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Klifford Genri 10 j baron de Klifford Yazyk Sledit Pravit Ser Genri Klifford angl Sir Henry Clifford okolo 1454 23 aprelya 1523 anglijskij aristokrat 10 j baron de Klifford s 1485 goda Ded i otec Klifforda pogibli v vojnah Aloj i Beloj rozy srazhayas na storone Lankasterov a ih vladeniya byli konfiskovany Genri v primerno semiletnem vozraste ostalsya bez nasledstva Soglasno ryadu istochnikov on byl vynuzhden skryvatsya zhil v krestyanskoj seme i sam pas ovec iz za chego vposledstvii poluchil prozvishe lord pastuh sovremennye uchyonye schitayut etu istoriyu malodostovernoj V 1472 godu Klifford poluchil pomilovanie ot korolya Eduarda IV Jorkskogo Posle sverzheniya Jorkov v 1485 godu on stal vernym slugoj Genriha VII Tyudora kotoryj vosstanovil ego v pravah i sdelal odnim iz glavnyh svoih doverennyh lic na severe Anglii Klifford zanimalsya privedeniem v pokornost severnyh grafstv uchastvoval v borbe s vosstaniem Lamberta Simnela v 1487 godu i vojnah s Shotlandiej v chastnosti srazhalsya v 1513 godu pri Floddene Genri Kliffordangl Henry CliffordGerb Kliffordov10 j baron de Klifford1485 23 aprelya 1523Predshestvennik Dzhon KliffordPreemnik Genri KliffordRozhdenie okolo 1454Smert 23 aprelya 1523 1523 04 23 Mesto pogrebeniya Bolton ili monastyr ShapRod KliffordyOtec Dzhon KliffordMat Margaret de BromfletSupruga 1 Enn Sent Dzhon 2 Florens PadsiDeti ot pervogo braka Genri Tomas Mabel Margaret ot vtorogo braka Doroteya Ser Genri byl astronomom lyubitelem On byl zhenat dvazhdy i otnosheniya s obeimi zhyonami ostavlyali zhelat luchshego V konce zhizni Klifford konfliktoval so starshim synom i naslednikom tozhe Genri vposledstvii 1 m grafom Kamberlend V XIX veke baron stal geroem neskolkih literaturnyh i muzykalnyh proizvedenij Soderzhanie 1 Biografiya 1 1 Proishozhdenie i rannie gody 1 2 Pri Genrihe VII 1 3 Pozdnie gody 1 4 Semya 2 Lichnost 3 V kulture 4 Predki 5 Primechaniya 6 LiteraturaBiografiya PravitProishozhdenie i rannie gody Pravit Genri Klifford prinadlezhal k znatnomu rodu izvestnomu s XI veka i vladevshemu obshirnymi zemlyami na severe Anglii v Kamberlende Jorkshire 1 Uestmorlende 2 Dareme Kliffordy nosivshie s 1299 goda baronskij titul byli odnim iz samyh mogushestvennyh semejstv v etom regione a primenitelno k XV veku ih nazyvayut v istoriografii odnim iz samyh vliyatelnyh rodov vo vsej Anglii 3 Genri starshij iz tryoh synovej Dzhona 9 go barona de Klifford i Margaret Bromflet rodilsya v zamke Skipton v Jorkshire prinadlezhavshem mnogim pokoleniyam ego predkov primerno v 1454 godu 4 Uzhe cherez god vrazhda mezhdu dvumya vetvyami anglijskogo korolevskogo doma Lankasterami i Jorkami pererosla v polnocennuyu vojnu izvestnuyu kak Vojny Aloj i Beloj rozy Otec i ded malchika vstali v etoj vojne na storonu korolya Genriha VI prinadlezhavshego k dinastii Lankasterov V pervom zhe srazhenii pri Sent Olbanse 22 maya 1455 goda pogib Tomas Klifford ded Genri 28 marta 1461 goda pri Ferribridzhe pogib i Dzhon otec Genri odin iz samyh ozhestochyonnyh vragov Jorkov Zahvativshij vlast v Anglii Eduard IV iz Jorkskoj dinastii 4 noyabrya togo zhe goda dobilsya ot parlamenta konfiskacii baronskogo titula i vseh zemel Kliffordov 5 Bolshaya chast semejnyh vladenij byla pozhalovana Richardu Nevillu grafu Uoriku 6 brat korolya Richard Glosterskij poluchil