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Nagornyj Karabah Yazyk Sledit Pravit Tekushaya versiya stranicy poka ne proveryalas opytnymi uchastnikami i mozhet znachitelno otlichatsya ot versii proverennoj 28 yanvarya 2021 proverki trebuyut 13 pravok U etogo termina sushestvuyut i drugie znacheniya sm Nagornyj Karabah znacheniya Nago rnyj Karaba h azerb Dagliq Qarabag arm Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ region v Zakavkaze v vostochnoj chasti Armyanskogo nagorya 1 2 3 Nagorno Karabahskaya avtonomnaya oblast v sostave Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR Avtonomiya ohvatyvala bo lshuyu chast no ne ves istoriko geograficheskij Nagornyj Karabah Zanimaet vostochnye i yugo vostochnye gornye i predgornye rajony Malogo Kavkaza vmeste s Ravninnym Karabahom sostavlyaet istoriko geograficheskuyu oblast Karabah V 1923 godu iz naselyonnoj preimushestvenno armyanami chasti Nagornogo Karabaha byla obrazovana Avtonomnaya oblast Nagornogo Karabaha v 1936 godu posle prinyatiya novoj soyuznoj konstitucii byla pereimenovana v Nagorno Karabahskuyu avtonomnuyu oblast NKAO Vne NKAO ostalis naselyonnye preimushestvenno azerbajdzhancami chasti Nagornogo Karabaha a takzhe severnaya chast s preimushestvenno armyanskim naseleniem Shaumyanovskij rajon Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR Na moment obrazovaniya ploshad AONK sostavlyala 4 161 km Po perepisi 1926 goda naselenie oblasti sostavlyalo 125 2 tysyach chelovek sredi kotoryh armyane sostavlyali 89 2 po drugim dannym 94 V hode Karabahskoj vojny 1992 1994 godov region de fakto pereshyol pod kontrol nepriznannoj Nagorno Karabahskoj Respubliki priznavayas pri etom mezhdunarodnym soobshestvom za Azerbajdzhanskoj Respublikoj V hode voennyh dejstvij v sentyabre noyabre 2020 goda Azerbajdzhan vernul kontrol nad Fizulinskim Dzhebrailskim Zangelanskim i Kubatlinskim rajonami a takzhe znachitelnuyu chast territorii byvshej NKAO v tom chisle goroda Shusha i Gadrut Soglasno zayavleniyu o prekrashenii ognya 10 noyabrya 2020 goda Azerbajdzhan takzhe poluchil kontrol nad Agdamskim Kelbadzharskim i Lachinskim rajonami za isklyucheniem Lachinskogo koridora svyazyvayushego Nagornyj Karabah s Armeniej Soderzhanie 1 Proishozhdenie i neodnoznachnost termina 2 Istoriya 2 1 Antichnost 2 2 Srednie veka 2 3 Novoe vremya 2 4 Novejshee vremya 3 Naselenie 3 1 XIX vek 3 2 Naselenie Nagornogo Karabaha v nachale XX veka 3 3 Etnoyazykovaya dinamika 4 Sm takzhe 5 Kommentarii 6 Primechaniya 7 Literatura i ssylki 7 1 DokumentyProishozhdenie i neodnoznachnost terminaNazvanie Karabah proishodit iz tyurkskogo slova kara chyornyj i persidskogo bag sad 4 Soglasno drugoj tochke zreniya vyskazannoj armyanskim istorikom B Ulubabyanom nazvanie Karabah proishodit ne ot kara bag chyornyj sad a imeet tyurko armyanskoe proishozhdenie i obrazovano ot Lara Balk Velikij Bagk po nazvaniyu vostochnogo armyanskogo carstva Ktish Bagk Amerikanskij istorik Robert Hyusen schitaet takuyu etimologiyu veroyatnoj 5 Posle mongolskogo zavoevaniya eto nazvanie zakrepilos za yuzhnym Arranom 6 Eto nazvanie vpervye vstrechaetsya v Nushat al kulub 1340 Hamdallaha Kazvini i po mneniyu Vladimira Minorskogo vozmozhno svyazano s vymershim odnoimyonnym tyurkskim plemenem 7 Takzhe odno iz staryh upominanij etogo nazvaniya v Stoletnej letopisi XIV veka iz letopisnogo svoda Kartlis Choreba Istoriya Gruzii 8 Po armyanski region nazyvaetsya arm Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ chitaetsya Leṙnain Larabal po azerbajdzhanski azerb Dagliq Qarabag ili azerb Yuxari Qarabag Dlya oboznacheniya territorii armyane takzhe chasto ispolzuyut nazvanie provincii Velikoj Armenii Arcah arm Արցախ ohvatyvavshij region v drevnosti Neredko terminom Nagornyj Karabah nazyvayut Nagorno Karabahskuyu Respubliku 9 10 11 hotya eyo zayavlennaya i fakticheski kontroliruemaya territorii geograficheski s Nagornym Karabahom sovpadayut chastichno IstoriyaOsnovnaya statya Istoriya Nagornogo Karabaha Istoriya Nagornogo Karabaha Doistoricheskij periodAzyhskaya peshera Shushinskaya peshera Taglarskaya peshera Hodzhaly kedabekskaya kultura Kuro araksskaya kultura AntichnostUrartu Armeniya satrapiya Ervandidskaya Armeniya Velikaya Armeniya Arcah Kavkazskaya Albaniya Srednie vekaHachenskoe knyazhestvo Novoe vremyaKashatagskoe melikstvo Karabahskoe beglerbegstvo Melikstva Hamsy Karabahskoe hanstvoXIX XXGyulistanskij mirnyj dogovor Elizavetpolskaya guberniya Pervaya Respublika Armeniya Azerbajdzhanskaya Demokraticheskaya Respublika Armyano azerbajdzhanskaya vojna Respublika Gornaya Armeniya Azerbajdzhanskaya SSR NKAO Karabahskij konflikt Nagorno Karabahskaya Respublika Azerbajdzhanskaya Respublika p o rAntichnost Avtohtonnym naseleniem regiona byli razlichnye plemena preimushestvenno neindoevropejskogo proishozhdeniya 12 Soglasno enciklopedii Iranika migracii armyan do reki Kury v t ch na territoriyu Karabaha byli eshyo v VII veke do n e 13 Pri etom armenizaciyu regiona svyazyvayut s vhozhdeniem territorij vplot do yuga ot Kury v sostav Armenii kasatelno datirovki kotorogo est dva mneniya Tak R Hyusen dopuskaet vhozhdenie territorij k yugu ot Kury v sostav Ervandidskoj Armenii eshyo v IV v do n e 14 a takzhe dopuskaet nachalo armenizacii s etim periodom 14 Takogo zhe mneniya priderzhivayutsya Zh P Mae 15 i D Leng 16 Vmeste s tem o granicah Ervandidskoj Armenii IV III veka do n e sushestvuyut raznye tochki zreniya 17 Tak ryad avtorov nazyvayut vostochnoj granicej gosudarstva ozero Sevan 18 19 17 R Hyusen v bolee rannih rabotah 20 a takzhe sovetskie vostokovedy K V Trever 21 A P Novoselcev 22 S T Eremyan 23 datirovali vhozhdenie territorii Karabaha v sostav Velikoj Armenii i nachalo armenizacii naseleniya plemena albanskogo proishozhdeniya po Vladimiru Minorskomu 24 shaki utii i gargary albany po Trever pravoberezhya Kury v sostav Armenii II vekom do n e V granicah armyanskogo gosudarstva Velikaya Armeniya severo vostochnaya granica kotorogo prohodila po reke Kura territoriya sovremennogo Nagornogo Karabaha nahodilas vplot do 390 h godov n e 25 Posle padeniya Velikoj Armenii territoriya Arcaha otoshla k vassalnoj ot Persii 26 Kavkazskoj Albanii 27 28 29 V period dolgogo nahozhdeniya v sostave Armenii region byl armenizovan 30 S etoj epohi na territorii Nagornogo Karabaha procvetaet armyanskaya kultura 31 Srednie veka Nadpis Gasan Dzhalala v Gandzasare na drevnearmyanskom yazyke S konca VI do nachala IX veka polietnicheskaya Albaniya nahodilas pod vlastyu Mihranidov dinastii iranskogo proishozhdeniya Poslednie byli vassalami snachala Sasanidov zatem Halifata sami zhe soglasno specialistam podverglis armenizacii Po soobsheniyam istoricheskogo istochnika 700 goda naselenie drevnearmyanskoj provincii 32 Arcah govorilo ne prosto po armyanski 33 no i na svoyom sobstvennom dialekte armyanskogo yazyka 34 35 V nachale IX veka pod predvoditelstom Sahla Smbatyana Sahl ibn Sunbat al Armani 36 kotorogo Kagankatvaci imenuet Sahlem iz roda hAjka 37 na territorii Nagornogo Karabaha obrazovalos armyanskoe feodalnoe knyazhestvo Hachen V IX XI vekah territoriya Nagornogo Karabaha vhodit v sostav vosstanovlennogo Armyanskogo gosudarstva Bagratidov 38 39 V XI veke Vostochnoe Zakavkaze podverglos nashestviyu oguzov seldzhukov Chast seldzhukov osevshih na ravninnyh zemlyah mezhdu Kuroj i Araksom Milsko Karabahskaya ravnina vposledstvii smeshavshis s mestnym iranskim i kavkazskim naseleniem sostavili osnovu budushego azerbajdzhanskogo etnosa 40 S nachala XIII veka v Nagornom Karabahe pravili armyanskie 41 42 knyazheskie dinastii Gasan Dzhalalyany i Dopyany otvetvleniya potomkov Sahlya Smbatyana Kak otmechayut avtory akademicheskoj Istorii Vostoka 