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Perseverans marsohod Yazyk Sledit Pravit U etogo termina sushestvuyut i drugie znacheniya sm Perseverance Perseve rans 3 4 5 angl Perseverance amerikanskoe proiznoshenie ˌpɜːrseˈvɪrens v perevode na russkij yazyk Nastojchivost marsohod razrabotannyj dlya issledovaniya kratera Ezero na Marse v ramkah missii NASA Mars 2020 Byl izgotovlen Laboratoriej reaktivnogo dvizheniya NASA i zapushen k Marsu 30 iyulya 2020 goda Posadka na Mars byla proizvedena 18 fevralya 2021 goda 1 Perseverans Perseverance Perseverans v Laboratorii reaktivnogo dvizheniya 17 dekabrya 2019 godaZakazchik NASAProizvoditel Laboratoriya reaktivnogo dvizheniyaStartovaya ploshadka mys Kanaveral SLC 41Raketa nositel Atlas 5 541Zapusk 30 iyulya 2020 goda 11 50 UTC 1 Tehnicheskie harakteristikiMassa 1025 kg 2 Razmery 3 2 7 2 2 m 2 Moshnost 110 VtIstochniki pitaniya RITEGElementy orbityPosadka na nebesnoe telo 18 fevralya 2021 8 dnej nazad 2021 02 18 Koordinaty posadki 18 26 41 s sh 77 27 03 v d 18 4447 s sh 77 4508 v d 18 4447 77 4508G krater Ezero 2 mars nasa gov mars2020 Mediafajly na Vikisklade Perseverans imeet sem nauchnyh instrumentov dlya izucheniya poverhnosti Marsa v rajone kratera Ezero U nego est neskolko kamer dlya syomki i dva mikrofona dlya zapisi zvuka Takzhe Perseverans ukomplektovan otdelnym bespilotnym letatelnym apparatom BPLA vertolyotnogo tipa Ingenuity kotoryj dolzhen pomoch marsohodu obnaruzhivat novye lokacii dlya izucheniya Soderzhanie 1 Konstrukciya 2 Missiya 2 1 Nauchnye zadachi 2 2 Imya 2 3 Polyot k Marsu 2 3 1 Posadka 3 Nauchnye instrumenty 4 Pamyatnye tablichki 4 1 Otprav svoyo imya na Mars 4 2 Dan uvazheniya medicinskim rabotnikam 5 Galereya poluchennyh izobrazhenij 6 Sm takzhe 7 Primechaniya 8 SsylkiKonstrukciya Pravit Vnutrennyaya nachinka Marsohod v spuskaemom module snizu prikreplyon apparat Ingenuity v slozhennom sostoyanii Konstrukciya marsohoda Perseverans uchityvala razrabotki predydushego marsohoda Kyuriositi 6 7 Inzhenery pererabotali kolyosa rovera sdelav ih bolee zhyostkimi po sravneniyu s kolyosami Kyuriositi kotorye poluchili povrezhdeniya v processe raboty na Marse 8 Perseverans poluchil bolee tolstye i prochnye alyuminievye kolyosa s menshej shirinoj i bo lshim diametrom 52 5 sm po sravneniyu s Kyuriositi 50 sm 9 10 Shest kolyos iz lyotnogo alyuminievogo splava osnasheny shipami dlya luchshej tyagi i izognutymi spicami iz titana dlya podressorivaniya 11 12 Iz za nalichiya bolshego kolichestva nauchnyh instrumentov i modificirovannyh kolyos Perseverans tyazhelee Kyuriositi 10 na 14 1025 kg po sravneniyu s 899 kg u predydushego rovera 2 Marsohod osnashyon pyatisustavnym robotizirovannym manipulyatorom rukoj dlinoj 2 1 m Ruka sovmestno s povorachivaemoj bashnej turelyu prednaznachena dlya zahvata i analiza geologicheskih obrazcov s marsianskoj poverhnosti 13 Radioizotopnyj termoelektricheskij generator MMRTG rovera ispolzuet teplovuyu energiyu vydelyayushuyusya pri estestvennom raspade radioaktivnyh izotopov i preobrazuet eyo v elektroenergiyu s pomoshyu termoelektrogeneratora On imeet massu 45 kg i ispolzuet 4 8 kg dioksida plutoniya v kachestve istochnika energii 14 Na moment zapuska marsohoda s Zemli generator vyrabatyval primerno 110 Vt energii no s kazhdym godom eto znachenie budet snizhatsya 14 Takzhe na rovere ustanovleny dve litij ionnyh perezaryazhaemyh batarei Radioizotopnyj termoelektricheskij generator predostavlennyj Ministerstvom energetiki SShA dolzhen obespechit 14 let raboty marsohoda 14 On pozvolit marsohodu rabotat po nocham i v usloviyah pylevyh bur chto bylo by nevozmozhnym pri ispolzovanii solnechnyh batarej 14 Marsohod ispolzuet radiacionno ustojchivyj odnoplatnyj kompyuter na baze processora RAD750 s chastotoj 133 MGc i 128 Mbajt