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Ist Villidzh Yazyk Sledit Pravit I st Vi llidzh angl East Village doslovno Vostochnoe poselenie nejborhud v Nizhnem Manhettene na yuge krupnogo rajona Ist Sajd K severu nejborhud ogranichen 14 j ulicej na zapade Baueri i Tretej avenyu na yuge Hauston strit i na vostoke avenyu D 1 392 Rajon Nyu JorkaIst Villidzhangl East VillagePervaya avenyu v dozhdlivyj iyulskij den 2020 goda40 43 39 s sh 73 59 08 z d H G Ya O LBoroManhetten Pervoe upominanie1960 e gody Ploshad1 km Naselenie44 136 chel 2010 Plotnost naseleniya44 136 chel km Marshruty metro Pochtovye indeksy10009 Telefonnye kody 1 212 Mediafajly na Vikisklade Ist Villidzh granichit na zapade s nejborhudami Noho Baueri i Grinvich Villidzh na severe s Gramersi i Stajvesant taun Piter Kuper Villidzh na yuge s Nizhnim Ist Sajdom V sostav Ist Villidzha vhodyat Alfabet Siti Baueri i etnicheskij anklav Malenkaya Ukraina V kolonialnye vremena territoriya zanyataya nyne Ist Villidzhem byla okrainoj Nyu Jorka V konce XIX nachale XX veka rajon ispytal znachitelnyj pritok immigrantov iz razlichnyh chastej Evropy Krupnym etnicheskim anklavom nekogda byla Malenkaya Germaniya kotoraya posle pozhara na parohode General Slokam v 1904 godu utratila svoyu identichnost Istoricheski Ist Villidzh yavlyalsya sostavnoj chastyu Nizhnego Ist Sajda no s nachalom 1960 h godov s pereseleniem v rajon hudozhnikov i muzykantov stal razvivat sobstvennuyu subkulturu i priobryol cherty harakternye dlya segodnyashnego dnya 1 392 Nyne v rajone predprinimayutsya aktivnye usiliya po sohraneniyu istoricheskogo naslediya Ist Villidzh yavlyaetsya centrom kontrkultury rodinoj mnogih muzykalnyh hudozhestvennyh i literaturnyh dvizhenij takih kak naprimer pank rok Do sih por rajon schitaetsya simvolom nochnoj zhizni Nyu Jorka i odnim iz ego kulturnyh centrov Soderzhanie 1 Istoriya 1 1 Niderlandskie nadely 1 2 Zazhitochnye zhiteli v XVIII XIX vekah 1 3 Zhizn immigrantov 1 3 1 XIX vek 1 3 2 XX vek 1 4 Smena kulturnogo vektora 1 4 1 Novyj imidzh 1 4 2 Spad 1 5 Dzhentrifikaciya 1 5 1 Zonirovanie 1 5 2 Usiliya po sohraneniyu istoricheskogo naslediya 2 Geografiya 2 1 Alfabet Siti 2 2 Baueri 2 3 Malenkaya Ukraina 3 Naselenie 4 Zdravoohranenie i ekologiya 5 Obrazovanie 5 1 Shkoly 5 2 Biblioteki 5 3 Vysshee obrazovanie 5 3 1 Nyu Jorkskij universitet 5 3 2 Kuper Yunion 6 Kultura 6 1 Religiya 6 2 Prazdniki i festivali 6 3 Dostoprimechatelnosti 6 4 Parki i sady 6 4 1 Bolshie parki 6 4 2 Obshinnye sady 6 4 3 Mramornye kladbisha 6 5 V massovoj kulture 7 Ekonomika 8 Prestupnost 9 Pozharnaya ohrana 10 Transport 11 Primechaniya 12 LiteraturaIstoriya PravitNiderlandskie nadely Pravit Stajvesant strit uhodit vlevo odna iz starejshih ulic Ist Villidzha po kotoroj nekogda prohodila granica mezhdu gollandskimi fermami 1893 god Territoriya nyneshnego Ist Villidzha iznachalno byla zaselena korennymi amerikancami lenape 2 8 Oni prozhivali zdes nepostoyanno prihodya na rybnuyu lovlyu letom i vozvrashayas vglub materika v holodnye periody goda chtoby tam ohotitsya i zanimatsya zemledeliem 3 5 23 Manhetten byl vykuplen v 1626 godu Peterom Minyojtom iz Gollandskoj Vest Indskoj kompanii kotoryj zanimal post gubernatora Novyh Niderlandov 4 5 Prishedshie syuda v 1620 h godah gollandcy osnovali koloniyu Novyj Amsterdam yuzhnee nyneshnej Fulton strit K severu zhe nahodilos neskolko nebolshih plantacij i krupnyh ferm kotorye togda nazyvalis buveriyami niderl bouwerij ekvivalentno boerderij ferma na sovremennom gollandskom yazyke Vokrug nih nahodilos neskolko anklavov svobodnyh ili polusvobodnyh 1 vyhodcev iz Afriki kotorye sluzhili buferom mezhdu gollandcami i korennymi amerikancami 2 8 7 Odno iz krupnejshih takih poselenij nahodilos vdol sovremennoj Baueri mezhdu Prins strit i Astor Plejs en 2 8 8 Chernokozhie fermery byli odnimi iz pervyh postoyannyh poselencev v etom rajone 1 769 770 Neskolko takih ferm nahodilos i na territorii sovremennogo Ist Villidzha 2 5 9 9 Na nyneshnej territorii Ist Villidzha v te gody bylo neskolko krupnyh ferm Odnim iz znachitelnyh zemlevladelcev byl general gubernator Novyh Niderlandov en Piter Styojvesant Ego osobnyak stoyal tam gde nyne prohodit 10 ya ulica mezhdu Vtoroj i Tretej avenyu Hotya on sgorel eshyo v 1770 h godah semya Styojvesantov vladela mestnymi zemlyami eshyo bolee semi pokolenij poka oni ne byli rasprodany v nachale XIX veka 2 5 9 9 Do prodazhi pomeste Styojvesantov uspelo rasshiritsya i vklyuchilo v sebya dva osobnyaka v georgianskom stile Baueri Haus na yuge 2 5 9 9 i Petersfild na severe 2 6 9 10 Ferma poblizosti ot sovremennoj 2 j ulicy mezhdu Vtoroj avenyu i Baueri v 1646 godu prinadlezhala Gerritu Hendriksenu angl Gerrit Hendricksen a v 1732 godu pereshla v sobstvennost Filipa Mintorna angl Philip Minthorne Semi Mintorn i Styojvesant en polzovalis na svoih fermah rabskim trudom 9 9 Po aktu 1803 goda raby Styojvesantov dolzhny byli byt pohoroneny na kladbishe cerkvi Svyatogo Marka v Baueri en 10 690 Zazhitochnye zhiteli v XVIII XIX vekah Pravit Mnogie iz mestnyh ferm k seredine XVIII veka prevratilis v bogatye usadby Semi Styojvesantov Delansi i Rutgersov zavladeli bolshej chastyu zemel v Nizhnem Ist Sajde vklyuchaya uchastki kotorye pozzhe stanut Ist Villidzhem 3 178 179 K koncu XVIII veka zemlevladelcy v Nizhnem Manhettene nachali provodit obmer svoih zemel chtoby oblegchit ego budushee razvitie i prokladku ulichnoj seti Na uchastke zemli v pomeste Styojvesantov obmerennom v 1780 h ili 1790 h godah planirovalos prolozhit novuyu ulichnuyu set vokrug Stajvesant strit en prohodyashej s zapada na vostok Takaya planirovka ne sovpadala s setyu kotoraya v konechnom itoge byla zalozhena v generalnom plane Manhettena 1811 goda v kotorom ulichnaya set byla smeshena na 28 9 ot meridiana po chasovoj strelke Stajvesant strit obrazovyvala granicu mezhdu byvshimi fermami a prilegayushaya k nej ulichnaya set vklyuchala chetyre ulicy prohodyashie s severa na yug i devyat ulic prohodyashih s zapada na vostok 2 5 9 9 Poskolku kazhdyj zemlevladelec provodil obmery svoimi silami sushestvovalo neskolko razlichnyh planov ulichnyh setej kotorye ne sovpadali mezhdu soboj Razlichnye zakony prinyatye v 1790 h godah na urovne shtata predostavili vlastyam Nyu Jorka rasshirennye polnomochiya po planirovke i prokladke ulic 2 6 9 10 Okonchatelnyj generalnyj plan opublikovannyj v 1811 godu zafiksiroval nyneshnyuyu ulichnuyu set k severu ot Hauston strit i bolshinstvo ulic v sovremennom Ist Villidzhe za isklyucheniem Stajvesant strit sootvetstvuyut etomu planu 11 196 Prohodyashie s severa na yug avenyu byli prolozheny v Nizhnem Ist Sajde v 1810 h godah a prohodyashie s zapada na vostok ulicy v 1820 h godah 12 Generalnyj plan i prolozhennaya po nemu ulichnaya setka stali katalizatorami rasshireniya goroda na sever 9 11 Na nekotoroe vremya chast Nizhnego Ist Sajda kotoraya sejchas yavlyaetsya Ist Villidzhem stala odnim iz samyh bogatyh zhilyh rajonov Nyu Jorka 13 V 1830 h godah samoj prestizhnoj ulicej schitalas Bond strit en mezhdu Baueri i Brodveem k zapadu ot Ist Sajda v predelah sovremennogo nejborhuda Noho 3 178 179 Na nej byli vozvedeny doma v stile neogrek a takzhe v federalnom stile 2 7 9 10 Prestizhnost rajona obuslavlivalas v tom chisle razvitiem torgovli i rostom gorodskogo naseleniya vyzvannymi otkrytiem kanala Eri v 1820 h godah 9 11 Posle prokladki ulic v nachale 1830 h godov Ist Sajd i nyneshnij nejborhud Noho byli zastroeny domami ryadnogo tipa 9 11 Chast ryadnyh domov v federalnom stile byla vozvedena v 1830 h godah Tomasom Devisom na 8 j ulice mezhdu Vtoroj i Tretej avenyu Etot kvartal byl nazvan Sent Mark Plejs nyne on yavlyaetsya odnim iz nemnogih imenovannyh kvartalov podobnogo tipa v Ist Villidzhe 9 12 V 1833 godu Devis i Artur Bronsony vykupili ves kvartal na 10 j ulice ot avenyu A do avenyu B ryadom s Tompkins skver parkom 14 Primechatelno chto sozdanie parka ne vhodilo v pervonachalnyj generalnyj plan uchastok zemli mezhdu 7 j i 10 j ulicami k vostoku ot Pervoj avenyu byl otvedyon pod rynok kotoryj v rezultate tak i ne byl postroen 2 8 Poslednie iz domov ryadnogo tipa ostavshihsya v Ist Villidzhe Hamilton Holli haus en 1831 god Deniel Leroj haus en 1832 god Osobnyaki v tot period vozvodilis i v Ist Sajde Odnoj iz primechatelnyh zastroek teh let byl kompleks iz 12 domov pod nazvaniem Albion Plejs 1832 1833 godov postrojki raspolozhennyj na 4 j ulice en mezhdu Baueri i Vtoroj avenyu 2 7 9 12 Na Vtoroj avenyu takzhe aktivno rosli osobnyaki V state New York Evening Post ot 1846 goda govorilos chto Vtoraya avenyu dolzhna byla stat odnim iz dvuh velikih prospektov dlya elegantnyh osobnyakov na Manhettene drugoj takoj ulicej dolzhna byla stat Pyataya avenyu 11 196 V Ist Sajde takzhe bylo postroeno dva tak nazyvaemyh mramornyh kladbisha so shozhimi nazvaniyami Mramornoe kladbishe goroda Nyu Jorka en v 1831 godu na 2 j ulice mezhdu Pervoj i Vtoroj avenyu 15 1 i Mramornoe kladbishe Nyu Jorka en v 1830 godu vnutri kvartala raspolozhennogo po sosedstvu zapadnee 16 1 Zhizn immigrantov Pravit XIX vek Pravit V seredine XIX veka mnogie zazhitochnye gorozhane nachali pereezzhat dalshe na sever ostrova v Verhnij Vest Sajd i Verhnij Ist Sajd 17 10 Chislennost obespechennyh zhitelej v rajone nachala sokrashatsya a ih osobnyaki stali zanimat immigranty iz sovremennyh Irlandii Germanii i Avstrii 9 15 16 Naselenie 17 go okruga Manhettena vklyuchavshego zapadnuyu chast sovremennogo Ist Villidzha i Nizhnij Ist Sajd uvelichilos vdvoe s 18 000 chelovek v 1840 godu do bolee 43 000 chelovek v 1850 godu k 1860 godu ono snova pochti udvoilos dostignuv 73 000 Takim obrazom 17 j okrug stal samym naselyonnym okrugom Nyu Jorka togo vremeni 9 15 16 18 29 32 Iz za paniki 1837 goda tempy stroitelstva gorodskogo zhilya snizilis i immigrantam stalo ne hvatalo kvartir Eto privelo k shirokomu rasprostraneniyu praktiki sovmestnogo prozhivaniya vo mnogih domah v Nizhnem Manhettene 9 15 16 3 746 Eshyo odnim sledstviem