniya iz Hodzhaly byl ostavlen svobodnyj koridor kotoryj nachinalsya u vostochnoj okrainy goroda prohodil vdol rusla reki i shyol na severo vostok vedya v storonu Agdama i ostavlyaya Askeran sleva Shirina koridora sostavlyala 100 200 a mestami do 300 m Po mirnym zhitelyam i chlenam voennyh formirovanij vyhodyashim bez oruzhiya i nahodyashimsya v predelah dannogo koridora chleny armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh formirovanij obeshali ne vesti ogon Po slovam oficialnyh dolzhnostnyh lic NKR i uchastnikov shturma naselenie Hodzhaly v nachale shturma bylo izvesheno o nalichii takogo koridora pri pomoshi gromkogovoritelej ustanovlennyh na bronetransportyorah Odnako lica soobshivshie etu informaciyu ne isklyuchali chto bolshaya chast naseleniya Hodzhaly mogla ne uslyshat soobsheniya o svobodnom koridore iz za strelby i maloj moshnosti gromkogovoritelej Dolzhnostnye lica NKR soobshili takzhe chto za neskolko dnej do shturma s vertolyotov nad Hodzhaly razbrasyvalis listovki obrashyonnye k naseleniyu Hodzhaly s prizyvom vospolzovatsya svobodnym koridorom Odnako v podtverzhdenie etogo nablyudatelyam Memoriala ne bylo predostavleno ni odnogo ekzemplyara takoj listovki V Hodzhaly nablyudatelyami Memoriala takzhe ne bylo obnaruzheno nikakih sledov podobnyh listovok Oproshennye bezhency iz Hodzhaly soobshili chto o takih listovkah nichego ne slyshali V Agdame i Baku nablyudatelyami Memoriala bylo oprosheno 60 chelovek bezhavshih iz Hodzhaly vo vremya shturma goroda Lish odin chelovek iz oproshennyh soobshil chto on znal o sushestvovanii svobodnogo koridora emu soobshil ob etom voennyj iz hodzhalinskogo garnizona Nichego o svobodnom koridore ne slyshali i te iz zaderzhannyh zhitelej Hodzhaly s kotorymi nablyudateli Memoriala besedovali v prisutstvii deputata R Ajrikyana v IVS Stepanakerta Za neskolko dnej do shturma predstaviteli armyanskoj storony neodnokratno ispolzuya radiosvyaz soobshali vlastyam Hodzhaly o predstoyashem shturme i prizyvali ih nemedlenno polnostyu vyvesti naselenie iz goroda To chto eta informaciya byla poluchena azerbajdzhanskoj storonoj i peredana v Baku podtverzhdeno v publikaciyah bakinskih gazet Bakinskij rabochij Na sushestvovanie koridora ukazyvayut i citirovavshiesya v gazete Russkaya mysl ot 3 04 92 g slova hodzhalinskogo glavy ispolnitelnoj vlasti Elmana Mamedova My znali chto etot koridor prednaznachen dlya vyhoda mirnogo naseleniya Deklarirovannoe predostavlenie svobodnogo koridora dlya vyhoda naseleniya iz Hodzhaly mozhno rascenivat libo kak prednamerennye dejstviya dolzhnostnyh lic NKR po ochisheniyu goroda ot ego zhitelej libo kak priznanie vlastyami NKR togo chto oni ne v sostoyanii obespechit mirnomu naseleniyu na podkontrolnoj im territorii soblyudenie prav cheloveka nezavisimo ot prinadlezhnosti ego k toj ili inoj nacionalnosti Informaciya o nalichii svobodnogo koridora ne byla dovedena do svedeniya osnovnoj massy zhitelej Hodzhaly 23 Mezhdunarodnaya pravozashitnaya organizaciya Human Rights Watch nazvala tragediyu v Hodzhaly samoj bolshoj reznyoj za vremya konflikta Po mneniyu etoj organizacii armyanskie formirovaniya nesut pryamuyu otvetstvennost za gibel grazhdanskih lic 4 marta dva videosyuzheta snyatyh Chingizom Mustafaevym 28 fevralya i 2 marta na meste massovogo ubijstva na kotoryh byli pokazany desyatki ubityh i obezobrazhennyh lyudej byli pokazany v postoyannom predstavitelstve Azerbajdzhana v Moskve 42 Po slovam Mustafaeva gazete Izvestiya ot 4 marta 1992 goda kogda oni v pervyj raz prileteli na mesto rezni v soprovozhdenii dvuh voennyh vertolyotov to lyotchiki snachala boyalis saditsya poskolku territoriya po slovam Mustafaeva kontrolirovalas armyanskimi boevikam Posle togo kak vertolyoty prizemlilis nachalas strelba i soprovozhdavshie ih milicionery uspeli zabrat tolko chetyre tela 42 Po slovam Mustafaeva v pervyj ego priezd na meste ubijstv bylo bolshoe kolichestvo ubityh i obezobrazhennyh lyudej a 2 marta mnogie tela okazalis v eshyo bolee obezobrazhennom sostoyanii 42 Na kadrah vtoroj syomki Mustafaeva 2 marta kogda on nahodilsya vmeste s gruppoj inostrannyh zhurnalistov pokazany trupy so sledami glumleniya Odnako te zhe samye trupy na predydushej syomke Mustafaeva 28 fevralya ne imeli takih priznakov 55 Pozdnee na zasedanii sledstvennoj komissii Verhovnogo Soveta Azerbajdzhana Chingiz Mustafaev zayavil chto kogda on buduchi v Agdame prosil otvezti ego na mesto tragedii emu soobshili chto trupy est tolko v Hodzhaly odnako sami hodzhalincy rasskazali chto vozle svinoj fermy est zhivye spryatavshiesya hodzhalincy Mustafaevu iznachalno otkazyvali v poseshenii etogo mesta utverzhdaya chto ono nahoditsya pod kontrolem armyan Odnako kogda on poprosiv otvesti ego na eto mesto pribyl tuda to v 10 km ot Hodzhaly v 700 metrah ot azerbajdzhanskogo posta nedaleko ot Agdama on uvidel desyatki trupov i 10 azerbajdzhanskih voennyh kotorye spokojno progulivalis sredi trupov chto trupy nikto ne ubiral v to vremya kak velis peregovory ob obmene i vyvozilis trupy iz Hodzhaly Posle pribytiya na mesto vse tri vertolyota vernulis v Agdam a voennye kotoryh videl na meste Mustafaev takzhe vernulis v Agdam cherez Shelli gde teh zabrala mashina Priletevshie zhe na vertolyote shest chelovek vklyuchaya Mustafaeva 45 minut proveli sredi trupov vedya syomki v 25 metrah ot dorogi Askeran Nahichevanik Mustafaev takzhe rasskazal chto mimo nih proehalo dve mashiny v kotoryh sideli armyane 56 Po slovam togdashnego teleoperatora minoborony Azerbajdzhana Seidagi Movsumova azerb russk ot 2010 goda v rezultate peregovorov s armyanskoj storonoj on vmeste s komandirom agdamskogo batalona Allahverdi Bagirovym i nekotorymi ego bojcami v soprovozhdenii armyanskih voennyh takzhe pribyl na mesto rezni i sumel snyat neskolko kadrov poka voennye sobirali tela pogibshih a buduchi uzhe na blizlezhashej vysote videl pribytie vertolyota vmeste s Mustafaevym 57 Movsumov takzhe zayavlyal chto videl v tot den tela lyudej ubityh s osoboj zhestokostyu i so sledami glumleniya starayas zapechatlet vsyo na kameru 57 Posle obnarodovaniya video vystupleniya Mustafaeva na zasedanii azerbajdzhanskie SMI opublikovali slova ochevidca i uchastnika boyov R Kerimoglu takzhe zayavivshego chto posle sluchivshegosya na mesto gibeli lyudej s razresheniya armyanskoj storony pribyli voennye iz agdamskogo batalona A Bagirova chtoby zabrat tela i predpolozhivshego chto Mustafaev mog videt imenno ih 58 A ubezhali voennye poskolku kak zayavil Kerimoglu ne znali komu prinadlezhit vertolyot Po ego slovam i slovam uchastnika operacii po vzyatiyu vysoty Karakaya s celyu okazaniya pomoshi hodzhalincam Orudzha Dzhabbarova k utru 26 fevralya vysota byla vzyata gruppami bojcov agdamskogo batalona i okolo 200 chelovek i 100 tel bylo dostavleno v Agdam togda kak chast tel pogibshih ostalos lezhat na podkontrolnoj armyanskoj storone territorii nachinaya s napravleniya Askerana 58 Dannye o chisle zhertv Pravit Fragment postamenta pamyatnika zhertvam tragedii v Baku s imenami pogibshih Po oficialnym dannym rassledovaniya predprinyatogo azerbajdzhanskim parlamentom v rezultate etoj tragedii pogiblo vklyuchaya zamyorzshih v puti 485 chelovek Po mneniyu Toma de Vaala eti dannye naibolee dostoverny 3 Memorial soobshaet chto v techenie chetyryoh dnej v Agdam bylo vyvezeno okolo 200 tel Neskolko desyatkov trupov imeli sledy glumleniya Vrachami sanitarnogo poezda g Agdama zafiksirovano ne menee chetyryoh skalpirovannyh tel odno telo s otrezannoj golovoj V Agdame byla provedena gosudarstvennaya sudebno medicinskaya ekspertiza 181 tela 130 muzhskogo pola 51 zhenskogo pola v tom chisle 13 detej iz zaklyuchenij ekspertov sleduet chto prichinoj smerti 151 cheloveka byli pulevye raneniya 20 chelovek oskolochnye raneniya 10 chelovek udary tupym predmetom Krome togo sudmedekspertiza ryada tel dostavlennyh iz rajona Hodzhaly byla proizvedena v Baku Pomimo teh kto poluchil ognestrelnye raneniya desyatki lyudej pogibli ot holoda i obmorozheniya v lesah Bolee tysyachi zhitelej Hodzhaly byli vzyaty v plen sredi nih i neskolko desyatkov turok meshetincev bezhencev iz Srednej Azii Po oficialnym dannym azerbajdzhanskih vlastej v rezultate etoj tragedii pogiblo vklyuchaya zamyorzshih v puti 613 chelovek iz nih 63 rebyonka 106 zhenshin 70 starikov 8 semej bylo unichtozheno polnostyu 487 chelovek vklyuchaya 76 detej bylo raneno 150 chelovek propalo bez vesti 1275 chelovek pobyvalo v zalozhnikah 59 s mest postoyannogo prozhivaniya bylo izgnano 5379 chelovek Iz plennyh o sudbe 150 chelovek v tom chisle 68 zhenshin i 26 detej do sih por nichego ne izvestno 60 Po dannym pravoohranitelnyh organov NKR chislo pogibshih po doroge v Agdam okolo 200 chelovek iz kotoryh 40 soldaty azerbajdzhanskoj armii 61 Po mneniyu Toma de Vaala dazhe prinimaya v raschyot chto zdes uchteny ne tolko pogibshie v perestrelke no i umershie ot pereohlazhdeniya eta ogromnaya cifra zatmevaet dannye o poteryah za vsyu istoriyu vojny v Nagornom Karabahe Otvetnaya strelba azerbajdzhancev byla neznachitelnoj i nikoim obrazom ne mozhet sluzhit opravdaniem hladnokrovnogo ubijstva v otkrytom pole soten bespomoshnyh mirnyh zhitelej v tom chisle i detej 3 Dannye o chisle zalozhnikov Pravit Kak soobshaet Memorial po svedeniyam poluchennym ot obeih storon k 28 marta 1992 goda azerbajdzhanskoj storone bylo peredano svyshe 700 plennyh zhitelej Hodzhaly zaderzhannyh kak v samom gorode tak i po puti v Agdam Osnovnuyu massu sredi nih sostavlyali zhenshiny i deti 10 Soglasno pokazaniyam zhitelej Hodzhaly zhenshiny deti tak zhe kak i muzhchiny soderzhalis v kachestve obmennogo materiala Eti pokazaniya podtverzhdayutsya lichnymi nablyudeniyami predstavitelej Memoriala na 13 marta v g Askeran eshyo nahodilis v kachestve zalozhnikov zhiteli Hodzhaly v tom chisle zhenshiny i molodye devushki Imeyutsya dostovernye svidetelstva o tom chto zhenshiny nasilstvenno uderzhivalis v Askerane i pozdnee etoj daty 28 marta 10 V pisme azerbajdzhanskogo pravitelstva na imya Generalnogo sekretarya OON v 1994 godu byl privedyon spisok iz 82 azerbajdzhanskih detej vzyatyh v zalozhniki armyanskimi voennymi v tom chisle 19 detej v Hodzhaly 62 Soglasno predsedatelyu NS NKR Arturu Mkrtchyanu na moment shturma v zalozhnikah v gorode nahodilis armyanskie zhenshiny i deti iz kotoryh 34 cheloveka byli uvedeny otstupavshimi podrazdeleniyami azerbajdzhanskoj armii v neizvestnom napravlenii 39 61 Zahvat i uderzhivanie v kachestve zalozhnikov mirnyh zhitelej Hodzhaly v tom chisle zhenshin nahoditsya v yavnom protivorechii s deklarirovannoj vlastyami NKR gotovnostyu bezvozmezdno peredat azerbajdzhanskoj storone vseh mirnyh zhitelej Hodzhaly Usloviya soderzhaniya zalozhnikov byli krajne neudovletvoritelny imelo mesto nasilie nad uderzhivaemymi zhitelyami Hodzhaly Po pokazaniyam vzyatyh v plen i zatem obmenyannyh zhitelej i zashitnikov Hodzhaly muzhchiny podvergalis izbieniyam V bolshinstve pokazanij otmechalos chto zhenshin i detej v otlichie ot muzhchin ne trogali Odnako inogda imeli mesto sluchai iznasilovanij 10 Soglasno rossijskoj zhurnalistke Viktorii Ivelevoj nahodyashejsya v zone konflikta armyane otnosilis k plennym po chelovecheski Detyam plennyh byli privezeny teplye veshi 20 Uchastie voennosluzhashih 366 go motostrelkovogo polka v boevyh dejstviyah PravitNachinaya s 1985 goda v Stepanakerte byl raskvartirovan 366 j gvardejskij motostrelkovyj