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Nobelevskaya premiya po fizike Yazyk Sledit Pravit Nobelevskaya premiya po fizike shved Nobelpriset i fysik prisuzhdaetsya odin raz v god Shvedskoj korolevskoj akademiej nauk Eto odna iz pyati Nobelevskih premij sozdannyh po vole Alfreda Nobelya v 1895 godu kotoraya vruchaetsya s 1901 goda Drugie premii Nobelevskaya premiya po himii Nobelevskaya premiya po literature Nobelevskaya premiya mira i Nobelevskaya premiya po fiziologii i medicine Pervaya Nobelevskaya premiya po fizike byla prisuzhdena nemeckomu fiziku Vilgelmu Konradu Rentgenu v znak priznaniya neobychajno vazhnyh zaslug pered naukoj vyrazivshihsya v otkrytii zamechatelnyh luchej nazvannyh vposledstvii v ego chest Eta nagrada nahoditsya v vedenii Nobelevskogo fonda i po pravu schitaetsya samoj prestizhnoj nagradoj kotoruyu mozhet poluchit fizik Ona vruchaetsya v Stokgolme na ezhegodnoj ceremonii 10 dekabrya v godovshinu smerti Nobelya Vilgelm Rentgen 1845 1923 pervyj laureat Nobelevskoj premii po fizike Soderzhanie 1 Naznachenie i vybor 2 Nagrady 2 1 Medali 2 2 Diplomy 2 3 Premialnye 3 Ceremoniya 4 Laureaty 5 Primechaniya 6 Literatura 7 SsylkiNaznachenie i vybor PravitNa Nobelevskuyu premiyu po fizike mozhno vybrat ne bolee tryoh laureatov 1 Po sravneniyu s nekotorymi drugimi Nobelevskimi premiyami vydvizhenie i otbor na premiyu po fizike process dlinnyj i strogij Imenno poetomu premiya stanovilas vsyo avtoritetnee na protyazhenii mnogih let i v itoge stala vazhnejshej premiej po fizike v mire 2 Tri laureata Nobelevskoj premii po fizike V pervom ryadu sleva napravo Albert A Majkelson Albert Ejnshtejn i Robert Milliken Nobelevskie laureaty vybirayutsya Nobelevskim komitetom po fizike kotoryj sostoit iz pyati chlenov izbiraemyh Shvedskoj korolevskoj akademiej nauk Na pervom etape neskolko tysyach lyudej predlagayut kandidatov Eti imena izuchayutsya i obsuzhdayutsya ekspertami do okonchatelnogo vybora Formy napravlyayutsya priblizitelno tryom tysyacham chelovek s predlozheniem predstavit svoi kandidatury Imena nominatorov ne obyavlyayutsya publichno v techenie pyatidesyati let i takzhe ne soobshayutsya nominantam Spiski nominantov i predstavivshih ih nominatorov hranyatsya v zapechatannom vide v techenie pyatidesyati let Vprochem na praktike nekotorye kandidaty stanovyatsya izvestnymi ranee Zayavki proveryayutsya komissiej i spisok soderzhashij okolo dvuhsot predvaritelnyh kandidatov napravlyaetsya k vybrannym ekspertami v etih oblastyah Oni urezayut spisok do primerno pyatnadcati imen Komitet predstavlyaet doklad s rekomendaciyami sootvetstvuyushim uchrezhdeniyam V to vremya kak posmertnaya nominaciya ne dopuskaetsya nagradu mozhno poluchit esli chelovek umer v techenie neskolkih mesyacev mezhdu resheniem komiteta premii obychno v oktyabre i ceremoniej v dekabre Do 1974 goda posmertnye nagrady byli razresheny esli poluchatel umer posle togo kak oni byli naznacheny 3 Pravila Nobelevskoj premii po fizike trebuyut chtoby znachenie dostizheniya bylo provereno vremenem Na praktike eto oznachaet chto razryv mezhdu otkrytiem i premiej kak pravilo poryadka 20 let a mozhet byt gorazdo bolshe Naprimer polovina Nobelevskoj premii po fizike v 1983 godu byla prisuzhdena S Chandrasekaru za ego rabotu po stroeniyu i evolyucii zvyozd chto byla sdelana v 1930 godu Nedostatok etogo podhoda v tom chto ne vse uchyonye zhivut dostatochno dolgo chtoby ih raboty byli priznany Za nekotorye vazhnye nauchnye otkrytiya eta premiya nikogda ne prisuzhdalas tak kak pervootkryvateli umerli k tomu vremeni kogda vliyanie ih rabot ocenili 4 5 6 Nagrady PravitLaureat Nobelevskoj premii po fizike poluchaet zolotuyu medal diplom s formulirovkoj nagrazhdeniya i denezhnuyu summu 7 Denezhnaya summa zavisit ot