dinamicheskoj pamyati Programmnoe obespechenie takzhe pozvolyaet ispolzovat 4 Gb energonezavisimoj NAND pamyati na otdelnoj karte 15 Dlya sovmestnogo ispolzovaniya s marsohodom byl razrabotan marsianskij avtonomnyj robotizirovannyj bespilotnyj letatelnyj apparat razvedchik vertolyotnogo tipa poluchivshij nazvanie Ingenuity Indzhenyuiti v perevode s angl Izobretatelnost Apparat massoj 1 8 kg ispolzuet solnechnye batarei On byl skonstruirovan dlya testirovaniya i demonstracii tehnologii polyotov na Marse a takzhe s celyu razvedki mestnosti dlya dalnejshih peredvizhenij marsohoda Perseverans 16 Na vertolyote razvedchike ne ustanovleno nikakih nauchnyh instrumentov krome kamer 17 18 19 Missiya PravitNauchnye zadachi Pravit Pri razrabotke i utverzhdenii missii Mars 2020 byli postavleny chetyre nauchnye zadachi po issledovaniyu Marsa 20 Ocenka zhizneprigodnosti Marsa v tom chisle mest i uslovij v kotoryh mozhet podderzhivatsya mikrobnaya zhizn Poisk biosignatur kotorye mogut podtverdit sushestvovanie mikrobnoj zhizni na Marse v proshlom Otbor sbor i hranenie prob kamnej i pochvy s marsianskoj poverhnosti v posleduyushem materialy dolzhen dostavit na Zemlyu vozvrashaemyj apparat Podgotovka k vysadke cheloveka na Marse provedenie testov po proizvodstvu kisloroda iz marsianskoj atmosfery Imya Pravit Imya dlya marsohoda bylo vybrano iz bolee chem 28 tysyach predlozhenij postupivshih v ramkah obshenacionalnogo shkolnogo konkursa 21 Pobeditelem stal uchashijsya sedmogo klassa iz Virdzhinii Aleksandr Mater Alexander Mather predlozhivshij nazvanie Nastojchivost angl Perseverance Shkolnik i ego semya byli priglasheny v Kosmicheskij centr Kennedi i nablyudali za zapuskom rovera s bazy VVS SShA na myse Kanaveral Polyot k Marsu Pravit Marsohod Perseverans byl zapushen 30 iyulya 2020 goda v 11 50 UTC v 7 50 po mestnomu vremeni na bortu rakety Atlas V so startovogo kompleksa SLC 41 na myse Kanaveral vo Floride Polyot k Marsu prodolzhalsya okolo semi mesyacev V hode vsego polyota polozhenie rovera Perseverans i drona Indzhenyuiti v interaktivnom rezhime mozhno bylo uvidet v specialnom razdele na sajte NASA 22 Posadka Pravit Posadka na poverhnost Marsa proizvedena 18 fevralya 2021 goda v rajone kratera Ezero 23 24 Vremya posadki sostavilo okolo 7 minut operacii osushestvlyalis v avtomaticheskom rezhime 25 Vosproizvesti mediafajl Posadka Perseverans na Mars snyataya s raznyh rakursov Vosproizvesti mediafajl Animaciya demonstriruyushaya posadku na Mars Snimok Perseverans s Nebesnogo krana vo vremya posadki na Mars Snimok parashyuta Perseverans vo vremya posadki na Mars Mesto posadki Perseverans v kratere EzeroNauchnye instrumenty Pravit Shema s raspolozheniem nauchnyh instrumentov marsohoda Iz 58 postupivshih predlozhenij 26 27 v iyule 2014 goda specialisty NASA otobrali sem nauchnyh instrumentov kotorye byli utverzhdeny dlya ustanovki na marsohod 28 29 Planetarnyj instrument dlya rentgenovskoj litohimii Planetary Instrument for X Ray Lithochemistry PIXL rentgenofluorescentnyj spektrometr dlya tochnogo opredeleniya elementnogo sostava materialov s poverhnosti Marsa 30 31 Radiolokacionnyj vizualizator dlya marsianskogo podpoverhnostnogo eksperimenta Radar Imager for Mars subsurface experiment RIMFAX georadar dlya polucheniya izobrazhenij gruntov raznoj plotnosti strukturnyh sloyov podpoverhnostnyh gornyh porod meteoritov i obnaruzheniya podzemnogo vodyanogo lda i solyanogo rassola na glubine do 10 m Pribor predostavlen Nauchno issledovatelskim institutom ministerstva oborony Norvegii norv Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt 32 33 34 Marsianskij analizator dinamiki okruzhayushej sredy Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer MEDA nabor sensorov dlya izmereniya temperatury skorosti i napravleniya vetra davleniya