43 Pravoslavnoj enciklopedii 44 a takzhe drugie avtoritetnye rossijskie istoriki v XII XIII vekah armyanonaselyonnyj 41 45 43 Nagornyj Karabah stanovitsya odnim iz centrov armyanskoj kultury 46 47 Posle seldzhukskogo zavoevaniya Armenii v Hachene prodolzhaet sushestvovat armyanskoe pravlenie 48 yavlyavshejsya centrom armyanskoj politicheskoj zhizni 46 Novoe vremya V XV veke Nagornyj Karabah perehodit pod syuzerenitet turkomanskih gosudarstv Kara Koyunlu i Ak Koyunlu 49 a zatem v sostav Sefevidskogo gosudarstva Zdes obrazovyvaetsya Karabahskoe beglerbekstvo Na rubezhe XVI XVII vekov Hachen raspalsya 50 51 a na ego meste postepenno obrazovalis pyat armyanskih 52 53 knyazhestv Hachen Dizak Varanda Dzhraberd i Gyulistan kotorye sootvetstvenno poluchili nazvanie Hamsa Pyaterka Rossijskij istorik konca XIX go veka P G Butkov ssylayas na Sankt Peterburgskie vedomosti ot 1743 goda privodit sleduyushuyu citatu Karabag est strana lezhashaya mezhdu levogo berega Araksa i pravogo reki Kury vyshe Muganskogo polya v gorah Glavnejshie obitateli eyo Armyane upravlyaemye nasledstvenno 5 svoimi melikami ili prirodnymi knyazyami po chislu signagov ili kantonov 1 Charapert 2 Igermadar 3 Duzah 4 Varand 5 Hachen 54 Eti melikstva podchinyavshiesya beglerbeku Karabaha s rezidenciej v Gyandzhe prosushestvovali do vtoroj poloviny XVIII veka 55 56 57 Eti meliki po uchrezhdeniyu Nadyra neposredstvenno zaviseli ot shaha a mestnoe upravlenie imel katolikos ih ili titulyarnyj patriarh postavlyaemyj ot glavnogo vsej Armenii patriarha echmiadzinskogo imeyushij prilagatelnyj titul agvanskogo kakovym imenem drevle Armeniya nazyvalas 54 Komm 1 Institut melikstv v Nagornom Karabahe okonchatelno byl sformirovan pri iranskom shahe Abbase I 51 Posle raspada v konce XIV veka armyanskogo carstva Kilikii kak otmechayut avtoritetnye rossijskie istochniki 59 v tom chisle Bolshaya Rossijskaya Enciklopediya 60 a takzhe zapadnye istochniki 61 57 v tom chisle Enciklopediya islama 62 prakticheski tolko v Karabahe sohranilis ostatki armyanskogo gosudarstvennogo ustrojstva V dokumente konca XVIII veka govoritsya 63 V oblasti Karabagskoj yako edinom ostatke drevniya Armenii sohranyavshem chrez mnogie veki nezavisimost svoyu pod vlastiyu prirodnyh vladelcov polagala naciya siya pri pomoshi bozhiej i neotemlemom ot neya silnom pokravitelstve Vserossijskiya imperii tu tolko lstyashuyu eya nadezhdu Armyanskij monastyr Erek Mankunk XVI XVII veka V 1720 e gody Nagornyj Karabah stanovitsya odnim iz centrov nacionalno osvoboditelnoj borby armyan protiv Osmanskoj okkupacii 64 51 V etoj borbe armyane Nagornogo Karabaha byli voodushevleny takzhe persidskim pohodom Petra I 65 66 V 1722 30 godah armyanskie knyazhestva Karabaha dazhe dobilis kratkovremennoj nezavisimosti 53 Nachinaya s perioda pravleniya Petra I meliki Karabaha i katolikos Gandzasarskogo monastyrya Esai Gasan Dzhalalyan nachinayut tajnuyu perepisku s rossijskimi pravitelyami vozobnovlyonnuyu pri Ekaterine II i prodolzhavshuyusya do prisoedineniya etih territorij k Rossijskoj Imperii Iz poslaniya katolikosov Esai i Nersesa i karabahskih melikov Petru I Smirenno poklonyayutsya Vam vse sluzhivye pokornye slugi nyneshnie vozhdi armyanskoj karabahskoj zemli vysokie i nizshie vlastvuyushie nachalniki i prostolyudiny vsadniki i peshie a takzhe ves prostoj narod Vashe Imperatorskoe Velichestvo My neskolko raz napravili v Vashu Derzhavu svoih lyudej I pismami obrashalis k Vam bespokoya Vashe Velichestvo prizyvaya pomoch nam ibo uzhe tri goda kak my bez rukovoditelya i bez hozyaina A ved my okruzheny bezzhalostnymi vragami persami osmanskimi turkami dagestancami i drugimi 67 V 1747 godu v Ravninnom Karabahe bylo obrazovano Karabahskoe hanstvo kotoroe vskore ustanovilo vlast nad Nagornym Karabahom pervye dva karabahskih hana Panah i Ibragim podchinili svoej vlasti armyanskih melikov utverdivshis v centre armyanskogo melikstva Varanda v postroennom Panahom i ego soyuznikom armyanskim knyazem Shahnazarom gorode kreposti Shushe 68 V rezultate mezhdousobic 69 mezhdu armyanskimi melikami vpervye za svoyu istoriyu Nagornyj Karabah okazalsya pod vlastyu tyurkskogo pravitelya 70 71 Posle etih sobytij s serediny XVIII veka nablyudaetsya massovyj ottok armyanskogo naseleniya iz Nagornogo Karabaha i naoborot tyurkskie pereseleniya 72 Iznachalno ono nahodilos pod persidskim s 1805 goda pod russkim suverenitetom Hanstvo bylo zanyato russkimi vojskami vo vremya russko persidskoj vojny i prinyato v rossijskoe poddanstvo po traktatu 14 maya 1805 goda 73 Formalno ono bylo priznano za Rossiej po rossijsko persidskomu Gyulistanskomu mirnomu dogovoru 1813 goda Posle likvidacii hanstva v 1823 godu Nagornyj Karabah predstavlyal soboj snachala chast Karabahskoj provincii zatem chast neskolkih uezdov Elizavetpolskoj gubernii Novejshee vremya Osnovnye stati Armyano azerbajdzhanskaya vojna 1918 1920 Protivostoyanie v Karabahe Armyano azerbajdzhanskaya vojna 1918 1920 Vojna v marte aprele 1920 goda i Armyano azerbajdzhanskaya vojna 1918 1920 Itog Spornye territorii posle ustanovleniya Sovetskoj vlasti Posle raspada Rossijskoj imperii i obrazovaniya 28 maya 1918 goda nezavisimyh respublik Armeniya i Azerbajdzhan Karabah stal arenoj borby mezhdu nimi v hode armyano azerbajdzhanskoj vojny 1918 1920 godov Armyanskuyu storonu v konflikte predstavlyalo Narodnoe Pravitelstvo Karabaha pozzhe izvestnoe kak Armyanskij Nacionalnyj Sovet Karabaha V konce sentyabrya turecko azerbajdzhanskie vojska ustanovili chastichnyj kontrol nad Karabahom V yanvare 1919 britanskoe komandovanie na Kavkaze obyavilo chto Karabah i Zangezur priznaetsya pod vremennym azerbajdzhanskim komandovaniem do resheniya Parizhskoj Mirnoj Konferencii Eto reshenie vyzvalo nedovolstvo armyan no Armyanskomu Nacionalnomu Sovetu Karabaha prishlos pokoritsya etim usloviyam posle provalnyh boevyh dejstvij letom 1919 74 Po armyano azerbajdzhanskomu dogovoru 22 avgusta 1919 Karabahu predostavlyalas territorialnaya avtonomiya a mestnym armyanam kulturnaya avtonomiya 74 V nachale 1920 na Parizhskoj Mirnoj Konferencii Karabah byl priznan za Azerbajdzhanom 75 76 77 Posle sovetizacii Armenii i Azerbajdzhana resheniem Kavbyuro CK RKP b ot 4 iyulya 1921 g bylo resheno peredat Nagornyj Karabah Armenii no okonchatelnoe reshenie ostavit za CK RKP b odnako novym resheniem ot 5 iyulya on byl ostavlen v sostave Azerbajdzhana s predostavleniem shirokoj oblastnoj avtonomii 78 V 1923 godu iz armyanonaselennoj chasti Nagornogo Karabaha odnako bez Shaumyanskogo i chasti Hanlarskogo rajonov takzhe armyanonaselyonnyh v sostave Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR byla obrazovana Avtonomnaya oblast Nagornogo Karabaha AONK V 1937 godu AONK byla preobrazovana v Nagorno Karabahskuyu avtonomnuyu oblast NKAO NaselenieOsnovnaya statya Naselenie Nagorno Karabahskoj Respubliki XIX vek Po dannym perepisej pervoj poloviny XIX veka okolo treti naseleniya vsej territorii vsego Karabaha vmeste s ravninnoj ego chastyu do ustya reki Kura sostavlyali armyane i okolo dvuh tretej azerbajdzhancy 79 80 Kak otmechaet amerikanskij istorik Dzhordzh Burnutyan perepisi teh let pokazyvayut chto armyanskoe naselenie bylo v osnovnom sosredotocheno v 8 iz 21 magalov rajonov Karabaha iz kotoryh 5 sostavlyayut sovremennuyu territoriyu Nagornogo Karabaha a 3 vhodyat v sovremennuyu territoriyu Zangezura Takim obrazom 35 procentov naseleniya Karabaha armyane prozhivali na 38 procentah territorii vsego kraya sostavlyaya absolyutnoe bolshinstvo v Nagornom Karabahe bolee 90 79 Soglasno k i n Anatoliyu Yamskovu sleduet uchityvat tot fakt chto perepisi naseleniya velis v zimnij period kogda kochevoe azerbajdzhanskoe naselenie nahodilos na