baroniyu Uestmorlend a ser Uilyam Stenli baroniyu Skipton 4 7 Genri kotoromu bylo togda okolo semi let okazalsya lishyon nasledstva Dolgoe vremya bylo prinyato schitat chto mat tajno otpravila yunogo Klifforda iz Skiptona v pomeste Londonsboro tam on provyol vsyo detstvo v seme odnogo iz slug i uhazhival za ovcami ostavshis negramotnym iz za chego vposledstvii poluchil prozvishe lord pastuh 8 9 Vpervye eta istoriya figuriruet po vidimomu u antikvara XVI veka Edvarda Holla V XVII veke eyo povtorila ledi Enn Klifford napisavshaya istoriyu semi Po mneniyu issledovatelnicy Dzhessiki Malaj ledi Enn stremilas podcherknut rol zhenshin v istorii roda Kliffordov i potomu sdelala povestvovanie maksimalno dramatichnym ona pishet chto Eduard IV hotel otomstit yunomu Genri za gibel brata a baronessa Margaret brosila korolyu vyzov chtoby spasti syna 10 Mnogie uchyonye XIX XX vekov schitali istoriyu o lorde pastuhe pravdivoj no v sovremennoj nauke eyo nazyvayut somnitelnoj 11 ili dazhe apokrificheskoj 12 Dzhejms Ross polagaet chto Klifford mog skryvatsya razve chto nedolgoe vremya posle gibeli otca 13 Malaj chto on provyol neskolko let v selskom uedinenii v Kamberlende 10 avtor biografii Klifforda v Oksfordskom slovare Sammerson chto on vozmozhno schyol blagorazumnym ne vysovyvatsya v pervye gody pravleniya Jorkov Pri etom izvestno chto baron byl vesma obrazovannym dlya svoego vremeni chelovekom 6 i chto naprimer v 1466 godu on poluchil nasledstvo ot nekoego Genri Harlingtona iz Krejvena Eto dokazyvaet chto v to vremya Genri tochno ne skryvalsya ot vlastej 13 V 1470 godu Lankastery nenadolgo vernulis k vlasti Graf Uorik teper byl ih soyuznikom a ego brat Dzhon Nevill 1 j markiz Montegyu stal opekunom Genri Klifforda na vremya ego nesovershennoletiya 14 odnako uzhe 14 aprelya 1471 goda oba Nevilla pogibli v bitve pri Barnete Vskore Eduard IV vernulsya na tron 16 marta 1472 goda on daroval Kliffordu polnoe pomilovanie 6 i razreshil unasledovat zemli svoego deda po materinskoj linii Genri Bromfleta barona Veski umershego tremya godami ranee 15 Pravda tret etih vladenij ostavalas za materyu Genri v kachestve vdovej doli do eyo smerti v 1493 godu 6 Pri Genrihe VII Pravit Zamok Skipton v Jorkshire odna iz glavnyh rezidencij Kliffordov Istochniki nichego ne soobshayut o tom chto proishodilo v zhizni Genri v period mezhdu 1472 i 1485 godami 6 Po vidimomu on ostavalsya v Anglii 16 i eto delalo vlast Richarda Glosterskogo nad zemlyami Kliffordov dovolno shatkoj 17 V 1483 godu Richard stal korolyom a v 1485 godu on pogib pri Bosvorte v bitve s lankasterskim pretendentom na koronu Genrihom Tyudorom Eto sobytie izmenilo zhizn Klifforda Novyj korol poluchivshij imya Genrih VII vyzval ego v pervyj zhe svoj parlament 15 sentyabrya 1485 goda i vernul emu vsyo rodovoe dostoyanie zemli i baronskij titul 6 9 noyabrya togo zhe goda Klifford byl posvyashyon v rycari On stal glavnoj oporoj korolya v severnyh grafstvah gde sledil za soblyudeniem mira i zasedal v raznogo roda komissiyah 18 Grafov Nortumberlend i Uestmorlend zapodozrennyh v podgotovke myatezha ser Genri arestoval i otpravil v London a tem dvoryanam kotorye soglasilis priznat novogo monarha garantiroval bezopasnost 1486 god 19 20 V severnyh grafstvah byli ochen silny pozicii jorkistov a potomu u Genriha VII po vidimomu byl tolko odin vyhod uvelichivat vlast Klifforda