finansovogo krizisa stalo poyavlenie v Ist Sajde mnogokvartirnyh domov novogo pokoleniya 17 14 15 Chast kompleksov iz takih domov byli postroeny na sredstva semi Astor i kommersanta Stivena Uitni en 9 17 Vladelcy domov redko prinimali uchastie v povsednevnom upravlenii mnogokvartirnymi domami vmesto etogo nanimaya dlya etih rabot arendodatelej mnogie iz kotoryh byli immigrantami ili ih detmi 3 448 449 788 Do togo kak v 1860 h godah byli prinyaty regulyativnye akty mnozhestvo mnogokvartirnyh domov byli vozvedeny na uchastkah v 25 25 futov 7 6 7 6 m 9 17 Dlya ustraneniya nebezopasnyh i antisanitarnyh uslovij v 1879 godu byl prinyat vtoroj svod zakonov po kotoromu v kazhdoj komnate dolzhno bylo imetsya po oknu Eto privelo k sozdaniyu ventilyacionnyh shaht mezhdu kazhdym zdaniem Mnogokvartirnye doma postroennye v sootvetstvii s novymi trebovaniyami teh let vposledstvii stali nazyvatsya mnogokvartirnymi domami starogo zakona angl Old Law Tenements 9 21 19 Reformistskie dvizheniya takie kak dvizhenie zarodivsheesya blagodarya knige Yakoba Riisa 1890 goda Kak zhivyot drugaya polovina predprinimali popytki reshit problemy etogo rajona s pomoshyu postrojki novyh zhilyh domov takih kak setlement na Genri strit a takzhe s pomoshyu byuro socialnogo obespecheniya i obsluzhivaniya 1 769 770 Zastrojka vremyon Malenkoj Germanii Sheffel Holl Byvshaya evangelichesko lyuteranskaya cerkov Sv Marka nyne sinagoga Nemecko amerikanskoe strelkovoe obshestvo Poskolku bolshinstvo novyh immigrantov byli nemeckogovoryashimi sovremennye Ist Villidzh i Nizhnij Ist Sajd stali nazyvatsya Malenkoj Germaniej nem Kleindeutschland 18 29 3 745 20 21 Zdes naschityvalos trete po velichine gorodskoe naselenie nemcev za predelami Veny i Berlina Eto byl pervyj v Amerike inoyazychnyj nejborhud V Malenkoj Germanii voznikli sotni politicheskih obshestvennyh sportivnyh i razvlekatelnyh zavedenij 3 745 a takzhe mnozhestvo cerkvej mnogie iz kotoryh sohranilis do nashih dnej 9 21 Krome togo Malenkaya Germaniya takzhe imela svoyu sobstvennuyu biblioteku na Vtoroj avenyu 20 kotoraya nyne yavlyaetsya filialom Nyu Jorkskoj publichnoj biblioteki 22 Odnako obshina prekratila sushestvovanie vskore posle togo kak 15 iyunya 1904 goda sgorel i zatonul parohod General Slokam v rezultate chego pogiblo svyshe tysyachi amerikancev nemeckogo proishozhdeniya 20 23 Na mesto nemcev prishli immigranty raznyh nacionalnostej 9 22 Sredi nih byli italyancy i evrei iz Vostochnoj Evropy a takzhe greki vengry en polyaki en rumyny en russkie slovaki en i ukraincy predstaviteli razlichnyh etnicheskih grupp staralis selitsya v obosoblennyh anklavah 1 769 770 V svoej knige Kak zhivyot drugaya polovina Riis otmetil chto karta goroda raskrashennaya po nacionalnostyam budet imet bolshe polos chem u zebry i bolshe cvetov chem u lyuboj radugi 24 Odnoj iz pervyh etnicheskih grupp naselivshih byvshuyu Malenkuyu Germaniyu byli govoryashie na idish evrei ashkenazy kotorye snachala poselilis k yugu ot Hauston strit a zatem nachali peremeshatsya na sever ostrova 9 23 Polyaki katoliki a takzhe vengry protestanty tozhe okazali znachitelnoe vliyanie na Ist Sajd postroiv na rubezhe XX veka vdol 7 j ulicy molelnye doma Nachinaya s 1890 h godov mestnye mnogokvartirnye doma nachali proektirovatsya v bogatyh ornamentah stilya korolevy Anny en i romanskogo vozrozhdeniya mnogie mnogokvartirnye doma postroennye v konce desyatiletiya byli vypolneny v stile neorenessansa 9 26 27 K tomu vremeni etot rajon vsyo chashe opredelyalsya kak chast Nizhnego Ist Sajda 25 XX vek Pravit Novyj zakon shtata Nyu Jork o mnogokvartirnyh domah prinyatyj v 1901 godu rezko izmenil pravila kotorym dolzhny byli sootvetstvovat eti stroeniya 9 29 30 26 Nachalo XX veka oznamenovalos massovym vozvedeniem novyh mnogokvartirnyh domov 27 ofisnyh zdanij 28 i drugih kommercheskih struktur na Vtoroj avenyu 9 30 Posle rasshireniya dorozhnogo polotna na Vtoroj avenyu v nachale 1910 h godov mnogie doma na etoj ulice lishilis perednego krylca 29 Simvolicheskoe zavershenie ery feshenebelnosti rajona proizoshlo v 1912 godu kogda iz osobnyaka Tomasa Devisa na peresechenii Vtoroj avenyu i Sent Mark Plejs sehal poslednij zhitel Tot osobnyak gazeta New York Times oharakterizovala kak poslednij feshenebelnyj dom na Vtoroj avenyu 30 Kinoteatr Villidzh Ist en byvshij idishskij teatralnyj centr Odnovremenno so snosom osobnyakov v Ist Sajde voznik idishskij teatralnyj kvartal ili Idish Rialto angl Yiddish Rialto Zdes bylo mnogo teatrov i drugih razvlechenij dlya evrejskih immigrantov goroda 31 32 V to vremya kak bolshinstvo pervyh idishskih teatrov raspolagalis k yugu ot Hauston strit nekotorye teatry rassmatrivali v pervyh desyatiletiyah XX veka vozmozhnost pereezda na sever po Vtoroj avenyu 9 31 V 1910 h godah na etoj ulice otkrylis dva teatra na idish Teatr Vtoroj avenyu i Nacionalnyj teatr 33 34 Za etim posledovalo otkrytie neskolkih drugih teatrov takih kak Teatr Luisa Yaffe nyne kinoteatr Villidzh Ist en v 1926 godu i Obshestvennyj teatr v 1927 godu V Ist Sajde takzhe otkrylis mnogochislennye kinoteatry v tom chisle shest na Vtoroj avenyu 9 32 K nachalu Pervoj mirovoj vojny v teatrah rajona prohodilo ot 20 do 30 spektaklej za vecher 32 Posle Vtoroj mirovoj vojny teatr na idish stal menee populyarnym 35 i k seredine 1950 h godov v rajone ostavalos schitannoe kolichestvo teatrov 36 Zhiloj kompleks Ferst Hauses en pervyj proekt socialnogo zhilya v SShA V 1935 1936 godah na yuzhnoj storone Vostochnoj 3 j ulicy mezhdu Pervoj avenyu i avenyu A i na zapadnoj storone avenyu A mezhdu Vostochnymi 2 j i 3 j ulicami byl postroen zhiloj kompleks Ferst Hauses en On stal pervym proektom socialnogo zhilya v SShA 1 769 770 37 1 Nejborhud iznachalno zakanchivalsya u Ist River k vostoku ot togo mesta gde pozzhe byla prolozhena avenyu D V seredine XX veka beregovaya liniya byla rasshirena i vdol poberezhya byla prolozhena magistral FDR 38 V seredine XX veka ukraincy sozdali po sosedstvu sobstvennyj etnicheskij anklav s centrom vokrug Vtoroj avenyu 6 j i 7 j ulic 9 36 39 V Ist Villidzh takzhe sohranilsya i polskij etnicheskij anklav Mnogie zhe drugie gruppy immigrantov uehali a zdaniya ih byvshih cerkvej byli prodany i pereoborudovany v pravoslavnye sobory 9 36 V Ist Sajde nachali selitsya latinoamerikanskie immigranty v vostochnoj chasti rajona oni sozdali svoj anklav pozzhe poluchivshij nazvanie Louisajda 9 37 40 41 V 1930 h godah naselenie Ist Sajda nachalo sokrashatsya Prichinoj posluzhili neskolko faktorov vvedenie zakona ob immigracii 1924 goda rasshirenie metro Nyu Jorka vo vneshnie gorodskie rajony a takzhe nachalo Velikoj depressii v 1930 h godah 9 33 Mnogie ustarevshie i iznoshennye mnogokvartirnye doma v seredine XX veka byli sneseny 9 34 Znachitelnaya chast rajona vklyuchaya ukrainskij kvartal byla namechena k snosu v sootvetstvii s planom obnovleniya gorodskoj zastrojki 1956 goda kotoryj predusmatrival pereplanirovku uchastka ot 9 j ulicy do Delansi strit i ot Tretej do Vtoroj avenyu s vozvedeniem novyh chastnyh kooperativnyh domov 9 34 42 Etot plan vstretil seryoznoe protivodejstvie poskolku ego voploshenie privelo by k pereseleniyu tysyach lyudej 43 V itoge ne byli realizovany ni pervonachalnaya krupnomasshtabnaya zastrojka ni peresmotrennyj plan 1961 goda a gorodskoe pravitelstvo poteryalo interes k osushestvleniyu takih masshtabnyh proektov po raschistke trushob 9 35 Primerom zavershyonnogo proekta po pereplanirovke gorodskogo prostranstva stal zhiloj kompleks Villidzh Vyu angl Village View na Pervoj avenyu mezhdu Vostochnymi 2 j i 6 j ulicami kotoryj otkrylsya v 1964 godu 9 35 chastichno na meste staroj cerkvi Svyatogo Nikolaya en 44 Smena kulturnogo vektora Pravit Novyj imidzh Pravit Do serediny XX veka Ist Villidzh byl lish severnoj chastyu Nizhnego Ist Sajda so shozhej immigrantskoj kulturoj rabochego klassa V 1950 1960 h godah za prihodom syuda bitnikov posledovali hippi muzykanty pisateli i hudozhniki kotorym stanovilas ne po karmanu arenda v stremitelno oblagorazhivavshemsya Grinvich Villidzhe 45 9 35 46 254 Sredi pervyh pereehavshih syuda tvorcheskih lichnostej byli v 1951 1953 godah pisateli Allen Ginzberg Uisten Hyu Oden i Norman Mejler 46 258 Primerno v to zhe vremya na Vostochnoj 10 j ulice otkrylis sovmestnye hudozhestvennye galerei pervymi iz kotoryh v 1952 godu stali Tandzher angl Tanger i Hansa angl Hansa 9 35 47 V 1955 godu v rajone byla snesena vetka nadzemnoj zheleznoj dorogi 9 35 48 Eto sdelalo rajon bolee privlekatelnym dlya potencialnyh zhitelej i uzhe v 1960 godu The New York Times otmechala etot nejborhud postepenno stanovitsya priznannym prodolzheniem Grinvich Villidzha chto prostiraet nyu jorkskuyu bogemu ot reki k reke 9 35 49 V toj zhe state 1960 goda govorilos chto agenty po arende vsyo chashe nazyvayut etot rajon Villidzh Ist ili Ist Villidzh 49 Novoe nazvanie ispolzovalos chtoby izbezhat associacij s trushobami Nizhnego Ist Sajda Soglasno The New York Times putevoditel 1964 goda pod nazvaniem Nyu Jork Erla Uilsona angl Earl Wilson s New York soobshal chto hudozhniki poety i vladelcy kofeen iz Grinvich Villidzha pytayutsya peredelat etot rajon pod gromkim nazvaniem Ist Villidzh 45 Novye poselency i maklery po nedvizhimosti populyarizirovali novoe nazvanie i k seredine 1960 h etot toponim uzhe vovsyu ispolzovalsya v media srede 50 ch 5 V 1966 godu nachala vyhodit ezhenedelnaya gazeta s novym nazvaniem rajona The East Village Other The New York Times v state ot 5 iyunya 1967 goda zafiksirovala populyarnost novogo nazvaniya nejborhuda 45 Vystuplenie pank gruppy Plasmatics v klube CBGB iyul 1979 goda Ist Villidzh stal centrom nyu jorkskoj kontrkultury mestom rozhdeniya mnogih hudozhestvennyh dvizhenij vklyuchaya pank rok 51 i nyujorikanskoe literaturnoe dvizhenie nachatoe puertorikanskimi nyu jorkcami 52 Neskolko byvshih idishskih teatrov byli pereoborudovany pod postanovki off i off off Brodveya naprimer Obshestvennyj teatr na Vtoroj avenyu 66 stal