ravninah a v letnie mesyacy ono podnimalos na vysokogornye pastbisha menyaya demograficheskuyu situaciyu v gornyh rajonah Odnako Yamskov otmechaet chto tochka zreniya na prava kochevyh narodov schitatsya polnocennym naseleniem sezonno ispolzuemoj imi kochevoj territorii na segodnyashnij moment ne razdelyaetsya bolshinstvom avtorov kak iz postsovetskih stran tak i iz stran dalnego zarubezhya vklyuchaya i proarmyanskie i proazerbajdzhanskie raboty v rossijskom Zakavkaze XIX veka eta territoriya mogla yavlyatsya sobstvennostyu tolko osedlogo naseleniya 80 Kak ukazyvaet A A Mkrtchyan v Karabahe etnicheskaya granica prakticheski sootvetstvovala fiziko geograficheskoj granice Nagornogo i Ravninnogo Karabaha prohodya po zapadnoj okraine Milsko Karabahskoj stepi 81 Pri etom v azerbajdzhanonaselyonnom Ravninnom Karabahe bylo nekotoroe kolichestvo armyanskih a v armyanonaselyonnom Nagornom Karabahe azerbajdzhanskih syol 81 Shusha krupnejshij gorod Karabaha imel azerbajdzhanskij i armyanskij kvartal 82 V letnie mesyacy vvidu migracij azerbajdzhanskih kochevnikov etnicheskaya granica stiralas i v Nagornom Karabahe obrazovyvalas shirokaya polosa so smeshannym naseleniem 83 Naselenie Nagornogo Karabaha v nachale XX veka Etnicheskie gruppy v Armenii i Nagorno Karabahskoj Respublike 1995 utochnit V 1918 godu v Nagornom Karabahe kotoryj sostoyal iz Shushinskogo uezda chastej Elizavetpolskogo Gyulistan Karyaginskogo i Dzhevanshirskogo uezda prozhivalo 165 tysyach armyan 71 4 59 tysyach musulman 25 5 iz kotoryh 20 tysyach zhili v Shushe ili ego okrestnostyah a takzhe 7 tysyach russkih 3 1 dannye drugih istochnikov mogut neznachitelno otlichatsya 84 Nagorno Karabahskaya Avtonomnaya Oblast byla sozdana iz preimushestvenno armyanonaselyonnoj chasti Nagornogo Karabaha 85 Soglasno perepisi 1923 goda v NKAO armyane sostavlyali 94 iz ostavshihsya 6 podavlyayushee chislo byli azerbajdzhancy Sredi drugih menshinstv vydelyalis kurdy izdavna naselyayushie eti zemli i russkie pereselency ili potomki pereselencev XIX XX vekov bylo takzhe nekotoroe kolichestvo grekov takzhe kolonistov XIX vekov 86 87 Etnoyazykovaya dinamika Naselenie NKAO i sootvetstvuyushej territorii do 1923 goda i NKR God Naselenie Armyane Dolya armyan Tatary azerbajdzhancy Komm 2 Russkie1823 88 neavtoritetnyj istochnik 36 475 30 850 84 6 5370 14 7 1833 88 26 100 21 900 83 91875 88 91 300 78 800 84 4 14 500 15 3 1886 89 121 216 103 055 85 02 17 038 2991897 88 90 128 600 106 400 82 7 20 400 15 9 1500 1 17 1914 88 167 100 135 400 81 29 700 17 8 1921 88 131 500 124 200 94 41923 88 127 8001923 157 800 istochnik ne ukazan 192 dnya 149 600 94 7700 6 1925 91 157 807 142 470 90 3 15 261 9 7 461926 125 159 111 694 89 24 12 592 10 1 596 0 5 1939 NKAO 150 837 132 800 88 04 14 053 9 3 3174 2 1 Stepanakert 10 459 9079 86 8 672 6 4 563 5 4 Gadrutskij rajon 27 128 25 975 95 7 727 2 7 349 1 3 Mardakertskij rajon 40 812 36 453 89 3 2833 6 9 1244 3 0 Martuninskij rajon 32 298 30 235 93 6 1501 4 6 457 1 4 Stepanakertskij rajon 29 321 26 881 91 7 2014 6 9 305 1 0 Shushinskij rajon 10 818 4177 38 6 6306 58 3 256 2 4 1959 130 406 110 053 84 4 17 995 13 8 1790 1 6 1970 150 313 121 068 80 5 27 179 18 1 1310 0 9 1979 162 181 123 076 75 9 37 264 23 0 1265 0 8 1989 189 085 145 450 76 92 40 688 21 5 1922 1 0 2005 92 137 737 137 380 99 74 6 0 004 171 0 12 2015 93 145 053 144 683 99 74 n d 238 0 16 Za gody sovetskoj vlasti procent azerbajdzhanskogo naseleniya NKAO vozros do 21 5 a armyanskogo naseleniya snizilsya do 76 9 Armyanskie avtory obyasnyayut eto celenapravlennoj politikoj vlastej Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR po izmeneniyu demograficheskoj situacii v regione v polzu azerbajdzhancev Pohozhie etnicheskie sdvigi v storonu titulnoj nacionalnosti nablyudalis takzhe v avtonomnyh respublikah Gruzinskoj SSR Abhazii Yuzhnoj Osetii i Adzharii 94 Gejdar Aliev tretij prezident Azerbajdzhana 1993 2003 kotoryj v 1969 1982 godah zanimal dolzhnost pervogo sekretarya CK KP Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR 22 iyulya 2002 goda prinimaya v Prezidentskom dvorce uchreditelej Bakinskogo press kluba po sluchayu Dnya nacionalnoj pechati kommentiruya dannuyu temu zayavil ya govoryu o periode kogda byl pervym sekretaryom ya mnogo pomogal v to vremya razvitiyu Nagornogo Karabaha V to zhe vremya staralsya izmenit tam demografiyu Nagornyj Karabah podnimal vopros ob otkrytii tam vuza U nas vse vozrazhali Ya podumal i reshil otkryt No s tem usloviem chtoby bylo tri sektora azerbajdzhanskij russkij i armyanskij Otkryli Azerbajdzhancev iz prilegayushih rajonov my napravlyali ne v Baku a tuda Otkryli tam bolshuyu obuvnuyu fabriku V samom Stepanakerte ne bylo rabochej sily Napravlyali tuda azerbajdzhancev iz okruzhayushih oblast mest Etimi i drugimi merami ya staralsya chtoby v Nagornom Karabahe bylo bolshe azerbajdzhancev a chislo armyan sokratilos 95 96 Po mneniyu Anatoliya Yamskova podobnoe izmenenie sootnosheniya azerbajdzhanskogo i armyanskogo naseleniya obyasnyalos bolee vysokim estestvennym prirostom sredi azerbajdzhancev migraciej azerbajdzhancev iz drugih regionov Az SSR v NKAO i znachitelnym ottokom selskih armyan v goroda Zakavkazya i drugih chastej SSSR 97 Dolya russkogo naseleniya v Nagornom Karabahe kak sleduet iz tablicy stremitelno uvelichivalas v dovoennye gody i dostignuv maksimuma v 1939 godu nachala stol zhe stremitelno sokrashatsya chto korreliruet s processami proishodivshimi vo vsem Azerbajdzhane V 1939 godu naibolee velika dolya russkih byla v Stepanakerte 5 4 Iz pyati rajonov NKAO azerbajdzhancy sostavlyali bolshinstvo v samom malenkom po ploshadi Shushinskom rajone gde v 1989 godu soglasno poslednej sovetskoj perepisi prozhivalo 23156 chelovek iz kotoryh 21 234 91 7 byli azerbajdzhancami i 1620 7 armyanami V samom gorode Shusha prozhivalo 17000 iz kotoryh 98 byli azerbajdzhancami 98 Po dannym perepisi 1939 goda naselenie Shushinskogo rajona sostavlyalo 10818 chelovek iz kotoryh azerbajdzhancev bylo 6306 58 3 i armyan 4177 38 6 Prichyom bolshaya chast azerbajdzhancev zhila v Shushe naselenie kotoroj bylo 5424 cheloveka v selskoj chasti rajona armyane sostavlyali bolshinstvo Pri etom k nachalu XX veka bolshinstvo naseleniya v gorode Shusha i v Shushinskom uezde sostavlyali armyane Tak v 1886 godu armyane sostavlyali 81 7 72785 chelovek naseleniya toj chasti Shushinskogo uezda kotoraya pozzhe vojdyot v sostav NKAO i 56 7 15188 chelovek naseleniya goroda Shusha azerbajdzhancy 17 i 43 3 sootvetstvenno 99 Po dannym ESBE 1904 god armyane sostavlyali 58 2 81911 chelovek naseleniya uezda i 56 5 14496 chelovek naseleniya goroda azerbajdzhancy 41 5 i 43 2 sootvetstvenno 100 Podavlyayushee bolshinstvo armyan Shushi byli ubity ili pokinuli gorod v rezultate Shushinskoj rezni v konce marta 1920 goda 101 sm Etnicheskie chistki i pogromy v hode Armyano azerbajdzhanskoj vojny 1918 1920 V ostalnyh chetyryoh rajonah i gorode Stepanakert azerbajdzhancy yavlyalis menshinstvom odnako i v nih imelis naselyonnye punkty s preimushestvenno azerbajdzhanskim naseleniem Azerbajdzhanskimi naselyonnymi punktami v etih chetyryoh rajonah yavlyalis syola Umudlu Hodzhaly i drugie Sm takzheNagorno Karabahskaya Respublika Ravninnyj Karabah Arcah Miacum Lachinskij koridor Karabahskij konflikt Hronologiya istorii Nagornogo KarabahaKommentarii Toponim Agvank byl rasprostranyon na vostochnyh territoriyah istoricheskoj Armenii v chastnosti na territorii drevnej oblasti Arcah odnako nazvanie Agvank Albaniya Arran v armyanonaselyonnom Nagornom Karabahe yavlyalos lish toponimom bez kakogo libo etnicheskogo ukazaniya 58 Soglasno nyneshnej terminologii azerbajdzhancy V istochnikah ot 1823 1833 1875 1886 