polk raspolozhennoj v Shamhore 23 j gvardejskoj motostrelkovoj divizii v nachale 4 j armii SSSR a pozzhe vojsk SNG Posle vyvoda vnutrennih vojsk SSSR iz Nagornogo Karabaha 366 j polk vmeste s batalonom himicheskoj zashity ostavalis edinstvennymi boevymi podrazdeleniyami byvshih soyuznyh vojsk v regione 34 Po dannym ryada storonnih istochnikov otdelnye voennosluzhashie 366 go polka prinimali uchastie vo vzyatii Hodzhaly pri etom otmechaetsya chto predpolozhitelno oni dejstvovali bez prikaza komandovaniya 16 17 19 Po svidetelstvu soldat srochnosluzhashih dezertirovavshih iz voinskoj chasti i perebezhavshih v Hodzhaly eshyo do tragicheskih sobytij boevaya tehnika iz sostava polka i ranee ispolzovalas v obstrelah azerbajdzhanskih syol 31 Pozzhe vyyasnilos chto otdelnye oficery praporshiki i soldaty 366 go polka prinimali uchastie v boevyh dejstviyah kak na storone armyan tak i na storone azerbajdzhancev 63 Fakt uchastiya voennosluzhashih 366 go polka v shturme Hodzhaly byl otmechen v dokladah neskolkih pravozashitnyh organizacij Tak v otchyote Memoriala prakticheski vse bezhency svidetelstvovali ob uchastii voennosluzhashih 366 go polka v shturme goroda prichyom nekotorye iz nih dazhe vhodili v gorod 23 Odnako po utverzhdeniyu armyanskoj storony v shturme uchastvovali tolko boevye mashiny polka s ekipazhami kotorye obstrelivali gorod pered shturmom prichyom uchastie voennosluzhashih v boevyh dejstviyah ne bylo sankcionirovano pismennym prikazom komandovaniya polka 23 Soglasno otchyotu Hyuman Rajts Votch armyanskie vooruzhyonnye formirovaniya shturmovavshie Hodzhaly umyshlenno ignorirovali ogranichenie prava na napadenie predpisyvaemoe obychnym pravom 16 Hotya vnachale press centr OVS SNG kategoricheski oprovergal soobsheniya ob uchastii 366 go polka v boevyh dejstviyah 64 11 marta 1992 goda gazeta Krasnaya Zvezda podtverdila fakt uchastiya voennosluzhashih 366 go polka v boevyh dejstviyah nesmotrya na kategoricheskie prikazy komandovaniya okruga nekotorye voennosluzhashie 366 go msp vsyo zhe prinimali uchastie na storone karabahcev v boevyh dejstviyah pod Hodzhaly v dvadcatyh chislah fevralya Po krajnej mere zafiksirovano dva takih sluchaya A pri evakuacii lichnogo sostava polka desantniki na vybor proverili neskolko voennosluzhashih i obnaruzhili u nih bolshie summy deneg v tom chisle i v inostrannoj valyute 17 Levon Melik Shahnazaryan zanimavshij v moment proizoshedshih sobytij dolzhnost predsedatelya postoyannoj komissii VS NKR po vneshnim snosheniyam i yavlyavshijsya chlenom Prezidiuma VS NKR v odnoj iz svoih knig otricaet fakt uchastiya voennosluzhashih 366 go polka v boevyh dejstviyah Po ego slovam v etom prosto ne bylo neobhodimosti Po utverzhdeniyu Melik Shahnazaryana armyanskie vooruzhyonnye sily imeli na tot moment dostatochno voennoj tehniki dlya provedeniya operacii 65 V obrashenii Nacionalnogo soveta Verhovnogo soveta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki k parlamentam gosudarstv mira utverzhdalos chto voennosluzhashie 366 go polka prinimali uchastie vo vzyatii Hodzhaly v sootvetstvii s poluchennym ot komandira polka prikazom 66 67 Yurij Girchenko sluzhivshij v nachale 1992 goda v 97 m otdelnom inzhenerno sapyornom batalone raskvartirovannom v Agdame otmechaet chto v shturme prinimali uchastie voennosluzhashie 366 go polka v osnovnom armyanskoj nacionalnosti Komandir vtorogo batalona pochti vse oficery a takzhe vse praporshiki v batalone byli armyanami V etu noch oni sobrali vseh soldat armyan v polku a takzhe neskolko dobrovolcev drugih nacionalnostej i po predvaritelnoj dogovorennosti s rukovoditelyami Nacionalno osvoboditelnoj Armii Arcaha pristupili k sovmestnomu shturmu Hodzhaly 68 Zhurnalist Tomas de Vaal otmechaet chto posle toj pozornoj roli kotoruyu sygral 366 j polk pri vzyatii Hodzhaly iz Moskvy postupil prikaz vyvesti ego iz Karabaha 3 V pervyh chislah marta lichnyj sostav byl evakuirovan perebroshennymi v region desantnikami po vozduhu na bazu ZakVO v Vaziani Gruziya 64 69 10 marta 1992 goda polk byl rasformirovan 3 Okolo sta voennosluzhashih polka odnako ostalis v voennom gorodke v Stepanakerte 70 v ih chisle i komandir 2 go msb major Sejran Oganyan vposledstvii vstupivshij v odin iz otryadov karabahskih sil samooborony 71 Soglasno informacii gazety Krasnaya Zvezda zamestitel komanduyushego vojskami ZakVO general lejtenant Sufiyan Beppaev skazal nashemu korrespondentu chto komandir polka podpolkovnik Yurij Zarvigorov napravil v rajon sosredotocheniya vse tri batalona hotya emu bylo prikazano vyvesti tolko 1 j msb No dokladyval on v shtab okruga chto vyvel tolko odin batalon General lejtenant nazval eti dejstviya samoupravstvom kotoroe dorogo stoilo Vskore vse batalony byli blokirovany boevikami iz karabahskih sil samooborony Beppaev otricatelno oharakterizoval Zarvigorova kotoryj k tomu zhe sejchas otkazyvaetsya sluzhit i budet po vsej veroyatnosti uvolen iz armii 72 Soobshaetsya chto s celyu zavladeniya vooruzheniem motostrelkovogo polka armyanskaya storona zahvatila v zalozhniki 10 oficerov polka Cherez 4 dnya oni byli vypusheny 73 Reakciya na proizoshedshee PravitReakciya Ayaza Mutalibova Pravit Ayaz Mutalibov na Mezhdunarodnom ekonomicheskom forume v Davose V intervyu cheshskoj zhurnalistke Dane Mazalovoj opublikovano v Nezavisimoj gazete 2 aprelya 1992 goda ushedshij k tomu vremeni v otstavku prezident Azerbajdzhana Ayaz Mutalibov vozlozhil otvetstvennost za prestuplenie na nenazvannye sily dobivayushiesya ego otstavki Po mneniyu Tomasa de Vaala vozlagaya vsyu vinu na rukovodstvo Narodnogo fronta Mutalibov priumenshal svoyu vinu za nesposobnost zashitit gorod 3 Eto intervyu shiroko citirovalos v Armenii Vopros Chto vy dumaete o sobytiyah v Hodzhaly posle kotoryh vy ushli v otstavku Trupy hodzhalincev byli najdeny nedaleko ot Agdama Kto to snachala strelyal v nogi chtoby oni ne mogli ujti dalshe Potom dobivali toporom 29 fevralya moi kollegi snimali ih Vo vremya semok 2 marta eti zhe trupy byli skalpirovany Kakaya to strannaya igra Otvet Kak govoryat te hodzhalincy kotorye spaslis eto vsyo bylo organizovano dlya togo chtoby byl povod dlya moej otstavki Kakaya to sila dejstvovala dlya diskreditacii prezidenta Ya ne dumayu chtoby armyane ochen chyotko i so znaniem dela otnosyashiesya k podobnym situaciyam mogli pozvolit azerbajdzhancam poluchit razoblachayushie ih v fashistskih dejstviyah dokumenty Mozhno predpolozhit chto kto to byl zainteresovan v tom chtoby potom pokazat eti kadry na sessii VS i vsyo sfokusirovat na moej persone 74 V 2005 godu utverzhdenie o chastichnoj otvetstvennosti antimutalibovskogo Narodnogo fronta Azerbajdzhana za zhertvy Hodzhalinskoj rezni povtoril v svoej state azerbajdzhanskij zhurnalist Ejnulla Fatullaev Oznakomivshis s geograficheskoj mestnostyu s polnoj ubezhdennostyu mogu skazat chto domysly ob otsutstvii armyanskogo koridora lisheny osnovanij Koridor dejstvitelno byl inache polnostyu okruzhyonnye i izolirovannye ot vneshnego mira hodzhalincy nikak ne smogli by prorvat kolca i vyjti iz okruzheniya No preodolev mestnost za rekoj Kar Kar verenica bezhencev razdelilas i pochemu to chast hodzhalincev napravilas v storonu Nahichevanika Pohozhe chto batalony NFA stremilis ne k osvobozhdeniyu hodzhalincev a k bolshej krovi na puti k sverzheniyu A Mutalibova 75 Vposledstvii v intervyu 2006 goda Mutalibov otkazalsya ot svoih slov 36 chto on obvinyal v proizoshedshem nenazvannuyu silu V intervyu agentstvu Regnum on obvinil Danu Mazalovu v pereinachivanii nekotoryh ego vyskazyvanij v pogone za sensaciyami i s celyu polucheniya preimushestv v informacionnoj vojne Obvineniya v adres Narodnogo fronta Azerbajdzhana ozvuchennye v intervyu v Nezavisimoj Gazete Mutalibov takzhe oproverg Po ego slovam ne bylo svyazi mezhdu proizoshedshim i NFA poslednij vsego lish sfokusiroval svoimi dejstviyami vsyo obshestvennoe nedovolstvo na persone eks prezidenta 76 Na sajte Golos Armenii v marte 2010 goda bylo opublikovano intervyu cheshskoj zhurnalistki Dany Mazalovoj utverzhdavshej chto sushestvuyut sotrudniki Nezavisimoj gazety slyshavshie zapis i sama zapis dokazyvayushaya chto Mutalibov govoril o nalichii gumanitarnogo koridora dlya vyhoda mirnyh zhitelej 77 V intervyu azerbajdzhanskomu informacionnomu agentstvu Vesti az 14 maya 2010 goda Mutalibov vnov otrical chto on govoril Mazalovoj chto vina za tragediyu lezhit na azerbajdzhanskoj storone Soglasno Mutalibovu on govoril tolko o tom chto NFA vospolzovalsya tem chto proizoshlo v Hodzhaly Eks prezident Azerbajdzhana eshyo raz oproverg utverzhdeniya Dany Mazalovoj i dopolnitelno soobshil chto imenno on organizoval vylet zhurnalistov na mesto tragedii i vyvoz tel pogibshih 78 Ya nemedlenno svyazalsya s togdashnim predsedatelem Verhovnogo soveta NKAO Arturom Mkrtchyanom i otkryto zayavil emu chto dazhe v Velikuyu Otechestvennuyu vojnu fashisty sebe ne pozvolyali togo chto sotvorili vy v Hodzhaly Da chto vy Kto vam takoe skazal My tri dnya nazad predostavili im koridor chtoby hodzhalincy ushli Chast iz nih ostalas my ih kormim hotya i samim ne hvataet propitaniya vsplesnul rukami Mkrtchyan 78 Kak soobshil v sentyabre 2009 goda v intervyu azerbajdzhanskoj sluzhbe Radio Svoboda predsedatel parlamentskoj komissii po rassledovaniyu Hodzhalinskoj rezni deputat Milli Medzhlisa Azerbajdzhana Ramiz Fataliev 22 go fevralya za 4 dnya do Hodzhalinskoj tragedii pod predsedatelstvom prezidenta respubliki Ayaza Mutalibova proshlo zasedanie Soveta bezopasnosti s uchastiem premer ministra glavy KGB i drugih oficialnyh lic Po slovam Fatalieva na zasedanii prishli k obshemu mneniyu chto vyvod naseleniya iz Hodzhaly armyanskaya storona mozhet prinyat za osnovanie zahvatit gorod chto sprovocirovalo by sdachu Hodzhaly 79 V 2017 godu Mutalibov dal intervyu agentstvu Avrasiya gde zayavil chto posylaemaya im v 1992 godu pomosh v Hodzhaly ne postupala tuda Po ego slovam tragedii v Hodzhaly ne proizoshlo by esli emu ne meshali by sily vedushie s nim borbu za vlast 80 Delo Ejnully Fatullaeva Pravit Ejnulla Fatullaev V 2005 godu azerbajdzhanskij zhurnalist Ejnulla Fatullaev glavnyj redaktor gazet Realnyj Azerbajdzhan i Gyundelik Azerbajdzhan Ezhednevnyj Azerbajdzhan sovershil poezdku v Armeniyu i Karabah po rezultatam kotoroj v gazete Realnyj Azerbajdzhan byl opublikovan cikl statej Karabahskij dnevnik v kotorom on zayavil ob ubezhdyonnosti v tom chto koridor dlya bezhencev dejstvitelno sushestvoval inache hodzhalincy ne smogli by vyjti iz okruzheniya odnako za rekoj Kar Kar chast hodzhalincev napravilas v storonu Nahichevanika Fatullaev predpolozhil chto k etomu mog byt prichasten NFA stremivshijsya svergnut Mutalibova V 2007 godu po isku glavy Centra zashity prav bezhencev i vynuzhdennyh pereselencev Tatyany Chaladze 81 Fatullaev byl privlechyon k sudu v svyazi s tem chto opublikoval mnenie odnogo iz armyanskih oficerov utverzhdavshego o nalichii koridora dlya bezhencev iz Hodzhaly Fatullaev byl takzhe obvinyon v tom chto utverzhdal na odnom iz internet forumov chto nekotorye iz bezhencev podverglis obstrelu s azerbajdzhanskih pozicij 82 Fatullaev otrical avtorstvo vyskazyvanij na internet forume i zayavil chto on ili kto libo iz rabotnikov redakcii nikogda ne vyskazyval mysl chto tragediya v Hodzhaly byla sotvorena rukami ne armyan a samih azerbajdzhancev 83 Sud Yasamalskogo rajona Baku priznal Ejnullu Fatullaeva vinovnym v