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Lippman Uolter Yazyk Sledit Pravit V Vikipedii est stati o drugih lyudyah s familiej Lippman Uolter Lippman angl Walter Lippmann 23 sentyabrya 1889 1889 09 23 Nyu Jork 14 dekabrya 1974 Nyu Jork amerikanskij pisatel zhurnalist politicheskij obozrevatel avtor originalnoj koncepcii obshestvennogo mneniya Dvukratnyj laureat Pulitcerovskoj premii v 1958 i 1962 godah Uolter LippmanWalter LippmannUolter Lippman 1914 god Data rozhdeniya 23 sentyabrya 1889 1889 09 23 Mesto rozhdeniya Nyu Jork SShAData smerti 14 dekabrya 1974 1974 12 14 85 let Mesto smerti Nyu Jork SShAGrazhdanstvo SShARod deyatelnosti pisatel zhurnalist politicheskij obozrevatelNagrady i premii Pulitcerovskaya premiya Mediafajly na Vikisklade Soderzhanie 1 Biografiya 2 Vklad v teoriyu 3 Raboty 3 1 Stati 3 2 Recenzii na knigi 3 3 Esse 3 4 Otzyvy 3 5 Knigi 4 Primechaniya 5 LiteraturaBiografiya PravitRodilsya v Nyu Jorke v 1889 godu vo vtorom pokolenii evrejskih emigrantov iz Germanii v sostoyatelnoj seme Yakova i Dejzi chasto puteshestvovavshej v Evropu V vozraste 17 let postupil v Garvardskij universitet gde izuchal yazyki svobodno vladel francuzskim i nemeckim i filosofiyu pod rukovodstvom Uilyama Dzhemsa Dzhordzha Santayany i drugih Uzhe k 20 godam Uolter Lippman sumel poluchit uchyonuyu stepen odnako otkazalsya ot akademicheskoj karery a dlya neyo u nego byl intellekt raspolozhenie professorov podderzhka universiteta predpochtya nezavisimost prinadlezhnosti kakoj libo akademicheskoj gruppirovke V 1908 godu stal odnim iz osnovatelej socialisticheskogo kruzhka v Garvarde v nego vhodil pomimo prochih Dzhon Rid ot chlenstva v kotorom pozdnee otkazalsya v knige 1914 goda Drift and Mastery Kak politicheskij obozrevatel s 1911 goda uchastvoval v predvybornoj kampanii gde podderzhival partiyu progressivistov vo glave s Teodorom Ruzveltom v vyborah 1912 goda V 1913 godu izdal svoyu pervuyu vliyatelnuyu publikaciyu Vvedenie v politiku angl A Preface to Politics posle kotoroj stal sotrudnikom politicheskogo ezhenedelnika Nyu Repablik angl The New Republic V 1916 godu Lippman stal chlenom komandy Vudro Vilsona i Demokraticheskoj partii V 1917 godu Lippmana naznachili pomoshnikom voennogo sovetnika Vilsona gde emu prishlos tesno sotrudnichat lichno s Prezidentom vo vremya razrabotki znamenitoj rechi nazvannoj vposledstvii po svoemu soderzhaniyu Chetyrnadcat punktov mirnoj programmy Fourteen Points i polozhenij Versalskogo dogovora v osnove kotorogo lezhala ta samaya rech Krome togo v gody raboty s Vilsonom on stal odnim iz delegatov Parizhskoj mirnoj konferencii a takzhe soavtorom konvencii o sozdanii Ligi Nacij Togda emu bylo tolko 29 let V 1920 karera Lippmana prodolzhilas vo vliyatelnom izdanii Nyu Jork Uorld angl New York World gde s 1929 goda on stal odnim iz redaktorov V period raboty v Nyu Jork Uorld Lippman izdal knigi Obshestvennoe mnenie angl Public Opinion i Prizrak Obshestvennosti angl Phantom Public v kotoryh izlozhil originalnuyu traktovku fenomena obshestvennogo mneniya i problematiziroval vozmozhnost razvitiya demokratii v slozhnyh sovremennyh obshestvah Imya U Lippmana nerazryvno svyazano s ponyatiem holodnaya vojna kotoroe vpervye bylo vyskazano v 1947 godu Bernhardom Baruhom i kotoroe Lippman tematiziroval v svoej rabote The Cold War 1947 Vklad v teoriyu PravitUolter Lippman izvesten v Rossii glavnym obrazom svoej koncepciej Obshestvennogo mneniya stavshej na Zapade odnoj iz klassicheskih a takzhe tem chto vvyol v shirokij nauchnyj oborot ponyatie stereotipa Epigrafom k knige Obshestvennoe mnenie Lippman vybral fragment iz Gosudarstva Platona s opisaniem peshery uznikov kotorye vynuzhdeny vsyu zhizn nablyudat tolko teni mira no ne sam mir poskolku uzniki nikogda ne videli togo kto i chto otbrasyvaet teni oni ne v sostoyanii i zapodozrit sushestvovanie chego to bolee realnogo chem teni Poznavatelnye vozmozhnosti cheloveka ogranicheny chelovek ne mozhet znat vsyo byt absolyutno informirovannym tak kak okruzhayushaya sreda slishkom slozhnoe i izmenchivoe obrazovanie Preodolevaya raznoobrazie mira chelovek sistematiziruet znanie o nyom v kategorii Eti kategorii fikcii stereotipy elementy psevdosredy