godov ukazany kak tatary Soglasno terminologii togo vremeni i Pervoj Vseobshej perepisi naseleniya Rossijskoj imperii 1897 goda tatary yazyk ukazan kak tatarskij V perepisi naseleniya SSSR 1926 goda ukazany kak tyurki Primechaniya Encyclopedia Britannica Statya Armenian Highland Originalnyj tekst angl mountainous region of Transcaucasia It lies mainly in Turkey occupies all of Armenia and includes southern Georgia western Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran Bolshaya sovetskaya enciklopediya Statya Armyanskoe nagore Originalnyj tekst rus Raspolozheno glavnym obrazom v Turcii chastichno v SSSR i v Irane Chast A n nahodyashayasya v SSSR t n Zakavkazskoe nagore zanimaet vsyu territoriyu Armyanskoj SSR yuzhnuyu chast Gruzinskoj SSR i zapadnuyu chast Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR Krupnejshie nevulkanicheskie hrebty A n v sovetskoj chasti Zangezurskij v zarubezhnoj chasti Palandyoken Bingyol Aladag Kotur Karadag Mashudag Karabahskij Gegamskij Bozkush Lev Semyonovich Berg Natural regions of the U S S R stranica 232 izdanie 1950 Originalnyj tekst angl The Armenian Plateau lies between the Trialetsk range on the north the Agri Dagh more exactly Lake Van in Turkey on the south the Arsiansk on the west and the Karabakh on the east The Trialetsk range stretches from west to east from Borzhom to Tiflis it forms the eastern continuation of the Adzhar Akhaltsykh range On the watershed of the Black and the Caspian seas lies the Arsiansk range elevation 3121 m The Armenian Plateau has an average elevation of 1500 m but its eastern part the Karabakh Plateau is much higher 2500 m and more BAḠ i Etymology statya iz Encyclopaedia Iranica W Eilers Hewsen R H The Eastern Armenian kingdoms and principalities 822 1261 Armenia A Historical Atlas University of Chicago Press 2001 P 120 It is just possible that Ulubabyan may be correct that the term Karabagh Arm Larabal is not to be understood as Turkish kara bag black garden but as Turko Armenian Lara Balk Greater Balk Akademik V V Bartold Sochineniya Otvetstvennyj redaktor toma A M Belenickij M Nauka 1965 T III S 335 712 s Vladimir Minorsky Tadhkirt Al muluk 1943 S 174 Kartlis Choreba s 366 IA Lenta ru Prezident Nagornogo Karabaha pereizbran na novyj srok 12 avgusta 2002 Gazeta RBK Novye pravila igry nedostupnaya ssylka 26 fevr 2008 g Originalnyj tekst rus V otlichie ot Kosova Nagornyj Karabah uzhe 17 let sushestvuet kak de fakto nezavisimoe demokraticheskoe gosudarstvo IA Regnum Prezident Nagornogo Karabaha podpisal ryad zakonov 3 Marta 2009 Robert H Hewsen Ethno History and the Armenian Influence upon the Caucasian Albanians in Thomas J Samuelian ed Classical Armenian Culture Influences and Creativity Pennsylvania Scholars Press 1982Originalnyj tekst angl What do we know of the native population of these regions Arc ax and Utik prior to the Armenian conquest Unfortunately not very much Greek Roman and Armenian authors together provide us with the names of several peoples living there however Utians in Otene Mycians Caspians Gargarians Sakasenians Gelians Sodians Lupenians Balas ak anians Parsians and Parrasians and these names are sufficient to tell us that whatever their origin they were certainly not Armenian Moreover although certain Iranian peoples must have settled here during the long period of Persian and Median rule most of the natives were not even Indo Europeans Enciklopediya Iranika Statya Armenia and Iran I Armina Achaemenid province Originalnyj tekst angl Bordering on Media Cappadocia and Assyria the Armenians settled according to classical sources beginning with Herodotus and Xenophon in the east Anatolian mountains along the Araxes Aras river and around Mt Ararat Lake Van Lake Rezaiyeh and the upper courses of the Euphrates and Tigris they extended as far north as the Cyrus Kur river To that region they seem to have immigrated only about the 7th century B C 1 2 Robert H Hewsen Armenia A Historical Atlas Chicago IL University of Chicago Press 2001 str 32Originalnyj tekst angl Strabo s description of the expansion of Zariadris and Artaxias makes it clear just what lands the Orontids had originally controlled apparently much of Greater Armenia from the Euphrates to the basin of Lake Sevan and possibly beyond to the juncture of the Kur and Arax Rivers as Harut yunyan believes and as depicted here str 33 karta 19 territoriya Nagornogo Karabaha pokazana v sostave Armyanskogo carstva Ervandidov IV II vv do n e Jean Pierre Mahe L editio princeps des palimpsestes albaniens du Sinai in Comptes rendus des seances de l Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres Vol 153 3 str 1074 Originalnyj tekst fr En 485 le roi Vacagan III le Pieux allie augouvemeur d Armenie Vahan Mamikonean regne sur un territoire ajoutant a l Albanetie d Arsualen au nord de la Kura les provinces meridionales d Utik et d Arc ax fig 3 fortement armenisees depuis le IVe siecle avant notre ere La liturgie chretienne etant alors celebree en armenien l ancien alphabet albanien tombe en desuetude et disparait tout a fait apres la creation de la province arabe d Arminiya au debut du VHP siecle Kembridzhskaya istoriya Irana tom 3 kniga 1 Str 510 Originalnyj tekst angl During the Seleucid period Armenia became divided into several virtually independent kingdoms and principalities The classification adopted at this epoch persisted with certain changes well into the Byzantine era The most important region of course was Greater Armenia situated east of the upper Euphrates and including vast areas all round Lake Van along the Araxes valley and northwards to take in Lake Sevan the Karabagh and even the southern marches of Georgia 1 2 Susan M Sherwin White Amalie Kuhrt From Samarkhand to Sardis A New Approach to the Seleucid Empire S 16 Originalnyj tekst angl There are many problems over the boundaries of Seleucid Armenia which have not be studied but could be illuminated by the accounts of the expansion of the Armenian Kingdom beyond the limits of Armenia after Antiochus III s defeat by the Romans in 189 Rougly the frontiers on the south and south west are the Seleucid satrapies of Seleucid Cappadocia Mesopotamia and Syria and of Commagene in the north Iberia in the Lower Caucasus north of the river Araxes and Lake Sevan and western Media Atropatene roughly equivalent to modern Azerbaijan in the north west separating Armenia from the Black Sea were independent tribes George A Bournoutian A Concise History of the Armenian People from Ancient Times to the Present S 33Originalnyj tekst angl After the death of Alexander the Armenians maintained this stance towards the governors imposed by the Seleucids The Yervandunis gained control of the Arax Valley reached Lake Sevan and constructed a new capital at Yervandashat Elisabeth Bauer Manndorff Armenia Past and Present S 54Originalnyj tekst angl Armenia Major under the rule of the Ervantids consisted of the central area east of the upper Euphrates around Lake Van and the Araxes as far as Lake Sevan Robert H Hewsen Ethno History and the Armenian Influence upon the Caucasian Albanians in Thomas J Samuelian ed Classical Armenian Culture Influences and Creativity Pennsylvania Scholars Press 1982 Originalnyj tekst angl From Strabo we learn that under King Artashes 188 ca 161 B C the Armenians expanded in all directions at the expense of their neighbors Specifically we are told that at this time they acquired Caspiane and Phaunitis the second of which can only be a copyist s error for Saunitis i e the principality of Siwnik Thus it was only under Artashes in the second century B C that the Armenians conquered Siwnik and Caspiane and