Teatrom Fillis Anderson angl Phyllis Anderson Theater 9 35 V teatrah na Vostochnoj 4 j ulice takzhe prohodili off brodvejskie postanovki sredi nih byli Korolevskij teatr Teatr na Chetvyortoj ulice Teatr Dauntaun Eksperimentalnyj teatralnyj klub La MaMa angl La MaMa E T C i Teatr Truck amp Warehouse vse lish v odnom kvartale mezhdu Baueri i Vtoroj avenyu 9 36 49 K 1970 1980 m godam Nyu Jork v celom prishyol v upadok i priblizhalsya k bankrotstvu osobenno posle nalogovo byudzhetnogo krizisa 1975 goda 9 37 Mnogie zhilye doma v Ist Villidzhe v otsutstvie dolzhnogo soderzhaniya prishli v zapushennoe sostoyanie 50 191 194 Gorod hot i priobrel mnogie iz etih zdanij no takzhe ne smog podderzhivat ih sostoyanie iz za nehvatki sredstv 9 37 V 1986 godu byl prinyal plan kapitalnogo remonta 9 38 po kotoromu nekotorye obekty nedvizhimosti byli peredany Associacii vzaimnogo zhilishnogo stroitelstva Kuper skver angl Cooper Square Mutual Housing Association v ramkah soglasheniya 1991 goda 9 38 53 Nesmotrya na uhudshenie sostoyaniya zhilogo fonda v Ist Villidzhe ego muzykalnye i hudozhestvennye ploshadki procvetali 1 393 K 1970 m godam po sosedstvu nachali otkryvatsya tancevalnye zaly dlya geev i pank rok kluby 9 38 V ih chislo vhodil rok klub Filmor Ist en stavshij pozzhe chastnym gej klubom Sejnt angl Saint on nahodilsya v zdanii kinoteatra na Vtoroj avenyu 105 9 38 46 264 Teatr Fillis Anderson byl pereoborudovan v Teatr Vtoroj avenyu stav pristrojkoj k muzykalnomu klubu CBGB i prinimal takih muzykantov i takie gruppy kak Bryus Springstin Patti Smit i Talking Heads Klub Pyramid otkryvshijsya v 1979 godu na Avenyu A 101 prinimal takih ispolnitelej kak Nirvana i Red Hot Chili Peppers a takzhe dreg kvin Ru Pol i Enn Magnuson 9 38 Krome togo k seredine 1980 h godov v Ist Villidzhe nahodilos svyshe 100 hudozhestvennyh galerej pervoj iz kotoryh stala tak nazyvaemaya Vesyolaya galereya en Billa Stellinga i Patti Astor en 54 Takzhe v nejborhude vystavlyalis raboty Kita Haringa i Zhana Mishelya Baskiya 1 393 mnozhestvo galerej otkrylos so vremenem na 7 j ulice 9 38 Spad Pravit Nyujorikanskoe poeticheskoe kafe en v 1998 godu K 1987 godu prishli v upadok i hudozhestvennye ploshadki 55 Mnogie iz hudozhestvennyh galerej pereehali v bolee pribylnye nejborhudy takie kak Soho ili vovse zakrylis 56 9 38 Hudozhestvennye ploshadki stali zhertvami svoego sobstvennogo uspeha poskolku ih populyarnost so vremenem vozrodila rynok nedvizhimosti v Ist Villidzhe 57 Odnim iz klubov pytavshihsya vozrodit byloe hudozhestvennoe proshloe nejborhuda byl Haus of Satisfakshen angl House of Satisfaction Mo Pitkinsa chastichno prinadlezhavshij komiku Dzhimmi Fellonu do ego zakrytiya v 2007 godu 58 Soglasno issledovaniyu Fordemskogo universiteta posvyashyonnomu upadku kultury v Ist Villidzhe molodaya liberalnaya kultura nekogda nashedshaya svoyo mesto na manhettenskoj storone Ist Rivera chastichno peremestilas v novye rajony takie kak Vilyamsburg v Brukline 59 1 393 Vprochem v Ist Villidzhe vsyo eshyo ostayotsya neskolko zametnyh artisticheskih ploshadok takih kak kafe Sajduok angl Sidewalk Cafe na peresechenii 6 j ulicy i avenyu A a takzhe poeticheskie kluby Baueri i Nyujorikanskoe poeticheskoe kafe en 60 Dzhentrifikaciya Pravit Na uglu Pervoj avenyu i 9 j ulicy V konce XX veka v Ist Villidzh prishla dzhentrifikaciya chto stalo rezultatom vysheupomyanutogo rosta cen na zhilyo 9 39 57 V 1970 h godah arendnaya plata byla chrezvychajno nizkoj i etot rajon schitalsya odnim iz poslednih po privlekatelnosti na Manhettene 61 Odnako uzhe v 1983 godu Times soobshala chto iz za naplyva hudozhnikov i posledovavshego povysheniya arendnoj platy mnogie zavedeniya i immigranty byli vynuzhdeny pokinut Ist Villidzh 62 Uzhe k sleduyushemu godu molodye professionaly sostavlyali kostyak naseleniya nejborhuda 61 Nesmotrya na eto uroven prestupnosti ostavalsya vysokim a v Tompkins skver parke otkryto prodavalis narkotiki 63 Vyzvannaya dzhentrifikaciej socialnaya napryazhyonnost privela v 1988 godu k buntu v Tompkins skver parke On proizoshyol na fone planov gorodskogo pravitelstva obyavit zdes komendantskij chas napravlennyj na borbu s mestnymi bezdomnymi V 1992 godu park snova byl otkryt 1 393 Posledstviya bunta neskolko zamedlili process dzhentrifikacii poskolku ceny na nedvizhimost upali 64 Odnako k koncu HH veka ceny na nedvizhimost vozobnovili stremitelnyj rost Okolo poloviny magazinov Ist Villidzha otkrylis v techenie desyati let posle bunta a uroven vakantnyh ploshadej za etot period upal s 20 do 3 chto ukazyvaet na to chto mnogie iz dolgovremennyh arendatorov byli vytesneny iz rajona 65 K nachalu XXI veka nekotorye zdaniya v etom rajone byli sneseny i zameneny bolee novymi stroeniyami 66 Tak v 2010 godu aktyor Devid Shvimmer kupil na 6 j ulice osobnyak 1852 goda i polnostyu ego perestroil nesmotrya na neodnokratnye uvedomleniya o vozmozhnom statuse pamyatnika arhitektury 67 Zonirovanie Pravit V hode dzhentrifikacii Ist Villidzha v pervom desyatiletii XXI veka razlichnye obshestvennye organizacii i aktivisty takie kak Obshestvo sohraneniya istoricheskogo naslediya Grinvich Villidzh en GVSHP 3 j obshestvennyj sovet Manhettena Koaliciya soobshestva Ist Villidzha i chlen gorodskogo soveta Rozi Mendes nachali prizyvat k izmeneniyu zonirovaniya rajona Pervyj proekt byl opublikovan v iyule 2006 goda i kasalsya uchastka ogranichennogo Vostochnoj 13 j ulicej na severe Tretej avenyu na zapade Delansi strit na yuge i avenyu D na vostoke 68 Predlozhenie po izmeneniyu zonirovaniya bylo vyskazano v otvet na ozabochennost po povodu naznacheniya i masshtabov nekotoryh novyh stroenij na etom uchastke V 2008 godu izmeneniya byli odobreny 69 Sredi prochego v ramkah novogo zonirovaniya byli ustanovleny ogranicheniya po vysote dlya novoj zastrojki na vsej zatronutoj territorii a takzhe izmenena dopustimaya plotnost zastrojki ogranichena peredacha prav na vozduh otmenyon bonus zonirovaniya dlya obshezhitij i otelej a takzhe sozdany stimuly dlya sozdaniya i sohraneniya dostupnogo zhilya 70 Usiliya po sohraneniyu istoricheskogo naslediya Pravit Mestnye obshestvennye gruppy takie kak GVSHP predprinimayut aktivnye dejstviya dlya zashity arhitekturnogo i kulturnogo naslediya Ist Villidzha a takzhe dlya polucheniya dlya nego statusa dostoprimechatelnostej V 2011 godu komissiya Nyu Jorka po ohrane dostoprimechatelnostej en LPC ozvuchila predlozhenie predostavit dvum uchastkam Ist Villidzha statusa istoricheskih nebolshomu rajonu na 10 j ulice k severu ot Tompkins skver parka i bolee krupnomu rajonu na yuge Vtoroj avenyu 71 72 V yanvare i oktyabre sleduyushego 2012 goda sootvetstvenno pervomu i vtoromu uchastku byli predostavleny statusy istoricheskih 73 2 9 Nekotorye usiliya po sohraneniyu istoricheskogo naslediya vprochem okazalis naprasnymi Tak nesmotrya na zapros v 2012 godu GVSHP i svyazannyh s nim aktivistov ob pridanii statusa pamyatnika hristianskoj cerkvi Marii Pomoshnicy i shkole s prihodskim fligelem vse eti stroeniya v 2013 godu byli sneseny 74 V 2011 godu bylo prinyato reshenie o snose doma v federalnom stile postrojki nachala XIX veka na Kuper skver 35 odnogo iz starejshih v Baueri i Ist Villidzhe dlya osvobozhdeniya mesta dlya obshezhitiya kolledzha 75 76 Inogda LPC vovse otklonyaet zaprosy o naznachenii statusa dostoprimechatelnosti kak eto bylo v sluchae s mnogokvartirnym domom v italyanskom stile en na Vostochnoj 13 j ulice 143 77 Takzhe LPC poroj otkazyvaetsya ot rasshireniya sushestvuyushih istoricheskih rajonov naprimer v 2016 godu bylo otkazano vo vklyuchenii byvshego doma illyustratora Felisii Bond en na Vostochnoj 7 j ulice 264 i chetyryoh sosednih mnogoetazhnyh domov v vydelennyj v 2012 godu istoricheskij rajon 78 Geografiya PravitS Ist Villidzhem granichat rajony Noho Baueri i Grinvich Villidzh na zapade Stajvesant skver en na severo zapade Stajvesant taun Piter Kuper Villidzh na severo vostoke Gramersi na severe i Nizhnij Ist Sajd na yuge 79 V nejborhude est neskolko nebolshih anklavov s yarko vyrazhennym harakterom 80 Alfabet Siti Pravit Osnovnaya statya Alfabet Siti Fonarnyj stolb na Sent Marks Plejs otdelannyj mozaikoj Alfabet Siti vostochnaya chast Ist Villidzha poluchivshaya svoyo nazvanie po ulicam s odnobukvennymi nazvaniyami avenyu A B C i D On ogranichivaetsya Hauston strit na yuge i 14 j ulicej na severe Iz dostoprimechatelnostej v Alfabet Siti mozhno vydelit Tompkins skver park i upominavsheesya vyshe Nyujorikanskoe poeticheskoe kafe en 40 81 82 V Alfabet Siti est ulica Sent Marks Plejs yavlyayushayasya prodolzheniem 8 j ulicy mezhdu Tretej avenyu i avenyu A Na nej shiroko predstavlena yaponskaya ulichnaya kultura a takzhe retro pank kultura i novyj magazin kluba CBGB takzhe Sent Marks Plejs yavlyaetsya chastyu Mozaichnoj tropy marshruta iz 80 inkrustirovannyh mozaikoj fonarnyh stolbov vedushego ot Brodveya vniz po 8 j ulice do avenyu A i 4 j ulicy i zatem obratno do 8 j ulicy 83 Alfabet Siti nekogda olicetvoryal zlachnoe mesto Nyu Jorka Ego dzhentrifikaciya na styke XX i XXI vekov korennym obrazom izmenila imidzh nejborhuda 84 Vostochnaya chast Alfabet Siti nosit sobstvennoe nazvanie Louisajda angl Loisaida proizoshedshee ot puertorikanskogo proiznosheniya nejborhuda Nizhnij Ist Sajd 9 37 40 41 Baueri Pravit Osnovnaya statya Baueri Nekogda ulica i prilegayushij k nej rajon Baueri byli izvestny svoimi mnogochislennymi priyutami dlya bezdomnyh centrami reabilitacii narkomanov i barami Vyrazhenie na Baueri vyshedshee so vremenem iz upotrebleniya bylo sinonimom bezdenezhya 85 V XXI veke dzhentrifikaciya takzhe nastigla Baueri i on prevratilsya v bulvar s novymi roskoshnymi kondominiumami Rekonstrukciya v rajone vstretila soprotivlenie so storony eyo postoyannyh zhitelej opasavshihsya uteri unikalnogo haraktera Baueri 86 V rajone takzhe poyavilos razvitoe artisticheskoe soobshestvo Zdes nahoditsya Poeticheskij klub Baueri en gde provodili chteniya pisateli Amiri Baraka i Tejlor Mid en 87 do 2006 goda