v etom regione 2 maya 1486 goda korol peredal seru Genri baroniyu Middlhem v proshlom glavnyj oplot vlasti Richarda III na severe 21 i upravlenie Richmondom 6 V oktyabre 1486 goda v ozhidanii vtorzheniya shotlandcev baron zasedal v komissii po sboru dlya korolya vseh pribylej vytekayushih iz korolevskih pomestij i zemel v grafstvah Uestmorlend i Kamberlend lordstva Penrit i lesa Inglvud 22 V 1487 godu vo vremya vosstaniya jorkistov vo glave s Lambertom Simnelom Klifford zashishal Jork v boyu s podderzhavshimi myatezhnikov lordami Skrupom iz Mesema i Skrupom iz Boltona on poterpel porazhenie 6 kotoroe nekotorye uchyonye nazyvayut katastroficheskim 23 24 25 Simnel vskore byl razgromlen osnovnymi silami korolevskoj armii Ser Genri zhe v posleduyushie gody pytalsya podchinit Jork svoemu vliyaniyu no vsyakij raz natykalsya na ozhestochyonnoe soprotivlenie gorozhan Oni otkazyvalis vpustit ego v Jork priznat za nim polnomochiya gorodskogo kapitana pravo trebovat lyudej dlya armii i vliyat na podbor kandidatov v Palatu obshin Takoe povedenie rezko kontrastirovalo s gotovnostyu teh zhe lyudej sluzhit milostivomu lordu gercogu Glosteru v predydushie gody 26 Baron tak i ne smog pokazat Genrihu VII chto polnostyu kontroliruet situaciyu v Jorke 6 V 1494 godu Klifford byl v Londone Vmeste so vtorym synom korolya princem Genrihom vposledstvii korolyom Genrihom VIII i ryadom drugih aristokratov on stal kavalerom ordena Bani Posleduyushie gody ser Genri provyol v osnovnom na severe v 1497 godu on vozglavil bolshoj pohod protiv shotlandcev i vzyal zamok Norem 15 Na rubezhe vekov baron veroyatno byl chlenom Soveta Severa nahodivshegosya togda pod nominalnym rukovodstvom princa Artura a v realnosti vozglavlyavshegosya arhiepiskopom Jorkskim Tomasom Sevidzhem 6 Buduchi odnim iz krupnejshih velmozh korolevstva Klifford vsegda imel tolko regionalnye interesy 23 On postoyanno ezdil po Uestmorlendu i Jorkshiru iz odnogo svoego pomestya v drugoe perestraival i remontiroval zamki i usadby Baron staralsya podderzhivat horoshie otnosheniya so svoimi vassalami i sosedyami s pomoshyu shedrosti i gostepriimstva naprimer v 1521 godu on organizoval Velikoe Rozhdestvo v zamke Brou Bolshie dohody pozvolyali seru Genri sozdavat novye semejnye soyuzy i ukreplyat uzhe sushestvuyushie 6 On imel reputaciyu glavnogo pokrovitelya monastyrej v Severnoj Anglii 6 i postoyanno perepisyvalsya s celym ryadom abbatov 27 Odnako dazhe bogatye pozhertvovaniya ne vsegda obespechivali Kliffordu neobhodimoe emu vliyanie naprimer v 1518 godu jorkskij arhidyakon otkazalsya priznat naznachennogo baronom prihodskogo svyashennika v Konisburge tak kak eto bylo by protiv sovesti 28 Inogda proishodili otkrytye konflikty s sosedyami Tak v 1491 godu Tomas Dakr 2 j baron Dakr zabral iz pod opeki Klifforda bez ego razresheniya i ne bez opasnosti dlya ego lichnosti bogatuyu naslednicu Elizabet Grejstok prava na opekunstvo ser Genri kupil u grafa Oksforda 29 30 Delo doshlo do otkrytyh stolknovenij tak chto rasprya dvuh baronov rassmatrivalas v Zvyozdnoj palate i oni byli oshtrafovany na dvadcat funtov kazhdyj 31 Po vidimomu etot konflikt sdelal Klifforda menee dostojnym doveriya v glazah monarha 32 Pozzhe v 1496 godu kapitan Karlajla Genri Uajatt napisal Genrihu VII pismo v kotorom raskritikoval barona kak neeffektivnogo administratora 33 Pozdnie gody