obviously the lands of Arc ax and Utik which lay between them These lands we are told were taken from the Medes Mnac akanyan s notion that these lands were already Armenian and were re conquered by the Armenians at this time thus rests on no evidence at all and indeed contradicts what little we do know of Armenian expansion to the east K V Trever Ocherki po istorii i kulture Kavkazskoj Albanii IV v do n e VII v n e M L 1959 Originalnyj tekst rus Vo II v do n e armyanskij car Artashes I 189 160 gg prisoedinil k Armenii ryad sosednih oblastej v tom chisle i pravoberezhe Kury gde obitali shaki utii i gargary albany buduchi razdrobleny eti plemena ne mogli vosprepyatstvovat zahvatu ih zemel S toj pory pogranichnoj rekoj mezhdu Albaniej i Armeniej antichnye avtory nazyvayut Kuru Strabon nazyvaet i Kaspianu v chisle ottorgnutyh Artashesom ot Midii oblastej hotya v drugoj glave toj zhe knigi govorit o Kaspiane kak ob oblasti vhodivshej v sostav Albanii v sostav Albanskoj zemli vhodit takzhe Kaspiana Obyasnyaetsya eta raznorechivost po vidimomu tem chto Strabon opisyval Albaniyu po dannym Patrokla to est po sostoyaniyu eyo do zavoevatelnyh vojn Artashesa A P Novoselcev K voprosu o politicheskoj granice Armenii i Kavkazskoj Albanii v antichnyj period Kavkaz i Vizantiya Sb Er Nauka 1979 I S 10 18 S T Eremyan Ekonomika i socialnyj stroj Albanii III VII vv Ocherki istorii SSSR III IX vv M Izd vo AN SSSR 1958 S 303 310 V F Minorskij Istoriya Shirvana i Derbenda M Izdatelstvo vostochnoj literatury 1963 s 28 Citata Originalnyj tekst rus Nado otlichat territorii zanyatye plemenami albanskogo proishozhdeniya i territorii fakticheski podchinivshiesya albanskim caryam Armyane znachitelno urezali albanskie territorii na yug ot Kury i armenizirovali ih Tolko posle razdela Armenii mezhdu Vizantiej i Persiej v 387 g rajony Uti i Arcaha na yug ot Kury snova popali v ruki albanskogo pravitelya Ocherki istorii SSSR Pervobytno obshinnyj stroj i drevnejshie gosudarstva na territorii SSSR M AN SSSR 1956 str 615 A P Novoselcev K voprosu o politicheskoj granice Armenii i Kavkazskoj Albanii v antichnyj period Kavkaz i Vizantiya Sb Er Nauka 1979 I S V Yushkov K voprosu o granicah drevnej Albanii Istoricheskie zapiski Sb M 1937 I S 129 148 Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft Erster Band Stuttgart 1894 p 1303 Yanovskij A O drevnej Kavkazskoj Albanii Zhurnal ministr narodnogo prosvesheniya 1846 52 S 97 Marquart J Eranlahr nach der Geogrphle des Ps Moses Xorenac i In Abhandlungen der koniglichen Geselsch der Wissenschaften zu Gottingen Philologisch hisiorische Klasse Neue Folge B ffl No 2 Berlin 1901 S 358 B A Dorn Kaspij O pohodah drevnih russkih v Tabaristan Zapiski Akademii Nauk 1875 t XXVI prilozhenie 1 str 187 Karabah Enciklopedicheskij slovar Brokgauza i Efrona v 86 t 82 t i 4 dop SPb 1890 1907 Klavdij Ptolemej Geografiya 5 12 Plinij Starshij kn VI 28 29 39 Dion Kassij II III vv Rimskaya Istoriya kn XXXVI gl 54 1 kn XXXVI gl 54 4 5 kn XXXVII gl 2 3 4 kn XXXVI gl 53 5 54 1 Appian I II vv Rimskaya Istoriya Mitridatovy vojny 103 Plutarh I II vv Sravnitelnye zhizneopisaniya Pompej gl 34 35 Movses Horenaci kn II gl 8 65 Armyanskaya Geografiya VII veka po R H pripisyvavshayasya prezhde Moiseyu Horenskomu SPb 1877 Favst Buzand Istoriya Armenii kn III gl 7 kn V gl 13 Agatangelos Zhitie i istoriya svyatogo Grigora 28 Spasitelnoe obrashenie strany nashej Armenii cherez svyatogo muzha muchenika 795 CXII Yustin XLII 2 9 Plinij VI 37 27 Stefan Vizantijskij s v O t h n h W b a r h o i Vsemirnaya istoriya Enciklopediya Tom 3 gl VIII Originalnyj tekst rus Vnutrennij stroj stran Zakavkazya ostavalsya bez izmeneniya do serediny V v nesmotrya na to chto v rezultate dogovora 387 g Armeniya okazalas razdelyonnoj mezhdu Iranom i Rimom Lazika byla priznana sferoj vliyaniya Rima a Kartli i Albaniya dolzhny byli podchinitsya Iranu Istoriya drevnego mira M 1989 t 3 str 286 Ananiya Shirakaci Armyanskaya Geografiya Vsemirnaya Istoriya M t 2 str 769 i karta vkladysh Zakavkaze v I IV vv n e A P Novoselcev K voprosu o politicheskoj granice Armenii i Kavkazskoj Albanii v antichnyj period Kavkaz i Vizantiya Sb Er Nauka 1979 I Hewsen Robert H Ethno History and the Armenian Influence upon the Caucasian Albanians in Samuelian Thomas J Hg Classical Armenian Culture Influences and Creativity Chico 1982 p 34 Originalnyj tekst angl That the so called Christian or New Albanian culture which flourished after the transfer of the capital from Kabala north of the Kur to Partav south of the river in the fifth century A D was essentially Armenian is also beyond question and here the arguments of Manc akanyan are the strongest V Minorsky Studies in Caucasian History CUP Archive 1953 S 115 Originalnyj tekst angl Ahar is still the center of the district of Qaraja dagh older Maymad the hilly and wild tract to which on the opposite northern bank of the Araxes correspond the highlands of Qara bagh ancient Armenian provinces Artsax and Siunik Trever K V Ocherki po istorii i kulture Kavkazskoj Albanii IV v do n e VII v n e istochniki i literatura M L 1959 S 294 295 Originalnyj tekst rus Vremenem rascveta albanskoj pismennosti prinyato schitat V VII veka kogda po slovam A G Shanidze albany vo vseh oblastyah politicheskoj i kulturnoj zhizni Kavkaza prinimali deyatelnoe uchastie naravne s gruzinami i armyanami Po vsej vidimosti v Albanii parallelno s albanskim kak yazyk pismennosti ispolzovalsya eshyo i armyanskij na kotorom k tomu vremeni govorilo naselenie oblastej Arcaha i Utika vhodivshih do 387 goda v sostav Bolshoj Armenii Trever K V Ocherki po istorii i kulture Kavkazskoj Albanii IV v do n e VII v n e istochniki i literatura M L 1959 Originalnyj tekst rus Vysokij uroven albanskoj kultury v eto vremya obyasnyaetsya ne tolko ekonomicheskim podyomom no i tem chto Albaniya v VII veke nahodilas v ozhivlyonnyh kulturnyh snosheniyah s sosednimi stranami glavnym obrazom s Armeniej osobenno s armyanskoj oblastyu Syunik Dzhyvansher byl zhenat na docheri syunijskogo knyazya knyazhne Hosrovanujsh V Syunike v eto vremya kak soobshaet Stefan Syunijskij procvetala i slavilas shkola vo glave kotoroj stoyal poet i filosof Matusala Mafusail Prepodavateli etoj shkoly naznachalis glavami armyanskih shkol i vardapetov i to zhe samoe veroyatno imelo mesto i v otnoshenii shkol Albanii Lyubopytno chto tot zhe Stefan Syunijskij sohranil svedeniya o sushestvovanii arcahskogo to est karabahskogo dialekta armyanskogo yazyka N Adonc Dionisij Frakijskij i armyanskie tolkovateli Pg 1915 S 181 219 Per armyanin Sahl syn Smbata Sm Abu l Hasan Ali ibn al Husajn ibn Ali al Masudi Zolotye kopi i rossypi samocvetov Istoriya Abbasidskoj dinastii 749 947 gg M 2002 S 262 sr takzhe prim 52 Kagankatvaci kn III gl XXIII Albaniya Kavkazskaya Pravoslavnaya enciklopediya M 2000 T 1 S 455 464 Originalnyj tekst rus Praviteli raspolozhennogo v Pravoberezhe Kury Hachenskogo knyazhestva priderzhivavshiesya monofizitstva i v H ser XI v takzhe nosivshie titul carej Aluanka nahodilis v vassalnoj zavisimosti ot arm carstva Anijskih Bagratidov Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Pod red Alaeva L B M Akademkniga 2003 S 198 Originalnyj tekst rus Zatem ego synovya podelili etu territoriyu mezhdu soboj no vse oni uzhe ne imeli toj samostoyatelnosti i prevratilis v X veke v vassalov armyanskih Bagratidov Azerbaijan neopr Encyclopedia Britannica 1 2 Petrushevskij I P Ocherki po istorii feodalnyh otnoshenij v Azerbajdzhane i Armenii v XVI nachale XIX vv L 1949 S 28 Originalnyj tekst rus Hasan Dzhalalyan proishodil iz znatnoj armyanskoj familii nasledstvennyh melikov okruga Hachen v nagornoj chasti Karabaga naselyonnoj