na etom meste raspolagalsya vysheupomyanutyj nochnoj klub CBGB 88 Malenkaya Ukraina Pravit Cerkov svyatogo Georgiya en Ukrainskoj grekokatolicheskoj cerkvi na 7 j ulice Osnovnaya statya Malenkaya Ukraina Malenkaya Ukraina etnicheskij anklav v Ist Villidzhe v kotoryj ukrainskie nyu jorkcy nachali stekatsya eshyo v konce XIX veka 89 V nachale XX veka ukrainskie immigranty nachali pereselyatsya v rajony gde ranee dominirovali vostochnoevropejskie i galickie evrei a takzhe v nemeckij anklav Nizhnego Ist Sajda Posle Vtoroj mirovoj vojny ukrainskoe naselenie etogo kvartala dostiglo 60 000 chelovek 39 no kak i v sluchae s Malenkoj Italiej segodnya ukrainskij anklav predstavlen lish neskolkimi ukrainskimi magazinami i restoranami Nyne na uchastke mezhdu Hauston strit i 14 j ulicej i mezhdu Tretej avenyu i avenyu A 90 po prezhnemu prozhivaet pochti tret naseleniya Nyu Jorka s ukrainskimi kornyami 91 Zdes raspolozheno neskolko cerkvej v tom chisle cerkov svyatogo Georgiya en a takzhe ukrainskie restorany i myasnye lavki Ukrainskij muzej filial Nauchnogo obshestva imeni Tarasa Shevchenko i ukrainskij kulturnyj centr 92 S nachala XX veka ukrainskaya katolicheskaya cerkov svyatogo Georgiya yavlyaetsya odnoj iz kulturnyh dominant Malenkoj Ukrainy Zdes provodyatsya ezhednevnye liturgii i ispovedi pod upravleniem cerkvi nahoditsya Akademiya svyatogo Georgiya prihodskaya shkola sovmestnogo obucheniya Nachinaya s 1976 goda cerkov sponsiruet ezhegodnyj Festival ukrainskogo naslediya odnu iz nemnogih sohranivshihsya autentichnyh ulichnyh yarmarok Nyu Jorka 93 V aprele 1978 goda gorodskoj sovet Nyu Jorka pereimenoval nebolshuyu ulicu soedinyayushuyu Vostochnuyu 7 yu i 6 yu ulicy v Taras Shevchenko Plejs en v chest Tarasa Shevchenko nacionalnogo ukrainskogo poeta i myslitelya 94 Naselenie PravitSoglasno dannym perepisi naseleniya SShA 2010 goda naselenie Ist Villidzha sostavlyalo 44 136 chelovek chto na 2390 chelovek 5 4 bolshe chem v 2000 godu kogda ono naschityvalo 41 746 chelovek Ploshad Ist Villidzha sostavlyaet primerno 1 km sootvetstvenno plotnost naseleniya sostavlyaet okolo 44 000 chel km 95 Rasovyj sostav naseleniya 65 5 28 888 belyh 3 9 1743 afroamerikancev 0 1 64 korennyh amerikancev 14 9 6560 vyhodcev iz Azii 0 05 22 gavajcev ili zhitelej Okeanii 0 4 182 drugih ras i 2 8 1214 predstavitelej dvuh ili bolee ras Ispanoyazychnye amerikancy ili latinoamerikancy lyuboj rasy sostavlyali 12 4 5463 naseleniya 96 Lyudi na ulicah Ist Villidzha vo vremya epidemii COVID 19 oktyabr 2020 goda V celom v Obshestvennom okruge 3 kotoryj vklyuchaet Ist Villidzh i Nizhnij Ist Sajd po dannym otchyota departamenta zdravoohraneniya i psihicheskoj gigieny Nyu Jorka en za 2018 god prozhivalo 171 103 cheloveka a srednyaya prodolzhitelnost zhizni sostavlyala 82 2 goda 97 2 20 Etot pokazatel byl vyshe chem srednyaya prodolzhitelnost zhizni v srednem po Nyu Jorku sostavlyavshaya 81 2 goda 98 53 PDF p 84 99 Bolshinstvo zhitelej yavlyalis vzroslymi lyudmi bolshinstvo 35 nahodilos v vozraste ot 25 do 44 let 25 v vozraste ot 45 do 64 let a 16 v vozraste ot 65 let i starshe Dolya molodyozhi i zhitelej studencheskogo vozrasta byla nizhe 13 i 11 sootvetstvenno 97 2 Po sostoyaniyu na 2017 god srednij dohod domohozyajstva v 3 m obshestvennom okruge sostavlyal 39 584 dollara 100 togda kak srednij individualnyj dohod v Ist Villidzhe sostavlyal 74 265 dollarov V 2018 godu primerno 18 zhitelej Ist Villidzha i Nizhnego Ist Sajda zhili v bednosti po sravneniyu s pokazatelem 14 na Manhettene i 20 v celom po Nyu Jorku Kazhdyj dvenadcatyj zhitel 8 byl bezrabotnym po sravneniyu s 7 v Manhettene i 9 v Nyu Jorke Dolya zhitelej Ist Villidzha i Nizhnego Ist Sajda ispytyvavshih trudnosti s oplatoj arendnoj platy sostavlyala 48 po sravneniyu s manhettenskim i obshegorodskim pokazatelem v 45 i 51 sootvetstvenno Po etim dannym na 2018 god Ist Villidzh i Nizhnij Ist Sajd schitalis dzhentrificirovannymi rajonami 97 7 Zdravoohranenie i ekologiya PravitPo dannym na 2018 god prezhdevremennye i podrostkovye rody byli menshe rasprostraneny v Ist Villidzhe i Nizhnem Ist Sajde chem v drugih gorodskih nejborhudah Tak po sostoyaniyu na 2018 god v Nizhnem Ist Sajde i Ist Villidzhe bylo zaregistrirovano 82 sluchaya prezhdevremennyh rodov na 1000 rodov po sravneniyu s obshegorodskim pokazatelem v 87 sluchaev i 10 1 sluchaya podrostkovyh rodov na 1000 rodov po sravneniyu s obshegorodskim pokazatelem 19 3 sluchaya 101 11 V Ist Villidzhe naschityvaetsya nebolshoe kolichestvo zhitelej ne imeyushih medicinskoj strahovki en V 2018 godu etot pokazatel ocenivalsya v 11 chto nemnogim menshe srednego znacheniya po gorodu v 12 101 14 V 2018 godu 88 zhitelej potreblyali frukty i ovoshi kazhdyj den chto primerno sovpadalo so srednegorodskim pokazatelem V 2018 godu 70 zhitelej nazvali svoyo zdorove horoshim ochen horoshim ili otlichnym chto bylo nizhe srednego pokazatelya po gorodu ravnogo 78 101 13 Na kazhdyj supermarket v Ist Villidzhe i Nizhnem Ist Sajde naschityvalos po 18 pridomovyh magazinov 101 10 Koncentraciya melkodispersnyh chastic v Ist Villidzhe i Nizhnem Ist Sajde v 2018 godu sostavlyala 0 0089 mg m chto prevyshalo srednij pokazatel po Nyu Jorku 101 9 Blizhajshie k Ist Villidzhu krupnye bolnicy medicinskij kompleks Bet Izrejel v Stajvesant taune a takzhe Gospital Belvyu en i Medicinskij centr Nyu Jorkskogo universiteta en v Kips Bee i Nyu Jorkskaya presviterianskaya bolnica Nizhnego Manhettena en v Municipalnom centre 102 103 Obrazovanie PravitDolya zhitelej s obrazovaniem v obyome kolledzha v Ist Villidzhe i Nizhnem Ist Sajde vyshe chem v celom po Nyu Jorku Tak 48 zhitelej v vozraste ot 25 let imeli obrazovanie v obyome kolledzha v to vremya kak 24 imeli obrazovanie nizhe srednego a 28 yavlyalis vypusknikami shkol ili imeli neokonchennoe vysshee obrazovanie Dlya sravneniya dolya zhitelej Manhettena i v celom nyujorkcev s obrazovaniem v obyome kolledzha i vyshe sostavlyala v 2018 godu 64 i 43 sootvetstvenno 104 6 Procent uchenikov s dostatochnym urovnem znaniya matematiki vyros v Nizhnem Ist Sajde i Ist Villidzhe s 61 v 2000 godu do 80 v 2011 godu a dolya uchenikov obladayushih dostatochnymi navykami chteniya uvelichilas s 41 do 53 za tot zhe period vremeni 105 Shkoly Pravit Uchashiesya prozhivayushie v granicah municipalnogo shkolnogo okruga Ist Villidzha mogut podat zayavlenie na obuchenie v lyuboj shkole okruga vklyuchaya shkoly Nizhnego Ist Sajda 106 107 V Ist Villidzhe nahodyatsya sleduyushie nachalnye shkoly sistemy PK 5 esli ne ukazano inoe 108 Srednyaya shkola Ist Sajda na 11 j ulice Shkola 15 imeni Roberto Klemente 109 Shkola 19 imeni Ashera Levi 110 Shkola 34 imeni Franklina Ruzvelta grades PK 8 111 Shkola 63 Akademiya STAR 112 Shkola 64 imeni Roberta Simona 113 Shkola 94 sistema K 8 114 Shkola 188 sistema PK 8 115 Shkola Zemli angl Earth School 116 Shkola nejborhuda angl Neighborhood School 117 Detskaya shkola masterskaya 118 Obshinnaya shkola Ist Villidzha 119 V rajone raspolozheny sleduyushie srednie i starshie shkoly 108 Obshestvennaya srednyaya shkola Ist Sajda 6 12 klassy 120 Manhettenskaya shkola karernogo razvitiya 9 12 klassy 121 Srednyaya shkola Tompkins skver 6 8 klassy 122 Biblioteki Pravit Publichnaya biblioteka Nyu Jorka upravlyaet v Ist Villidzhe tremya filialami Filial Ottendorfer nahoditsya na Vtoroj avenyu 135 On otkrylsya v 1884 godu blagodarya pozhertvovaniyu zhurnalista Osvalda Ottendorfera en kotoryj vladel gazetoj New Yorker Staats Zeitung Filial Ottendorfer sproektirovannyj v stile neorenessansa nosit status gorodskoj dostoprimechatelnosti 22 Filial na Tompkins skver na Vostochnoj 10 ya ulice 331 otkrylsya v 1887 godu 123 Filial Hamilton Fish park na Vostochnoj Hauston strit 415 Pervonachalno on byl postroen v 1909 godu kak biblioteka Karnegi odnako byl snesyon pri rasshirenii Hauston strit nyneshnee zhe odnoetazhnoe stroenie v kotorom nahoditsya filial bylo postroeno v 1960 godu 124 Vysshee obrazovanie Pravit Nyu Jorkskij universitet Pravit Cerkov svyatoj Anny en teryayushayasya na fone obshezhitiya Nyu Jorkskogo universiteta Po hodu dzhentrifikacii v Ist Villidzhe uvelichilos kolichestvo zdanij prinadlezhashih i obsluzhivaemyh Nyu Jorkskim universitetom v osobennosti obshezhitij dlya studentov bakalavriata Provodimaya universitetom zastrojka neodnokratno privodila k konfliktam s mestnymi zhitelyami 125 Tak cerkov Svyatoj Anny en kamennoe sooruzhenie otdelannoe rustovannym kamnem s bashnej v neoromanskom stile na Vostochnoj 12 j ulice 1847 goda postrojki byla prodana Nyu Jorkskomu universitetu chtoby osvobodit mesto dlya 26 etazhnogo obshezhitiya na 700 mest Posle protesta soobshestva universitet poobeshal sohranit originalnyj fasad cerkvi Hotya svoyo obeshanie universitet i sderzhal obshezhitie kotoroe nyne yavlyaetsya samym vysokim sooruzheniem v okruge bylo vozvedeno vplotnuyu k cerkvi 125 U Nyu Jorkskogo universiteta chasto voznikali raznoglasiya s zhitelyami kak Ist tak i Vest Villidzha iz za ego obshirnyh planov po rasshireniyu kampusa Tak gorodskaya aktivistka Dzhejn Dzhejkobs borolas protiv universiteta eshyo v 1960 h godah 126 Kuper Yunion Pravit Arhitekturnyj kolledzh Kuper Yunion nahodyashijsya v Kuper skvere en byl osnovan v 1859 godu predprinimatelem i filantropom Piterom Kuperom 127 Konkurs na zachislenie v 2021 godu sostavlyal poryadka 7 chelovek na mesto 128 Ranee v Kuper Yunione dejstvovali besplatnye programmy obucheniya v inzhenernom dele iskusstve i arhitekture 129 Bolshoj zal kolledzha pomnit mnogie istoricheskie rechi v tom chisle vystuplenie en Avraama Linkolna v fevrale 1860 goda vnyosshee sushestvennyj vklad v ego pobedu na prezidentskih vyborah 130 Novoe zdanie kolledzha na Kuper skver 41 2009 goda postrojki stalo pervym v Nyu Jorke poluchivshim platinovyj status po sisteme LEED 131 Kultura PravitReligiya Pravit Kak sledstvie neotemlemogo multikulturalizma v Ist Villidzhe nahodyatsya cerkvi raznyh konfessij Sredi nih Srednyaya kollegialnaya cerkov en reformatskoj