Pravit Bitva pri Floddene Gravyura XIX veka V poslednie gody pravleniya Genriha VII Klifford chasto vyzyval neudovolstvie korolya Emu ne udavalos vystupit v roli stabiliziruyushej sily na severe kak togo hotel monarh 34 on dolgo vrazhdoval s bogatymi zemlevladelcami Kristoferom Morsbi 35 i Rodzherom Tempestom a odnazhdy vozglavil soprotivlenie mestnogo dvoryanstva vvedeniyu novogo naloga V otmestku Genrih konfiskoval dolzhnost verhovnogo sherifa Uestmorlenda kotoruyu tradicionno zanimali barony Klifford 1505 god Seru Genri prishlos k tomu zhe vnesti zalog v tysyachu funtov kak garantiyu vernosti korolyu eshyo dvesti funtov dlya skrepleniya obyazatelstva ne pokidat sovet bez razresheniya i dve tysyachi funtov kak garantiyu sohraneniya mira s Tempestom Tolko cherez god baron poluchil polnoe pomilovanie i snova stal sherifom Uestmorlenda v techenie etogo vremeni pribyl ot dolzhnosti poluchala korona 34 Genrih VII umer 21 aprelya 1509 goda i Klifford prisutstvoval na ego pohoronah v Vestminsterskom abbatstve a potom na koronacii Genriha VIII 23 iyunya togo zhe goda v kachestve rycarya znamenosca V 1513 godu kogda nachalas vojna s Shotlandiej ser Genri vystavil otryad v 323 cheloveka 36 i vozglavil avangard anglijskoj armii 15 V bitve pri Floddene 9 sentyabrya anglichane oderzhali polnuyu pobedu Klifford zahvatil v srazhenii tri vrazheskih pushki kotorye uvyoz v svoj zamok Skipton 37 V 1521 godu baron vydelil tysyachu marok na podgotovku k voennoj ekspedicii vo Franciyu 4 i eto byl odin iz samyh krupnyh chastnyh vznosov 15 Osenyu 1522 goda ser Genri dolzhen byl vozglavit armiyu v ocherednom pohode na shotlandcev no on ne smog eto sdelat iz za bolezni 38 Baron umer 23 aprelya 1523 goda Ego telo bylo pohoroneno libo v Boltone libo v monastyre Shap 6 Semya Pravit Genri Klifford byl zhenat dvazhdy Vozmozhno v konce 1486 goda 6 samaya pozdnyaya iz vozmozhnyh dat 1493 god 39 on zhenilsya na Anne Sent Dzhon iz Bletso docheri sera Dzhona Sent Dzhona i Elis Bredshou Ser Dzhon byl edinoutrobnym bratom Margaret Bofort tak chto Anna prihodilas dvoyurodnoj sestroj korolyu Genrihu VII 4 Otnosheniya mezhdu suprugami ne byli mirnymi iz za nevernosti barona i eto navernyaka otrazhalos na vzaimootnosheniyah sera Genri i monarha 6 V kakoj to moment suprugi dazhe reshili rasstatsya 40 mat korolya predlozhila Anne poselitsya u neyo vmeste s dochermi 41 no pozzhe etot krizis byl uregulirovan Genri i Anna ostavalis vmeste do samoj smerti baronessy v 1508 godu 6 K iyulyu 1511 goda baron zhenilsya vo vtoroj raz na Florens Padsi vdove Tomasa Tolbota docheri Genri Padsi iz Berforta i Margaret Koners Etot brak tozhe byl ne slishkom blagopoluchnym Odnazhdy Florens podala v Jorkskij konsistorialnyj sud isk o vosstanovlenii supruzheskih prav ser Genri v otvet obvinil eyo v prelyubodeyanii s odnim iz slug nekim Rodzherom Uortonom 6 Tot vo vremya doprosa v sude nichego ne stal otricat 42 no sdelal zayavlenie o vnebrachnyh otnosheniyah Klifforda s nekoj Dzhejn Braun 43 U barona bylo neskolko vnebrachnyh detej ot neskolkih lyubovnic 6 v tom chisle synovya Tomas i Entoni upomyanutye im v zaveshanii Pozzhe Tomas poluchil dolzhnost zamestitelya gubernatora zamka Karlajl 1537 god a Entoni stal upravlyayushim Kaulinga Grassingtona i Sattona Pervaya zhena rodila Kliffordu dvuh synovej Genri i Tomasa i chetyryoh docherej 6 v tom chisle