klevete i oskorblenii po delu o pripisyvaemoj emu internet publikacii V 2007 godu zhurnalist byl prigovoren k vosmi s polovinoj godam Mezhdunarodnye pravozashitnye organizacii i azerbajdzhanskie pravozashitniki schitayut Ejnullu Fatullaeva politicheskim zaklyuchyonnym 84 85 86 V 2007 godu Ejnulla Fatullaev podal isk v Evropejskij sud po pravam cheloveka V svoih pokazaniyah sudu zhurnalist otmetil chto on vsego lish popytalsya donesti do chitatelej v Azerbajdzhane mnenie armyanskogo naseleniya Nagornogo Karabaha 87 i chto Karabahskij dnevnik yavlyaetsya statyoj napisannoj v stile reportazha prosto peredayushego uvidennoe i uslyshannoe im V chasti fakticheskih sobytij Hodzhalinskoj rezni sud po pravam cheloveka otmetil otsutstvie yasnosti v nekotoryh voprosah k chislu kotoryh sud otnes sushestvovanie bezopasnogo koridora dlya grazhdanskih lic rol i otvetstvennost vlastej Azerbajdzhana a takzhe vliyanie vnutripoliticheskoj borby v Azerbajdzhane na oboronu Hodzhaly 88 Fatullaev byl pomilovan 26 maya 2011 goda 89 Reakciya armyanskoj storony Pravit Verhovnyj Sovet NKR vystupil s zayavleniem gde vyrazil sozhalenie po povodu gibeli mirnyh zhitelej pri vzyatii Hodzhaly 10 90 Obosnovyvaya zhiznennuyu vazhnost i neobhodimost stepanakertskogo aeroporta dlya NKR Prezidium VS vyrazhaet sozhalenie po povodu togo chto pri vzyatii etogo aeroporta ryadom s kotorym nahodilsya posyolok Hodzhaly pogibli mirnye zhiteli i vyrazhaet soboleznovanie ih rodstvennikam 90 Odnako po soobsheniyu Memoriala nikakih popytok rassledovaniya prestuplenij svyazannyh s vzyatiem Hodzhaly predprinyato ne bylo V besedah s nablyudatelyami Memoriala oficialnye dolzhnostnye lica ne otricali chto pri vzyatii Hodzhaly mogli imet mesto zverstva tak kak sredi chlenov armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh otryadov est ozloblennye lyudi chi rodstvenniki byli ubity azerbajdzhancami a takzhe lica s ugolovnym proshlym 10 Issledovatel Markar Melkonyan angl v knige My Brother s Road An American s Fateful Journey to Armenia angl 2005 posvyashyonnoj svoemu bratu Monte Melkonyanu opisyvaet rol chlenov armyanskogo dobrovolcheskogo otryada Arabo v etih sobytiyah Soglasno Markaru Melkonyanu posle presledovaniya zhitelej Hodzhaly armyanskimi formirovaniyami i kak svidetelstvuyut bezhency ih obstrela boeviki Arabo nanosili im nozhevye udary 91 Nekotorye armyanskie oficialnye lica ssylayas na intervyu Mutalibova opublikovannoe v aprele 1992 goda v Nezavisimoj gazete pytalis vozlozhit otvetstvennost za gibel mirnyh lyudej na samih zhe azerbajdzhancev 92 93 Eto vyzvalo gnevnuyu reakciyu Mutalibova kotoryj nazval podobnye popytki podlostyu ne imeyushej analogii v mire 94 Podobnye zhe obvineniya v adres azerbajdzhanskoj storony so ssylkami na Mutalibova Human Rights Watch i Memorial soderzhalis v pisme rasprostranyonnom v OON MID Armenii V pisme takzhe soderzhalos utverzhdenie chto azerbajdzhancy sami strelyali v zhitelej kotorye pytalis pokinut Hodzhaly 95 V pisme ministru inostrannyh del Armenii ispolnitelnyj direktor Human Rights Watch Holli Kartner vyrazila udivlenie podobnoj interpretaciej dokladov HRW i Memoriala i zayavila chto vozlagaet pryamuyu otvetstvennost za gibel mirnyh zhitelej na karabahskie armyanskie sily 96 Po svedeniyam azerbajdzhanskih SMI nekotorye armyanskie pravozashitniki publichno poprosili izvineniya pered azerbajdzhancami za reznyu v Hodzhaly v ih chisle Karen Ogadzhanyan 97 i prezident Helsinkskoj associacii Armenii po pravam cheloveka Mikael Danielyan 98 Tom de Vaal citiruet Serzha Sargsyana byvshego ministra oborony i premer ministra tretego prezidenta Armenii 2008 2018 Kogda armyanskogo voenachalnika Serzha Sarkisyana poprosili rasskazat o vzyatii Hodzhaly on ostorozhno otvetil My predpochitaem ob etom vsluh ne govorit Chto kasaetsya chisla zhertv to po ego slovam mnogoe bylo preuvelicheno da i ubegavshie azerbajdzhancy okazali vooruzhennoe soprotivlenie Odnako po povodu proisshedshih sobytij Sarkisyan vyskazalsya chestnee i bolee zhestko No ya dumayu chto glavnyj vopros byl sovsem v drugom Do Hodzhaly azerbajdzhancy dumali chto s nami mozhno shutki shutit oni dumali chto armyane ne sposobny podnyat ruku na grazhdanskoe naselenie My sumeli slomat etot stereotip Vot chto proizoshlo I nado eshyo prinimat vo vnimanie chto sredi teh malchikov byli lyudi bezhavshie iz Baku i Sumgaita 99 Po mneniyu de Vaala ocenka Sarkisyana zastavlyaet pod drugim uglom vzglyanut na samuyu zhestokuyu bojnyu karabahskoj vojny Ne isklyucheno chto eti massovye ubijstva yavilis pust hotya by i otchasti prednamerennym aktom ustrasheniya Vposledstvii odnako britanskij zhurnalist vyrazil v etom somnenie zayaviv sleduyushee Ya ne dumayu chto eto bylo prednamerenno Ya dumayu chto v lyuboj vojne sobytiya proishodyat ochen bystro spontanno No vse taki interesno kak tolkovali Konechno nado eshyo raz posmotret na tekst no ya ne schitayu chto eto byla prednamerennaya akciya odobrennaya sverhu ya dumayu chto eto byla vojna eto byla ochen haotichnaya situaciya 100 Generalnyj direktor Instituta issledovaniya Centralnoj Azii i Kavkaza Universiteta Dzhona Hopkinsa SShA Svante Kornell ukazyvaet chto posle Hodzhalinskoj tragedii azerbajdzhanskie mirnye zhiteli pokidali svoi doma pri pervom priblizhenii armyanskih vojsk v strahe pered povtoreniem bojni i predpolagaet chto odnoj iz celej Hodzhalinskoj rezni bylo sozdanie imenno takogo straha chto bylo ochen effektivno dlya ochistki territorii azerbajdzhanskih regionov ot naseleniya 101 Utverzhdeniya Dany Mazalovoj Pravit V ryadah atakuyushih nahodilas rossijskaya fotozhurnalistka Viktoriya Ivleva okazavshayasya v Hodzhaly utrom 26 fevralya kogda tam eshyo ostavalis ochagi soprotivleniya zashitnikov goroda Nahodyas v Hodzhaly ona sdelala neskolko fotografij kotorye byli opublikovany v gazete Moskovskie novosti Togda zhe Ivleva rasskazyvala Utrom ya okazalas v Hodzhaly Selo gorelo Trupy na ulicah Sama ya naschitala semeryh ubityh odin v milicejskoj forme Potom my sami popali pod avtomatnye ocheredi Strelyali zasevshie v odnom iz domov azerbajdzhanskie omonovcy Boj vozle etogo doma prodolzhalsya do vechera i zakonchilsya dlya armyanskoj storony dvumya ubitymi i neskolkimi ranenymi Chto stalo s omonovcami pogibli oni ili smogli v sumerkah ujti ya ne znayu Soldat 366 go motostrelkovogo polka ya vo vremya shturma Hodzhaly ne videla No armejskuyu bronetehniku i artobstrel predshestvovavshij nastupleniyu nablyudala sobstvennymi glazami 20 V 2003 godu cheshskaya zhurnalistka Dana Mazalova v intervyu RIA Novosti Armeniya zayavila chto shturmovavshie gorod armyane ostavili mirnym zhitelyam koridor dlya bezopasnogo vyhoda iz zony voennyh dejstvij i chto po etomu koridoru vmeste s mirnymi zhitelyami i zashitnikami goroda yakoby proshla takzhe Viktoriya Ivleva kotoraya ne tolko ostalas zhiva no i opublikovala svoi kadry etih sobytij v gazete Moskovskie novosti 102 Sama Ivleva v intervyu azerbajdzhanskomu informacionnomu agentstvu 1News v fevrale 2011 goda skazala chto imya Dany Mazalovoj ej nichego ne govorit i chto Mazalova lzhyot utverzhdaya o prisutstvii Ivlevoj v Hodzhaly vo vremya shturma i o tom chto ona vmeste s zhitelyami goroda yakoby pokinula Hodzhaly po ostavlennomu gumanitarnomu koridoru na samom dele Ivleva posetila Hodzhaly uzhe posle ego shturma armyanskimi otryadami i imenno k etomu vremeni otnosyatsya eyo fotokadry 103 104 V marte 2010 goda Dana Mazalova obyavila na press konferencii v Erevane chto predstavlyaemye azerbajdzhanskoj storonoj kadry yakoby snyatye Chingizom Mustafaevym na samom dele yavlyayutsya falsifikaciej Mazalova utverzhdaet chto ona byla lichno znakoma s Mustafaevym i videla ego snimki na kotoryh ne bylo obezobrazhennyh tel 77 105 Mezhdunarodno pravovaya ocenka i reakciya PravitSm takzhe Mezhdunarodnoe priznanie Hodzhalinskoj rezni Po zaklyucheniyu pravozashitnoj organizacii Memorial dejstviya armyanskih vooruzhyonnyh formirovanij grubo protivorechili Zhenevskoj konvencii Vseobshej deklaracii prav cheloveka st 2 3 5 9 i 17 i Deklaracii o zashite zhenshin i detej v chrezvychajnyh obstoyatelstvah i v period vooruzhyonnyh konfliktov 34 Sobytiya v Hodzhaly voshli v enciklopediyu Zverstva massovye ubijstva i voennye prestupleniya Atrocities Massacres and War Crimes An Encyclopedia vypushennuyu amerikanskim nauchnym izdatelstvom ABC CLIO 106 Po mneniyu avtorov specialnogo issledovaniya ryad kanadskih i drugih zapadnyh sredstv massovoj informacii pytalsya priumenshit masshtaby tragedii i znachimost sobytiya v kotorom zhertvami stali musulmane Tak vo vremya osvesheniya sobytij v kotoryh zhertvami byli armyane zhurnalisty kak pravilo podcherkivali religioznuyu prinadlezhnost armyan i azerbajdzhancev odnako pri osveshenii sobytij v Hodzhaly religioznyj aspekt vsyacheski zamalchivalsya dannye o kolichestve zhertv nazyvalis neyasnymi otricaniyu proizoshedshego armyanskoj storonoj davalos predpochtenie a v redaktorskih kolonkah staralis ne kommentirovat reznyu k kotoroj otnosilis kak k sobytiyu vtorostepennoj vazhnosti i obychno osveshali v samom konce statej 107 8 maya 2008 goda predsedatelem rossijskogo predstavitelstva Fonda Gejdara Alieva byla iniciirovana mezhdunarodnaya informacionno agitacionnaya kampaniya Spravedlivost dlya Hodzhaly Akcii fonda byli provedeny vo mnogih gorodah mira vklyuchaya ofisy mezhdunarodnyh organizacij v tom chisle i shtab kvartiru OON v Zheneve 108 109 Kazhdyj god vo mnogih stranah mira prohodyat meropriyatiya posvyashyonnye Hodzhalinskoj rezne 110 111 112 V 2010 godu parlamentskaya assambleya Organizacii Islamskaya konferenciya prinyala dokument soglasno kotoromu parlamentam 51 go gosudarstva bylo rekomendovano priznat Hodzhalinskuyu tragediyu prestupleniem protiv chelovechnosti 113 V 2017 godu Parlament Shotlandii prinyal dokument po sluchayu 25 j godovshiny Hodzhalinskoj rezni 114 28 yanvarya 2013 goda Senat shtata Nyu Meksiko prinyal rezolyuciyu v pamyat o zhertvah Hodzhalinskoj tragedii 115 Rezolyucii po tragedii v Hodzhaly byli prinyaty takzhe zakonodatelnymi sobraniyami shtatov Arkanzas 116 Massachusets 116 Tehas 116 117 Nyu Dzhersi 116 118 Dzhordzhiya 116 119 Men 116 Zapadnaya Virginiya 120 Tennessi 121 Konnektikut 122 Pensilvaniya 123 Kentukki 124 i Oklahoma 125 Priznanie v kachestve genocida Pravit Nachinaya s 2002 goda bezhency iz Hodzhaly ezhegodno napravlyayut vozzvaniya k OON Sovetu Evropy i OBSE po Hodzhalinskomu genocidu 126 127 128 129 130 26 fevralya 2007 g parlament Azerbajdzhana edinoglasno prinyal obrashenie k mezhdunarodnym organizaciyam parlamentam i pravitelstvam stran mira s prizyvom priznat Hodzhalinskuyu tragediyu aktom genocida protiv azerbajdzhanskogo naroda 131 V 2012 godu komitet po mezhdunarodnym otnosheniyam verhnej palaty pakistanskogo parlamenta v sostav kotorogo vhodyat predstaviteli vseh 12 politicheskih partij predstavlennyh v Senate edinoglasno prinyal rezolyuciyu priznayushuyu Hodzhalinskuyu reznyu genocidom Po slovam predsedatelya komiteta Salima Sejfulla Hana soglasno parlamentskoj praktike Pakistana rezolyuciya prinyataya komitetom palaty edinoglasno rassmatrivaetsya kak rezolyuciya vsego Senata 132 133 V 2014 godu Nacionalnyj kongress Gondurasa priznal sobytiya Hodzhaly aktom genocida 134 V 2015 godu kongress Gvatemaly priznal Hodzhalinskuyu reznyu genocidom 135 V 2017 godu Palata deputatov kongressa Paragvaya oharakterizovala sobytiya