armyanami predok etoj familii Hasan Dzhalal byl knyazem hachena v period mongolskogo zavoevaniya v XIII veke pri kyzylbashskom vladychestve Hasan Dzhalalyany sohranili svoyo polozhenie melikov hachenskih Bayarsaikhan Dashdondog The Mongols and the Armenians 1220 1335 BRILL 2010 S 34 Originalnyj tekst angl The subjects of Iwane s family were the Orbelians Khaghbakians Dopians HasanJalalians and others see Map 4 18 The representatives of these major Armenian families entered into direct contact with the Mongols in order to retain their conquered lands the discussion of which follows in nest chapters 1 2 Lev Gumilyov Istoriya Vostoka Vostok v srednie veka s XIII v h e M Vostochnaya literatura 2002 t T 2 Originalnyj tekst rus Dlya armyanskoj kultury etoj pory harakterno peremeshenie eyo centra na severo vostok v oblasti istoricheskoj Albanii gde sushestvoval prezhde vsego v gornyh rajonah i v gorodah massiv armyanskogo naseleniya Albaniya Kavkazskaya Pravoslavnaya enciklopediya M 2000 T 1 S 455 464 Originalnyj tekst rus v kon XII XIII v osvobozhdenie ot seldzhukskogo iga privelo k rascvetu arm kultury v knyazhestve Hachen o hrist kulture i pamyatnikah Arcaha i Utika s XII v sm v st Armeniya A L Yakobson Iz istorii armyanskogo srednevekovogo zodchestva Gandzasarskij monastyr str 447 Originalnyj tekst rus korennoe naselenie Hachena v drevnosti kak i v epohu stroitelstva hrama a takzhe pozdnee po soobsheniyu sovremennikov bylo imenno armyanskim Knyazhestvo Hachen nahodilos na territorii Arrana no termin etot yavlyaetsya lish toponimom i ukazanie na etnos otnyud ne soderzhit 1 2 A Novoselcev V Pashuto L Cherepnin Puti razvitiya feodalizma M Nauka 1972 S 47 Originalnyj tekst rus V rezultate rezkoj i dostatochno fanatichnoj politiki seldzhukskih vladyk v politicheskih celyah prinyavshih islam i stavshih ego ocherednym oplotom armyanskoe naselenie vynuzhdeno bylo pokidat rodnuyu zemlyu i emigrirovat na sever v predely Gruzii i osobenno v Kilikiyu Srazhenie pri Mancikerte Manazkerte privelo k okonchatelnoj potere Armenii Vizantiej Teper centrami armyanskoj politicheskoj i kulturnoj zhizni stali Kilikiya i Albaniya Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Recenzent L B Alaev M Akademkniga 2003 S 236 592 s 2000 ekz ISBN 5 94628 118 6 Armenia statya iz enciklopedii Britannika Originalnyj tekst angl A few native Armenian rulers survived for a time in the Kiurikian kingdom of Lori the Siuniqian kingdom of Baghq or Kapan and the principates of Khachen Artzakh and Sasun Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Pod red Alaeva L B M Akademkniga 2003 S 199 Originalnyj tekst rus V 1386 1405 gg Zakavkaze podverglos razrushitelnym nabegam polchish Timura posle chego Severnyj Iran i Armeniya popali v ruki turkmenskih dinastij Kara koyunlu v pervoj polovine XV v i Ak koyunlu vo vtoroj polovine XV v Mezhdu tem dinastiya Hasan Dzhalala ne preseklas i eyo predstaviteli sohranyali titul melikov v ryade melkih knyazhestv Nagornogo Karabaha v XVI XVIII vv V chastnosti pod ih egidoj nahodilas armyanskaya svyatynya Gandzasarskij monastyr i eto pridavalo im osobyj ves Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Recenzent L B Alaev M Akademkniga 2003 592 s 2000 ekz ISBN 5 94628 118 6 Originalnyj tekst rus Hachen srednevekovoe armyanskoe feodalnoe knyazhestvo na territorii sovremennogo Karabaha sygravshee znachitelnuyu rol v politicheskoj istorii Armenii i vsego regiona v X XVI vv 1 2 3 Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Recenzent L B Alaev M Akademkniga 2003 S 199 592 s 2000 ekz ISBN 5 94628 118 6 Originalnyj tekst rus Pri persidskoj dinastii Sefevidov Karabah yavlyalsya odnoj iz provincij beglarbekstvo gde nizmennosti i predgorya vhodili v musulmanskie hanstva a gory ostavalis v rukah armyanskih pravitelej Sistema melikstv okonchatelno slozhilas v Nagornom Karabahe v gody pravleniya shaha Abbasa I 1587 1629 v Persii Togda persidskie vlasti s odnoj storony pobuzhdali armyanskih melikov k aktivnym dejstviyam protiv Osmanskoj imperii a s drugoj pytalis oslabit ih otdeliv ih ot osnovnyh armyanskih territorij putyom pereseleniya kurdskih plemen v rajon raspolozhennyj mezhdu Arcahom i Syunikom Tem ne menee v XVII XVIII vekah pyat armyanskih melikstv Karabaha sostavlyali silu s kotoroj prihodilos schitatsya ih mogushestvennym sosedyam Imenno eti gornye rajony stali tem centrom gde voznikla ideya armyanskogo vozrozhdeniya i obrazovaniya nezavisimogo armyanskogo gosudarstva Odnako borba za vlast v odnom iz melikstv privela k mezhdousobice v kotoruyu s vygodoj dlya sebya vmeshalos sosednee kochevoe plemya sarydzhaly i v seredine XVIII veka vlast v Karabahe pervyj raz za vsyu ego istoriyu dostalas tyurkskomu hanu Petrushevskij I P Ocherki po istorii feodalnyh otnoshenij v Azerbajdzhane i Armenii v XVI nachale XIX vv L 1949 S 59 Originalnyj tekst rus Naryadu s etim byli i vladetelnye meliki armyane v sleduyushih okrugah v pyati okrugah Nagornogo Karabaga Charaberd Dzhrabert Gyulistan Hachen Varanda i Dizak eti pyat karabagskih armyanskih melikstv obychno izvestny pod obshim imenem Hamsej i Karabag karabagskaya pyaterica 1 2 Armenia statya iz enciklopedii Britannika Originalnyj tekst angl In mountainous Karabakh a group of five Armenian maliks princes succeeded in conserving their autonomy and maintained a short period of independence 1722 30 during the struggle between Persia and Turkey at the beginning of the 18th century despite the heroic resistance of the Armenian leader David Beg the Turks occupied the region but were driven out by the Persians under the general Nadr Qoli Beg from 1736 47 Nadir Shah in 1735 1 2 Materialy dlya novoj istorii Kavkaza s 1722 po 1803 god Arhivirovano 19 oktyabrya 2013 goda P G Butkova SPb 1869 Hewsen Robert H The Kingdom of Arc ax in Medieval Armenian Culture University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies Thomas J Samuelian and Michael E Stone eds Chico California Scholars Press 1984 pp 52 53 Jayanta Kumar Ray Project of History of Indian Science Philosophy and Culture Centre for Studies in Civilizations Delhi India Aspects of India s International relations 1700 to 2000 South Asia and the World p 63 Originalnyj tekst angl The real trend towards Armenians settling down in the subcontinent began only in the eighteenth century In the Persian occupied mountainous region of Karabakh a group of five Armenian maliks princes succeeded in conserving their autonomy and enjoyed even a brief period of independence during the struggle between Perisa and Turkey at the beginning of the eighteenth century 1 2 James Stuart Olson An Ethnohistorical dictionary of the Russian and Soviet empires Greenwood Publishing Group 1994 S 44 Originalnyj tekst angl The acceptance of Islam by the Mongols around 1300 the resurgence of the Turks under the Ottomans and the European abandonment of the Levant sounded the death knell of the last Armenian kingdom which fell to the Mamluks or Mamelukes in 1375 Only pockets such as Karabagh Karabakh and Zangezour in eastern Armenia and Sasun and Zeitun in western Armenia remained autonomous Yakobson A L Iz istorii armyanskogo srednevekovogo zodchestva Gandzasarskij monastyr XIII v K osvesheniyu problem istorii i kultury Kavkazskoj Albanii i vostochnyh provincij Armenii Izdatelstvo Erevanskogo gos universiteta 1991 S 447 Armyanskaya Sovetskaya Socialisticheskaya Respublika Bolshaya sovetskaya enciklopediya v 30 t gl red A M Prohorov 3 e izd M Sovetskaya enciklopediya 1969 1978 Originalnyj tekst rus V 1639 posle mira zaklyuchyonnogo mezhdu Turciej i Iranom A byla okonchatelno razdelena Zapadnaya A sostavlyayushaya bolshuyu chast strany otoshla k Turcii