cerkvi v Amerike en 1891 1892 godov postrojki 5 dekabrya 2020 goda pozhar seryozno povredil interer zdaniya 132 cerkov Rozhdestva Hristova en rimsko katolicheskoj arhieparhii Nyu Jorka iznachalno postroennaya v 1842 godu ona vygorela v 1912 godu a v 1970 godu otstroena v sovremennom stile 133 vysheupomyanutaya cerkov Svyatogo Marka v Baueri en episkopalnoj cerkvi vklyuchyonnaya v 1972 godu v Nacionalnyj reestr istoricheskih mest SShA 134 i mnogie drugie 135 9 oktyabrya 1966 goda Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada osnovatel Mezhdunarodnogo obshestva soznaniya Krishny provyol pervyj seans peniya mantry Hare Krishna na otkrytom vozduhe za predelami Indijskogo subkontinenta v Tompkins skver parke Eta data schitaetsya dnyom osnovaniya krishnaizma v SShA a bolshoe derevo nedaleko ot centra parka oboznacheno kak osoboe religioznoe mesto dlya priverzhencev Krishny 136 Nekotorye cerkvi Ist Villidzha Srednyaya kollegialnaya cerkov en Sovremennaya Cerkov Rozhdestva Hristova en Cerkov Svyatogo Marka v Baueri en v fevrale 2011 godaPrazdniki i festivali Pravit V Ist Villidzhe ezhegodno provoditsya ryad prazdnichnyh meropriyatij sredi kotoryh dzhazovyj festival Charli Parkera avgust ezhegodno 137 138 festival Dream Up avgust sentyabr ezhegodno 139 hellouinskij parad sobak v Tompkins skvere oktyabr ezhegodno 140 141 142 Dostoprimechatelnosti Pravit Mnogim zdaniyam Ist Villidzha predostavlen status dostoprimechatelnostej Sredi nih Zhiloj kompleks Ferst Hauses en na Vostochnoj 3 j ulice i avenyu A pervyj zhiloj kompleks vozvedyonnyj v ramkah gosudarstvennoj programmy zhilishnogo stroitelstva v SShA postroen v 1935 godu dostoprimechatelnost s 1974 goda 143 Poliklinika Stajvesant en po adresu Vtoraya avenyu 137 postroena v 1884 godu dostoprimechatelnost s 1976 goda 144 Kristodora Haus en postroen v 1928 godu vnesyon v nacionalnyj reestr istoricheskih mest v 1986 godu 145 Nochlezhnyj dom dlya malchikov na Tompkins skver i industrialnaya shkola Obshestva pomoshi detyam en po adresu Vostochnaya 8 ya ulica 296 postroeny v 1886 godu dostoprimechatelnosti s 2000 goda 146 Gosudarstvennaya shkola 64 po adresu 10 ya ulica 350 vypolnena v stile neorenessansa postroena v 1904 1906 godah arhitektorom i upravlyayushim shkoly Charlzom Snajderom dostoprimechatelnost s 2006 goda 147 Uebster holl en koncertnyj zal i nochnoj klub takzhe v stile neorenessansa sproektirovan v 1886 godu 148 dostoprimechatelnost s 2008 goda 149 Priyut Elizabety dlya devochek Obshestva pomoshi detyam en po adresu Vostochnaya 12 ya ulica 308 postroen v 1891 1892 godah dostoprimechatelnost s 2008 goda 150 Hlebopekarnya Uitsuort postroena v 1927 1928 godah dostoprimechatelnost s 2008 goda 151 Cerkov Svyatogo Nikolaya Mirlikijskogo en po adresu Vostochnaya 10 ya ulica 288 dostoprimechatelnost s 2008 goda 152 Aukcion loshadej Van Tassell and Kearney en na Vostochnoj 13 j ulice 126 128 postroen v 1903 1904 godah dostoprimechatelnost s 2012 goda 153 Pervaya nemeckaya baptistskaya cerkov sinagoga po adresu Vostochnaya 14 ya ulica 334 dostoprimechatelnost s 2014 goda 154 Dostoprimechatelnost Poliklinika Stajvesant i filial Publichnoj biblioteki Ottendorfer en Parki i sady Pravit Bolshie parki Pravit Derevo Hare Krishna v Tompkins skver parke Tompkins skver park obshestvennyj park v Alfabet Siti ploshadyu 4 2 ga Na severe on ogranichen 10 j ulicej na vostoke avenyu B na yuge 7 j ulicej i na zapade avenyu A 155 V parke est bejsbolnoe pole basketbolnye ploshadki i dve detskie ploshadki 156 V parke takzhe imeetsya sobachya ploshadka 157 Tompkins skver park neodnokratno stanovilsya arenoj massovyh besporyadkov 13 yanvarya 1874 goda zdes vspyhnul bunt pri razgone policejskimi demonstracii v kotoroj uchastvovali tysyachi bezrabotnyh 158 25 iyulya 1877 goda vo vremya Velikoj zheleznodorozhnoj zabastovki 1877 goda dvadcat tysyach chelovek sobralis v parke chtoby poslushat vystupleniya prokommunisticheski nastroennyh oratorov Dlya razgona tolpy policiya Nyu Jorka i Nacionalnaya gvardiya primenili dubinki vposledstvii opravdyvaya eto tem chto miting ne byl mirnym Posle etogo proisshestviya v gorode byl postroen celyj oruzhejnyj arsenal 159 6 7 avgusta 1988 goda na fone provodimoj dzhentrifikacii proizoshli vysheupomyanutye besporyadki mezhdu policiej i navodnivshimi park narkotorgovcami bezdomnymi i skinhedami 160 161 162 1 393 1107 1323 S vostochnoj storony Ist Villidzh okajmlyaetsya Ist River parkom Ploshadyu 23 ga on prohodit polosoj mezhdu Magistralyu FDR i prolivom Ist River ot Montgomeri strit do Vostochnoj 12 j ulicy Park byl sproektirovan v 1930 h godah gorodskim inspektorom po parkam Robertom Mozesom soglasno ego planam vdol beregovoj linii Nizhnego Ist Sajda dolzhna byla byt parkovaya zona 163 Zdes est futbolnoe i bejsbolnoe polya a takzhe pole dlya amerikanskogo futbola tennisnye korty basketbolnye i gandbolnye ploshadki begovaya i velosipednaya dorozhki v tom chisle Ist River Grinuej 164 Obshinnye sady Pravit V Nyu Jorke naschityvaetsya poryadka 600 obshinnyh sadov 165 sadov nahodyashihsya v vedenii mestnyh zhitelej nejborhudov kotorye vedut za nimi regulyarnyj uhod i primerno 10 iz takih sadov raspolozheny tolko v Nizhnem Ist Sajde i Ist Villidzhe 166 Praktika razvedeniya takih obshinnyh sadov na zemlyah nahodyashihsya v municipalnoj sobstvennosti zarodilas v nachale 1970 h godov Hotya mnogie iz takih uchastkov byli vposledstvii prodany pod chastnuyu zastrojku nekotorye parki byli peredany v vedenie departamenta parkov i otdyha Nyu Jorka en kotoryj sledit za sohrannostyu sadov 38 Open Roud park en v dekabre 2020 goda Open Roud park en razbityj na meste byvshego kladbisha i avtobusnoj ostanovki predstavlyaet soboj sad i igrovuyu ploshadku primykayushie k srednej shkole soobshestva Ist Sajda en mezhdu 11 j i 12 j ulicami k vostoku ot Pervoj avenyu 167 Obshestvennyj sad na avenyu B i 6 j ulice nekogda vydelyalsya svoej nyne snesyonnoj skulpturoj v vide 20 metrovoj bashni s detskimi igrushkami Ona byla sproektirovana hudozhnikom i mestnym sadovnikom Eddi Borosom 168 169 Bashnya byla simvolom rajona tak ona poyavlyaetsya vo vstupitelnyh titrah teleshou Policiya Nyu Jorka a takzhe v myuzikle Rent 168 Skulptura imela neodnoznachnuyu reputaciyu odni schitali eyo shedevrom drugie nelepicej 168 170 V mae 2008 goda bashnyu razobrali pod predlogom togo chto ona nachala gnit i predstavlyat ugrozu bezopasnosti prohozhih 171 172 Detskij uchebnyj sad Toyota na Vostochnoj 11 j ulice 603 tehnicheski predstavlyaet soboj uchebnyj a ne obshinnyj sad On byl sproektirovan landshaftnym arhitektorom Majklom Van Valkenburgom angl Michael Van Valkenburgh i otkrylsya v mae 2008 goda v ramkah proekta po vosstanovleniyu zelyonyh nasazhdenij Nyu Jorka NYRP en kak mesto dlya izucheniya detmi rastenij 173 Lya Plaza Kalchural en obshinnyj sad s teatrom pod otkrytym nebom na 9 j ulice i avenyu C Sad byl otkryt v 1976 godu i po sostoyaniyu na 2019 god prodolzhal rabotat 174 nesmotrya na neodnokratnye predlozheniya o pereplanirovke 175 Mramornye kladbisha Pravit V kvartale ogranichennom Baueri Vtoroj avenyu a takzhe 2 j i 3 j ulicami nahoditsya starejshee obshestvennoe kladbishe Nyu Jorka ne svyazannoe s kakoj libo opredelyonnoj religiej Mramornoe kladbishe goroda Nyu Jorka 176 1 177 Ono bylo osnovano v 1830 godu 176 1 i nyne otkryto dlya posesheniya v chetvyortoe voskresene kazhdogo mesyaca 178 Poblizosti na 2 j ulice mezhdu Pervoj i Vtoroj avenyu nahoditsya eshyo odno kladbishe so shozhim nazvaniem Mramornoe kladbishe Nyu Jorka Ono yavlyaetsya vtorym vsekonfessionalnym kladbishem v gorode Kladbishe otkrylos v 1831 godu 179 1 Zdes nahodyatsya zahoroneniya takih istoricheskih lichnostej kak prezident SShA Dzhejms Monro mer Nyu Jorka v 1821 1824 godah Stiven Allen en filantrop Dzhejms Lenoks chya lichnaya biblioteka stala chastyu Nyu Jorkskoj publichnoj biblioteki mer v 1839 1841 godah Ajzek Varian en mer 1807 1808 godov i geroj Vojny za nezavisimost Marinus Uillet en i krupnyj torgovec pervoj poloviny XIX veka Prizervid Fish en 180 Mramornye kladbisha Ist Villidzha Mramornoe kladbishe Nyu Jorka Raspolozhennoe poblizosti Mramornoe kladbishe goroda Nyu JorkaV massovoj kulture Pravit V bare Podkova angl Horseshoe na avenyu B 108 snimalsya epizod iz Kryostnogo otca 2 Ist Villidzh stal mestom dejstviya mnozhestva populyarnyh kinolent i serialov Tak ekscentrichnaya scena iz filma Kogda Garri vstretil Salli proishodila za stolikom restoranchika Delikatesy Kaca na vostochnoj Hauston strit 209 prichyom etot stolik imeet s teh por specialnuyu pometku v pamyat o teh syomkah Toliku izvestnosti Delikatesy poluchili i v filmah Donni Brasko i Cherez vselennuyu Nepodalyoku na 5 j ulice 244 nahoditsya mnogokvartirnyj dom v kotorom snimalas melodrama Esh molis lyubi s Haverom Bardemom i Dzhuliej Roberts Kvartal mezhdu avenyu A i B k severu ot 6 j ulicy byl dekorirovan dlya lenty Kryostnyj otec 2 pod Malenkuyu Italiyu poslednyaya ko vremeni syomok nastolko osovremenilas chto utratila svoj anturazh gangsterskogo rajona Na toj zhe avenyu B nekogda shli syomki komedii Krokodila Dandi trillera Serdce Angela i dramy Verdikt Sidni Lyumeta V chislo drugih legendarnyh filmov snimavshihsya v Ist Villidzhe vhodyat Taksist Martina Skorseze i Odnazhdy v Amerike Serdzho Leone 181 182 Po mestam syomok v Ist Villidzhe provodyatsya ekskursii 183 Ekonomika Pravit Italyanskij restoran John s na 12 j ulice v avguste 2020 goda Zastrojka nejborhuda v osnovnom predstavlena nebolshimi mnogokvartirnymi zdaniyami i krupnymi municipalnymi zhilymi kompleksami Bolshuyu dolyu v ekonomike rajona zanimayut predpriyatiya obshestvennogo pitaniya i razvlekatelnye zavedeniya kafe restorany a takzhe nochnye kluby imeetsya mnozhestvo melkih tochek roznichnoj torgovli naprimer na Sent Marks Plejs i na osnovnyh avenyu rajona 184 Vo vremya pandemii vyzvannoj COVID 19 mnozhestvo predpriyatij obshestvennogo pitaniya s mnogoletnej istoriej byli vynuzhdeny zakrytsya 185 186 