v Hodzhaly kak genocid 136 Popytka Azerbajdzhana postavit v Mehiko pamyatnik zhertvam genocida v Hodzhaly vyzvala protesty ryada meksikanskih intellektualov zayavivshih chto ispolzovanie termina genocid pri opisanii sobytij v Hodzhaly nepriemlemo sm nizhe Pamyatnik v Mehiko Rodrigo Gomez iz Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Mehiko polagaet chto kampaniya po priznaniyu sobytij v Hodzhaly genocidom yavlyaetsya primerom ikornoj diplomatii s pomoshyu kotoroj pravitelstvo Azerbajdzhana pytaetsya iskazit fakty i chto eta kampaniya yavlyaetsya chastyu otricaniem samim Azerbajdzhanom genocida armyan 137 Priznanie kak prestupleniya protiv chelovechnosti Pravit 7 fevralya 2013 goda Komitet po inostrannym delam Parlamenta Chehii prinyal rezolyuciyu v kotoroj osuzhdayutsya lyubye etnicheskie chistki massovye ubijstva i genocid mirnogo naseleniya I v etom kontekste sobytiya v Hodzhaly rascenivayutsya kak prestuplenie protiv chelovechnosti 138 V 2014 godu Parlamentskaya assambleya Bosnii i Gercegoviny prinyala Rezolyuciyu v kotoroj osuzhdaetsya massovoe istreblenie mirnogo naseleniya na nacionalnoj i etnicheskoj osnove v Hodzhaly kak prestuplenie protiv chelovechnosti 139 Posledstviya PravitZhurnalist Tom de Vaal opisyval posledstviya sobytij v Hodzhaly v svoej knige Chyornyj sad Massovye ubijstva v Hodzhaly sprovocirovali krizis v Baku Azerbajdzhancy obvinyali pravitelstvo v nesposobnosti zashitit gorod Sotni lyudej dlya kotoryh sobytiya v Karabahe do sih por byli chem to dalyokim zapisyvalis dobrovolcami na vojnu Obvinenij bylo mnogo v tom chisle naprimer pochemu ne byla predprinyata popytka proryva blokady Salman Abasov vyzhivshij posle sobytij v Hodzhaly pozdnee zhalovalsya Za neskolko dnej do teh tragicheskih sobytij armyane mnogo raz preduprezhdali nas po radio chto sobirayutsya zahvatit gorod i prizyvali nas ujti Dolgoe vremya v Hodzhaly letali vertolyoty i bylo neponyatno dumal li kto nibud o nashej sudbe proyavlyal li interes k nam My ne poluchili prakticheski nikakoj pomoshi Bolee togo kogda byla vozmozhnost vyvezti nashih zhenshin detej i starikov nas ugovorili etogo ne delat 6 marta posle vydvinutogo oppoziciej ultimatuma Mutalibov podal v otstavku 99 Hodzhalinskaya reznya stala samym massovym soglasno Human Rights Watch i samym zhestokim po mneniyu Toma de Vaala krovoprolitiem v hode konflikta vokrug Nagornogo Karabaha 14 140 Po slovam sledovatelya po delam o tyazhkih prestupleniyah Voennoj prokuratury Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki Mehmana Poladova skazannym v 2012 godu sledstvie po dannomu prestupleniyu prodolzhaetsya Vo vremya brifinga 22 fevralya 2012 goda on takzhe zayavil chto po etomu delu bylo oprosheno bolee 3000 svidetelej i provedeno bolee 800 ekspertiz V rezultate byla dokazana vina 39 chelovek v tom chisle 18 voennosluzhashih 366 go motostrelkovogo polka Ministerstva oborony SSSR 8 sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del SSSR po Stepanakertu i Askeranu Eti lica obyavleny v rozysk Soglasno rezultatam ekspertizy Azerbajdzhanskoj Respublike i eyo grazhdanam byl nanesyon usherb v razmere 150 mln manat 60 V fevrale 2017 goda voennyj prokuror Azerbajdzhana general lejtenant yusticii Hanlar Veliev zayavil chto vozbuzhdyonnoe ugolovnoe delo bylo razvaleno nekotorye veshestvennye dokazatelstva propali 141 Pamyat Pravit Pochtovaya marka Azerbajdzhana 2007 goda posvyashyonnaya rezne v Hodzhaly V Azerbajdzhane pamyatniki zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni ustanovleny v Baku v takih gorodah kak Zakataly 142 Lenkoran 143 a takzhe v posyolke Shaumyanovsk Ashagy Agdzhakend gde vremenno prozhivayut bezhency iz Hodzhaly 144 Azerbajdzhanskaya obshina Chehii zayavila chto po eyo mneniyu sudba Hodzhaly pohozha na sudbu cheshskogo goroda Lidice kotoryj v 1942 godu byl polnostyu unichtozhen nemeckimi vojskami V 2007 godu azerbajdzhanskaya organizaciya AZER CECH provela v Lidice meropriyatiya v pamyat zhertv Hodzhalinskih sobytij 145 Na sleduyushij god v meropriyatii bylo zaplanirovano uchastie cheshskih oficialnyh lic no posle protesta MID Armenii MID Chehii distancirovalsya ot azerbajdzhanskih meropriyatij i cheshskie oficialnye lica ne prinyali v nih uchastiya Glava memoriala Lidice Milosh Chervencl zayavil My s uvazheniem otnosimsya k obeim storonam i memorialu Lidice ne k licu reshat politicheskie voprosy kto zhertva a kto vinovnik konflikta My prosto hoteli pochtit pamyat nevinnyh zhertv sredi mirnogo naseleniya kak eto delaetsya i vo vremya drugih podobnyh meropriyatij 145 146 Soglasno azerbajdzhanskoj storone v Lidice poyavilas ulica Hodzhaly i Lidice i Hodzhaly stali pobratimami 147 148 149 150 151 odnako mer Lidice Veronika Kelerova oprovergla etu informaciyu 152 V 2008 godu pamyatnik zhertvam tragedii po iniciative azerbajdzhanskoj diaspory i pri podderzhke posolstva Azerbajdzhana Goskomiteta Azerbajdzhana po rabote s prozhivayushimi za rubezhom azerbajdzhancami i Fonda Gejdara Alieva byl ustanovlen v Gaage Niderlandy na territorii zahoroneniya Nieuw Eykenduynen V 2020 godu memorial byl perenesyon na bolee obshirnuyu territoriyu 153 Shestvie v Baku 26 fevralya 2019 goda posvyashyonnoe 27 letiyu Hodzhalinskoj rezni 30 maya 2011 goda v Berline na territorii chitalnogo sada biblioteki imeni Gotfrida Benna v administrativnom okruge Shteglic Celendorf sostoyalos otkrytie pamyatnika posvyashyonnogo zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni 154 155 Na ceremonii otkrytiya prisutstvovali oficialnye lica okruga i Azerbajdzhana 156 25 fevralya 2012 goda pamyat zhertv Hodzhalinskoj rezni pochtili na otkrytii parka i memoriala Hodzhaly v stolice Bosnii i Gercegoviny Saraevo 157 V fevrale 2014 goda pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni byl ustanovlen v Turcii v gorode Ushak 158 159 27 marta etogo zhe goda v Ankare sostoyalos otkrytie kompleksa Pamyatnik Hodzhaly i muzej Hodzhaly postroennogo v rajone Kyzyldzhahamam po iniciative posolstva Azerbajdzhana v Turcii 160 26 fevralya 2012 goda v svyazi s 20 letnej godovshinoj Hodzhalinskoj rezni v Stambule proshyol miting pod lozungom Vse my hodzhalincy 161 V mitinge prinyali uchastie bolee 10 tys chelovek vklyuchaya priehavshih na avtobusah iz Azerbajdzhana i so vsej Turcii specialno dlya uchastiya v mitinge Znachitelnuyu chast uchastnikov po svidetelstvam zhurnalistov predstavlyali tureckie ultranacionalisty k protestu takzhe prisoedinilos molodyozhnoe krylo Partii nacionalnogo dejstviya 162 Nekotorye prisutstvovavshie na mitinge zapadnye zhurnalisty v chastnosti Gijom Pere korrespondent Le Monde byli porazheny ego nacionalisticheskim harakterom i lozungami Nekotorye lozungi voshvalyali ubijc tureckogo zhurnalista armyanskogo proishozhdeniya Granta Dinka 163 Po mneniyu zhurnalistov godovshinu Hodzhalinskoj rezni ispolzovali kak predlog dlya antiarmyanskih vystuplenij Soglasno Pere miting prohodil pri podderzhke i finansirovanii MID Turcii 164 V etot zhe den v Baku bolee 60 tys chelovek vyshli na traurnyj miting po sluchayu 20 letnej godovshiny Hodzhalinskoj rezni Shestvie uchastniki kotorogo napravilis k pamyatniku zhertvam tragedii vozglavil prezident strany Ilham Aliev 165 166 Memorial zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni v Gaage Pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni v chitalnom sadu biblioteki imeni Gotfrida Benna v Berline Pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni v LenkoraniPamyatnik v Mehiko Pravit 22 avgusta 2012 goda v centre Mehiko stolica Meksiki ploshad Tlakskoake angl russk posle rekonstrukcii za schyot Azerbajdzhana byla pereimenovana v Tlakskoake Hodzhaly isp Plaza Tlaxcoaque Jodyali 167 Na ploshadi byl vozdvignut pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskoj rezni vysotoj 3 60 m 168 v zhenskoj forme mira i pobedy 169 predstavlyayushij soboj zhenshinu oplakivayushuyu smert svoih detej 168 Na postamente napisano slovo Hodzhaly Jodyali 169 nizhe sobytiya kvalificirovany kak genocid Pamyatnik zhertvam rezni na ploshadi v Mehiko Na ceremonii otkrytiya pamyatnika prinyali uchastii zamestitel premer ministra Azerbajdzhana Ali Gasanov posol Azerbajdzhana v Meksike Ilgar Muhtarov mer goroda Mehiko Marselo Ebrard senatory i deputaty Meksiki 170 Takzhe na bulvare Paseo de la Reforma byl vozvedyon monument Gejdaru Alievu kotoryj harakterizovalsya kak velikij politik i osnovatel demokraticheskogo Azerbajdzhana Ustanovka etih pamyatnikov vyzvala protesty so storony meksikanskih intellektualov 171 172 173 174 Stolknuvshis s protestami mer Mehiko Marselo Ebrard byl vynuzhden sozdat komissiyu po opredeleniyu dalnejshej sudby etih pamyatnikov 175 176 177 178 Direktor meksikanskogo Muzeya pamyati i tolerantnosti Yakobo Dayan otmetil chto ispolzovanie termina genocid pri opisanii sobytij v Hodzhaly nepriemlemo 172 Etu tochku zreniya podderzhal i izvestnyj meksikanskij istorik Zhan Mejer es zayavivshij chto ryadom s pamyatnikom zhertvam Hodzhaly dolzhen byt i pamyatnik ubitym v Azerbajdzhane armyanam 171 23 noyabrya 2012 goda specialnaya gorodskaya komissiya Mehiko vynesla rekomendacii po demontazhu pamyatniku Alievu i pereimenovaniyu ploshadi Hodzhaly v chest meksikanskih zhertv policejskogo proizvola a takzhe otmetila chto termin genocid vvodit v zabluzhdenie 179 180 Posol Azerbajdzhana v Meksike Ilgar Muhtarov interpretiroval eti sobytiya kak inspirirovannye pravitelstvom Armenii i armyanskoj diasporoj 181 i otricatelno vyskazalsya o kritike v chastnosti izvestnogo meksikanskogo uchenogo armyanskogo proishozhdeniya byvshego rektora Nacionalnogo avtonomnogo universiteta Meksiki Hose Saruhana napravlennoj protiv ustanovki pamyatnikov 182 Kommentiruya zayavlenie Muhtarova generalnyj sekretar palaty deputatov parlamenta Meksiki Fernado Serrano Migalon vyskazal udivlenie argumentaciej Muhtarova svodyashej sut problemy k etnicheskomu proishozhdeniyu opponenta i rascenil eti argumenty kak nevezhestvennye predrassudki 183 Pod vliyaniem protestov obshestvennosti byli udaleny pamyatnik Gejdaru Alievu na Paseo de lya reforma i slovo genocid s pamyatnika na ploshadi Tlakskoake 184 V kinematografe Pravit Dokumentalnye filmy Pravit 2011 Bezhenec istoriya zhizni Anara Usubova rezh Dzhem Oguz 185 2012 Mezhdu golodom i ognyom Vlast cenoyu zhiznej 2014 Beskonechnyj koridor rezh Richardas Lopajtis 186 Film poluchil ryad nagrad na kinofestivalyah na Accolade Global Film Competition SShA 2015 premiyu Luchshij iz shou na Tenerife International Film Festival Madrid 2015 kak luchshij dokumentalnyj film i luchshij rezhissyor dokumentalnogo filma Cape Town Film Festival Yuzhnaya Afrika 2015 i Toronto International Film Festival Kanada 2015 187 2017 Begstvo iz tmy 188 189 Hudozhestvennye filmy Pravit 1993 Krik rezh Dzhejhun Mirzoev 1993 Zov rezh Orudzh Gurbanov az 2012 Hodzha rezh Vahid Mustafaev az 2012 Grad rezh Elhan Dzhafarov az V muzyke Pravit 1992 Simfoniya Rekviem pamyati zhertv Hodzhaly Mamed Kuliev 1996 Ili Karabah ili smert Dajirman 1996 Kolybelnaya detyam Hodzhaly zhertvam Karabaha dlya organa solo Arif Mirzoev 2010 Spravedlivost dlya Hodzhaly Dajirman sovmestno s Toni Blekmenom 2012 rekviem Hodzhaly Aleksandr Chajkovskij 190 2013 Hodzhaly 613 Per Tiloj 191 192 193 2015 Broken Dreams Nigyar Dzhamal 194 V literature Pravit V Izraile vyshel v svet hudozhestvenno dokumentalnyj roman Bol Pain napisannyj Are Arye i Amirom