Mabel zhenu Uilyama Ficvilyama 1 go grafa Sautgempton Margaret zhenu sera Katberta Radkliffa i Elizabet zhenu sera Ralfa Bousa Vtoraya zhena rodila eshyo odnu doch Doroteyu zhenu sera Hyu Loutera 44 Starshij syn i naslednik barona rodilsya okolo 1493 goda i vospityvalsya pri dvore vmeste s synom korolya budushim Genrihom VIII Otnosheniya mezhdu dvumya Kliffordami byli ochen slozhnymi Genri starshij zhalovalsya na bezbozhnyj i nechestivyj harakter syna na ego rastochitelnost podhodivshuyu skoree gercogu chem otprysku barona 6 Po slovam Klifforda Genri mladshij ugrozhal ego slugam prisvaival desyatinu sobrannuyu cerkovnymi uchrezhdeniyami v severnyh grafstvah izbival monastyrskih arendatorov i slug slushal opasnye sovety nekotoryh zlobnyh molodyh dzhentlmenov Izvestno chto kak minimum odnazhdy syn barona popal v tyurmu Flit 45 Issledovateli polagayut chto otchasti v takom povedenii molodogo cheloveka vinovat ego otec ostavivshij syna pri dvore i razreshivshij emu vrashatsya v krugah vysshej aristokratii 6 vmesto togo chtoby derzhat ego pri sebe i znakomit s obyazannostyami severnogo lorda 38 Ser Genri planiroval zhenit starshego syna na Margaret Tolbot docheri Dzhordzha Tolbota 4 go grafa Shrusberi no ta umerla do obrucheniya V 1512 godu Genri mladshij zhenilsya na Margaret Persi docheri Genri Eldzhernona Persi 5 go grafa Nortumberlenda 6 chto eshyo bolshe uvelichilo bogatstvo i vliyanie semi Kliffordov na severo vostoke 46 Lichnost PravitPo mneniyu Sammersona Klifford byl ochen razdrazhitelnym chelovekom i eto dolzhno bylo vliyat na ego otnosheniya s vassalami vozmozhno baron sam okazyvalsya vinovnikom besporyadkov na severe kotorye dolzhen byl predotvrashat 6 Ross predpolozhil chto rannyaya poterya otca i neobhodimost skryvatsya ot vlastej pust dazhe nedolgoe vremya okazalis travmiruyushim opytom povliyavshim na vsyu posleduyushuyu zhizn sera Genri 47 Drugie istoriki otmechayut lichnuyu hrabrost 48 i ekscentrichnost 39 kak vazhnye cherty haraktera barona Izvestno chto Klifford interesovalsya astronomiej astrologiej i alhimiej 15 Pered solnechnym zatmeniem 1502 godu on postroil bashnyu Barden kotoruyu ispolzoval v kachestve observatorii 49 V etoj bashne baron provodil mnogo vremeni kak zatvornik i sushestvuet mnenie chto imenno eto stalo prichinoj iska ego zheny v konsistorialnyj sud 50 Ser Genri byl ochen religioznym chelovekom V 1515 godu on potratil bolshuyu summu na stroitelstvo novoj chasovni v svoih vladeniyah 51 V kulture PravitPoet Uilyam Vordsvort posvyatil Kliffordu dve svoih poemy Pesn na piru v zamke Bruem i Belaya lan iz Rajlstona V etih proizvedeniyah on dopolnyaet biografiyu barona mnogochislennymi zhivopisnymi podrobnostyami 4 rasskazyvaya o ego bezmyatezhnoj zhizni na lone prirody v yunosti 15 o vozvrashenii v ryady aristokratii posle Bosvorta i o stroitelstve zamka Issledovatel Kyortis Bredford v svyazi s etim konstatiruet chto Vordsvort ne byl polnostyu ravnodushen k antikvarnomu romantizmu stol harakternomu dlya ego vremeni 52 Romanistka viktorianskoj epohi Sharlotta Meri Yang sdelala Klifforda geroem odnoj iz svoih knig prichyom sopostavila ego zhizn v pastushej hizhine s brodyazhnichestvom svergnutogo korolya Genriha VI v izobrazhenii pisatelnicy oba geroya okazyvayutsya dovolny svoej uchastyu i v kakoj to moment vstrechayutsya no ne uznayut drug druga 53 Kompozitor