otnositelnoj vlazhnosti radiacii a takzhe razmera i formy chastic marsianskoj pyli Pribor predostavlen Astrobiologicheskim centrom Ispanii 35 Marsianskij issledovatelskij eksperiment s kislorodom in situ Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment MOXIE en issledovanie tehnologii po proizvodstvu kisloroda O2 iz dioksida ugleroda CO2 marsianskoj atmosfery 36 Ustanovka dolzhna proizvodit po 22 gramma kisloroda v chas na protyazhenii 50 solov V sluchae uspeha tehnologiya budet masshtabirovana 200 1 i ispolzovatsya dlya v proizvodstva kisloroda v promyshlennyh masshtabah dlya budushih missij na Mars kak dlya zhizneobespecheniya lyudej tak i dlya sozdaniya raketnogo topliva 36 SuperCam nabor instrumentov dlya opticheskogo himicheskogo i mineralogicheskogo analiza kamnej i pochvy na Marse Yavlyaetsya usovershenstvovannoj versiej pribora ChemCam ustanovlennogo na marsohode Kyuriositi Pribor imeet dva lazera i chetyre spektrometra dlya udalyonnogo poiska biosignatur i ocenki vozmozhnosti sushestvovaniya marsianskoj zhizni v proshlom Pribor razrabotan i izgotovlen Los Alamosskoj nacionalnoj laboratoriej v kooperacii s Issledovatelskim institutom astrofiziki i planetologii Francii francuzskim kosmicheskim agentstvom Nacionalnyj centr kosmicheskih issledovanij Gavajskim universitetom i Valyadolidskim universitetom 37 Multispektralnyj stereoskopicheskij pribor dlya vizualizacii Mastcam Z s zum obektivom Ramanovskoe i lyuminescentnoe skanirovanie prigodnoj dlya zhizni sredy dlya poiska organicheskih i himicheskih veshestv Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals SHERLOC ultrafioletovyj ramanovskij spektrometr ispolzuyushij tochnuyu vizualizaciyu i ultrafioletovyj lazer dlya opredeleniya melkomasshtabnoj mineralogii i obnaruzheniya organicheskih veshestv 38 39 Takzhe na marsohode raspolozheny neskolko kamer i vpervye dlya marsianskogo apparata dva mikrofona kotorye zapishut zvuk vo vremya posadki apparata na Mars 40 a takzhe vo vremya poezdok rovera po poverhnosti i vo vremya sbora obrazcov 41 Marsianskij apparat razvedchik Ingenuity otpravilsya v polyot k Marsu prikreplyonnyj k dnishu marsohoda Perseverans odnako v sluchae uspeshnoj posadki on smozhet osushestvlyat samostoyatelnye korotkie polyoty dlya razvedki mestnosti Na Perseverans 23 kamery SuperCam Mastcam Z Shema germetichnogo tubusa dlya hraneniya kerna grunta PIXL Shema MOXIEPamyatnye tablichki Pravit Otprav svoyo imya na Mars Pravit NASA organizovala kampaniyu Otprav svoyo imya na Mars angl Send Your Name to Mars priglashaya lyudej so vsego zemnogo shara ukazat svoi imena dlya posleduyushej ih otpravki na Mars so sleduyushim marsohodom Bylo otpravleno 10 932 295 imyon Vse imena a takzhe 155 esse finalistov konkursa Nazovi marsohod angl Name the Rover byli naneseny elektronnym luchom na tri kremnievye chipa razmerom s nogot posle chego prikrepleny k anodirovannoj alyuminievoj plastine kotoraya byla razmeshena na marsohode 26 marta 2020 goda Na samoj alyuminievoj plastine ustanovlennoj na zadnej poperechnoj balke marsohoda metodom lazernoj gravirovki izobrazheny Solnce Zemlya i Mars 42 a takzhe chislo uchastnikov akcii Kampaniya NASA Otprav svoyo imya na Mars Tablichka s chipami soderzhashimi imena uchastnikov prikreplyonnaya k marsohodu Perseverans Primer posadochnogo talona otpravlennogo zaregistrirovannym uchastnikam kampanii Dan uvazheniya medicinskim rabotnikam Pravit Alyuminievaya tablichka prikreplyonnaya k marsohodu v dan uvazheniya medicinskim rabotnikam Zapusk missii Mars 2020 proizoshyol vo vremya pandemii COVID 19 kotoraya okazala vliyanie na planirovanie missii v 2020 godu Dlya togo chtoby otdat dan uvazheniya vracham medsyostram i drugomu medicinskomu personalu rabotavshemu vo vremya pandemii COVID 19 byla izgotovlena alyuminievaya