Gutom Amir Gut 195 Pozzhe kniga byla perevedena na italyanskij yazyk i opublikovana pod nazvaniem Il dolore izdatelskim domom Sandro Teti Editor Sandro Teti Editore en 196 197 V SShA byla izdana kniga zhurnalista i politologa 198 Raulya Louri Kontrerasa Raoul Lowery Contreras Ubijstvo v gorah Voennoe prestuplenie v Hodzhaly i nagorno karabahskij konflikt Murder in the Mountains War Crime in Khojaly and the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict 199 Sm takzhe PravitKarabahskaya vojna Reznya v MaragePrimechaniya Pravit 1 2 Soglasno konstitucii Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki territoriya kontroliruemaya Nagorno Karabahskoj Respublikoj yavlyaetsya chastyu territorii Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki De fakto Nagorno Karabahskaya Respublika yavlyaetsya nepriznannym gosudarstvom bo lshaya chast kotorogo Azerbajdzhanom ne kontroliruetsya Human Rights Watch Vsemirnyj doklad ot 1993 g The Former Soviet Union angl Mezhdunarodnaya pravozashitnaya organizaciya Human Rights Watch Data obrasheniya 4 avgusta 2012 Arhivirovano 17 avgusta 2012 goda 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Tom de Vaal Chyornyj sad Glava 11 Avgust 1991 maj 1992 gg 1 2 Po oficialnym dannym azerbajdzhanskih vlastej Sm Letter dated 23 April 2002 from the Charge d affaires a i of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights Azerbaijan Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh angl New York Washington Los Angeles London Brussels Human Rights Watch Helsinki 1994 P 5 ISBN 1 56432 142 8 Chetyre osnovnyh sobytiya harakterizuyut vojnu v 1992 godu reznya soten mirnyh azerbajdzhancev v Hodzhaly NKAO osushestvlennaya karabahskimi silami s predpolagaemoj podderzhkoj 366 polka rossijskoj armii Originalnyj tekst angl Four major events characterized the war in 1992 the massacre of hundreds of Azeri civilians in Khojaly NKAO by Karabakh forces with alleged support of the 366th Regiment of the Russian army Smolowe Jill Tragedy Massacre in Khojaly angl Time 16 March 1992 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 While the details are disputed this much is plain something grim and unconscionable happened in the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly two weeks ago So far some 200 dead Azerbaijanis many of them mutilated have been transported out of the town tucked inside the Armenian dominated enclave of Nagorno Karabakh for burial in neighboring Azerbaijan The total number of dead the Azerbaijanis claim 1 324 civilians were slaughtered most of them women and children is unknown Massacre by Armenians Being Reported angl The New York Times 3 March 1992 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Fresh evidence emerged today of a massacre of civilians by Armenian militants in Nagorno Karabakh a predominantly Armenian enclave of Azerbaijan Leokadia Drobizheva Rose Gottemoeller Catherine McArdle Kelleher Nagormo Karabagh Ethnic Conflict in the Post Soviet World Case Studies and Analysis M E Sharpe 1998 P 233 365 p ISBN 978 1563247415 angl V fevrale 1992 goda armyanskie sily pri podderzhke 399 go motostrelkovogo polka byvshego MVD SSSR napali na Hodzhaly Neskolko soten mirnyh zhitelej byli ubity kak v samom Hodzhaly tak i vdol svobodnogo koridora vedushego cherez gory Originalnyj tekst angl in February 1992 Armenian forces aided by the 399th Regimient of the Former Soviet Ministry of internal Affairs attacked Hojaly So many hundreds of Azeri civilians were killed there and along an escape route through the mountains 1 2 The Former Soviet Union angl Human Rights Watch World Report 1993 1993 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Bolshaya kolonna zhitelej soprovozhdaemaya neskolkimi desyatkami otstupayushih boevikov bezhala iz goroda posle togo kak on byl zahvachen armyanskimi otryadami Na puti k granice s Azerbajdzhanom oni natolknulis na armyanskij vooruzhyonnyj post i byli zhestoko rasstrelyany Originalnyj tekst angl A large column of residents accompanied by a few dozen retreating fighters fled the city as it fell to Armenian forces As they approached the border with Azerbaijan they came across an Armenian military post and were cruelly fired upon 1 2 3 4 5 6 Doklad pravozashitnogo centra Memorial o massovyh narusheniyah prav cheloveka svyazannyh s zanyatiem naselyonnogo punkta Hodzhaly v noch s 25 na 26 fevralya 1992 g vooruzhyonnymi formirovaniyami neopr Memorial 1 iyulya 1992 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Spasavshiesya begstvom natykalis na armyanskie zastavy i podvergalis obstrelam Karavaev Aleksandr Tragediya Hodzhaly kasaetsya Moskvy neopr Nezavisimaya gazeta 26 fevralya 2009 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 armyanskie vooruzhyonnye formirovaniya pri podderzhke boevoj tehniki i lichnogo sostava 366 go motostrelkovogo polka VS byvshego SSSR osushestvili napadenie na Hodzhaly V rezultate obstrela zhilyh kvartalov i grazhdanskogo koridora dlya bezhencev pogibli 613 mirnyh zhitelej goroda vklyuchaya zhenshin i detej a takzhe umershih ot obmorozheniya pri begstve Tamcke Martin Koexistenz und Konfrontation Beitrage zur jungeren Geschichte und Gegenwartslage der orientalischen Christen Hamburg Germany LIT Verlag 2003 S 311 312 453 S ISBN 3825868192 Azerbaijan Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh angl New York Washington Los Angeles London Brussels Human Rights Watch Helsinki 1994 P 6 ISBN 1 56432 142 8 Bolee 200 zhitelej bylo ubito v hode napadeniya samogo krupnogo na segodnyashnij den krovoprolitiya v hode konflikta Originalnyj tekst angl More than 200 civilians were killed in the attack the largest massacre to date in the conflict 1 2 De Vaal Tomas Chyornyj sad Mezhdu mirom i vojnoj Glava 11 Avgust 1991 maj 1992 gg Nachalo vojny neopr Russkaya sluzhba Bi bi si 11 iyulya 2005 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Ocenka Sarkisyana zastavlyaet pod drugim uglom vzglyanut na samuyu zhestokuyu bojnyu karabahskoj vojny Ne isklyucheno chto eti massovye ubijstva yavilis pust hotya by i otchasti prednamerennym aktom ustrasheniya Khojaly genocide angl State Commission on prisoners of war hostages and missing persons 2015 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 1 2 3 4 Bloodshed in the Caucasus Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh angl Human Rights Watch Helsinki 1992 P 24 ISBN 1 56432 081 2 Obstoyatelstva napadeniya u Nahichevanika na lyudej spasavshihsya iz Hodzhaly pokazyvayut chto armyanskie sily i voennosluzhashie 366 go polka SNG kotorye ochevidno dejstvovali ne po prikazu svoih komandirov umyshlenno proignorirovali eto ustanovlennoe obychnym pravom ogranichenie na napadenie Originalnyj tekst angl The circumstances surrounding the attack at Nakhichevanik on those fleeing Khojaly indicate that Armenian forces and the troops of the 366th CIS regiment who were not apparently acting on orders from their commanders deliberately disregarded this customary law restraint on attacks The number of servicemen in the 366th who participated in the massacre of civilians is still unknown The Azerbaijani Procuracy s investigative team sent a delegation to Tbilisi where the 366th was relocated after it withdrew from Stepanakert to inquire how many men from the regiment had been killed wounded and missing during their service in Nagorno Karabakh According to Aiden Rasulov military officials refused to meet with the investigative team claiming that they are answerable only to Moscow As of April the investigative team had not asked for an accounting from Moscow military authorities 1 2 3 Karabah vojna do pobednogo konca Krasnaya zvezda gazeta 1992 11 marta Nesmotrya na kategoricheskie prikazy komandovaniya okruga nekotorye voennosluzhashie 366 go msp vsyo zhe prinimali uchastie na storone karabahcev v boevyh dejstviyah pod Hodzhaly v dvadcatyh chislah fevralya Po krajnej mere zafiksirovano dva takih sluchaya A pri evakuacii lichnogo sostava polka desantniki na vybor proverili neskolko voennosluzhashih i obnaruzhili u nih bolshie summy deneg v tom chisle i v inostrannoj valyute Doklad pravozashitnogo centra Memorial o massovyh narusheniyah prav cheloveka svyazannyh s zanyatiem naselyonnogo punkta Hodzhaly v noch s 25 na 26 fevralya 1992 g vooruzhyonnymi formirovaniyami neopr Memorial 1 iyulya 1992 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Po svedeniyam poluchennym ot armyanskoj storony v shturme goroda prinimali uchastie boevye mashiny 366 go polka s ekipazhami obstrelivavshie Hodzhaly no ne vhodivshie neposredstvenno v gorod Po utverzhdeniyu armyanskoj storony uchastie voennosluzhashih v boevyh dejstviyah ne bylo sankcionirovano pismennym prikazom komandovaniya polka 1 2 Girchenko Yurij Armiya gosudarstva kotorogo net My byli na etih vojnah Svidetelstva uchastnikov sobytij 1989 2000 gg In t Otkrytoe o vo Sost Ya A Gordin V A Grigorev SPb Izd vo zhurn Zvezda 2003 319 s ISBN 5942140561 Komandovanie polka ne znalo o proishodyashem 1 2 3 Viktoriya Ivleva Ya shla vmeste s nimi Moskovskie novosti 15 03 1992 11 606 S 4 1 2 Sharif Gusejnov Hodzhalinskij genocid azerbajdzhancev neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 14 noyabrya 2009 Arhivirovano 5 dekabrya 2014 goda Bill Frelick Faultlines of Nationality Conflict Refugees and Displaced Persons From Armenia and Azerbaijan International Journal of Refugee Law Vol 6 No 4 Oxford University Press 1994 rp 594 Originalnyj tekst angl In February the ethnic Armenians now often called the Karabakh Armenians as a way of distinguishing them from Armenians from Armenia had a series of military successes in Karabakh taking several Azerbaijani populated villages including Malybeyli and Gushchular Anugly war became even uglier however on 25 February 1992 For several months prior to that night Stepanakert the capital of the newly self proclaimed Nagorno Karabakh Republic had been heavily shelled by mortars that appeared to have been fired from the town of Khojaly the second largest Azerbaijani town in Nagorno Karabakh The Nagorno Karabakh paramilitary attacked Khojaly backed by tanks and armoured personnel carriers As the town s defences crumbled the civilian population fled interspersed with the Azerbaijani soldiers who had been defending the town In what appears to have been the worst single massacre of the war ethnic Armenian forces ambushed the group of fleeing soldiers and civilians outside the town as they fled in panic and disarray Historical memories being what they are in this region it was no surprise that the massacre marked the fourth anniversary of the Sumgait pogrom in which Armenians had been brutally killed 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Doklad pravozashitnogo centra Memorial o sobytiyah v Hodzhaly neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 3 dekabrya 2009 Arhivirovano 18 yanvarya 2017 goda Thomas Goltz Azerbaijan Diary A Rogue Reporter s Adventures in an Oil Rich War Torn Post Soviet Republic M E Sharpe 1999 P 119 Cit po Tom de Vaal Chyornyj sad Glava 11 Avgust 1991 maj 1992 gg Nachalo vojny 1 2 Human Rights Watch Rachel Denber Robert K Goldman Bloodshed in the Caucasus escalation of the armed conflict in Nagorno Karabakh New York USA Human Rights Watch 1992 S 84 ISBN 1564320812 Alef Hajiev the militia leader helped Hodjali cling on