Isaak Albenis i librettist Frensis Mani Kautss sozdali operu Genri Klifford premera kotoroj sostoyalas v 1895 godu 54 Predki PravitPrimechaniya Pravit Sanders 1960 p 143 Sanders 1960 p 140 Given Wilson 1996 p 64 1 2 3 4 5 Cokayne 1913 p 294 Cokayne 1913 p 293 294 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Summerson 2004 Ross 2015 p 137 Bradford 1938 p 60 Hall 1965 p 255 1 2 Malay 2018 p 410 Lander 1976 p 140 McFarlane 1981 p 243 1 2 Ross 2015 p 138 139 Arnold 1984 p 136 1 2 3 4 5 6 Dickens 1962 p 19 Hicks 1984 p 29 Hicks 1986 p 29 Lander 1989 p 28 Pollard 2000 p 352 Pollard 1990 p 370 Ross 1981 p 53 Yorath 2016 p 183 1 2 Hoyle 1986 p 64 Haigh 1997 p 173 Goodman 1996 p 103 104 Grummitt 2008 p 136 Scrope Skeat 1957 p 4 Scrope Skeat 1957 p 6 Ross 2011 p 101 Fraser 1971 p 220 Pollard 1990 p 391 Hicks 1978 p 79 Conway 1932 p 100 102 1 2 Harrison 1972 p 94 Yorath 2016 p 178 Sadler 2006 p 50 Reese 2003 p 112 1 2 Dickens 1962 p 21 1 2 Jones Underwood 1992 p 163 Clay 1905 p 372 Jones Underwood 1992 p 164 Thornton Carlton 2019 p 80 Thornton Carlton 2019 p 94 Henry Clifford 10th Lord Clifford Dickens 1962 p 21 22 Malay 2017 p 217 Ross 2015 p 138 140 Goodman 1996 p 103 Johnson 1905 p 175 Rock 2003 p 199 Mertes 1988 p 140 Bradford 1938 p 61 Bearne 1906 p 14 Clark 2002 p 113 114 Literatura PravitUstinov V Stoletnyaya vojna i Vojny Roz M AST 2007 637 s ISBN 978 5 17 042765 9 Arnold C The Commission of the Peace for the West Riding ofYorkshire 1437 1509 Property and Politics Essays in Later Medieval English History 1984 S 116 138 Bearne D Concerning Shepherds The Irish Monthly 1906 S 11 16 Bradford C Wordsworth s White Doe of Rylstone and Related Poems Modern Philology 1938 36 S 59 70 Clark W A Isaac Albeniz Portrait of a Romantic Oxford Oxford University Press 2002 ISBN 978 0 19925 052 3 Clay J The Clifford Family Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 1905 18 S 355 411 Cokayne George E The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom Extant Extinct or Dormant 2nd London St Catherine Press 1913 Vol 2 Conway A E Henry VII s Relations with Scotland and Ireland 1485 1498 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1932 Dickens A G Clifford Letters of the Sixteenth Century Durham Surtees Society 1962 Fraser G The Steel Bonnets London HarperCollins 1971 ISBN 978 0 00747 428 8 Given Wilson C The English Nobility in the Late Middle Ages The Fourteenth century Political Community 2nd London Routledge 1996 ISBN 978 0 41514 883 2 Goodman A The Wars of the Roses 2nd New York Barnes and Noble 1996 ISBN 978 0 88029 484 3 Grummitt D War and Society in the North of England c 1477 1559 The Cases of York Hull and Beverley Northern History 2008 45 S 125 140 Haigh P A Military Campaigns of the Wars of the Roses Stroud Sutton 1997 ISBN 978 0 93828 990 6 Hall E Hall s Chronicle London AMS Press 1965 Harrison C J 1972 The Petition of Edmund Dudley The English Historical Review 87 82 89 OCLC 2207424 Hicks M A 1978 Dynastic Change and Northern Society The Career of the Fourth Earl of Northumberland 1470 89 Northern History 14 78 107 OCLC 1001980641 Hicks M A 1984 Attainder Resumption and Coercion 1461 1529 Parliamentary History III 15 31 OCLC 646552390 Hicks M A Richard III as Duke of Gloucester A Study in Character York Borthwick Publications 1986 ISBN 978 0 90070 162 7 Hoyle R W 