tablichka razmerom 8 x 13 sm na kotoroj izobrazhyon posoh Asklepiya izvestnyj medicinskij simvol s posohom obvitym zmeyoj Eta tablichka byla zakreplena na marsohode Perseverans pered ego otpravkoj na Mars 43 Galereya poluchennyh izobrazhenij Pravit Pervoe foto Perseverans Pervoe cvetnoe foto Perseverans Odno iz kolyos marsohoda Panorama posadochnoj ploshadki Fotografiya paluby Perseverans Sm takzhe Pravit Portal Kosmonavtika Kyuriositi Spirit marsohod Opportyuniti Sodzhorner marsohod EkzoMars marsohod Primechaniya Pravit 1 2 Launch Windows angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 31 iyulya 2020 goda 1 2 3 4 NASAfacts Mars 2020 Perseverance angl 26 July 2020 Arhivirovano 26 iyulya 2020 goda Rinkon Pol NASA zapustilo novyj marsohod Perseverans Kak on budet iskat sledy zhizni na Marse rus Russkaya sluzhba Bi bi si 30 iyulya 2020 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 dekabrya 2020 goda Berezin Aleksandr Marsianskie hroniki pochemu marsohod NASA Perseverans mozhet sovershit revolyuciyu v issledovanii kosmosa dazhe esli ne najdet na Marse zhizn rus Esquire 31 iyulya 2020 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 dekabrya 2020 goda Kotov Mihail Vremya sobirat kamni NASA nachinaet podgotovku k marsianskoj missii rus Izvestiya 4 maya 2020 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 5 dekabrya 2020 goda NASA announces plans for new US 1 5 billion Mars rover angl CNET 4 December 2012 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 11 noyabrya 2013 goda NASA to Launch New Mars Rover in 2020 angl Space com 4 December 2012 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 11 noyabrya 2017 goda Curiosity wheel damage The problem and solutions angl The Planetary Society 19 August 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 26 maya 2020 goda Mars 2020 rover receives upgraded eyesight for tricky skycrane landing angl NASASpaceFlight 11 October 2016 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 dekabrya 2020 goda 1 2 Mars 2020 Body New Wheels for Mars 2020 angl NASA JPL Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 26 iyulya 2019 goda NASA s Perseverance Mars Rover Gets Its Wheels and Air Brakes angl NASA Data obrasheniya 21 fevralya 2021 Arhivirovano 19 fevralya 2021 goda Mars 2020 Rover Wheels angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 29 iyunya 2019 goda Mars 2020 Rover s 7 Foot Long Robotic Arm Installed angl NASA 28 July 2019 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 5 dekabrya 2020 goda 1 2 3 4 Mars 2020 Rover Tech Specs angl JPL NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 26 iyulya 2019 goda Prototyping an Onboard Scheduler for the Mars 2020 Rover angl NASA 2017 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 18 fevralya 2021 goda Mars Helicopter to Fly on NASA s Next Red Planet Rover Mission angl NASA gov 12 May 2018 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 dekabrya 2020 goda Mars mission readies tiny chopper for Red Planet flight angl BBC News 29 August 2019 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 5 dekabrya 2020 goda A Helicopter on Mars NASA Wants to Try angl The New York Times 11 May 2018 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 17 dekabrya 2020 goda NASA is sending a helicopter to Mars to get a bird s eye view of the planet The Mars Helicopter is happening y all angl The Verge 11 May 2018 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 dekabrya 2020 goda Overview angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 8 iyunya 2019 goda Name the Rover angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 21 noyabrya 2020 goda Follow NASA s Perseverance Rover in Real Time on Its Way to Mars angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 