for a few months with little food no gas no electricity and firefights around a contracting perimeter Hugh Pope Sons of the conquerors the rise of the Turkic world New York The Overlook Press 2006 P 59 ISBN 1 58567 804 X 1 2 DOKLAD PRAVOZAShITNOGO CENTRA MEMORIAL rus Memorial Arhivirovano 18 yanvarya 2017 goda Vadim Belyh Nagornyj Karabah obyknovennyj uzhas vojny Izvestiya 13 03 1992 62 S 7 Hodzhaly hronika genocida Baku 1992 S 28 29 1 2 https ararat center org upload files Razm amp Anvtang 17 ur pdf 1 2 Vasif Samedov Sergej Taranov Baku soobshaet o tragedii v Hodzhaly Erevan schitaet shturm goroda voennym uspehom Izvestiya 03 03 1992 53 23627 S 2 Jonathan Lyons Armenians take Azeri stronghold in Karabakh 27 02 1992 The Herald Glasgow 1992 S 4 angl Originalnyj tekst angl The dispute over Nagorno Karabakh exploded in a fresh wave of bloodletting today when Armenian forces backed by heavy weapons overran the Azeri populated town of Khojaly John Gray Armenians overrun Azeri town Hundreds flee homes as artillery shells pound enclave s capital in retaliation 27 02 1992 The Globe and Mail Canada 1992 angl Originalnyj tekst angl Two neighbouring republics of the former Soviet Union appear to be on the verge of full scale war over the fate of the disputed mountainous enclave of Nagorno Karabakh Armenian forces backed by heavy artillery overran the mainly Azeri town of Khojaly yesterday leaving an unknown number of people dead or wounded 1 2 3 4 DOKLAD PRAVOZAShITNOGO CENTRA MEMORIAL O MASSOVYH NARUShENIYaH PRAV ChELOVEKA SVYaZANNYH S ZANYaTIEM NASELENNOGO PUNKTA HODZhALY V NOCh S 25 NA 26 FEVRALYa 1992 g VOORUZhENNYMI FORMIROVANIYaMI rus Memorial Arhivirovano 18 yanvarya 2017 goda Markar Melkonian My Brother s Road An American s Fateful Journey to Armenia Pages 213 214 I B Tauris London 2005 ISBN 1 85043 635 5 1 2 Tomas de Vaal Novyj narrativ Armenii i Azerbajdzhanu nuzhno peremirie v voprosah istorii Human Rights Watch Rachel Denber Robert K Goldman Bloodshed in the Caucasus Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh 1992 S 21 84 s ISBN 1564321428 9781564321428 angl Bolshinstvo zhitelej Hodzhaly ostavalis v gorode primerno do 3 chasov nochi Nekotorye nashli ubezhishe v podvalah svoih chastnyh domov eshyo okolo 300 zhitelej kak soobshaetsya ukrylis v podvale shkoly Po slovam nekotoryh oni reshili uhodit iz goroda v tri chasa nochi otkliknuvshis na prizyvy so storony sil samooborony Hodzhaly Originalnyj tekst angl Most Khojaly residents remained in the town until about 3 00AM some staying in the basements in the private homes In addition about 300 residents reportedly took shelter in the basement of the school Some reported that they decided to leave at 3 00AM because the self defence forces were running through the streets shouting instructions to people to run away Liana Minasyan Armen Hanbabyan Boi v Karabahe prodolzhayutsya V Azerbajdzhane nazrevaet krizis vlasti Nezavisimaya gazeta 28 02 1992 40 211 S 1 1 2 Sergej Taranov Nagornyj Karabah po obe storony konflikta Izvestiya 04 03 1992 54 23628 S 2 Human Rights Watch Bloodshed in the Caucasus Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh S 21 ISBN 1564320812 angl U Nahichevanika armyane i voennosluzhashie 366 go polka SNG otkryli ogon po otstupayushemu OMONu i bezhavshim zhitelyam Originalnyj tekst angl At Nachichevanic Armenians and troops of the CIS 366th regiment opened fire on the retreating OMON militia and the fleeing residents Human Rights Watch Bloodshed in the Caucasus Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh S 21 ISBN 1564320812 angl Bolshinstvo zhitelej Hodzhaly dvinulis po doroge kotoraya vela cherez melkuyu reku cherez gory i nezadolgo do rassveta vyshli k otkrytomu polyu u derevni Nahichevanik kotoraya v to vremya nahodilas pod kontrolem armyan Originalnyj tekst angl The majority of Khojaly residents went along a route that took them across a shallow river through the mountains and by about dawn towards an open field near the village of Nachichevanic controlled then by Armenians 1 2 3 4 5 Sergej Taranov Nagornyj Karabah Soldaty i oficery armii SNG voyuyut po obe storony konflikta Izvestiya gazeta 4 marta 1992 54 23628 S 1 2 1 2 Romanov Yu V Ya snimayu vojnu Shkola vyzhivaniya Prava cheloveka 2001 Arhivirovannaya kopiya neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 6 iyunya 2006 Arhivirovano 4 avgusta 2012 goda Refugees claim hundreds died in Armenian Attack Of seven bodies seen here today two were children and three were women one shot through the chest at what appeared to be close range Another 120 refugees being treated at Agdam s hospital include many with multiple stab wounds Thomas Goltz Nagorno Karabagh Victims Buried in Azerbaijani Town The Washington Post 28 fevralya 1992 P A26 Cit po Diplomatiya Alemi Azerbaycan Respublikasi Xarici Isler Nazirliyinin jurnali Mir diplomatii Zhurnal Ministerstva inostrannyh del Azerbajdzhanskoj respubliki Khojaly tragedy Special edition P 6 BBC1 Morning News at 08 12 Tuesday 3 March 1992Very disturbing picture has shown that many civilian corpses who were picked up from mountain Reporter said he cameraman and Western Journalists have seen more than 100 corpses who are men women children massacred by Armenians They have been shot dead from their heads as close as 1 meter Picture also has shown nearly ten bodies mainly women and children are shot dead from their heads Two groups apparently families had fallen together the children cradled in the women s arms Several of them including one small girl had terrible head injuries only her face was left Survivors have told how they saw Armenians shooting them point blank as they lay on the ground Anatol Lieven Bodies Mark Site of Karabagh Massacre The Times London 3 marta 1992 Cit po Diplomatiya Alemi Azerbaycan Respublikasi Xarici Isler Nazirliyinin jurnali Mir diplomatii Zhurnal Ministerstva inostrannyh del Azerbajdzhanskoj respubliki Khojaly tragedy Special edition P 9 Near Agdam on the outskirts of Nagorno Karabakh a Reuters photographer Frederique Lengaigne said she had seen two trucks filled with Azerbaijani bodies In the first one I counted 35 and it looked as though there were almost as many in the second she said Some had their heads cut off and many had been burned They were all men and a few had been wearing khaki uniforms Massacre by Armenians Being Reported The New York Times 3 marta 1992 Nurani obozrevatel bakinskoj gazety Eho Tragediya ne stavshaya istoriej Vinovnye v hodzhalinskom genocide do sih por ne ponesli otvetstvennosti Hodzhaly chtoby pomnili The Face Of A Massacre Turkey and Armenia What Jews should do Zhurnal Time Tragedy Massacre in Khojaly 16 marta 1992 g But the facile explanation offered by the attacking Armenians who insist that no innocents were deliberately killed is hardly convincing HELEN WOMACK Azeris hunted down and shot in the forest Refugees and fresh graves confirm massacre by Armenians angl The Independent London March 5 1992 Thursday Data obrasheniya 7 oktyabrya 2010 Refugees from the enclave town of Khojaly sheltering in the Azeri border town of Agdam give largely consistent accounts of how their enemies attacked their homes on the night of 25 February chased those who fled and shot them in the surrounding forests Yesterday I saw 75 freshly dug graves in one cemetery in addition to four mutilated corpses we were shown in the mosque when we arrived in Agdam late on Tuesday I also saw women and children with bullet wounds in a makeshift hospital in a string of railway carriages at the station Khojaly an Azeri settlement in the enclave mostly populated by Armenians had a population of about 6 000 Rashid Mamedov Commandant of Police in Agdam said only about 500 escaped to his town So where are the rest Some might have been taken prisoner he said or fled elsewhere Many bodies were still lying in the mountains because the Azeris were short of helicopters to retrieve them He believed more than 1 000 had perished some of cold in temperatures as low as 10C Standing outside the Khojaly mosque where women beat their breasts in anguish a refugee Rami Nasiru described how residents at first thought the attack was no more than the routine shooting to which they had become accustomed in four years of conflict But when they saw the Armenians with a convoy of armoured personnel carriers they realised they could not hope to defend themselves with machine guns and grenades and fled into the forests In the small hours the massacre started Mr Nasiru who believes his wife and two children were taken prisoner repeated what many other refugees have said that troops of the former Soviet Army helped the Armenians to attack Khojaly It s not just my opinion I saw it with my own eyes he said FRANCIS X CLINES Ethnic War in the Caucasus Finds New Depths of Carnage angl The New York Times AGDAM Azerbaijan March 5 S Section 1 Part 1 Page 1 Column 1 Foreign Desk Data obrasheniya 7 oktyabrya 2010 They came into our house and told us to run or we d be burned alive said Akhmed Memedev an 11 year old refugee from the Khojaly raid who described being shot in the hand in a spray of marauders bullets They broke everything we had and threw a grenade that wounded my big brother and my mother I saw Natavan Usubovan die with her mother from another grenade said the boy referring to a 4 year old girl Kadry snyatye Mustafaevym na meste Hodzhalinskoj rezni Arhivnaya kopiya ot 15 marta 2017 na Wayback Machine na sajte posvyashennom Chingizu Mustafaevu Vystuplenie Chingiza Mustafaeva na zasedanii sledstvennoj komissii Verhovnogo Soveta Azerbajdzhana Opublikovano 25 aprelya 2016 goda 1 2 Xocali derdini dag da goturmez intervyu s S Movsumovym azerb Halg gazeti 2010 26 fevral S 4 1 2 Xocali faciesi ermeni vehsiliyi ve meyitleri kimlerin tehqir etmesi iddialarina cavab olke az Letter dated 23 April 2002 from the Charge d affaires a i of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights 1 2 Xocalida girov goturulenlerden 150 neferin taleyi melum deyil 1 2 Liana Minasyan Nagornyj Karabah Nezavisimaya gazeta 05 03 1992 44 215 List of Azerbaijani children taken hostage by the Armenian side A 49 682 S 1994 1324 21 November 1994 nedostupnaya ssylka Viktor Litovkin Nagornyj Karabah soldaty i oficery armii SNG voyuyut po obe storony konflikta Izvestiya 04 03 1992 54 23628 S 1 1 2 Krasnaya zvezda Drama v Karabahe 366 j uhodit otbivayas ot pul boevikov i lzhi Hodzhalinskoe delo Osobaya papka Obrashenie Nacionalnogo soveta Verhovnogo soveta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki k parlamentam gosudarstv mira neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 18 dekabrya 2009 Arhivirovano 4 marta 2010 goda 366 j motostrelkovyj polk i Hodzhaly Yurij Girchenko Armiya Gosudarstva Kotorogo Net Krasnaya Zvezda 05 03 92 366 j polk po prezhnemu blokirovan boevikami Chast voennosluzhashih perebroshena vertoletami v Gruziyu Krasnaya Zvezda 05 03 92 366 j polk po prezhnemu blokirovan boevikami Chast voennosluzhashih perebroshena vertoletami v Gruziyu Korrespondent Krasnoj zvezdy poluchil svedeniya chto v voennom gorodke v Stepanakerte Hankendi kotoryj ostavil 366 j msp nahodyatsya priblizitelno 100 voennosluzhashih Krasnaya Zvezda 10 03 92 Polk iz Karabaha vyveden Pora izvlekat uroki Komandir 2 go msb major Sejran Oganyan vyvel