187 Ozhivlyonnost nejborhuda ego istoricheskoe i kulturnoe nasledie a takzhe razvitoe chuvstvo socialnoj obshnosti sredi ego zhitelej sluzhat osnovnymi faktorami privlekayushimi syuda novyh biznes rezidentov Ist Villidzh zachastuyu sluzhit nekim ispytatelnym poligonom dlya nachinayushih predprinimatelej so vsego mira 184 K negativnym faktoram ogranichivayushim vedenie biznesa otnosyat dovolno vysokuyu dolyu nezanyatyh ploshadej 14 kotorye zachastuyu pokryvayutsya graffiti problemu s utilizaciej musora v otdelnyh chastyah nejborhuda otnositelno vysokuyu arendnuyu platu plohuyu transportnuyu dostupnost nekotoryh chastej nejborhuda 184 Po dannym na 2020 god v Ist Villidzhe naschityvalos 1767 predpriyatij razlichnogo profilya iz nih 396 restorany polnogo i nepolnogo ciklov obsluzhivaniya 155 bary 142 salony krasoty 94 kafe 184 Ezhegodnyj obyom roznichnogo biznesa v Ist Villidzhe prevyshaet 3 mlrd 184 Prestupnost Pravit Policejskie v ozhidanii zakaza v Dunkin Donuts na Hauston strit v Ist Villidzhe Ist Villidzh patruliruetsya policejskimi 9 go uchastka policii Nyu Jorka raspolozhennogo na Vostochnoj 5 j ulice 321 188 9 j uchastok zanyal 58 e mesto iz 69 v rejtinge samyh bezopasnyh rajonov patrulirovaniya po urovnyu prestupnosti na dushu naseleniya v 2010 godu 189 Po dannym na 2018 god bylo zaregistrirovano 42 sluchaya neletalnogo napadeniya iz raschyota na 100 000 chelovek chto bylo nizhe obshegorodskogo pokazatelya 190 8 Po statistike 9 go policejskogo uchastka v 2019 godu uroven prestupnosti po sravneniyu s 1990 godom v sovokupnosti po vsem kategoriyam snizilsya na 79 5 V 2019 godu uchastok soobshil o 3 ubijstvah 15 iznasilovaniyah 119 grabezhah 171 napadenii s otyagchayushimi obstoyatelstvami 122 krazhah so vzlomom 760 krupnyh krazhah i 37 krupnyh krazhah avtomobilej 191 Pozharnaya ohrana PravitIst Villidzh obsluzhivaetsya chetyrmya pozharnymi stanciyami pozharnogo departamenta Nyu Jorka Ekipazh 3 Batalon 6 Vostochnaya 13 ya ulica 103 192 Pozharnyj raschyot 5 Vostochnaya 14 ya ulica 340 193 Pozharnyj raschyot 28 Ekipazh 11 Vostochnaya 2 ya ulica 222 194 Pozharnyj raschyot 33 Ekipazh 9 Grejt Dzhons strit 42 195 Transport PravitIst Villidzh obsluzhivaetsya neskolkimi stanciyami metro sredi kotoryh Vtoraya avenyu Astor Plejs Vosmaya ulica Nyu Jorkskij universitet i Pervaya avenyu 196 Rajon obsluzhivaetsya avtobusnymi marshrutami M1 M2 M3 M8 M9 M14A M14D M15 M15 SBS M21 M101 M102 i M103 197 Velodorozhki prisutstvuyut na osnovnyh avenyu Ist Villidzha takih kak avenyu A i C a takzhe na Pervoj avenyu togda kak avenyu B i D a takzhe Tretya avenyu imi ne oborudovany Takzhe velodorozhki est na 3 j 4 j 9 j 10 j 12 j i 13 j ulicah 198 Transport v Ist Villidzhe Vyhod so stancii Vtoraya avenyu Perron Pervoj avenyu Avtobus marshruta M1Primechaniya PravitKommentarii Polusvobodnoe rabstvo poyavilos v niderlandskoj kolonii v 1644 godu kogda rabam nachali vydavatsya sertifikaty po kotorym oni i ih zhyony do konca zhizni osvobozhdalis ot rabstva Im takzhe vydavalis zemelnye nadely V obmen polusvobodnye raby dolzhny byli ostavatsya loyalnymi Gollandskoj Vest Indskoj kompanii i vyplachivat ezhegodnyj nalog v naturalnom vyrazhenii Status ne nasledovalsya i deti polusvobodnyh rabov byli polnocennymi rabami 6 Istochniki 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 The Encyclopedia of New York City 2010 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Brazee amp Most 2012 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Burrows amp Wallace 1999 Bolton R P New York City in Indian possession neopr Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation Data obrasheniya 25 oktyabrya 2020 Stokes 1915 vol 1 p 6 Harris L M In the Shadow of Slavery African Americans in New York City 1626 1863 Chicago University of Chicago Press 2003 P 23 380 p Historical Studies of Urban America ISBN 0226317749 Stokes 1915 vol 1 pp 18 20 Foote T W Black and white Manhattan the history of racial formation in colonial New York City angl New York Oxford University Press 2004 334 p ISBN 0195088093 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 Brazee et al 2012 Valentine D T Manual of the corporation of the city of New York neopr Edmund Jones amp Co Data obrasheniya 3 fevralya 2021 1 2 Lockwood 1972 Stokes 1915 vol 5 p 1668 Gray C Streetscapes 19 25 St Marks Place The Eclectic Life of a Row of East Village Houses angl The New York Times 8 November 1998 Data obrasheniya 3 dekabrya 2020 Stokes 1915 vol 5 pp 1726 1728 New York City Marble Cemetery angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 4 March 1969 Data obrasheniya 3 dekabrya 2020 New York Marble Cemetery angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 4 March 1969 Data obrasheniya 3 dekabrya 2020 1 2 Dolkart 2012 1 2 Nadel 1990 Riis J How the other half lives studies among the tenements of New York New York Dover 1971 ISBN 978 0 486 22012 3 1 2 3 Haberstroh R Kleindeutschland Little Germany in the Lower East Side angl LESPI NY Data obrasheniya 4 dekabrya 2020 Spano S A Short Walking Tour of New York s Lower East Side neopr Smithsonian Data obrasheniya 4 dekabrya 2020 1 2 About the Ottendorfer Library angl The New York Public Library Data obrasheniya 4 dekabrya 2020 O Donnell E Ship Ablaze The Tragedy of the Steamboat General Slocum New York Broadway Books 2003 ISBN 0767909054 Riis J How the other half lives studies among the tenements of New York New York Dover 1971 P 20 ISBN 9780486220123 Sanders R The Lower East Side a guide to its Jewish past with 99 new photographs N Y Dover Publications 1979 83 p ISBN 9780486238715 The tenement house laws of the City of New York N Y 1903 Tenement House Act CREATING NEW APARTMENT AREA ON LOWER SECOND AVENUE Second Avenue Awakening angl The New York Times 2 June 1929 Data obrasheniya 5 dekabrya 2020 SECOND AVENUE SKYSCRAPER Martin Engel and Louis Minsky Are to Put Up the First There angl The New York Times 5 October 1907 Data obrasheniya 5 dekabrya 2020 CITY TO DESCEND ON OLD ST MARK S Second Avenue Widening to Take Fifteen Feet Off Church s Lawn angl The New York Times 19 June 1912 Data obrasheniya 5 dekabrya 2020 LANDMARKS PASSING ON SECOND AVENUE Keteltas Mansion the Last Fashionable Residence to Become a Moving Picture House angl The New York Times 10 November 1912 Data obrasheniya 5 dekabrya 2020 Rosenberg A Dunford M The Rough Guide to New York City London Rough Guides 2012 ISBN 9781405390224 1 2 Caplane R 1997 11 28 Yiddish music maven sees mamaloshen in mainstream angl Jweekly Data obrasheniya 2020 12 09 800 000 THEATRE OPENS ON EAST SIDE Big as the Hippodrome but Many Are Turned Away from First Night s Performance angl The New York Times 15 September 1911 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 CURES GREAT HALL AT CITY COLLEGE Harvard Scientist Remedies Faulty Acoustics After a Summer s Experimenting angl The New York Times 25 September 1912 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 Katz J O Brien traces history of Yiddish theater angl Campus Times 29 September 2005 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 Gersten L Bruce Adler 63 Star of Broadway and Second Avenue angl Forward 29 July 2008 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 First Houses angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 12 November 1974 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 1 2 Strausbaugh J Paths of Resistance in the East Village Published 2007 angl The New York Times 14 September 2007 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 1 2 McKinley J Ukrainian Accent Gets Stronger angl The New York Times 16 November 1997 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 Foderaro Will it be Loisaida of Alphabet city Two Visions Vie In the East Village angl The New York Times 17 May 1987 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 1 2 von Hassell 1996 COOPER SQ PROJECT IS ADDING 8 ACRES angl The New York Times 30 November 1956 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 Zipp S Manhattan Projects The Rise and Fall of Urban Renewal in Cold War New York New York Oxford Oxford University Press 2010 488 p ISBN 0199779538 CHURCH BUILDING FACES DEMOLITION 100 Year Old St Nicholas on the Lower East Side Is Sold to Company angl The New York Times 27 January 1960 Data obrasheniya 9 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 McKinley J F Y I East Village History angl The New York Times 1 June 1995 Data obrasheniya 10 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 Miller 1990 Kramer H Art Remember the 50s on 10th St angl The New York Times 23 December 1977 Data 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Times 27 January 1989 Data obrasheniya 10 dekabrya 2020 1 2 Virshup 1987 Meehan P Chopped Liver and Chilies on Avenue A angl The New York Times 28 September 2005 Data obrasheniya 10 dekabrya 2020 The East Village A Look at the Culture of an East River Neighborhood angl Data obrasheniya 10 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 2 dekabrya 2013 goda Saint George M RAPTURE CAFE Coffee Is The New Vodka angl Trigger Magazine 8 May 2007 Data obrasheniya 10 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 13 avgusta 2007 goda 1 2 Belkin L THE GENTRIFICATION OF THE EAST VILLAGE angl The New York Times 2 September 1984 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 NEW PROSPERITY BRINGS DISCORD TO THE EAST VILLAGE angl The New York Times 19 December 1983 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Lyons R D IF YOU RE THINKING OF LIVING IN THE EAST VILLAGE neopr The New York Times 6 oktyabrya 1985 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Lueck T J Prices Decline as Gentrification Ebbs Published 1991 angl The New York Times 29 September 1991 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Jacobs A A New Spell for Alphabet City Gentrification Led to the Unrest at Tompkins Square 10 Years Ago Did the Protesters Win That