s pomoshyu kotoryh chelovek prisposablivaetsya k svoemu okruzheniyu Povedenie cheloveka est reakciya na stimuly psevdosredy Stereotipy obedinyayutsya v sistemy stereotipov kotorye predstayut v vide povsednevnyh ukladov verovanij uchenij socialnyh institutov i t d I tak vplot do stereotipa ohvatyvayushego vse sistemy stereotipov i izvestnogo pod nazvaniem socialnaya realnost Mir s kotorym my vynuzhdeny imet delo kak subekty ostayotsya za predelami dostizhimosti chelovek ne bog ozirayushij edinym vzglyadom vsyo sushee a produkt evolyucii kotoryj tolko i mozhet vyhvatit fragment realnosti dostatochnyj chtoby vyzhit i v potoke vremeni pojmat neskolko momentov ozarenij i schastya Kazhdyj chelovek v otdelnosti mozhet horosho znat lish nebolshoj fragment realnosti byt specialistom ili ekspertom tolko po kakim to uzkim problemam A oprosy obshestvennogo mneniya vklyuchayut v sebya voprosy zavedomo bolee shirokogo tematicheskogo spektra Poetomu poluchaetsya chto na kakoj to vopros produmannye i obosnovannye otvety mogut davat lish nemnogie respondenty kompetentnye imenno v etoj probleme Esli ostavatsya v ramkah etoj teorii horosho razbiratsya v probleme oznachaet imet bolee razvetvlyonnuyu sistemu stereotipov adekvatnuyu realnosti nastolko naskolko bolshe interpretacij kategorii myshleniya stereotipy eksperta predusmatrivayut Prichyom inogda sluchaetsya chto ogranichennaya kompetentnost v nekoej ogranichennoj oblasti privodit k gipertrofii privychki vtiskivat v uzkie ramki stereotipa to chto v nego mozhet byt vtisnuto i otbrasyvat to chto v nego ne pomeshaetsya Kritika oprosnogo metoda stanovitsya dlya Lippmana otpravnoj tochkoj dlya razdeleniya obshestvennogo mneniya i Obshestvennogo Mneniya c bolshoj bukvy vidimo vsled za Russo v Ob obshestvennom dogovore Obshestvennoe mnenie s malenkoj bukvy eto to znanie ob okruzhayushem mire kotoroe kasaetsya samih lyudej ili interesno im vytekayushee iz povedeniya drugih lyudej ili vsego togo chto nazyvaetsya obshestvennymi sobytiyami public affairs V takih sluchayah lyudi ispolzuyut rasprostranennye sredi drugih lyudej i zaimstvovannye zagotovki stereotipnyh shem interpretacij morali i t d napravlyayushih igru voobrazheniya i samo videnie sobytij Obshestvennoe Mnenie s bolshoj bukvy eto obraz realnosti v sootvetstvii s kotorym dejstvuyut gruppy lyudej ili individy dejstvuyushie ot imeni grupp naprimer gosudarstvennye deyateli Nachinaya s etogo razgranicheniya Lippman uzhe kak sociolog i politolog pristupaet k kritike demokratii rannie teorii kotoroj naivno predpolagayut chto sami po sebe obshestvennye mneniya maksimiziruyut obshestvennuyu poleznost prinimaemyh politicheskih reshenij Otsyuda osnovnaya zadacha demokratii sdelat tak chtoby v sovremennom emu obshestve Obshestvennoe Mnenie formirovalos vliyalo i uchityvalos by razumno i racionalno bud to sfery upravleniya ili politiki Lippmann obsuzhdal voprosy mezhdunarodnoj politiki po analogii s finansovymi v terminah kreditosposobnosti analiziruya razryv mezhdu nalichnymi sredstvami moshyu gosudarstva i dolgami vzyatymi na sebya obyazatelstvami S Hantington nazval razryv mezhdu moshyu i obyazatelstvami zazorom Lippmana 1 Raboty PravitStati Pravit The Campaign Against Sweating The New Republic March 27 1915 What Program Shall the United States Stand for in International Relations Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol 66 July 1916 pp 60 70 JSTOR 1013427 The World Conflict in its Relation to American Democracy Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol 72 July 1917 pp 1 10 JSTOR 1013638 Democracy Foreign Policy and the Split Personality of the Modern Statesman Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol 102 July 1922 pp 190 193 JSTOR 1014825 Today and Tomorrow Washington Post February 12 1942 Full text available A Talk With Mr K November 10 1958 Nearing the Brink in Vietnam Newsweek April 12 1965 pp 25 46 Recenzii na knigi Pravit Review of The Intimate Papers of Colonel House by Charles Seymour Foreign Affairs Vol 4 No 3 April 1926 JSTOR 20028461 doi 10 2307 20028461Esse Pravit The Basic Problem of Democracy November 1919 pp 616 627 This essay later became the first chapter Liberty and the News dd