batalon v ukazannyj rajon no zatem vernulsya v voennyj gorodok i bolshe ne poyavlyalsya Kak polagayut on sejchas nahoditsya v odnom iz otryadov karabahskih sil samooborony Esli eto podtverditsya to tut umestno odno slovo predatelstvo No nachalnik shtaba polka podpolkovnik Sergej Kraule v besede s korrespondentom Krasnoj zvezdy predlozhil poka ne naveshivat na kombata yarlyki Praporshiki armyanskoj nacionalnosti kak utverzhdaet nachalnik shtaba za nekotorym isklyucheniem ostalis v polku On takzhe kategorichno otricaet sluhi o tom chto polk razdelilsya na dve chasti nastroennuyu proazerbajdzhanski i proarmyanski Krasnaya Zvezda 10 03 92 Polk iz Karabaha vyveden Pora izvlekat uroki STEVEN ERLANGER Caucasus War Any Role for Moscow angl The New York Times March 13 1992 Friday S Section A Page 3 Column 1 Foreign Desk Data obrasheniya 7 oktyabrya 2010 With the release overnight of 10 officers of the former Soviet army held hostage for four days by Armenian irregulars in an effort to obtain arms the immediate risk that the army would be drawn more deeply into the territorial war between Armenia and Azerbaijan diminished today But as the Russian Vice President Aleksandr V Rutskoi called for the withdrawal of regular troops from the region the fighting between Armenians and Azerbaijanis continued with reports of rocket and artillery attacks today on Agdam an Azerbaijani town near the border of the disputed mountainous enclave called Nagorno Karabakh Nezavisimaya gazeta 2 04 1992 Ejnulla Fatullaev Karabahskij dnevnik Puteshestvie iz Erevana v Karabah neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 7 avgusta 2008 Arhivirovano 5 dekabrya 2008 goda Antiazerbajdzhanskaya revolyuciya proshla pod krasnym znamenem intervyu eks prezidenta Azerbajdzhana Ayaza Mutalibova IA REGNUM 6 02 2006 1 2 Marina Grigoryan Dana Mazalova To chto oni pokazyvayut ne Hodzhalu Golos Armenii 13 marta 2010 goda 25 19958 Arhivirovano 30 dekabrya 2012 goda 1 2 Ayaz Mutallibov Ya nikogda ne govoril chto v Hodzhalinskom genocide vinovaty azerbajdzhancy neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 14 maya 2010 Arhivirovano 16 maya 2010 goda Siyasi uzaqgorenliyin olmamasi Xocali hadisesine getirib cixirdi Hakimiyyetden getmeyim Qarabagin itirilmesine sebeb oldu http Avrasiya 24 02 2017 kopiya 1 kopiya 2 Tatyana Chaladze podala v sud na Ejnullu Fatullaeva za klevetu o Hodzhalinskoj tragedii IA APA 1 fevralya 2007 B Safarov Arestovan Ejnulla Fatullaev Arhivnaya kopiya ot 5 dekabrya 2008 na Wayback Machine Eho 69 1550 21 aprelya 2007 Ejnulla Fatullaev otvergaet obvineniya v svoj adres Arhivnaya kopiya ot 5 dekabrya 2008 na Wayback Machine Zerkalo 27 fevralya 2007 Day Az Pravozashitnaya organizaciya Human Rights Watch Ugolovnoe delo protiv Ejnully Fatullaeva bylo politicheski motivirovannym Azerbaijan Imprisoned Journalists Recognized for Courage Human Rights Watch 24 4 2008 Azerbajdzhan zakony o klevete vnov ispolzuyutsya dlya podavleniya kritiki ECHR CASE OF FATULLAYEV v AZERBAIJAN Application no 40984 07 Judgment Strasbourg 22 April 2010 Final 04 10 2010 Str 21 Citata The applicant stressed that in The Karabakh Diary he had been far from denying the fact of the massacre and had not attempted to exonerate those responsible He had simply attempted to convey to the Azerbaijani readers the views of the Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh on this subject The article itself was motivated by good will and constituted an attempt at thawing the relations between the conflicting parties ECHR CASE OF FATULLAYEV v AZERBAIJAN Application no 40984 07 Judgment Strasbourg 22 April 2010 Final 04 10 2010 Str 20 Citata The applicant noted that The Karabakh Diary was an article written in the style of a reportage in which he had merely conveyed what he had seen himself and what he had heard from the people whom he had met during his visit and which contained only very brief conclusions of his own on the basis of what he had seen and heard from others The applicant argued that in the article he had merely conveyed the statements of Slavik Arushanyan who had told the applicant his version of the events during the interview The article did not directly accuse any of the plaintiffs or any other specific Azerbaijani national of committing any crime Likewise it did not contain any slanderous or humiliating remarks in respect of any specific person and in respect of the people of Khojaly in general Azerbaijan Jailed Journalist Released from Prison angl Eurasianet Data obrasheniya 24 sentyabrya 2019 1 2 Sergej Taranov Vojna v Nagornom Karabahe vyshla iz pod kontrolya prezidentov Armenii i Azerbajdzhana Izvestiya gazeta 6 marta 1992 56 S 1 Predstavlyaet interes chto osuzhdaya naskvoz lzhivuyu propagandistskuyu shumihu podnyatuyu vokrug yakoby tysyach ubityh mirnyh zhitelej pri vzyatii Hodzhaly eto vyvod komissii VS Armenii po voprosam Arcaha armyanskaya storona v chastnosti Prezidium Verhovnogo Soveta NKR vyrazila soboleznovanie rodstvennikam pogibshih Obosnovyvaya zhiznennuyu vazhnost i neobhodimost stepanakertskogo aeroporta dlya NKR Prezidium VS vyrazhaet sozhalenie po povodu togo chto pri vzyatii etogo aeroporta ryadom s kotorym nahodilsya posyolok Hodzhaly pogibli mirnye zhiteli i vyrazhaet soboleznovanie ih rodstvennikam Markar Melkonian My Brother s Road An American s Fateful Journey to Armenia Pages 213 214 I B Tauris London 2005 ISBN 1 85043 635 5 At about 11 00 p m the night before some 2 000 Armenian fighters had advanced through the high grass on three sides of Khojalu forcing the residents out through the open side to the east By the morning of February 26 the refugees had made it to the eastern cusp of Mountainous Karabagh and had begun working their way downhill toward safety in the Azeri city of Agdam about six miles away There in the hillocks and within sight of safety Mountainous Karabagh soldiers had chased them down They just shot and shot and shot a refugee woman Raisha Aslanova testified to a Human Rights Watch investigator The Arabo fighters had then unsheathed the knives they had carried on their hips for so long and began stabbing Pismo postoyannogo predstavitelya v OON ot Armenii Generalnomu sekretaryu angl IA REGNUM Hodzhalu stal zhertvoj politicheskih intrig i elementarnoj borby za vlast neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 18 aprelya 2008 Arhivirovano 16 aprelya 2008 goda IA REGNUM Intervyu eks prezidenta Azerbajdzhana A Mutalibova neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 18 aprelya 2008 Arhivirovano 30 sentyabrya 2007 goda Letter to the UN from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia Letter to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia from the Executive Director of Human Rights Watch dated March 24 1997 Arzu Abdullaeva Esli my hotim vernut nashi territorii to my ne dolzhny otdalyat ot sebya zhivushih v Karabahe armyan intervyu Day Az 04 08 2006 nedostupnaya ssylka Mikael Danielyan Eshe chetyre goda nazad ya poprosil izvineniya za proizoshedshee v Hodzhaly intervyu Day Az 24 Maya 2006 neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 9 avgusta 2008 Arhivirovano 4 dekabrya 2008 goda 1 2 Bi bi si Analitika Glava 11 Avgust 1991 maj 1992 gg Nachalo vojny Tom de Vaal Tragediya v Hodzhaly rezultat haosa spontannaya a ne prednamerennaya akciya Svante E Cornell Small nations and great powers a study of ethnopolitical conflict in the Caucasus Novosti Armeniya Viktoriya Ivleva Dana Mazalova lzhet ssylayas na menya o gumanitarnom koridore v Hodzhaly Viktoriya Ivleva Dana Mazalova lzhet ssylayas na menya o gumanitarnom koridore v Hodzhaly Imya Dany Mazalovoj mne nichego ne govorit i ya ne znayu proplachena ona ili net armyanskoj storonoj eta Mazalova lzhyot i poetomu nikogda ne smozhet priehat v Azerbajdzhan a ya ezzhu i v Armeniyu i v Azerbajdzhan Mazalova lzhyot po povodu togo chto ya byla v Hodzhaly v moment shturma i yakoby hodzhalincy i ya uhodili po gumanitarnomu koridoru ostavlennomu napadavshimi armyanskimi podrazdeleniyami Ya vsegda chestno vypolnyayu svoyu rabotu i ne reagiruyu na takih kak Dana Mazalova kak govoritsya sobaka laet a karavan idyot Viktoriya Ivleva Ya skorblyu vmeste so vsemi o nevinnyh zhertvah Hodzhaly i zhelayu vsem mira Dana Mazalova Miru pokazyvayut ne nastoyashie kadry hodzhalinskih sobytij Panorama Novosti Armenii Atrocities Massacres and War Crimes Abbas Malek Anandam P Kavoori The Global Dynamics of News Studies in International News Coverage and News Ablex Pub 1999 s 181 188 Originalnyj tekst angl The reporting of the story in morning editions of The Toronto Star the country s largest circulation daily The Globe and Mail Canada s National Newspaper The Montreal Gazette and The Ottawa Citizen between March 2 and 7 1992 is analyzed below Several trends can be identified in the coverage of the killings the massacre itself was treated as a secondary issue usually at the ends of articles prominence was given to Armenian denials and Azeri allegations were characterized as gross exaggeration difficulties were cited in verifying the exact number of deaths due to the inaccessibility of the area despite the display of bodies on Azerbaijani television the scale of deaths in the Khojaly massacre was downplayed by placing them within the general loss of life in the war at large when the facts of an Armenian massacre of Azeri villagers became irrefutable all indications of religious identity completely disappeared as did photographs of the bodies and mourners even though the newspapers under study were using the same news wire material the narrative in one daily began returning to systematic references about religion earlier than those in the others and there was a complete absence of comment on the massacre either in editorials or in opinion columns Spravedlivost dlya Hodzhaly Patriotizm optimizm i edinenie Izvestiya V Parizhe pochtili pamyat zhertv Hodzhalinskogo genocida V Vashingtone sostoyalas prezentaciya filma o Hodzhalinskom genocide V Vashingtone sostoyalas prezentaciya filma o Hodzhalinskom genocide V Velikobritanii provedeny pominalnye ceremonii v svyazi s godovshinoj Hodzhalinskogo genocida Hodzhalinskaya reznya prestuplenie protiv chelovechnosti neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 15 marta 2010 Arhivirovano 7 fevralya 2010 goda Khojaly Massacre A MEMORIAL COMMEMORATING THE TWENTY FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF THE KHOJALY TRAGEDY IN WHICH MORE THAN SIX HUNDRED PEOPLE WERE KILLED 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hamza Karcic Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 21 Nov 2016 S 597 601 Commemorating the 19th anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre in Azerbaijan Commemorates 19th anniversary of Khojaly Tragedy Recognizing the 20th anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre and honoring the life and memory 2 of its victims and for other purposes HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO 104 A RESOLUTION to commemorate the twenty first anniversary of the Khojaly Tragedy THE CONNECTICUT GENERAL ASSEMBLY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday April 16 2013 Recognizing the 23rd anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre and honoring the life and memory of the victims of this horrific