1986 The First Earl of Cumberland A Reputation Reassessed Northern History 22 63 94 OCLC 1001980641 Jewell H M English Local Administration in the Middle Ages Newton Abbot David and Charles 1972 ISBN 978 0 06493 330 8 Jones M Underwood M The King s Mother Lady Margaret Beaufort Countess of Richmond and Derby Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1992 637 s ISBN 978 0 521 4 4794 2 Johnson S J 1905 Annular Eclipses The Observatory 28 173 175 OCLC 60620222 Lander J R Crown and Nobility 1450 1509 London Edward Arnold 1976 ISBN 978 0 77359 317 6 Lander J R English Justices of the Peace 1461 1509 Gloucester Alan Sutton 1989 ISBN 978 0 86299 488 4 Malay J L Crossing Generations Female Alliances and Dynastic Power in Anne Clifford s Great Books of Record The Politics of Female Alliance in Early Modern England Lincoln NE University of Nebraska Press 2017 P 207 224 ISBN 978 1 49620 199 7 Malay J L Lady Anne Clifford s Great Books of Record Remembrances of a Dynasty A History of Early Modern Women s Writing Phillippy P Cambridge Cambridge University Press 2018 P 398 416 ISBN 978 1 10857 628 4 McFarlane K B England in the Fifteenth Century London Hambledon Press 1981 ISBN 978 0 90762 801 9 Mertes K The English Noble Household 1250 1600 Good Governance and Politic Rule Oxford Basil Blackwell 1988 ISBN 978 0 63115 319 1 Pollard A J North Eastern England during the Wars of the Roses Lay Society War and Politics 1450 1500 Oxford Clarendon Press 1990 ISBN 978 0 19820 087 1 Pollard A J Late Medieval England 1399 1509 London Longman 2000 ISBN 978 0 58203 135 7 Reese P Flodden A Scottish Tragedy Edinburgh Birlinn 2003 ISBN 978 0 85790 582 6 Rock V Shadow Royals The Political Use of the Extended Family of Lady Margaret Beaufort Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England 2003 IX S 193 210 Ross C D Richard III Berkeley University of California Press 1981 ISBN 978 0 52005 075 4 Ross J A The Foremost Man of the Kingdom John de Vere Thirteenth Earl of Oxford 1442 1513 Woodbridge Boydell amp Brewer 2011 ISBN 978 1 78327 005 7 Ross J The Treatment of Traitors Children and Edward IV s Clemency in the 1460s Essays Presented to Michael Hicks The Fifteenth Century 2015 XIV S 131 142 Sadler J Flodden 1513 Scotland s Greatest Defeat Oxford Osprey 2006 ISBN 978 1 84176 959 2 Sanders I V English Baronies A Study of Their Origin and Descent 1086 1327 Oxford Clarendon Press 1960 Scrope K Skeat T Letters from the Reign of Henry VIII The British Museum Quarterly 1957 21 S 4 8 Spence R T The Shepherd Lord of Skipton Castle Henry Clifford 10th Lord Clifford 1454 1523 Skipton Skipton Castle 1994 ISBN 978 0 95069 752 9 Summerson H Clifford Henry tenth Baron Clifford 1454 1523 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004 Thornton T Carlton K The Gentleman s Mistress Illegitimate Relationships and Children 1450 1640 Manchester Manchester University Press 2019 ISBN 978 1 52611 409 9 Yorath D M 2016 Sir Christopher Moresby of Scaleby and Windermere c 1441 99 Northern History 53 2 173 188 OCLC 1001980641 Eta statya vhodit v chislo horoshih statej russkoyazychnogo razdela Vikipedii Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Klifford Genri 10 j baron de Klifford amp oldid 112770119, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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