dohodov Nobelevskogo fonda v tekushem godu 8 Esli premiya prisuzhdaetsya bolee chem odnomu laureatu dengi delyatsya porovnu mezhdu nimi v sluchae tryoh laureatov dengi takzhe mogut razdelit na polovinu i dve chetverti 9 Medali Pravit Medali Nobelevskoj premii otchekanennye Myntverket en 10 v Shvecii i Monetnym dvorom Norvegii s 1902 goda yavlyayutsya zaregistrirovannymi torgovymi markami Nobelevskogo fonda Kazhdaya medal imeet izobrazhenie levogo profilya Alfreda Nobelya na licevoj storone Medal Nobelevskoj premii po fizike himii fiziologii ili mediciny literature imeyut odinakovuyu licevuyu storonu pokazyvayushuyu izobrazhenie Alfreda Nobelya i gody ego rozhdeniya i smerti 1833 1896 Portret Nobelya takzhe poyavlyaetsya na licevoj storone medali Nobelevskoj premii mira i medali premii v oblasti ekonomiki no s neskolko inym dizajnom 11 12 Izobrazhenie na oborotnoj storone medali variruetsya v zavisimosti ot uchrezhdeniya prisuzhdayushego nagradu Na oborotnoj storone medali Nobelevskoj premii po himii i fizike odin i tot zhe dizajn 13 Diplom Nobelevskoj premii po fizike 1903 goda vydannyj Marii Kyuri i Peru Kyuri hranyashijsya v otdele rukopisej Nacionalnoj biblioteki Francii Diplomy Pravit Nobelevskie laureaty poluchayut diplom iz ruk korolya Shvecii Kazhdyj diplom imeet unikalnyj dizajn razrabotannyj nagrazhdayushim uchrezhdeniem dlya laureata 14 Diplom soderzhit izobrazhenie i tekst v kotorom soderzhitsya imya laureata i kak pravilo citata o tom pochemu oni poluchili premiyu 14 Premialnye Pravit Laureatam takzhe dayotsya denezhnaya summa kogda oni poluchayut Nobelevskuyu premiyu v vide dokumenta podtverzhdayushego summu nagrady v 2009 godu denezhnaya premiya sostavlyala 10 millionov shvedskih kron 1 4 mln doll SShA 8 Summy mogut otlichatsya v zavisimosti ot togo skolko deneg Nobelevskij fond mozhet prisudit v etom godu Esli est dva pobeditelya v toj ili inoj kategorii grant delitsya porovnu mezhdu poluchatelyami Esli est tri laureata to nagrazhdayushij komitet imeet vozmozhnost podelit grant na ravnye chasti ili vruchit polovinu summy odnomu poluchatelyu i po odnoj chetverti dvum drugim 15 16 17 18 Ceremoniya PravitKomitet i uchrezhdeniya vystupayushie v kachestve otborochnoj komissii dlya premii obychno obyavlyayut imena laureatov v oktyabre Premiya vruchaetsya zatem na oficialnoj ceremonii kotoraya provoditsya ezhegodno v merii Stokgolma 10 dekabrya v godovshinu smerti Nobelya Laureaty poluchayut diplom medal i dokument podtverzhdayushij denezhnyj priz 19 Laureaty PravitOsnovnaya statya Spisok laureatov Nobelevskoj premii po fizikePrimechaniya Pravit What the Nobel Laureates Receive Retrieved November 1 2007 Arhivnaya kopiya ot 30 oktyabrya 2007 na Wayback Machine The Nobel Prize Selection Process Encyclopaedia Britannica accessed November 5 2007 Flowchart FAQ nobelprize org Finn Kydland and Edward Prescott s Contribution to Dynamic Macroeconomics The Time Consistency of Economic Policy and the Driving Forces Behind Business Cycles neopr PDF Oficialnyj sajt Nobelevskoj premii 11 oktyabrya 2004 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2012 Arhivirovano 28 dekabrya 2012 goda Gingras Yves Wallace Matthew L Why it has become more difficult to predict Nobel Prize winners A bibliometric analysis of nominees and winners of the chemistry and physics prizes 1901 2007 Scientometrics 2009 2 S 401 doi 10 1007 s11192 009 0035 9 A noble prize angl Nature Chemistry journal doi 10 1038 nchem 372 Bibcode 2009NatCh 1 509 Tom Rivers 2009 Nobel Laureates Receive Their Honors Europe English neopr voanews com 10 dekabrya 2009 Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Arhivirovano 14 dekabrya 2012 goda 1 2 The Nobel Prize Amounts neopr Nobelprize org Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Arhivirovano 3 iyulya 2006 goda Nobel Prize Prizes 2007 in Encyclopaedia Britannica accessed 15 January 2009 from Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Each Nobel Prize consists of a gold medal a diploma bearing a citation and a sum of money the amount of which depends on the income of the Nobel Foundation A sum of 1 300 000 accompanied each prize in 2005 A Nobel Prize is either given entirely to one person divided equally between two persons or shared by three persons In the latter case each of the three persons can receive a one third share of the prize or two together can receive a one half share Medalj ett traditionellt hantverk shved Myntverket Data obrasheniya 15 dekabrya 2007 Arhivirovano 18 dekabrya 2007 goda The Nobel Prize for Peace Arhivnaya kopiya ot 16 sentyabrya 2009 na Wayback Machine Linus Pauling Awards Honors and Medals Linus Pauling and The Nature of the Chemical Bond A Documentary History the Valley Library Oregon State University Retrieved 7 December 2007 The Nobel Medals neopr nedostupnaya ssylka Ceptualinstitute com Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Arhivirovano 14 dekabrya 2012 goda Nobel Prize for Chemistry Front and back images of the medal 1954 Source Photo by Eric Arnold Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers Honors and Awards 1954h2 1 All Documents and Media Pictures and Illustrations Linus Pauling and The Nature of the Chemical Bond A Documentary History the Valley Library Oregon State University Retrieved 7 December 2007 1 2 The Nobel Prize Diplomas neopr Nobelprize org Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Arhivirovano 1 iyulya 2006 goda Sample Ian Nobel prize for medicine shared by scientists for work on ageing and cancer Science guardian co uk London Guardian 5 oktyabrya 2009 Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Ian Sample Science correspondent Three share Nobel prize for physics Science guardian co uk London Guardian 7 oktyabrya 2008 Data obrasheniya 10 fevralya 2010 David Landes Americans claim Nobel economics prize The Local neopr Thelocal se Data obrasheniya 15 yanvarya 2010 Arhivirovano 14 dekabrya 2012 goda The 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics Press Release neopr Nobelprize org 6 oktyabrya 2009 Data obrasheniya 10 fevralya 2010 Arhivirovano 14 dekabrya 2012 goda Nobel Prize Foundation WebsiteLiteratura PravitFriedman Robert Marc 2001 The Politics of Excellence Behind the Nobel Prize in Science New York amp Stuttgart VHPS Times Books ISBN 0 7167 3103 7 ISBN 978 0 7167 3103 0 Gill Mohammad March 10 2005 Prize and Prejudice Chowk magazine Hillebrand Claus D June 2002 Nobel century a biographical analysis of physics laureates Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 27 2 87 93 Schmidhuber Jurgen 2010 Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century at arXiv 1009 2634v1 with graphics National Physics Nobel Prize shares 1901 2009 by citizenship at the time of the award and by country of birth Lemmel Birgitta The Nobel Prize Medals and the Medal for the Prize in Economics nobelprize org Copyright c The Nobel Foundation 2006 An article on the history of the design of the medals What the Nobel Laureates Receive nobelprize org Copyright c Nobel Web AB 2007 Ssylki Pravit Mediafajly na Vikisklade Nobelevskaya premiya po fizike v Vikinovostyah All Nobel Laureates in Physics angl The Nobel Prize Award Ceremonies angl The Nobel Prize in Physics angl The Nobel Prize Medal for Physics and Chemistry angl Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Nobelevskaya premiya po fizike amp oldid 112048031, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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