tragedy A RESOLUTION honoring Azerbaijani Americans and recognizing the 24th anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre in Azerbaijan A Resolution commemorating the 21st anniversary of the Khojaly Tragedy and directing distribution Appeal of refugees from Khodjaly to the United Nations the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 19 February 2005 http daccessdds un org doc UNDOC GEN N02 274 50 PDF N0227450 pdf OpenElement nedostupnaya ssylka http daccessdds un org doc UNDOC GEN N03 267 58 PDF N0326758 pdf OpenElement nedostupnaya ssylka https web archive org web 20090512173243 http www un int azerbaijan info info letters 2006 N0625385 pdf https web archive org web 20090512173537 http www un int azerbaijan 61 20Session 20Letters 16 pdf Novosti Azerbajdzhan Milli Medzhlis trebuet ot mezhdunarodnoj obshestvennosti priznat Hodzhalinskij genocid 28 02 2007 neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 4 avgusta 2008 Arhivirovano 13 noyabrya 2012 goda Pakistan Supports Azerbijan Stance on Khojaly Genocide MPs committee slams occupation of Azerbaijani territories neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 7 avgusta 2012 Arhivirovano 14 avgusta 2012 goda Decreta DECLARACIoN Su mas energica condena contra las autoridades de la Republica de Armenia por su conducta agresiva de invasion ocupacion militar de territorio soberano de Azerbaiyan y de ultraje sin precedentes a su poblacion civil PUNTO RESOLUTIVO NUMERO 2 2015 QUE DECLARA SU SOLIDARIDAD CON LA REPUBLICA DE AZERBAIYAN CONDENANDO EL GENOCIDIO EN JODYALI CIUDAD DE NAGORNO KARABAJ Y CONMEMORANDO EL 26 ANIVERSARIO DEL MISMO PRESENTADO POR LA DIPUTADA ESMERITA SANCHEZ Y EL DIPUTADO JUAN BARTOLOME RAMIREZ Rodrigo Gomez Garcia Diplomacia del caviar en Mexico SinEmbargo febrero 26 2016 Zahranicni vybor Usneseni c 219 7 unora 2013 Rezolucija o uvazavanju i podrsci suverenitetu i teritorijalnoj cjelovitosti Republike Azerbejdzan Human Rights Watch Helsinki Azerbaijan Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh New York Washington Los Angeles London Brussels 1994 S 6 ISBN 1 56432 142 8 angl Bolee 200 zhitelej bylo ubito vo vremya ataki chto stalo samym massovym krovoprolitiem v hode konflikta Originalnyj tekst angl More than 200 civilians were killed in the attack the largest massacre to date in the conflict Voennyj prokuror Ugolovnoe delo v svyazi s Hodzhalinskim genocidom bylo razvaleno nekotorye veshestvennye dokazatelstva propali Arhivnaya kopiya ot 28 fevralya 2017 na Wayback Machine APA 22 Fevralya 2017 Pamyatnik Hodzhaly v Zagatale Arhivnaya kopiya ot 14 sentyabrya 2014 na Wayback Machine v onlajn navigatore Ministerstva kultury i turizma Azerbajdzhana Fotografii memorialnogo kompleksa v pamyat o zhertvah Hodzhalinskoj rezni v Lenkorane neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 4 fevralya 2013 Arhivirovano 13 noyabrya 2012 goda Posol otkryl pamyatnik lidickoj tragedii Oficialnyj sajt posolstva Chehii v Baku 1 2 Radio Praga Lidice stali pobratimami Hodzhaly Armeniya protiv Radio Praga Lidice mezhdu dvuh ognej V evropejskom gorode poyavitsya ulica Hodzhaly Hodzhaly stal pobratimom cheshskogo Lidice Hodzhaly i Lidice stali gorodami pobratimami neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 13 yanvarya 2011 Arhivirovano 2 marta 2010 goda Hodzhaly i Lidice stanut gorodami pobratimami neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 13 yanvarya 2011 Arhivirovano 12 aprelya 2010 goda Lidice mezhdu dvuh ognej Panorama am 02 March 2012 Mer V Kellerova Lidice i Hodzhalu ne goroda pobratimy i takoj ulicy zdes net Perenesen memorial zhertvam Hodzhalinskogo genocida v Gaage rus Informacionnoe Agentstvo Report Data obrasheniya 5 avgusta 2020 Enthullung einer Skulptur im Lesegarten der Gottfried Benn Bibliothek Arhivnaya kopiya ot 6 marta 2014 na Wayback Machine Oficialnyj portal goroda Berlin nem 20 Jahre Chodschali Gedenktage fur die Opfer des Kriegsverbrechens 23 26 Februar 2012 in Berlin Oficialnyj sajt Instituta istorii universiteta imeni Gumboldta nem Donnerstag der 23 02 2012 16 00 Uhr Besuch des Denkmals Chodschali im Lesegarten der Gottfried Benn Bibliothek Ort Nenterhauser Platz 1 Berlin Zehlendorf V Berline sostoyalos otkrytie pamyatnika Hodzhaly Sarajevo Memorial to Khojaly Genocide Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians We Remember the Bosnian Genocide 1992 95 Mi se Sjecamo Genocida u Bosni 1992 95 neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 2 avgusta 2012 Arhivirovano 8 marta 2014 goda Sh Nazarli V Turcii ustanovlen pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhalinskogo genocida Arhivnaya kopiya ot 2 aprelya 2015 na Wayback Machine SalamNews 24 fevralya 2014 Turkiyenin Usak seherinde Xocali soyqirimi qurbanlarinin xatiresine ucaldilmis abidenin acilisi olub Arhivnaya kopiya ot 1 marta 2014 na Wayback Machine Gun az 19 fevralya 2014 azerb V rajone Kyzyldzhahamam Ankary otkrylsya kompleks Pamyatnik Hodzhaly i muzej Hodzhaly http www todayszaman com newsDetail getNewsById action newsId 272526 nedostupnaya ssylka Tens of thousands remember victims of Khojaly massacre in Istanbul Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul Racism mars Khojaly protest in Taksim neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Data obrasheniya 9 avgusta 2012 Arhivirovano 4 marta 2013 goda LBCI News Protests in Istanbul You are all Armenian you are all bastards V Azerbajdzhane pochtili pamyat pogibshih v Hodzhaly Ilham Aliev prinyal uchastie v shestvii po sluchayu 20 j godovshiny Hodzhalinskogo genocida 2012 Otchyot o deyatelnosti Ministerstva zhilishnogo stroitelstva i gorodskogo razvitiya Meksiki isp 1 2 Alberto Esteva Plaza Tlaxcoaque y Parque de la Amistad sajt Rumbo de Mexico 26 08 2012 Arhivirovano 4 marta 2016 goda isp 1 2 Ivan Sosa Detonan en el Centro desarrollo inmobiliario gazeta Reforma 25 08 2012 S 3 isp Elena Ostapenko L A V Mehiko vozveden pamyatnik zhertvam Hodzhaly sajt 1news az 23 08 2012 1 2 Jean Meyer La Opinion de Una estatua para El Negro Durazo AlianzaTex 21 10 2012 1 2 Carmen Aristegui De marmol y bronce http noticias terra com mx mexico df carmen aristegui de marmol y bronce a89eb1cecc87a310VgnVCM20000099cceb0aRCRD html Arhivirovano 21 fevralya 2013 goda Terra Mexico 19 10 2012 Jose Sarukhan Una ciudad de vanguardia Vanguardia 26 10 2012 DANIEL GERSHENSON El Culto a Marcelo Ebraliyev Animal Politico 30 10 2012 MARK STEVENSON Mexicans puzzled by Azerbaijan leader monument nedostupnaya ssylka Associated Press 10 01 2012 Statue of Azerbaijan dictator brings distant conflict to Mexico City park Arhivirovano 30 yanvarya 2013 goda NYDailyNews com 24 oktyabrya 2012 ELISABETH MALKIN Statue of a Foreign Autocrat Sits Uneasily With Some The New York Times November 12 2012 Definiran la proxima semana el futuro de monumentos de Azerbaiyan en el DF Proceso com mx 16 11 2012 Tracy Wilkinson Mexico City committee Boot out statue of Azerbaijan strongman Los Angeles Times November 23 2012 MARK STEVENSON Mexico panel rejects Azerbaijan leader s statue Associated Press 23 11 2012 ADRIANA ESTHELA FLORES Y FRANCISCO MEJIA Azerbaiyan revisara acuerdo sobre estatua nedostupnaya ssylka Milenio 24 NOVIEMBRE 2012 Ilgar Muhtarov V meksikanskoj gazete opublikovana statya pod nazvaniem Armyanskoe dvulichie 1NEWS AZ 09 04 2013 kopiya Arhivnaya kopiya ot 8 marta 2016 na Wayback Machine FERNANDO SERRANO MIGALLoN Jose Sarukhan Excelsior 02 05 2013 kopiya Arhivnaya kopiya ot 9 marta 2016 na Wayback Machine FRANCISCO SONI SOLCHAGA Por el otro lado Mexico tambien quedo mal con Azerbaiyan cuando debido a las protestas correctas a mi parecer de diversos lideres de opinion se tuvo que retirar la estatua de Heydar Aliyev de Paseo de la Reforma y la palabra genocidio del monumento a las victimas de Jodyali Foreign Affairs Latinoamerica 2 MARZO 2015 kopiya V Baku sostoyalas premera filma Bezhenec Istoriya zhizni Anara Usubova Sostoyalas prezentaciya signalnogo varianta dokumentalnogo filma Beskonechnyj koridor o Hodzhalinskom genocide V meropriyatii prinyala uchastie pervaya ledi Azerbajdzhana Mehriban Alieva Airing times Interview with Aleksandras Brokas California TV channels air film on Khojaly Genocide Honoring tolerance is not a judgement call It is an imperative Aleksandr Chajkovskij Napisav rekviem Hodzhaly hotel podderzhat lyudej perezhivshih uzhasy vojny Day az 3 avgusta 2012 Sostoyalas britanskaya premera proizvedeniya Pera Tiloya Hodzhaly 613 Khojaly never forgotten 26 fevrier 2013 19 00 pm Eglise St John s Londres UK KHOJALY 613 Opus 197 Oficialnyj sajt Pera Tiloya Empathy for Khojaly Broken Dreams Arye Gut Unlike Holocaust perpetrators Khojaly genocide perpetrators not punished and rule Armenia neopr Vestnik Kavkaza 4 aprelya 2018 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Arye Gut Amir Gut Il Dolore Sandro Teti Editore 2018 360 p ISBN 9788899918354 A novel entitled PAIN about the horrific events associated with the Khojaly Genocide is published in Israel angl Justice for Khojaly 4 October 2016 Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Raoul Lowery Contreras angl Fox News Data obrasheniya 25 fevralya 2020 Raoul Lowery Contreras Murder in the Mountains War Crime in Khojaly and the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict Berkeley Press 2016 204 p ISBN 9781888205640 Ssylki PravitV rodstvennyh proektah Citaty v Vikicitatnike Mediafajly na Vikisklade Nezavisimye istochniki Pravit Doklad Pravozashitnogo Centra Memorial o sobytiyah v Hodzhaly Tom de Vaal Chyornyj sad Glava 11 Avgust 1991 maj 1992 gg Nachalo vojny Human Rights Watch Khojaly Bloodshed in the Caucasus Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh September 1992 S 19 24 ISBN 1 56432 081 2 angl Reznya v Hodzhaly 20 let spustya Reportazh telekanalaFrance 24Tochka zreniya azerbajdzhanskoj storony Pravit Poziciya Azerbajdzhana Tragediya XX veka Hodzhalinskij genocid Sharif Gusejnov Hodzhalinskij genocid azerbajdzhancev Sajt o sobytiyah v Hodzhaly 1NEWS AZ Hodzhaly Net ili istoriya armyanskoj pravdy chast I chast II Sajt o sobytiyah v HodzhalyTochka zreniya armyanskoj storony Pravit Novyj film pro Hodzhaly Mezhdu golodom i ognyom Vlast cenoyu zhiznej 1 Poziciya Nagorno Karabahskoj Respubliki Levon Melik Shahnazaryan Gajk Demoyan Hodzhalinskoe delo osobaya papka Sajt o sobytiyah v Hodzhaly David Babayan Voennye gumanitarnye i politicheskie aspektyNekotorye vneshnie ssylki v etoj state vedut na sajty zanesyonnye v spam list Eti sajty mogut narushat avtorskie prava byt priznany neavtoritetnymi istochnikami ili po drugim prichinam byt zapresheny v Vikipedii Redaktoram sleduet zamenit takie ssylki ssylkami na sootvetstvuyushie pravilam sajty ili bibliograficheskimi ssylkami na pechatnye istochniki libo udalit ih vozmozhno vmeste s podtverzhdaemym imi soderzhimym Spisok problemnyh ssylokhttp lib ru MEMUARY KARABAH karabah txtIstochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Hodzhalinskaya reznya amp oldid 113448392, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

истории

, книги,

статьи

, wikipedia, учить, информация, история, секс, порно, скачать, скачать, sex, seks, porn, porno, скачать, бесплатно, скачать бесплатно, mp3, видео, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, картинка, музыка, песня, фильм, игра, игры
Style: Default