Battle but Lose the War Published 1998 angl The New York Times 9 August 1998 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Budin J Look At These NYC Storefronts Pre and Post Gentrification angl Curbed NY 25 March 2014 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Gould J E Village outrage at Schwimmer s home raze angl New York Post 6 February 2012 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 East Village Lower East Side Rezoning angl 2008 Arhivirovano 4 marta 2016 goda Haughney C High Rises Are at Heart of Manhattan Zoning Battle Published 2008 angl The New York Times 15 November 2008 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 East Village Rezoning Passes angl GVSHP Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Brazee C D Most J L East 10th Street Historic District Designation Report angl NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission 17 January 2012 Amateau A Pyramid and cinema in proposed district Church says Nyet angl The Villager 2011 Arhivirovano 18 yanvarya 2012 goda Berger J Designation of Historic District in East Village Won t Stop Project angl City Room 17 January 2012 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Two Steps Forward One Step Back angl Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 sentyabrya 2013 goda Rozdeba S Preservationists Focus on a Little Brick House Published 2011 neopr The New York Times 19 fevralya 2011 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Mourn the Loss of 35 Cooper Square Organize for More Protections angl Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Request for Evaluation of 143 E 13th Street Manhattan angl Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Kaysen R An Uncertain Future for East Village Rowhouses Published 2016 angl The New York Times 25 November 2016 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Yakas B Interactive Map How Well Do You Know NYC Neighborhood Boundaries angl Gothamist 21 February 2020 Data obrasheniya 6 fevralya 2021 East Village Manhattan Senior Pedestrian Focus Area angl nyc gov Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 Selling the Lower East Side Geography Page angl University of Minnesota Press Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 19 iyunya 2010 goda Exhibitions angl The Villager 4 October 2006 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 6 iyulya 2008 goda Hope for Jim Power s public works angl The Villager 2007 Arhivirovano 10 dekabrya 2007 goda Shaw D Rediscovering New York as It Used to Be angl The New York Times 11 November 2007 Zeitlin S On the Bowery angl Voices New York Folklore Society 2003 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 18 yanvarya 2018 goda Beyer G Where the Flophouse Once Ruled a Call to Go Slow angl The New York Times 16 December 2007 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Bowery Poetry angl bowerypoetry com 5 March 2014 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Pareles J CBGB Closes and Rock Fans Mourn neopr The New York Times 17 oktyabrya 2006 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Remnick N With Closing of East Village Shop Little Ukraine Grows Smaller angl The New York Times 5 June 2016 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Ukrainians in New York angl St George Ukrainian Catholic Church Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 16 yanvarya 2018 goda Stephens L East Village Building Blocks Tour Little Ukraine angl NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission 12 June 2019 Data obrasheniya 4 fevralya 2021 East Village Afternoon exhibit highlights Ukrainian presence in NYC The Ukrainian Weekly angl 50 17 2008 12 14 Hammett J Hammett K Suburbanization of New York Is the World s Greatest City Becoming Just Another Town New York Princeton Architectural Press 2007 185 p ISBN 1568986785 Goldman M F Y I neopr The New York Times 24 yanvarya 1999 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Table PL P5 NTA Total Population and Persons Per Acre New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas 2010 Population Division angl New York City Department of City Planning 2012 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Table PL P3A NTA Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas 2010 Population Division angl New York City Department of City Planning 29 March 2011 Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 Lower East Side and Chinatown Including Chinatown East Village and Lower East Side angl nyc gov NYC Health 2018 Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 2016 2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan Take Care New York 2020 angl nyc gov New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 2016 Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 New Yorkers are living longer happier and healthier lives angl New York Post 4 June 2017 Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 NYC Manhattan Community District 3 Chinatown amp Lower East Side PUMA NY angl Census Reporter Data obrasheniya 12 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 4 5 Lower East Side and Chinatown Including Chinatown East Village and Lower East Side angl nyc gov NYC Health 2018 Data obrasheniya 22 noyabrya 2020 Manhattan Hospital Listings angl New York Hospitals Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Best Hospitals in New York N Y angl US News amp World Report 26 July 2011 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Lower East Side and Chinatown Including Chinatown East Village and Lower East Side angl NYC Health 2018 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Lower East Side Chinatown MN 03 angl Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy 2011 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Taylor K A Manhattan District Where School Choice Amounts to Segregation angl The New York Times 7 June 2017 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 InsideSchools District 1 angl InsideSchools Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 1 2 East Village New York School Ratings and Reviews angl Zillow Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S 015 Roberto Clemente angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S 019 Asher Levy angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S 034 Franklin D Roosevelt angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 The STAR Academy P S 63 angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S 064 Robert Simon angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S M094 angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 P S 188 The Island School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Earth School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Neighborhood School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 The Children s Workshop School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 The East Village Community School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 East Side Community School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Manhattan School for Career Development neopr New York City Department of Education December 19 2018 Data obrasheniya 22 marta 2019 Tompkins Square Middle School angl New York City Department of Education 19 December 2018 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 About the Tompkins Square Library angl The New York Public Library Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 About the Hamilton Fish Park Library angl The New York Public Library Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 1 2 Lombardi K As NYU plans towering dorm for 12th Street East Village neighbors cry foul angl The Village Voice 28 February 2006 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Morrone F A Lightning Rod at 91 angl New York Sun 10 April 2008 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 7 sentyabrya 2008 goda Charter Trust Deed and By laws of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art With the Letter of Peter Cooper Accompanying the Trust Deed New York Wm C Bryant amp Company 1859 P 61 Top 100 College with Lowest Acceptance Rates Updated 2021 angl www educationcorner com Data obrasheniya 15 dekabrya 2020 Kaminer A Cooper Union Will Charge Tuition in 2014 angl The New York Times 23 April 2013 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 Full Text Abraham Lincoln s Cooper Union Address angl The New York Times 2 May 2004 Data obrasheniya 17 dekabrya 2020 New Cooper Union Building angl arcspace com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Cramer M East Village Fire Damages 128 Year Old Church neopr The New York Times 5 dekabrya 2020 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Roman Catholic Church of the Nativity New York City neopr www nycago org Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 NPGallery Asset Detail neopr npgallery nps gov Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 THE 7 BEST East Village New York Churches Trending in 2020 angl Lyft Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Tompkins Square Park Highlights Hare Krishna Tree NYC Parks angl nycgovparks org Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Charlie Parker Jazz Festival on Manhattan Buzz angl Manhattan Buzz com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 EV Grieve About the Charlie Parker Jazz Festival in Tompkins Square Park Sunday angl EV Grieve Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Dreamup Festival Website angl Dreamupfestival org 14 April 2014 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Halloween Parade Tompkins Square Dog Run angl tompkinssquaredogrun com Data obrasheniya 3 fevralya 2021 Tompkins Square Park Halloween Dog Parade angl Time Out New York 10 September 2019 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Simon S Costumed Pups Take Center Stage