Vostochnaya A k Iranu Poslednimi ostatkami armyanskoj gosudarstvennosti yavlyalis 5 melikstv Nagornogo Karabaha prosushestvovavshih do konca 18 v Bolshaya Rossijskaya Enciklopediya statya Armeniya Originalnyj tekst rus V 1578 osmanskie vojska zahvatili b ch Zakavkazya a po dogovoru 1590 shah Abbas I priznal za Osmanskoj imperiej prava na vsyo Zakavkaze Odnako v 1603 vospolzovavshis besporyadkami v Turcii shah vernul Tebriz a v 1604 vzyal Erevan no zatem vynuzhden byl otstupit Pri otstuplenii po prikazu Abbasa I mn goroda i syola A byli razrusheny a sv 300 tys eyo zhitelej preim remeslennikov i molodyh zhenshin nasilstvenno vyseleny v Iran Zabroshennye arm derevni zaselyali kochevye plemena Posle vtorogo razdela A 1639 Zap A otoshla k Osmanskoj imperii a Vost A k Persii Poslednimi ostatkami arm gosudarstvennosti s 16 v yavlyalis 5 otnositelno nezavisimyh knyazhestv Karabaha v sostave Persii vo glave kotoryh stoyali meliki knyazya iz razl vetvej roda Aranshahikov Cyril Toumanoff Armenia and Georgia The Cambridge Medieval History Cambridge 1966 T IV The Byzantine Empire part I chapter XIV S 593 637 Originalnyj tekst angl The title of King of Armenia was inherited by the Lusgnans of Cyprus and from them by the House of Savoy Only in Old Armenia could some vestiges of the once imposing structure of the Armenian polity be found in the houses of dynasts meliks in Qarabagh Encyclopaedia of Islam Leiden BRILL 1986 T 1 S 639 640 Originalnyj tekst angl The wars between the Ottomans and the Safawids were still to be fought on Armenian soil and part of the Armenians of Adharbaydjan were later deported as a military security measure to Isfahan and elsewhere Semi autonomous seigniories survived with varying fortunes in the mountains of Karabagh to the north of Adharbaydjan but came to an end in the 18th century Armyano russkie otnosheniya v XVIII veke Er 1990 T IV S 505 AVPR f SRA op 100 3 1797 1799 gg d 464 ll 191 192 Kopiya Armenia and Iran statya iz Encyclopaedia Iranica G Bournoutian Originalnyj tekst angl Having only recently shaken off the yoke of the qezelbas the Armenian people reengaged in a struggle for liberation this time against Ottoman occupation troops The armed Armenian forces waged heroic battles on the outskirts of Erevan in Qarabaḡ in the mountainous regions of Siwnikʿ and elsewhere Franco Cardini Europa und der Islam 2001 p 179 Originalnyj tekst angl The Russians had already tested the Caucasus area in 1722 3 with an expedition designed to inflame the hearts of the Armenians in the mountainous regions of Karabagh and Siwnik Richard G Hovannisian The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times Palgrave Macmillan 2004 T II S 88 Originalnyj tekst angl In order to assume control of Eastern Armenia and Georgia as well as to safeguard these strategic neighboring provinces from Russia the Turks violated the 1639 agreement and entered Transcaucasia in 1723 The Georgians sent urgent messages to Peter but Russia fearing to antagonize the Ottomans concentrated its effort on the Caspian coast Russian assurances of support however had encouraged the Armenians to armed resistance and together with the Persians they fiercely defended Erevan and Ganja Although the Turks were successful in capturing those fortresses as well as most of northeastern Persia in 1724 the Armenian region of Karabagh Zangezur fought on The Armenians there were armed and had found a formidable leader in the person of Davit Bek AVPR f 100 1724 g d 2 l 4 i ob Podlinnik Opubl v sb Armyano russkie otnosheniya v pervoj treti XVIII veka Tom II chast II Erevan 1967 dok 309 Raffi Melikstva hamsy Mirza Adegizel bek Karabah name Abbas Kuli Aga Bakihanov Gyulistan i Iram Period V Mirza Dzhamal Dzhevanshir Karabagskij Istoriya Karabaga Petrushevskij I P Ocherki po istorii feodalnyh otnoshenij v Azerbajdzhane i Armenii v XVI nachale XIX vv L 1949 S 71 Originalnyj tekst rus Posle gibeli Nadir shaha i razvala Iranskogo gosudarstva 1747 togdashnij glava plemeni Panah han dzhevanshir syn Ibrahim hana provozglasil sebya nezavisimym hanom Karabaga Vospolzovavshis mezhdousobiyami sredi pyati armyanskih melikov nagornoj chasti Karabaga Panah han podderzhal odnogo iz nih melika Varandy Shah Nazara i s ego pomoshyu podchinil sebe vseh armyanskih melikov i sdelal ih svoimi vassalami Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Recenzent L B Alaev M Akademkniga 2003 S 199 592 s 2000 ekz ISBN 5 94628 118 6 Originalnyj tekst rus Pri persidskoj dinastii Sefevidov Karabah yavlyalsya odnoj iz provincij beglarbekstvo gde nizmennosti i predgorya vhodili v musulmanskie hanstva a gory ostavalis v rukah armyanskih pravitelej Sistema melikstv okonchatelno slozhilas v Nagornom Karabahe v gody pravleniya shaha Abbasa I 1587 1629 v Persii Togda persidskie vlasti s odnoj storony pobuzhdali armyanskih melikov k aktivnym dejstviyam protiv Osmanskoj imperii a s drugoj pytalis oslabit ih otdeliv ih ot osnovnyh armyanskih territorij putyom pereseleniya kurdskih plemen v rajon raspolozhennyj mezhdu Arcahom i Syunikom Tem ne menee v XVII XVIII vekah pyat armyanskih melikstv Karabaha sostavlyali silu s kotoroj prihodilos schitatsya ih mogushestvennym sosedyam Imenno eti gornye rajony stali tem centrom gde voznikla ideya armyanskogo vozrozhdeniya i obrazovaniya nezavisimogo armyanskogo gosudarstva Odnako borba za vlast v odnom iz melikstv privela k mezhdousobice v kotoruyu s vygodoj dlya sebya vmeshalos sosednee kochevoe plemya sarydzhaly i v seredine XVIII veka vlast v Karabahe pervyj raz za vsyu ego istoriyu dostalas tyurkskomu hanu Michael P Croissant The Armenia Azerbaijan conflict causes and implications p 11 Originalnyj tekst angl Importantly disunion amongst the five princes allowed the establishment of a foothold in mountainous Karabakh by a Turkic tribe around 1750 This event marked the first time that Turks were able to penetrate the eastern Armenian highlands Shnirelman V A Vojny pamyati mify identichnost i politika v Zakavkaze Recenzent L B Alaev M Akademkniga 2003 S 200 592 s 2000 ekz ISBN 5 94628 118 6 Originalnyj tekst rus Takim obrazom vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v sostav naseleniya Karabaha rezko izmenilsya Musulmanskie kurdy i tyurkskie plemena kotorye obitali na okrainah Karabaha s XI XII vekov v seredine XVIII veka poluchili dostup k gornym rajonam i vpervye stali zaselyat Shushu V to zhe vremya k koncu XVIII veka Nagornyj Karabah pokinula znachitelnaya chast ego armyanskih obitatelej Akty sobrannye Kavkazskoyu Arheograficheskoyu komissieyu Tom II Tiflis 1868 g str 705 1 2 Artie H Arslanian Middle Eastern Studies Vol 16 Yanvar 1980 str 92 104 Artie H Arslanian MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES Vol 16 January 1980 pp 92 104 Audrey L Alstadt Karabakh and Zangezur The Azerbaijani Turks Power and Identity under Russian Rule Tim Potier Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh Abkhazia and South Ossetia A Legal Appraisal S 2 Charlotte Mathilde Louise Hille State Building and Conflict Resolution in the Caucasus S 167 Postanovlenie Kavbyuro ot 4 iyulya 1921 goda CPA IML f 85 op 18 d 58 l 17 Postanovlenie ot 5 iyulya CPA IML f 85 op 18 d 58 l 18 Nagornyj Karabah v 1918 1923 gg Sbornik dokumentov i materialov Izdatelstvo AN Armenii Erevan 1991 str 649 650 1 2 George A Bournoutian The Politics of Demography Misuse of Sources on the Armenian Population of Mountainous Karabakh angl Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies Society for Armenian Studies 1999 Vol 9 P 99 103 Originalnyj tekst angl An uncited Russian survey of 1832 and my article are used as the main sources for this statement The