29 noyabrya 2020 goda Touchdown NASA s Mars Perseverance Rover Safely Lands on Red Planet angl NASA gov 19 February 2021 Data obrasheniya 19 fevralya 2021 Arhivirovano 19 fevralya 2021 goda Planetohod Perseverance uspeshno sovershil posadku na Marse rus TASS 19 fevralya 2021 Data obrasheniya 19 fevralya 2021 Arhivirovano 19 fevralya 2021 goda Amerikanskij rover Perseverance pokazal cvetnye foto s Marsa rus RBK Data obrasheniya 20 fevralya 2021 Arhivirovano 20 fevralya 2021 goda Webster Guy amp Brown Dwayne NASA Receives Mars 2020 Rover Instrument Proposals for Evaluation angl NASA 21 January 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 24 yanvarya 2014 goda Timmer John NASA announces the instruments for the next Mars rover angl ARS Technica 31 July 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 20 yanvarya 2015 goda Brown Dwayne Release 14 208 NASA Announces Mars 2020 Rover Payload to Explore the Red Planet as Never Before angl NASA 31 July 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 1 aprelya 2019 goda Brown Dwayne NASA Announces Mars 2020 Rover Payload to Explore the Red Planet as Never Before angl NASA 31 July 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 5 marta 2016 goda Webster Guy Mars 2020 Rover s PIXL to Focus X Rays on Tiny Targets angl NASA 31 July 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 2 avgusta 2014 goda Adaptive sampling for rover x ray lithochemistry angl davidraythompson com Arhivirovano 8 avgusta 2014 goda RIMFAX The Radar Imager for Mars Subsurface Experiment angl NASA 2016 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 22 dekabrya 2019 goda Chung Emily Mars 2020 rover s RIMFAX radar will see deep underground angl Canadian Broadcasting Corp 19 August 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 25 sentyabrya 2020 goda U of T scientist to play key role on Mars 2020 Rover Mission angl UToronto ca 6 August 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 7 dekabrya 2020 goda In Situ Resource Utilization ISRU angl NASA Arhivirovano 2 aprelya 2015 goda 1 2 Mars Oxygen In Situ Resource Utilization Experiment MOXIE angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 17 oktyabrya 2020 goda NASA Administrator Signs Agreements to Advance Agency s Journey to Mars angl NASA 16 June 2015 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 8 noyabrya 2020 goda Webster Guy SHERLOC to Micro Map Mars Minerals and Carbon Rings angl NASA 31 July 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 26 iyunya 2020 goda SHERLOC Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals an Investigation for 2020 angl 11th International GeoRaman Conference 2014 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 28 sentyabrya 2020 goda Microphones on Mars 2020 angl NASA Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 29 marta 2019 goda Strickland Ashley New Mars 2020 rover will be able to hear the Red Planet angl CNN 15 July 2016 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 16 oktyabrya 2020 goda 10 9 Million Names Now Aboard NASA s Perseverance Mars Rover angl NASA 26 March 2020 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 avgusta 2020 goda Wall Mike NASA s next Mars rover carries tribute to healthcare workers fighting coronavirus angl Space com 17 June 2020 Data obrasheniya 27 noyabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 16 dekabrya 2020 goda Ssylki Pravit Mediafajly na Vikisklade Missiya Mars 2020 na sajte NASA angl Kratkij videoobzor missii na YouTube angl Video zapuska 30 iyulya 2020 goda na YouTube angl Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Perseverans marsohod amp oldid 112620600, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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