at 30th Annual Tompkins Square Halloween Dog Parade angl NY1 26 October 2020 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 First Houses angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 12 November 1974 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Stuyvesant Polyclinic angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 9 November 1976 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 East 10th Street Historic District and Christodora House Historic Districts Council s Six to Celebrate angl 6tocelebrate org Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Children s Aid Society Tompkins Square Lodging House for Boys and Industrial School angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 16 May 2000 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 LPC Designation Report Former P S 64 angl NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Webster Hall LPC submission angl New York City Department of City Planning 2006 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Webster Hall and Annex angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 18 March 2008 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 23 dekabrya 2013 goda Children s Aid Society Elizabeth Home for Girls angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 18 March 2008 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Wheatsworth Bakery Building angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 16 September 2008 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Saint Nicholas of Myra Orthodox Church angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 16 December 2008 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Van Tassell amp Kearney Auction Mart angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 15 May 2012 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 First German Baptist Church angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 28 October 2014 Data obrasheniya 11 dekabrya 2020 Tompkins Square Park Highlights NYC Parks angl New York City Department of Parks amp Recreation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Field and Court Usage Report for Tompkins Square Park NYC Parks angl New York City Department of Parks amp Recreation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Dog Run Culture angl The New York Times 15 October 1995 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Gordon M A The Orange Riots Irish Political Violence in New York City 1870 1871 Ithaca NY Cornell University Press 1993 Schulz D On This Day The Tompkins Square Park Communist Rally angl Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Koch Suspends Park Curfew Following bloody clash in Tompkins Square Manuel Perez Rivas Newsday August 8 1988 NEWS Pg 5 Kurtz H Man Refuses to Surrender Film of Clash With Police neopr The Washington Post September 7 1988 Wines M Class Struggle Erupts Along Avenue B angl The New York Times 10 August 1988 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 John V Lindsay East River Park NYC Parks angl New York City Department of Parks amp Recreation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Field and Court Usage Report for John V Lindsay East River Park NYC Parks angl New York City Department of Parks amp Recreation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Community Gardens GrowNYC neopr www grownyc org Data obrasheniya 13 dekabrya 2020 Spitz R East Village Community Garden Gets New Lease On Life angl NY1 30 June 2008 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 10 dekabrya 2008 goda What lies below NYC s forgotten and hidden graveyards angl 6sqft 21 December 2017 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 1 2 3 Anderson L A Force of Nature Leave angl The Village May 2 8 2007 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 21 sentyabrya 2008 goda Schulz D Remembering the Toy Tower angl Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Gothamist East Village Community Garden s Tower of Toys to Go angl gothamist com 6 May 2008 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 11 maya 2008 goda Moynihan C Creation of a Bygone Era Soon to Be Demolished angl The New York Times 11 May 2008 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 An Elegy for Avenue B s Tower of Toys New York Magazine Nymag angl New York Magazine Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Wadler J A New Manhattan Park Teaches Children About Plants angl The New York Times 22 May 2008 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 East Village Winter Flowers Where Will They Bloom Again Preservation Off the Grid angl GVSHP Preservation Off the Grid 21 February 2019 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT EAST VILLAGE La Plaza 1 Life Used 8 Left angl The New York Times 9 May 1999 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 1 2 New York Marble Cemetery angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 4 March 1969 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 New York Marble Cemetery official site angl Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Beyer G Walls Falling Down at Cemetery in East Village angl The New York Times 1 May 2008 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 New York City Marble Cemetery angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 4 March 1969 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 New York City Marble Cemetery official site angl Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Whitty S Your Guide to Manhattan s East Village in the Movies angl Culture Trip 16 March 2018 Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2012 Ferrara E Lower East Side History Project angl Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2012 Rocha Buschel M East Village tours spotlight where movies and TV shows are filmed angl town village com 4 June 2019 Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2012 1 2 3 4 5 East Village Manhattan Commercial District Needs Assessment angl NYC Department of Small Business Services 2020 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 NYC Restaurants That Have Permanently Closed November 2020 Eater NY angl Eater 25 November 2020 Data obrasheniya 22 dekabrya 2020 NYC Restaurants That Have Permanently Closed October 2020 Eater NY angl Eater 30 October 2020 Data obrasheniya 22 dekabrya 2020 Reasons We ve Loved New York A send off to the many places big and small that closed in 2020 angl Curbed NY 7 December 2020 Data obrasheniya 22 dekabrya 2012 NYPD 9th Precinct angl nyc gov New York City Police Department Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 East Village and Alphabet City DNAinfo com Crime and Safety Report angl www dnainfo com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Arhivirovano 15 aprelya 2017 goda Lower East Side and Chinatown Including Chinatown East Village and Lower East Side angl nyc gov NYC Health 2018 Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 9th Precinct CompStat Report angl nyc gov New York City Police Department Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Ladder Company 18 Battalion 4 angl FDNYtrucks com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Engine Company 5 angl FDNYtrucks com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Engine Company 9 Ladder Company 6 angl FDNYtrucks com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 Engine Company 33 Ladder Company 9 angl FDNYtrucks com Data obrasheniya 19 dekabrya 2020 MTA Maps angl mta info Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2020 Manhattan Bus Map angl mta info Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2020 NYC DOT Bicycle Maps angl nyc gov Data obrasheniya 20 dekabrya 2020 Literatura PravitThe Encyclopedia of New York City Jackson K T en Keller L Flood N 2 ed New Haven Yale University Press 2010 1584 p ISBN 0300182570 Brazee C D East Village Lower East Side Historic District Designation Report angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 2012 9 October Brazee C D Most J L East 10th Street Historic District angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 2012 17 January Brazee C D Most J L Presa D G Kurshan V East Village Lower East Side Historic District angl New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission 2012 9 October Burrows E G Wallace M Gotham A History of New York City to 1898 N Y Oxford University Press 1999 1383 p The History of NYC Series ISBN 9780195140491 Dolkart A Biography of a Tenement House An Architectural History of 97 Orchard Street angl 2 ed Chicago Center for American Places at Columbia College 2012 ISBN 1935195298 Von Hassell M Homesteading in New York City 1978 1993 The Divided Heart of Loisaida Westport Conn Bergin amp Garvey 1996 205 p Contemporary urban studies ISBN 0897894596 Lockwood C Bricks amp brownstone the New York row house 1783 1929 an architectural amp social history N Y McGraw Hill 1972 ISBN 978 0 07 038310 4 Mele C Selling the Lower East Side Culture Real Estate and Resistance in New York City Minneapolis London University of Minnesota Press 2000 361 p ISBN 0816631824 Miller T Greenwich Village and how it Got that Way New York Crown Publishers 1990 297 p ISBN 0517573229 Nadel S Little Germany Ethnicity Religion and Class in New York City 1845 80 Urbana University of Illinois Press 1990 ISBN 0 252 01677 7 Phelps Stokes I N en Iconography of Manhattan Island en New York Robert H Dodd 1915 ISBN 5871799507 Virshup A The Fun s Over The East Village Scene Gets Burned By Success In New York Magazine angl New York Media LLC 1987 Vol 20 25 22 June P 48 55 ISSN 0028 7369 Eta statya vhodit v chislo izbrannyh statej russkoyazychnogo razdela Vikipedii Istochnik https ru wikipedia org w index php title Ist Villidzh amp oldid 112600304, Википедия, чтение, книга, библиотека, поиск, нажмите,

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