survey lists the Armenian population of the whole of Karabakh at 34 8 percent slightly over one third and that of the Azeris at 64 8 percent This time Altstadt confuses the reader by identifying the whole of Karabakh with Mountainous Karabakh The Armenian population of Karabakh as will be demonstrated below was concentrated in 8 out of the 21 districts or mahals of Karabakh These 8 districts are located in Mountainous Karabakh and present day Zangezur then part of Karabakh Thus 34 8 percent of the population of Karabakh populated 38 percent of the land In other words the Armenians according to the survey cited by Altstadt formed 91 58 percent of the population of Mountainous Karabakh 1 2 Anatolij Yamskov Tradicionnoe zemlepolzovanie kochevnikov istoricheskogo Karabaha i sovremennyj armyano azerbajdzhanskij etnoterritorialnyj konflikt str 174 Originalnyj tekst rus Vo vtoryh eto problema priznaniya prav kochevogo skotovodcheskogo kak i lyubogo drugogo neosedlogo naseleniya na sezonno ispolzuemye im zemli i na peredachu etih zemelnyh prav potomkam Zdes lish poslednie desyatiletiya XX v oznamenovalis sushestvennymi i pozitivnymi dlya kochevnikov izmeneniyami togda kak ranee podobnye prava na zemlyu kochevogo skotovodcheskogo naseleniya prakticheski ne priznavalis evropejskimi gosudarstvami Itak imenno voprosy politicheskoj istorii territorii i etnicheskoj istorii postoyanno prozhivayushego na dannoj territorii naseleniya obychno ispolzuyutsya v kachestve argumentov dokazyvayushih prava kazhdoj iz storon na zemli Nagornogo Karabaha Dannyj podhod preobladaet ne tolko v sovetskih i postsovetskih nauchnyh issledovaniyah i v publicistike no i v rabotah uchenyh iz dalnego zarubezhya imeyushih samuyu razlichnuyu politicheskuyu orientaciyu sm naprimer raboty dostatochno nejtralnye Heradstveit 1993 r 22 Hunter 1994 r 97 104 105 Loken 1995 r 10 yavno proarmyanskie Chorbajian Donabedian Mutafian 1994 r 6 11 i pochti stol zhe otkryto proazerbajdzhanskie Altstadt 1992 r 7 8 195 196 1 2 Mkrtchyan 1985 s 55 Etnicheskaya granica mezhdu armyanskim i azerbajdzhanskim naseleniem v kakoj to mere sovpala s fiziko geograficheskoj granicej prohodya po zapadnoj okraine Milsko Karabahskoj stepi Gornye i predgornye rajony byli v osnovnom zaseleny armyanami a nizmennye azerbajdzhancami Na eto svoeobrazie v svoe vremya obratili vnimanie uzhe dorevolyucionnye avtory otmechaya chto armyanskie seleniya Sarov i dr vstrechayutsya zdes na nizmennosti A M kak redkie oazisy Takimi zhe redkimi vkrapleniyami v armyanskom etnicheskom massive byli azerbajdzhanskie seleniya v gornoj polose sm razdel ob etnicheskom sostave v state Shusha Mkrtchyan 1985 s 57 58 Azerbajdzhanskoe naselenie osobenno ta ego chast kotoraya vela otgonnoe skotovodcheskoe hozyajstvo v letnij period polzovalos pastbishami ejlagami v predelah rasseleniya armyan Takim obrazom v letnij period chetko vyrazhennaya etnicheskaya granica kak by stiralas i obrazovyvalas shirokaya polosa so smeshannym naseleniem Richard G Hovannisian The Republic of Armenia Volume I 1918 1919 London University of California Press 1971 82 S 547 s ISBN 0 520 01805 2 David Lvovich Zlatopolskij Nacionalnaya gosudarstvennost soyuznyh respublik 1968 S 295 Originalnyj tekst rus Pretvoryaya v zhizn leninskie principy nacionalnoj politiki CIK Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR dekretom ot 7 iyulya 1923 goda obrazoval iz armyanskoj chasti Nagornogo Karabaha avtonomnuyu oblast kak sostavnuyu chast Azerbajdzhanskoj SSR Bradshaw Michael J George W White Contemporary World Regional Geography Global Connections Local Voices angl New York McGraw Hill Education 2004 P 164 ISBN 0 0725 4975 0 Yamskov A N Ethnic Conflict in the Transcausasus The Case of Nagorno Karabakh Theory and Society Vol 20 No 5 Special Issue on Ethnic Conflict in the Soviet Union October 1991 659 Retrieved on February 13 2007 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Demograficheskaya situaciya v Nagorno Karabahskoj respublike neopr cyberleninka ru Data obrasheniya 29 sentyabrya 2020 Naselenie Nagorno Karabahskoj Respubliki neopr www ethno kavkaz narod ru Data obrasheniya 29 sentyabrya 2020 Pervaya Vseobshaya perepis naseleniya Rossijskoj imperii 1897 g pod red i s predisl N A Trojnickogo Sankt Peterburg izdanie Centralnogo statisticheskogo komiteta Ministerstva vnutrennih del 1899 1905 Elisavetpolskaya guberniya 1904 4 XII 184 s Bolshaya sovetskaya enciklopediya I izdanie tom 1 1926 god Statya Azerbajdzhanskaya Sovetskaya Socialisticheskaya Respublika razdel Demografiya Demograficheskaya karta Karabaha naselenie medlenno no stabilno uvelichivaetsya neopr REGNUM 5 noyabrya 2012 Tablica 1 7 Chislennost nalichnogo i postoyannogo naseleniya NKR gorodskoe selskoe po dannym perepisej naseleniya 1959 1970 1979 1989 2005 2015 godov neopr Arsen Melik Shahnazarov Glava 2 Shagrenevaya kozha Zakavkazya Gejdar Aliev Gosudarstvo s oppoziciej luchshe Arhivirovano 24 maya 2012 goda Azerbajdzhanskaya obshestvenno politicheskaya gazeta EHO 138 383 Sr 24 iyulya 2002 Kto na styke interesov SShA Rossiya i novaya realnost na granice s Iranom IA REGNUM 22 aprelya 2006 Anatolij Yamskov Tradicionnoe zemlepolzovanie kochevnikov istoricheskogo Karabaha i sovremennyj armyano azerbajdzhanskij etnoterritorialnyj konflikt s 184 185 Amirbayov Elchin Shusha s Pivotal Role in a Nagorno Karabagh Settlement in Dr Brenda Shaffer ed Policy Brief Number 6 Cambridge MA Caspian Studies Program Harvard University December 2001 Naselenie territorij Elizavetpolskoj gubernii voshedshie pozzhe v sostav NKAO po dannym 1886 goda Shusha Enciklopedicheskij slovar Brokgauza i Efrona v 86 t 82 t i 4 dop SPb 1890 1907 Giovanni Guaita Armenia between the Bolshevik hammer and Kemalist anvil 1700 Years of Faithfulness History of Armenia and its Churches angl Moscow FAM 2001 ISBN 5898310134 Originalnyj tekst angl A month ago after the massacres of Shushi in April 19 1920 prime ministers of England France and Italy with participation of the representatives of Japan and USA collected in San Remo In March 1920 a terrible pogrom took place in Shushi organized by Azerbaijanis with the support of Turkish forces Azerbaijani and Soviet authorities during the decades will deny and try to hush up the mass killings of about 30000 Armenians Literatura i ssylkiKavkazskij kraj Enciklopedicheskij slovar Brokgauza i Efrona v 86 t 82 t i 4 dop SPb 1890 1907 Nagornyj Karabah Slovar sovremennyh geograficheskih nazvanij Rus geogr o vo Mosk centr Pod obsh red akad V M Kotlyakova Institut geografii RAN Ekaterinburg U Faktoriya 2006 Nagornyj Karabah v Sovremennom tolkovom slovare Naselenie Avtonomnoj oblasti Nagornogo Karabaha i prilegayushih rajonov po perepisi naseleniya AzSSR 1921 goda Barbashin M Yu Institucionalnoe izmerenie etnosocialnyh i etnokonfliktnyh processov v Nagornom Karabahe Potto V A Pervye dobrovolcy Karabaga v epohu vodvoreniya russkogo vladychestva Melik Vani i Akop yuzbashi Atabekovy 2 e izd Tf Skoropech M Martirosyanca 1902 77 s ISBN 5 86490 108 3 Dokumenty Persidskie dokumenty Matenadarana I Ukazy Vypusk pervyj XV XVI vv per A D Papazyana Er 1956 Armyano russkie otnosheniya v pervoj treti XVIII veka Er AN ArmSSR 1967 T II Chast II Armyano russkie otnosheniya v XVIII veke Er 1990 T IV Mkrtchyan A A Mezhetnicheskie kontakty v Nagornom Karabahe vtoraya polovina XIX nachalo XX v Mezhetnicheskie kontakty i razvitie nacionalnyh kultur sbornik statej Moskva In t etnografii AN SSSR 1985 S 54 62 Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Nagornyj Karabah amp oldid 112869643, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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