Concerning Senator Borah Foreign Affairs Vol 4 No 2 January 1926 pp 211 222 JSTOR 20028440 doi 10 2307 20028440 Vested Rights and Nationalism in Latin America Foreign Affairs Vol 5 No 3 April 1927 pp 353 363 JSTOR 20028538 doi 10 2307 20028538 Second Thoughts on Havana Foreign Affairs Vol 6 No 4 July 1928 pp 541 554 JSTOR 20028641 doi 10 2307 20028641 Church and State in Mexico The American Mediation Foreign Affairs Vol 8 No 2 January 1930 pp 186 207 JSTOR 20030272 doi 10 2307 20030272 The London Naval Conference An American View Foreign Affairs Vol 8 No 4 July 1930 pp 499 518 JSTOR 20030304 doi 10 2307 20030304 Ten Years Retrospect and Prospect Foreign Affairs Vol 11 No 1 October 1932 pp 51 53 JSTOR 20030482 doi 10 2307 20030482 Self Sufficiency Some Random Reflections Foreign Affairs Vol 12 No 2 January 1934 pp 207 217 JSTOR 20030578 doi 10 2307 20030578 Britain and America The Prospects of Political Cooperation in the Light of Their Paramount Interests Foreign Affairs Vol 13 No 3 April 1936 pp 363 372 JSTOR 20030675 doi 10 2307 20030675 Rough Hew Them How We Will Foreign Affairs Vol 15 No 4 July 1937 pp 586 594 JSTOR 20028803 doi 10 2307 20028803 The Cold War Foreign Affairs Vol 65 No 4 Spring 1987 pp 869 884 JSTOR 20043099 doi 10 2307 20043099Otzyvy Pravit A Test of the News The New Republic Vol 23 No 296 August 1920 42 pages Knigi Pravit A Preface to Politics Mitchell Kennerley 1913 ISBN 1591022924 Audiobook available Drift and Mastery University of Wisconsin Press 1914 ISBN 0299106047 Full text available The Stakes of Diplomacy New York Henry Holt amp Co 1915 The Political Scene New York Henry Holt amp Co 1919 Liberty and the News New York Harcourt Brace amp Howe 1920 Public Opinion New York Harcourt Brace amp Co 1922 ISBN 0029191300 Audiobook available The Phantom Public Piscataway NJ Transaction Publishers 1925 ISBN 1560006773 Men of Destiny New York The Macmillan Company 1927 ISBN 0295950269 Excerpts available American Inquisitors New York The Macmillan Company 1928 A Preface to Morals London George Allen amp Unwin 1929 ISBN 0878559078 Interpretations 1931 1932 New York The Macmillan Company 1932 The United States in World Affair 1931 New York Harper amp Bros 1932 The United States in World Affairs 1932 New York Harper amp Bros 1933 The Method of Freedom New York The Macmillan Company 1934 Interpretations 1933 1935 New York The Macmillan Company 1936 The Good Society New York Atlantic Monthly Press 1937 ISBN 0765808048 U S Foreign Policy Shield of the Republic Boston Atlantic Monthly Press 1943 U S War Aims Boston Atlantic Monthly Press 1944 ISBN 978 0306707735 The Cold War New York Harper amp Row 1947 ISBN 0061317233 The Public Philosophy with William O Scroggs New York New American Library 1955 ISBN 0887387918 The Coming Tests With Russia Boston Atlantic Monthly Press 1961 LCCN 61 14950Primechaniya Pravit Glenn P Hastedt Lippmann Gap Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy Infobase Publishing 2014 S 295 angl Literatura PravitFrumkina R Uolter Lippman svobodnyj kollektivizm Socialnaya realnost 2006 4 S 123 124 Pechatnov V O Uolter Lippman i puti Ameriki M Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya 1994 Semendyaeva O Yu Kriticheskij analiz koncepcij stereotipa v socialnoj psihologii SShA Sociologicheskie teorii i socialnye izmeneniya v sovremennom mire M 1986 S 184 196 Gurevich P S Stereotip Sovremennaya zapadnaya sociologiya Slovar M 1990 S 332 Oslon A Uolter Lippman o stereotipah vypiski iz knigi Obshestvennoe mnenie Socialnaya realnost 2006 4 C 125 141 Lippman Uolter Ivanyan E A Enciklopediya rossijsko amerikanskih otnoshenij XVIII XX veka Moskva Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya 2001 696 s ISBN 5 7133 1045 0 Dlya uluchsheniya etoj stati zhelatelno Prostaviv snoski vnesti bolee tochnye ukazaniya na istochniki Pozhalujsta posle ispravleniya problemy isklyuchite eyo iz spiska parametrov Posle ustraneniya vseh nedostatkov etot shablon mozhet byt udalyon lyubym uchastnikom Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Lippman Uolter amp oldid 113261808, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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